Lecciones de fenomenología de la conciencia interna del tiempo

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Celesa, 2002 - 173 pages
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Estas lecciones aparecieron en 1928, en edición de Martin Heidegger según la ordenación y composición del texto que había preparado Edith Stein en 1917. La investigación de Husserl, que en un principio sólo pretende aclarar la estructura interna de la conciencia que capta el paso del tiempo, se ve llevada a detectar, por la problematicidad misma del asunto, la existencia oculta de una síntesis perceptiva que a cada momento, sin posible fallo, sin participación del yo, sin necesidad de sensaciones, recompone la orientación temporal del campo fenoménico. La dificultad legendaria de estos análisis sólo es comparable a su relevancia teórica: el enigma del tiempo y el misterio de la conciencia revelan aquí una sorprendente afinidad intrínseca, que admite, con todo, aclaración descriptiva, es decir, fenomenológica.

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About the author (2002)

Born to Jewish parents in what is now the Czech Republic, Edmund Husserl began as a mathematician, studying with Karl Theodor Weierstrass and receiving a doctorate in 1881. He went on to study philosophy and psychology with Franz Brentano and taught at Halle (1887--1901), Gottingen (1901--16), and Freiburg (1916--29). Because of his Jewish background, he was subject to persecution by the Nazis, and after his death his unpublished manuscripts had to be smuggled to Louvain, Belgium, to prevent their being destroyed. Husserl is the founder of the philosophical school known as phenomenology. The history of Husserl's philosophical development is that of an endless philosophical search for a foundational method that could serve as a rational ground for all the sciences. His first major book, Philosophy of Arithmetic (1891), was criticized by Gottlob Frege for its psychologism, which changed the whole direction of Husserl's thinking. The culmination of his next period was the Logical Investigations (1901). His views took an idealistic turn in the Ideas Toward a Pure Phenomenology (1911). Husserl wrote little from then until the late 1920s, when he developed his idealism in a new direction in Formal and Transcendental Logic (1929) and Cartesian Meditations (1932). His thought took yet another turn in his late lectures published as Crisis of the European Sciences (1936), which emphasize the knowing I's rootedness in "life world." Husserl's influence in the twentieth century has been great, not only through his own writings, but also through his many distinguished students, who included Martin Heidegger, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Jean-Paul Sartre, Eugen Fink, Emmanuel Levinas, and Roman Ingarden.

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