Penal Populism and Public Opinion: Lessons from Five Countries

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Oxford University Press, 2002 M12 5 - 264 páginas
Although criminal justice systems vary greatly around the world, one theme has emerged in all western jurisdictions in recent years: a rise in both the rhetoric and practice of severe punishment at a time when public opinion has played a pivotal role in sentencing policy and reforms. Despite the differences among jurisdictions, startling commonalities exist among the five countries-the U.K., USA, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand--surveyed here. Drawing on the results of representative opinion surveys and other research tools the authors map public attitudes towards crime and punishment across countries and explore the congruence between public views and actual policies. Co-authored by four distinguished sentencing policy experts, Penal Populism and Public Opinion is a clarion call for limiting the influence of penal populism and instituting more informed, research- based sentencing policies across the western world.

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Contenido

Penal Populism in Context
3
Public Opinion about Crime and Punishment
21
Recent Penal Policy Developments
35
Explaining the Rise of Punitive Penal Policies
61
The Influence of the Media
76
Public Judgment in Real Criminal Cases
93
Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice
107
Sex Offenders and Sexual Predators
129
The War on Drugs
143
Responding to Penal Populism
160
Derechos de autor

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Pasajes populares

Página 187 - ... all available sanctions other than imprisonment that are reasonable in the circumstances should be considered for all offenders, with particular attention to the circumstances of aboriginal offenders.
Página 57 - should there be a reform of our justice system placing greater emphasis on the needs of victims, providing restitution and compensation for them and imposing minimum sentences and hard labour for all serious violent offences?
Página 87 - In order to convince Washington, I needed to make it [drugs] a national issue and quickly. I began a lobbying effort and I used the media. The media were only too willing to cooperate, because as far as the New York media was concerned, crack was the hottest combat reporting story to come along since the end of the Vietnam war.
Página 208 - In M. Tonry and K. Hatlestad (eds.), Sentencing Reform in Overcrowded Times: A Comparative Perspective.
Página 4 - at the current levels of incarceration a black male in the United States today has greater than a 1 in 4 chance of going to prison during his lifetime...
Página 202 - Cross-cultural media-tions: media coverage of two child sexual abuse controversies in New Zealand/ Aotearoa', Child Abuse Review 5: 334—345. Atmore, C. (1997a) 'Rethinking moral panic and child abuse for 2000', in J. Bessant and R. Hil (eds) Reporting law and order: youth, crime and the media, Hobart: National Clearing House for Youth Studies, pp. 123-129. Atmore, C. (1997b) 'Commentary...
Página 202 - JC (2001). Prison and jail inmates at midyear 2000 (Bureau of Justice Statistics Bulletin No.
Página 203 - The Public and the War on Illicit Drugs," Journal of the American Medical Association, vol.

Acerca del autor (2002)

Julian V. Roberts is Professor of Criminology at the University of Ottawa. Loretta Stalans is Professor of Psychology at Loyola University, Chicago. David Indermaur is a Professor at the Law School of the University of Western Australia. Mike Hough is a Professor in the Department of Social Policy at South Bank University, London.

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