Diálogo entre un filósofo y un jurista y escritos autobiográficos

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Tecnos, 1992 - 256 pages
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Diálogo entre un filósofo y un estudioso de Derecho común en Inglaterra , compuesto alrededor de 1666, es un examen crítico de algunas de las doctrinas sobre el papel del common law en el sistema jurídico inglés defendidas por sir Edward Coke. En su discusión con el juez Coke, Hobbes reelabora algunos de los temas de teoría jurídica y filosofía política que había examinado en el Leviatán; aborda cuestiones conceptuales en torno a las nociones de ley, justicia y equidad; pasa revista a algunas piezas importantes del sistema jurídico inglés, y realiza incursiones en su historia. Pero el Diálogo gravita en realidad alrededor del tema de la soberanía y su significación para el sistema jurídico. El volumen se completa con dos escritos de gran interés como documentos autobiográficos: la Autobiografía, escrita por el autor en versos latinos en 1672, y las Consideraciones sobre la lealtad, religión y maneras de Thomas Hobbes, publicadas en 1662 en respuesta a las acusaciones de ateísmo y deslealtad vertidas por el matemático John Wallis.

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About the author (1992)

Thomas Hobbes was born in Malmesbury, the son of a wayward country vicar. He was educated at Magdalen Hall, Oxford, and was supported during his long life by the wealthy Cavendish family, the Earls of Devonshire. Traveling widely, he met many of the leading intellectuals of the day, including Francis Bacon, Galileo Galilei, and Rene Descartes. As a philosopher and political theorist, Hobbes established---along with, but independently of, Descartes---early modern modes of thought in reaction to the scholasticism that characterized the seventeenth century. Because of his ideas, he was constantly in dispute with scientists and theologians, and many of his works were banned. His writings on psychology raised the possibility (later realized) that psychology could become a natural science, but his theory of politics is his most enduring achievement. In brief, his theory states that the problem of establishing order in society requires a sovereign to whom people owe loyalty and who in turn has duties toward his or her subjects. His prose masterpiece Leviathan (1651) is regarded as a major contribution to the theory of the state.

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