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“March 22, 1688. Thomas Pilkington, Esq., elected to be Lord Mayor of London for the remaining part of this year, in the room of Sir John Chapman, lately deceased, was presented to the Lords Commissioners of the Great Seal, and afterwards sworn at the Hustings according to custom; and at five in the afternoon was sworn without the Tower Gate, by the Rt. Hon. the Lord Lucas, Chief Governor of the Tower, in pursuance of their Majesties' Writ to him directed, and of the ancient usage at such time as the Exchequer Court is not holden at Westminster."-London Gazette, No. 2438, for March 21-5, 1689. W. P.

THE LATE ALDERMAN CUBITT.-I have not seen in the London papers any allusion to the touching mark of respect paid to this originator of "The Lord Mayor's Fund for the Relief of Lancashire Distress," on the evening and night of his funeral. Muffled peals were rung on the church bells in many of the different places where his bounty had been distributed. It was said, at least sixty sets of church bells would be rung, but I do not know the actual number. The effect of these muffled peals suddenly striking up was very startling and impressive. The rich had often forgotten all about it, not so the poor. The following dialogue to wit: "Whatever were they ringing the muffled bells for, last night?" "Why for Ålderman Cubitt, the best man in England.” P. P.

Queries.

EARLY AQUARIUM.

Some years ago there appeared in one of the London literary journals a notice or advertisement, published about the time of Pepys or Evelyn, giving an account of the earliest known aquarium. Any reference to such paper, which was, I believe, by the Rev. Charles Kingsley, will oblige.

W. A. L.

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BOWDEN OF FROME.-Is anything known of the Rev. Mr. Bowden, of Frome, who died at an advanced age about 1748-9; and who was father, I believe, of the Rev. Dr. Bowden, also of Frome? A letter in my possession, addressed to his widow, and dated January, 1749, contains what the writer (Anne Yerbury, of Bradford,) is pleased to call "An Essay towards ye character of my greatly esteemed Friend, the Rev. Mr. Bowden;" and the following lines would lead me to conclude he must have written something worth remembering:

"With other tuneful bards, his lyre he strung, And, equal to the theme, unrival'd sung. Tho' each demanded from their well wrote lays, And justly merited, distinguish'd praise, Yet Bowden only won and wore the bays." J. S. KENSINGTON. COPIES OF THE COMPLUTENSIAN POLYGLOTT ON VELLUM.-Mr. Ford, in his Handbook for Travellers in Spain (ed. 1855, part ii. p. 826, sect. xi.), mentions that three copies of the Polyglott were ordered by Cardinal Ximenes to be printed on vellum; one was intended for the Vatican, another for the University of Alcalá, and the third was probably reserved for his own private use.

"The third," continues the writer, " once Pinelli's and Macarthy's, was bought at Mr. Hibbert's, by Mr. Standish, for 5221.; he bequeathed the copy to Louis Philippe, and it is now in the fine library of the Duke D'Aumale, at Twickenham."

Can any of your correspondents inform me, whether the said copy on vellum is still to be found in the noble duke's library?

J. DALTON. ABRAHAM CROCKER, sometime a schoolmaster at Ilminster, and afterwards a land and timber surveyor at Frome, was author of educational and other works published between 1772 and 1813; also of various papers on agricultural subjects. He occurs in the Biographical Dictionary of Living Authors, 1816. The date of his death, and any other information respecting him or his works, will be acceptable. S. Y. R. CHURCHES IN THE HIGHLANDS.-In 1803 there "Commission for building Churches in the Highlands." Can you inform me where I shall find any report or account of the works executed by that body? Is it still in existence ? W. P.

was a

* At Mr. Hibbert's Sale, which took place in 1829.

COWTHORPE OAK (3rd S. iv. 381.) - Will your correspondent H. L., who mentions the Cowthorpe oak as the king of oaks, tell us what the circumference of this tree is at about five feet from the ground? I know of one measuring thirty-seven feet. T. M. B.

Dale, in the COUNTY OF CUMBERLAND.-Can any of your correspondents tell me in what parish Dale is situated, where a family of the name of Thirkeld, or Threlkeld, was seated for two or three generations in the seventeenth century? E. H. A. EHRET, FLOWER PAINTER. — In the Catalogue of the sale of the Portland Museum, which commenced the 24th of April, 1786, and occupied thirty-eight days, a list is given of the paintings on vellum, &c., by that unrivalled artist, G. D. Ehret; representing plants and flowers to the amount of some hundreds. Is it known who purchased these valuable drawings and paintings, and where they now are? In the Life of Mary Granville (Mrs. Delany) there is a biographical sketch of Ehret, in which allusion is made to his having executed three hundred exotic plants, and five hundred English ones for Margaret Cavendish Harley, Duchess of Portland. Also that he visited much at the seat of Ralph Willett, Esq., of Merley, in Dorsetshire, for whom he finished two hundred and thirty (seventy on paper, and more than five hundred in an unfinished state). Are these paintings still in the possession of that family, or where are they?

Sir Joseph Banks possessed sixty-five paintings by Ehret, purchased at the sale of Sir Robert More; and it is stated that they are now in the British Museum, with the rest of the library of Sir Joseph Banks. It would be very interesting to trace all the works of Ehret, who has never had an equal in flower painting; which is now so little understood as to be considered an inferior art, instead of one of the most difficult when properly executed. The name of Ehret is now scarcely ever heard, in consequence of few persons having ever seen his works. He resided in England from 1740, and was buried at Chelsea, 1770. E.

HANDASYDE.-Where can an obituary notice of General Handasyde, Governor of Jamaica, in 1711, be found? Is his will on record? If so, where, and what is the date? Who was private or military secretary to this Governor ? S.

REV. JOSEPH HUNTER. In the Historical Magazine (New York), and Notes and Queries concerning the Antiquities, History, and Biography of America, for Jan. 1862, I find this paragraph under the head of the "Massachusetts Historical Society, Dec. 4, 1861:"

"William B. Trask, Esq., read a very interesting memoir of Rev. Joseph Hunter, F.S.A., one of the Assistant

Keepers of the public records of England, author of The Founders of New Plymouth, and a corresponding member of the Society, who was born at Sheffield, England, February 6, 1783; and died at Torrington Square, London, May 9, 1861, aged seventy-eight years."

Can any reader of "N. & Q." inform me whether this memoir has been printed? And if so, where in this country it can be seen? In the valuable series of MS. Collections of Mr. Hunter, now in the Additional MSS. of the British Museum, his letter-books furnish much information respecting his early life. R. BROOK ASPLAND. South Hackney.

KING'S COUNTY, IRELAND.—I should feel much for a list of the names of the principal English obliged to any of the contributors of "N. & Q.” and Scotch families settled in the King's County

A. J. C.

about A.D. 1740. Bombay, Oct. 1863.

IRISH UNION.-At the Union of Ireland with

England in 1801, compensations were granted to certain officers of the Crown and other persons, in consideration of the losses or diminution of income which they might sustain by consequence of such Union. Any of your readers having the means of so doing will greatly oblige by an answer to the following questions:

1. Out of what fund were and are such compensations paid, which were in the shape of annuities or augmentation of salaries?

2. Where is any list to be found of the offices so compensated?

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went from Carthagena to take Algiers, but according to Lord Byron (note to Don Juan) instead of O'Reilly taking Algiers, Algiers very nearly took him? What was the real story? P. O. PORTRAIT PAINTERS.-I have in my possession a family portrait, a full length, 54 in. by 48 in. The subject is a young lady with a dog and parrot. She was born in or about 1740, and appears to have been of about ten years of age when the portrait was painted. The style bears a resemblance to that of Hudson, but the only information that I have been able to obtain respecting the artist is, that he was a foreigner, most probably French, residing in London. I shall be greatly obliged to any reader of "N. & Q." who will give me the names of the best known portrait painters, both native and foreign, in London (the city of London emphatically) who were practising their art there

between 1745 and 1755.

J. C. H.

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Mr. Timbs, the editor of the East Anglian, announces a Visitation of Suffolk for January next. GEORGE W. MARSHALL. SAINT MARY, THE EGYPTIAN: CURIOUS PAINTING ON GLASS.

"Nous rions de certains traits dans la culte religieuse des sauvages, nous avons de la peine à concevoir que la simplicité ou l'extravagance de l'esprit de l'homme puisse aller si loin; ces traits sont ils aussi ridicules que ceux qu'enfantoit la dévotion grossière de nos ancêtres? En 1660, le curé de Saint Germaines de l'Auxerrois fit ôter de la chapelle de Sainte Marie l'Egyptienne un côté de vitrage qui y étoit depuis plus que trois siècles, et où elle étoit peinte sur le pont d'un bâteau, troussée jusqu' au genoux, devant le batelier, avec ces mots au dessous'Comment la Sainte offrit son corps au batelier pour son passage.'". - Sainte Foix, Essais Historiques sur Paris, 1759, tom. i. p. 201.

Is there any confirmation of this legend in the missals or homilies, in the Golden Legend, the Lives of the Saints, or the Acta Sincera Martyrum ? I think I have met with the story before.

Oct. 17, 1863, of the proceedings of the British Archæological Association, during their late meeting at Leeds, the writer, speaking of their visit to St. Mary Magdalen's Church, in the suburbs of Ripon, says:

"A strong chest, of great age, is deposited near the Waddilove's wooden bell, about which there is a very chancel, which contains, among other curiosities,* Dean amusing tradition.”

Having joined in that most interesting excursion to Ripon and Fountains Abbey, I lingered behind, with three or four others, to examine this chest. Through a large hole in the lid we noticed this bell, which to our surprise, on opening the chest, we found to be of wood. A lady of the party, an entire stranger to me, thereupon related to us a story, which, I suppose, is what the Leeds reHer porter calls "a very amusing tradition." account was as follows: Having been present at the recent reopening of the church, she saw this bell, and on inquiring its history, was informed by a woman living near, that a dignitary of the church of Ripon, being in want of a dinner-bell, took one of the bells of this little church for that purpose, and had the wooden bell hung up in its place!

Can any of your readers give the true version of this strange story, and explain how it came to be mixed up with the name of Dean Waddilove, who, if I mistake not, was living within the last twenty or thirty years? SENESCENS.

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PARISH BOUNDARY.—

"Their legges and thighs of bone,
Great as Colossus, yet their strength is gone.
They look like yonder man of wood that stands
To bound the limits of the parish lands."

Randolph to Mr. Robert Dover, 1638, p. 115. To what does this allude? J. D. CAMPBELL. [Randolph's "man of wood" is doubtless a portion of the Holy Oak or Gospel Tree, which as permanent landmarks formerly defined the boundaries of parishes. These indicators of the priest-shire, are thus noticed by two of his contemporaries. George Wither, speaking of the ancient perambulation, says —

"That ev'ry man might keep his owne possessions, Our fathers us'd, in reverent processions, (With zealous prayers, and with praiseful cheere), To walke their parish limits once a yeare: And well-knowne markes (which sacrilegious hands Now cut or breake) so bord❜red out their lands,

W. D. THE TRADITION OF THE WOODEN BELL. · In * I saw nothing in the chest besides the bell and the the report given in the Leeds Intelligencer of bell-rope, which latter could hardly be called a curiosity.

That ev'ry one distinctly knew his owne,
And many brawles, now rife, were then unknowne."
Emblems, 1635, p. 161.

Again, Herrick, in his Hesperides, p. 18– "Dearest, bury me

JOHN BAREFOOT. I possess an old print of John Barefoot, Letter Doctor to the University

Under that Holy-Oke, or Gospel Tree; Where (though thou see'st not) thou may'st think of Oxford, dated 1671, ætatis suæ 70, with this inscription beneath it :

---

upon

Me, when thou yerely go'st procession."

How is it that the pious custom of "Beating the Bounds" is now generally observed on Holy Thursday instead of one of the three Rogation Days before Ascension? This is not only canonically wrong, according to the Injunctions of Queen Elizabeth (1559), and those of Archbishop Grindall (1571), but tends to rob the ceremony of its highest significancy, the Rogation Days being intended as a commemoration of God's bounty in the fruits of the earth. Vide Walton's Life of Hooker.]

SIR WILLIAM MORETON. - Can any correspondent of "N. & Q." give any information respecting this lawyer, who seems to have attained eminence in his profession as Recorder of the City of London, and also the honour of knighthood in 1755? Sir William Moreton was of the ancient Cheshire family of that name long located at Moreton, where the old hall is still to be seen, one of the finest specimens of its kind in England. He was the last direct male descendant of that long line, and died in 1763. His remains lie buried under an altar-tomb at the east end of the north

aisle of the parish church of Astbury, in which the old hall is situated, and above the tomb his hatchment was suspended. OXONIENSIS. P.S. Does he figure in any account written of "Cheshire Worthies?

99

[Sir William Moreton was son of Dr. William Moreton, Bishop of Kildare, and afterwards of Meath. He was appointed serior judge of the Sheriffs' Court, and elected Recorder of the City of London, 15th February, 1753, in the room of Mr. Baron Adams. He was knighted at Kingston 19th September, 1755, on presenting a congratulatory address upon his Majesty's return from Hanover. In the same year he was returned M.P. for Brackley, and died 14th March, 1763, aged sixty-seven. He married Jane, relict of John Lawton of Lawton, Esq.; she died 10th February, 1758, aged sixty-one, and was buried at Astbury. For the pedigree of the Moreton family see Ormerod's Cheshire, iii. 29.]

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"Geoffrey Van and his wife Anne,

Built this tower without the aid of man." Who were they, and what is their story?

family of this name was anciently seated at Winterbourne, Faringdon. Vide also Hutchins's Dorsetshire, edit. 1803, ii. 42.]

H.

[The Rev. John Coker (Survey of Dorsetshire, p. 69), says that the monuments in the windows of St. Peter's church, Dorchester, belonged to the Chiaiocks, founders of the priory, and were removed with others hither, as he had heard, when the priory church was pulled down. One of these figures is said by tradition to be the founder of the church, and vulgarly called Geffrey Vann, or rather Ann; for about 1680 was dug up in a garden of this town a seal, on which was a crescent, surmounted with a star, and round it, SIGILLVM GALFRIDI DE ANN. It was in the possession of the late Colonel Michel. A

"Upon this table you may faintly see
A Doctor deeply skilled in Pedigree:
To Ne plus Ultra his great fame is spread;
Oxford a more facetious man ne'er bred.
He knows what arms old Adam's grandsire bore,
And understands more coats than e'er he wore:
So well he's verst in College, School, Theater,
You'd swear he'd married our dear Alma Mater.
As he's our Index, so this picture's his;
And, Superscription like, just tells whose 'tis ;
But the contents of his great soul and mind
You'll only by his conversation find."

The print displays an old man in a tight-fitting cloth coat with one fringe epaulette, holding a letter in his right hand. Is anything known of this thus quaintly person described? THOMAS E. WINNINGTON.

Stanford Court, Worcester.

[The inscription on this print is printed by Granger man was many years a letter carrier in the university of (Biog. Hist. iv. 200), who informs us that "this facetious Oxford. It appears from the inscription that his memory was extraordinary. I am informed (adds Granger), from unquestionable authority (James West, Esq., who had it from Hearne), that his invention was as extraordinary as his memory. He was a coiner of what people call white lies, and as his fictions were rather of the probable than the marvellous kind, they were sometimes verified."]

PHIL OR PILL GARLICK.—Who was the original?

"Let there be but the appearance of a bargain, let her only know that the thing is sold beneath its intrinsic value, and that is a temptation not to be withstood; she strikes off an agreement at once, and kindly leaves the payment of the money to poor Pill Garlic.”—The Babler, No. cxii., Sat. March 19.

W. P.

[The origin of this term has been discussed in our 1st S. iii. 74, 150. It has been conjectured that it has some reference to a "peeler of garlick," i. e. a scullion, the lowest inmate of the servants' hall. If so, it was in use in the sixteenth century, as it occurs in Skelton's satire on Wolsey, Why come ye not to Court? lines 103-109:"Wyll, wyll, wyll, wyll, wyll, He ruleth alway styll. Good reason and good skyll, They may garlycke pyll, Cary sackes to the myll, Or pescoddes they shall shyll, Or elles go rost a stone."]

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Replies.

BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE COLLIER-CONGREVE CONTROVERSY: JEREMY COLLIER ON THE STAGE.

(3rd S. iv. 390.)

Macaulay says of this book, an abstract of against Mr. Collier considered. which is presented by MR. TRENCH: author?] London, 1698.

"There is hardly any book of the time from which it would be possible to select specimens of writing so excellent and so various. We hardly know where, except in the Provincial Letters, we can find mirth so harmoniously and becomingly blended with solemnity, as in the Short View. In truth, all the modes of ridicule, from broad fun to polished and antithetical sarcasm, were at Collier's command. On the other hand, he was complete master of the rhetoric of honest indignation. We scarcely know any volume which contains so many bursts of that peculiar eloquence which comes from the heart and goes to the heart. Indeed, the spirit of the book is truly heroic."

Your readers may judge for themselves how far a book, so commended by such a critic, is deserving of the scant measure of attention with which it meets at the present day, and which is so amusingly illustrated by MR. TRENCH'S confessions of skipping.

The fierce and lengthened controversy which ensued on the publication of Collier's book is most graphically described by Macaulay (as everybody knows) in the sequence of the Essay from which my quotation is taken, "On the Comic Dramatists of the Restoration." A useful account of it is also to be found in Allibone's Dictionary of British and American Authors, sub voce, CoLBut I have nowhere been able to find a complete bibliography of this noted controversy. The notices of Lowndes (Bohn), Watt, and Allibone, are all defective. I send you as complete an account as I have been able to compile from the materials within my reach, in the hope that some of your readers may supply its deficiencies, and (possibly) correct its errors.

LIER.*

I. PUBLICATIONS BY COLLIER.

1. A Short View of the Immorality and Profaneness of the English Stage. London, 1698. [The fourth edition, 1699.]

2. Defence of the "Short View;" a Reply to Mr. Congreve's "Amendments," and to the Vindication of the Author of the "Relapse." (Vanbrugh.) London, 1699.

3. A Second Defence of the "Short View.", A Reply to "The Antient and Modern Stages Surveyed." London, 1700.

4. A Further Vindication of the "Short View." A Reply to "A Defence of Plays." London, 1708.

5. Mr. Collier's Dissuasive from the Playhouse; in a Letter to a Person of Quality, occasioned by the late Calamity of the Tempest. London, 1703.

[For some account of the keen controversy occasioned by Jeremy Collier's masterly work, consult Kippis's Biographia Britannica, vol. iv. pp. 18, 19; Dr. Johnson's Life of "Congreve; Select Collection of Old Plays, vol. i. pp. xcviii. to c., second edition; and Genest's History of the Stage, ii. 123-135.-ED.]

II. PUBLICATIONS ON COLLIER'S SIDE OF THE
CONTROVERSY.

1. Animadversions on Mr. Congreve's "Late Answer to Mr. Collier," in a Dialogue between Mr. Smith and Mr. Johnson. [Query, Who is the author?] London, 1698. 2. The Stage Condemned. The Arguments of all the Authors that have Writ in Defence of the Stage [Query, Who is the

....

III. REPLIES TO COLLIER AND HIS ABETTORS. 1. CONGREVE –

(a.) Amendments of False Citations from the "Double Dealer." London, 1698.

(b.) A Defence of Dramatick Poetry. London, 1698. 2. VANBRUGH. A Short Vindication of the "Relapse and the "Provoked Wife." 3. DR. DRAKE

(a.) The Antient and Modern Stages Surveyed. London, 1699.

(b.) The Stage Acquitted, being a full Answer to Mr. Collier, &c., &c. London, 1699. 4. DR. FILMER. Á Defence of Plays. [Imprint?]

5. JOHN DENNIS

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1. Miss Mary Davis, aged thirty-six. "To her sister she exclaimed, as in a holy rapture: The glorious spirits, the kind angels, are come to carry me to glory." P. 65.

2. Samuel Jennings, Esq. "Those who were present with him, when he was about to expire, suddenly felt an What can this be? Surely the Lord is here, or his holy uncommon heavenly influence, and said to one another: angels are come.' Mr. Jennings looked up; his eyes sparkled with joy; and, as if some glorious spirit appeared to his view, cried out Dearest!' and instantly expired without a struggle."-P. 285.

3. Susannah Lord, aged thirty. "She cried out: 'I see the happy angels beckoning me away!'"-P. 786. 4. Jane Barnett, aged thirty-seven. "As if heaven and the attendant angels just appeared in view, she cried with a loud voice: O what a glorious company do I behold!'"-P. 862.

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