Imágenes de páginas

Alphonso, the elder, was a favourite with King Horace Walpole bad in his possession autoJames I.: Lansdowne MS., in the British Museum, graph letters of Madame de Sévigné. Any of the No. 156, recording his annual pension from the numerous readers of “ N. & Q." knowing the king at fifty pounds.

present whereabouts of these letters would confer Several offices at court, connected with the the greatest obligation upon Messrs. Hachette & King's Chamber, were filled by Ferrabosco: 1. Co. by forwarding to them particulars, addressed A Musician's place in general ; 2. A Composer's to the care of Messrs. Williams & Norgate, Henplace; 3. A Viol's place; and 4. An Instructor's rietta Street, Covent Garden, London. place to the Prince (Charles I.) in the Art of Music.

And now for a Query: Did Ferrabosco die in England, and where was he buried ?


1. By whom, and where, was Wycliffe first “ HAVE THE French .FOR FRIENDS, BUT NOT styled the “Morning Star of the Reformation ?" FOR NEIGHBOURS."— The origin of this proverb, [This epithet was first applied to Wycliffe by John which is not out of place at the present time, Fox, in bis Life of the Reformer. He says: “When the dates from the year 803, at which period the lamentable ignorance and darknesse of God's truth had Emperor Nicephorus, while treating with the overshadowed the whole earth, this man, Wickliffe, stepambassadors of Charlemagne, took the greatest ped forth like a valiant champion, unto whom it may precautions to protect his possessions from the siasticus (ch 1. ver. 6,) of one Simon the sonne of Onias : French, who continually menaced them. His . Even as the morning star being in the middest of a cloud, common expression was, “ Have the French for and as the moone being full in her course, and as the friends, but not for neighbours."

W. J. bright beames of the sunne: so doth he shine and glister

in the temple and church of God.'” — Wordsworth's

Eccles. Biog., edit. 1853, i. 170.]

2. Who was the Angel of France ?

3. Where did Shelley get his name of Adonais LETTERS OF MADAME DE SÉVIGNÉ.

for Keats, and what does it signify ? Messrs. Hachette & Co., publishers, Paris, who 4. At what date was Maga first used as a are at present giving in their Collection des Grands familiar synonyme for Blackwood's Magazine ? Ecrivains de la France a new edition of Madame 5. Who is Bombastes Furioso ? de Sévigné's correspondence, would be most

[Bombastes Furioso is the title of a burlesque tragic thankful to communicate, either by letter or opera by William Barnes Rhodes, performed at the Haythrough the medium of “ N. & Q.,” with persons

market in 1810. It was intended to ridicule the bompossessing autographs, or old copies of letters, bast of modern tragedies. It has since been printed at written by Madame de Sévigné and the various Dublin, 8vo, 1822. ] members of her family (Charles de Sévigné, the 6. Where can a good account, historical and Grignans, the Coulanges, &c. &c.) The indica- descriptive, of the Via Dolorosa be found ? tion of the date, and the quotation of the first few 7. Who is the Sir Matthew Mite, thus alluded lines of these autographs, or copies, would be to by Macaulay ?—" As useless as the series of esteemed a favour, as also the kind permission to turnpike tickets collected by Sir Matthew Mite.” have transcripts made, at their own expense, of The personage of this name, who figures in Foote's any document of the above character; a scrupu- comedy of the Nabob, has no such collection; at lously correct text being one of the principal least, not in the editions of Foote's Works which merits which Messrs. Hachette & Co. endeavour I have consulted. to secure for their collection.

8. Who was Mother Douglas ? Seven volumes of Madame de Sévigné's letters “I question much whether the celebrated Mother have already appeared ; but the information and Douglas herself could have made such a figure in an the permission requested would not be useless, extemporaneous altercation."-Smollett. even if the autographs or copies belonged by [Foote, in bis comedy, The Minor, in the character their date to an epoch comprised in the portion of Mrs. Cole, has represented the notorious Mother Douglas, now before the public; for it is purposed to com

the procuress. She also figures in Hogarth's “ March to plete the work with a Supplement, which shall Finchley,” and is repeated in the last print but one of

“Industry and Idleness.” In Bonnel Thornton's explanembody all documents accidentally omitted, be- ation of the former, he says: “You will pardon the insides rectifications and additions of every kind. vention of a new term—I shall include the whole King's

Messrs. Hachette & Co. would likewise receive Head in the word Cattery, the principal figure of which with gratitude communications of the same sort

is a noted fat Covent Garden lady (Mother Douglas), referring to other celebrated French writers, par: army's success, and the safe return of many of her babes

who, with pious eyes cast up to Heaven, prays for the ticularly those who lived during the seventeenth of grace.” Mother Douglas resided at the north-east century.

corner of Covent Garden, where she died on June 10, 1761. Her house was most superbly furnished and de- 16. How did the Duke of Somerset (Edward corated with expensive pictures, by old masters, in large Seymour ?) get his appellation of "The Duke gilt frames. Mr. Langford sold her furniture, and in the

with the Silver Hand?” (ubi suprà.) course of the sale made some shrewd and witty remarks upon the articles.]

17. Who was the Princess Elizabeth surnamed

“Queen of Hearts," and how did she get this 9. Who is Dorax ?

title? (ubi supra.) “ Like Dorax in the play, I submitted, though with a swelling heart.'"--Sir W. Scott.

[Elizabeth, daughter to King James I., and the un

fortunate Queen of Bohemia. So engaging was her be10. Talboy ?

haviour, that she was, in the Low Countries, called “ The “ Much grieved and joyful by fits, like Talboy in the Queen of Hearts." When her fortunes were at the lowest play.”—Pref. to Rabelais.

ebb, she never departed from her dignity; and poverty

and distress seemed to have no other effect upon her, but 11. Milor Beefington ?

to render her more an object of admiration than she was “* Will without power,' said the sagacious Casimir to before.] Milor Beefington, 'is like children playing at soldiers.'"Macaulay.

18. Who was Duke Humphrey, who was called

“ The Good Duke?(ubi suprà.) [This passage is quoted from the dramatic piece, " The Rovers; or, the Double Arrangement," Act iv. in The Poetry [Humphrey Plantagenet, Duke of Gloucester, comof the Anti-Jacobin. Casimere is a Polish emigrant; and monly called “The Good,” was the youngest son of King Beefington an English nobleman, an exile by the tyranny Henry IV. He was a singular promoter of literature of King John, previous to the signature of Magna Charta.] and the common patron of the scholars of the time. 12. Who are the two Mother Bunches referred

About the year 1440, he gave to the University of Oxford

a library containing six hundred volumes. These books to in the following citation ?

are called Novi Tractatus, or New Treatises, in the Uni“ Now that we have fairly entered into the matrimo-versity register, and said to be admirandi apparatus. He nial chapter, we must needs speak of Mother Bunch; not died in 1446, 8. p., when his honours became extinct, the Mother Bunch whose fairy tales are repeated to the Granger informs us, that “this Prince's vault, in wbich little ones, but she whose . cabinet,' when broken open, his body was preserved in a kind of pickle, was discovered reveals so many powerful love-spells. It is Mother Bunch at St. Alban's in the year 1703." Christopher Middleton who teaches the blooming damsel to recall the tickle was the author of The Legend of Humphrey, Duke of lover, or to fix the wandering gaze of the cautious swain Gloucester, Lond. 1600, 4to, a metrical production consisting attracted by her charms, yet scorning the fetters of the of 184 stanzas. ] parson, and dreading the still more fearful vision of the

19. Who were the Maid of Saragossa, Lady church warden, the constable, the justice, the warrant, and the jail."- Quarterly Review, No. XLI. art. v.

Bountiful, and the Duke of Fairlight? [The fairy tales of the first lady of this name may be [For a notice found in “ Pasquils Jests, with the Merriments of Mother

“ of the Maid Bunch: wittie, pleasant, and delightfull. Lond., 1653, Waving her more than Amazonian blade," 4to.” The work, or rather chap-book, by the other belle see Byron's Childe Harold, canto i. stanzas 54, 55, and 56, of this name, is entitled “ Mother Bunch's Closet Neuly and Byron's note. ] Broke Open, containing Rare Secrets of Art and Nature,

W. A. W tried and experienced, by Learned Philosophers, and recommended to all ingenious Young Men and Maids;

Dorchester, near Boston, U. S. teaching them, in a natural way, how to get good Wives and Husbands. By a Lover of Mirth and Hater of Treason. In Two Parts. Lond. 12mo. 1760.”]

The Acland Family. — Will any Devonshire 13. Who is Sir Tunbelly Guzzle, alluded to by

antiquary assist me under the following circumLord Chesterfield in one of his Letters to his Son?

stances ?— I have a deed dated the 22nd of April, [Sir Tunbelly Guzzle is a worthy old north-country lane, widow, provides that, after her decease, all

9 Hen. VII.(1494), by which one Elizabeth Ackescurvy. His character is sketched by Chesterfield in No. her lands, &c. “ in Pylle, Barnestaple, South Rad90 of The World.]

deworthy, Whytefeld, Rockelegh, Fulford, Tori14. Who are Tom Dingle, Tom Noodle, Tom ton, Fremyngton, Newport Epī, et Rownessam in Stitch, Tom Tiddler, and Tom Tram?

com Devon,” together with lands, &c. “ in Tenby, “ In conclusion, we have to recommend to those whom Bonbylystourt et Pentylpyre in Wallia in con it may concern, to avoid, as much as possible, the name Pembroch,” shall be conveyed to her son Brian of Thomas; it being pretty certain that there must have Travers; in default to her son Nicholas Travers; been formerly some remarkably silly fellow of that name, and in default to her son Robert Ackelane. The whence it hath been transmitted to posterity with no estate is also charged with 100 shillings per ann. great honour, as witness Tom Fool, Tom Dingle, Cousin Tom, Silly Tom, Tom Noodle, and the diminutive bird

to be paid to one Edmund Delyon during his life. Tom Tit.”—Brady, Names of Persons, p. 56.

I am extremely anxious to know of what parent

age was this Elizabeth Acland ? the christian 15. Who are the “ Jockey of Norfolk," " The

names of her husbands? how she became posCrutched Friar,” “The Curial,” and “The Capu- sessed of these lands ? and who was Edmund chin,” mentioned in an article in “N. & Q.," 2ud S. iii, 262 ?

Delyon ?

H. J. S. Oxford.


CURFEW AND Devil's BELL.—Where can I find 5. Mdlle. Levin, “la folle de la reyne de Nainformation concerning the good old custom of varre." curfew ringing, and the churches in which it is 6. La Jardinière, fool to Catherine de Medicis, still kept up ? * Also concerning occasional bells, 1561. such as the “ Devil's knell,” rung every Christmas 7. Jacquette, fool to ditto, 1568. day at Oakham. There are, I believe, many such 8. Mathurine, court fool to Henri IV., 1594. in some of the nooks and corners of Old England, 9. Capiton, fool to Don John of Austria, 1661. though they may not be generally known.

10. Kathrin Lise, fool to the Duchess von Sach

Jos. HARGRA E. sen-Weissenfels-Dahme, 1722. Clare College, Cambridge.

There is also a certain “ Jane the Fool,” who THE DEMESNE Cart."— Various persons in

occurs in Ainsworth's Tower of London, but I am Surrey being called upon to convey timber for

not aware that she is an historical personage. the navy from a forest in which it was cut to a

A. J. M. place whence it was to be conveyed by water to PRINCE JUSTINIANI. – A few years ago I saw one of the royal dockyards, set up various claims in the Vatican library at Rome, a very curious of exemption. Among them certain knights and and interesting small octavo volume, entitled — knights' widows claimed privilege “ by their de

“ Histoire des Anciens Ducs et autres Souverains de mesne cart." The claim was allowed by the

l'Archipel, avec une Description de l'Isle de Chio, ou Scio, council on May 1, 1634, not to knights' widows, par Monseigneur le Prince François Rhodocanaki-Justibut to knights themselves, “ for their demesne niani, fils du Seigneur Demetrius, l'un des Seigneurs de cart, when they keep their lands in their own la dite Isle, et d'Helene Palæologue, descendante des Emhands.” The general nature and reason of this pereurs de Constantinople, &c., à Paris, 1600, in 8vo.” privilege, as applicable to a cart employed by a Will of

your numerous correspondents and ford on bis demesne lands, is clear enough, but in readers kindly inform me, through“N. & Q.," this case it was claimed by knights not lords, and if there exists any other copy of the above menallowed to them in that character. What was the tioned history in England, either in a public or exact nature of the privilege, and what writer has private library, as well as if there is any other mentioned it ?

JEBNORUCH. book in which I can find any literary notice of

it, or of its author ? It would greatly facilitate Est Rosa FLOS VENERIS.

my researches regarding the state of the Byzantine “ Est Rosa flos Veneris, quem, quo sua furta laterent, nobility after the conquest of Constantinople by Harpocrati, matris dona, dicavit Amor.

the Turks.

J. P. De RIIODES. Inde rosam mensis hospes suspendit amicis, Conviva ut sub eâ dicta tacenda sciat."

MEDIÆVAL SEAL. — I have an engraving of a Where do these lines occur, and is the custom circular seal, showing the device of a one-masted therein referred to the origin of the phrase “sub ship of the early mediæval period, with a man rosâ”?

J. S. L. standing on the poop, apparently regarding some [A query as to the authorship of these lines was inobject in the wake of the ship. The legend is, serted in the first volume of "N. & Q.," p. 214, but with- “H. Camera Regis, 1598." Query, has it referout eliciting any satisfactory answer. T. J., in the same ence to Cambray?

M. D. volume, p. 458, stated he had searched for them in vain in the Amphitheatrum Sapientiæ of Dornavius, and sug- Count DE MONTALEMBERT.-At a public dinner gested a search in the Rhodologia of Rosenbergius. – Ed. held lately at Inverury, Aberdeenshire, it was *N. & Q."]

stated by a speaker that M. De Montalembert, by FEMALE Fools. The following list, taken the mother's side, came of the Forbeses of Donchiefly from Dr. Doran, includes all the official side, and that his immediate ancestor once held the female fools I know of. I should be glad to learn property of Corsindae, in the parish of Medmar, in whether any other than these are recorded, and Aberdeenshire. As a native of that quarter of the where to look for information as to such others, county, I am anxious for some more particulars and as to the cases mentioned below:

of his pedigree.

Scotus. 1. - a female jester in Edward II.'s "ΟΣΙΟΣ AND “ΑΓΙΟΣ. - May I ask whether any court, 1316.

reader of “N. & Q." will favour me with the 2. Artande du Puy, fool to Jeanne, Queen of exact distinction in meaning between these two Charles of France, 1373.

words ? They occur several times in the Greek 3. Madame d'Or, court fool at Bruges, 1429. Testament, and seem to be rendered indifferently 4.

fool to Margaret, granddaughter of by our translators "holy" or " saints.” Is there Charles the Bold.

any probable definition of όσιος? Of άγιος there

are two or three suggested derivations; but I [* In our First Series will be found the names of many

should be glad to see one more decisive than any places where the curfew is still rung. ]

that have yet been proposed.



OPERA OF IL PENSEROSO, as it is acted with WINCHESTER SCHOOL: TO OLD WYKEHAMISTS. authority at the royal theatres (i. e. the schools of Any information not hitherto printed as to the Eton and Westminster), satirical plate, privately history or traditions of Winchester College would printed: what is the date, and who is the author be thankfully received and duly acknowledged if

R. INGLIS. forwarded to W. L. C., care of Messrs. Blackwood

& Sons, Publishers, Paternoster Row. Especially, QUOTATIONS Wanted.

as to its condition during the civil wars; the early 1. “O! we did not part in sadness;

state of “ Commoners;" obsolete customs; the There were smiles upon thy brow;

"Rebellion" of 1818. But we little dreamed our gladness

Would be turned to sorrow now.' 2. “Back to the depths of Heaven,

Queries with Answers.
Thou ray of Jehovah's brow,
That but lit earth's depths, like the flashing levin, Sir Nicholas THROCKMORTON. – In reading
To deepen the darkness now."

English or Scotch history of the sixteenth century, 3. “()! were it not for this sad voice,

one is surprised and disappointed to find so little Stealing amid the flowers, to say

said of the parentage, family, latter years, and That all in which we most rejoice Ere night must be the earthworm's prey!"

death of that distinguished statesman and am.

bassador, Sir Nicholas Throckmorton, held in 4. “Like the fresh sweetbriar and the early May;

such repute both in Mary and Elizabeth's courts ; Like the fresh, cool, pure air of opening day: Like the gay lark, sprung from the glittering dew;

and who, upon the whole, bebaved so faithfully An angel, yet a very woman too!”

and honorably towards both queens, under very 5. “When the spirit was young and the world was

trying circumstances. There can be little doubt

he was of the ancient Worcestershire (WarwickHERMENTRUDE. shire ?] family of Throckmorton (or Throkmorton),

in wbich there were afterwards two baronetcies “ Sweet Western Wind, whose luck it is,

one, that of Gloucestershire, long extinct - but Made rival with the air, To give Perenna’s lips a kiss,

that most indefatigable genealogist, Sir Bernard And fan her wanton hair.

Burke, does not mention him in his “ Lineage " of

either of those branches. “ Bring me but one, I'll promise thee,

See bis Peerage and Instead of common show'rs,

Baronetage, and his Extinct Baronetage, art. Thy wings shall be embalm'd by me,

“ Throckmorton"; and Sir Bernard is generally And all beset with flow'rs."

glad to introduce eminent men into his catalogues, A. H. D. P.

and say something of them, though not in the “ He died of no distemper,

direct line of ancestry of families, so we may preBut fell, like Autumn fruit that mellowed long, sume he has come across no roll including Sir Een wondered at, because he fell no sooner.

Nicholas, or his brother John, executed in 1554 as He was wound up to threescore years and ten, concerned in the Suffolk conspiracy (when Sir And even then ran on two winters more.

Nicholas also had a narrow escape.) In all proba'Till like a clock, worn out by eating time, The wheels of weary life at last stood still."

bility they were in the line of the present ThrockWhose are these lines, and where are they to be younger sons very likely of Sir George Throck

morton family, of Congleton, Warwickshire, and found?

S. S. S.

morton (temp. Hen. VIII.); for his wife's father, Scottish.—On what authority do our northern Lord Vaux, was a Nicholas. The present young neighbours justify their exclusive use of the word boronet, also, it appears, is named Nicholas Wil. Scottish, and never Scotch, in an adjective sense; of the family should be deficient of a name of

liam. It is odd, however, that the public records as for instance, it is a Scottish practice, it is a Scottish work, &c.? Whereas the termination such celebrity and honour in his day as was that ish usually denotes with us an inclination towards of Sir Nicholas Throgmorton. Neither in Hume or slight degree of a thing, as darkish, brackish,

or Robertson can we trace him lower down than selfish, and the word Scottish itself would mean

to 1569, when he was involved (with so many rather Scotch. But if we allow,Scottish why not other eminent and patriotic individuals) in what Frenchish also ?


was called the Norfolk intrigue, but only suf

fered some imprisonment. Could any of your 6. Tom TIDLER'S GROUND." — Is this a common readers communicate some reliable particulars of expression in Hertfordshire, as applied to the his death, age, &c. ? In 1569 he could not have garden ground of a sluggari, or was it coined by been much over 40, but probably did not long Dickens as a characteristic title for his Christmas survive that year.

THEOBALD SMID. story for 1861? The locality is well known to be Wotton-under-Edge. near Hitchin, and I presume its real signification P.S. The Francis Throgmorton, a Cheshire to be Tom t'Idler's Ground,

M. D. gentleman, condemned and executed in 1584,

must have been of the same family, but not a seen the MS. letters of Throckmorton's in Dr. Evans's near relative, or historians would have mentioned custody, obtained them of his executors with a design to it. Sir Nicholas appears to have embraced the preserve them in the Paper Office, in compliance with Sir reformed doctrines, in which the Congleton branch letters and other papers of state to King Charles I.”

Henry Wotton's will, who left all Sir Nic. Throckmorton's do not follow him. He was far, however, from These papers, however, instead of being deposited in being a bigoted enemy of the Catholics.

the State Paper Office, found their way into Lord Hert.

ford's library at his seat in Warwickshire, where they [A good life of Sir Nicholas Throckmorton is a deside

were inspected by. Horace Walpole in the year 1758. ratum, and would make an excellent subject of historical

About 1824, the third Marquis of Hertford requested the biography. With the exception of a short note in Dr.

late John Wilson Croker, Esq. to examine them, who bad Towers's British Biography, iii. 20, we do not think that

the great mass of them stamped with the words “ Conway any particulars of him are to be found in any of our

Papers.” As the examination proceeded, Mr. Croker was standard Biographical Dictionaries. The leading and surprised in finding so many papers with which the Lords stirring events of his bustling life are ably sketched by a

Conway could have had no concern, but which had eviwriter in the Penny Cyclopædia, xxiv. 403, and form a

dently belonged to the earlier days of Sir Nicholas Throckfaithful picture of what Shakspeare calls —

morton. The will of Sir Henry Wotton came to his recol« The art o'the court,

lection, where he found that these papers were destined by As hard to leave as keep, whose top to climb

the express bequest of Sir Henry for the State Paper Office, Is certain falling, or so slippery, that

to the officials of which they were handed over the day The fear's as bad as falling.'

before Mr. Croker closed his active life.] Cymbeline, Act III. Sc. 3.

CONSECRATION OF CHURCHES.—When a church Materials for an extended biography of Sir Nicholas is rebuilt, is it either requisite or usual that the Throckmorton are sufficiently abundant; but they will be found dispersed through a variety of unconnected

new building should be consecrated ? departments of literature. First, for printed books: When St. Paul's Cathedral was opened for Strype's Annals and Memorials, passim ; Lloyd's State divine service in 1697, what was the ceremony Worthies, i. 429-432; Observations and Remarks on the observed ? And how far was such ceremony in Lives and Reigns of Henry VIII., Edward VI, Mary, accordance with ecclesiastical usage ? MELETB8. Elizabeth, &c. with Characters of their Favourites, pp. 275, 276; Guthrie's History of England, iii. 205, 347 ; [Thomas Lewis, in his valuable work, An Historical Pictorial History of England ; and Thomas's Historical Essay upon the Consecration of Churches, 8vo, 1719, pp. Notes, i. 469. A report of the trial of Sir Nicholas for 131-3, has collected some of the authorities the Canon being concerned in the rebellion of Sir Thomas Wyatt, Law affords for the Reconsecration of Churches from an taken from Holinshed, is given in The Library of Enter- | author whose authority has always been acknowledged taining Knowledge, Criminal Trials. His correspondence on these matters, namely, Grutiani Decreta, De Consewith his own government during his residence at the cratione, dist. i. French Court, A.D. 1559_1563, will be found in Dr. “ Churches or altars, whose consecrations are uncerPatrick Forbes's Full View of the Public Transactions in tain, ought to be consecrated without dispute. the Reign of Queen Elizabeth, 2 vols. fol. 1740-1, and “A church built upon the ground where an old one others in the Hardwicke State Papers, 1778, vol. i. pp. 121- stood is not to be esteemed the same church, but must be 162. Francis Peck, in his work entitled New Memoirs consecrated, as if there never had been a church in that of the Life and Poetical Works of John Milton, 4to, 1740, place. has prinied the following tract with some curious illus- “ If the walls are rebuilt from the foundation, the trative notes: “ The Legend of Sir Nicholas Throckmor- church ought to be consecrated again. ton, Kt., Chief Butler of England, and Chamberlain of “ If the altar be broken down or removed, the church the Exchequer, who died of poison, A.D. 1570: an His- is to be new consecrated. torical Poem, by his nephew, Sir Thomas Tbrockmorton “ If the fabrick of a church becomes wholly ruinous, of Littleton in com. Warwick, Kt."

and is rebuilt from the foundation, it ought to be reTo obtain, however, a correct estimate of Sir Nicholas's consecrated; but if the walls by degrees decay, and are diplomatic skill and management of the affairs of state, gradually repaired, it ought not. Or if a church be enrecourse must be had to the mass of his papers now in larged either in length, breadth, or height, it ought not the State Paper Office, a portion of which has already to be reconsecrated; because, as the Canonists express been indexed by Mr. Lemon (Calendar of State Papers, it, 'sacrum trahit ad se non sacrum,' that part that is Domestic Series, 1547-1580.) Others will be found in already holy sanctifies whatever is annexed to it. the British Museum among the Cottonian, Harleian, “ Churches that have been once consecrated to God Lansdowne, and Additional Manuscripts.

ought never to be reconsecrated, unless they have deThe fate of a large portion of the Throckmorton papers, cayed, or been consumed by fire, or been desecrated by formerly in the possession of Sir Henry Wotton, is some- the spilling of blood, or by the commission of fornication what curious. In the Sloane MS. 4106, vol. i. art. 3, is or adultery; because, as an infant that has been onco the following memorandum, entitled “ An Account of the baptized in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and Recovery of Sir Nicholas Throgmorton's Papers by Nich. of the Holy Ghost, ought never to be rebaptized ; so & Harding," which states that " Mr. Mansfield, formerly a church once dedicated to God should never be again congrocer in Windsor, was executor to Mr. Hales of Eton secrated, provided always that the persons officiating at College. Mr. Mansfield died at his house at Eton. His the consecration professed their belief in the Holy effects being sold after his death, several books and MSS. Trinity. (which appeared to have belonged to Mr. Hales) were “ The Churches of the Arians, where the doctrine o purchased by some learned persons of Eton College, and the Trinity has been undermined and exploded, ought to particularly by Dr. Evans, fellow of the College. Throck. be reconsecrated wherever they are found.” morton's letters were part of the MSS. so purchased. The references to the Canons quoted by Lewis are Mr. Hardinge, Clerk of the House of Commons, who had given in the original by Chancellor Harington in The

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