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PART 70-VOLUNTARY GRADING

OF POULTRY PRODUCTS AND RABBIT PRODUCTS AND U.S. CLASSES, STANDARDS, AND GRADES

Subpart A-Grading of Poultry Products

and Rabbit Products

GENERAL

prescribed in paragraph (a) of this section shall be found by reducing the quality index of prime quality cottonseed as follows:

(1) Four-tenths of a unit for each 0.1 percent of free fatty acids in the oil in the seed in excess of 1.8 percent.

(2) One-tenth of a unit for each 0.1 percent of foreign matter in excess of 1.0 percent.

(3) One-tenth of a unit for each 0.1 percent of moisture in excess of 12.0 percent.

(c) Off quality cottonseed. Cottonseed that has been treated by either mechanical or chemical process other than the usual cleaning, drying, and ginning (except sterilization required by the United States Department of Agriculture for quarantine purposes) or that are fermented or hot, or that upon analysis are found to contain 12.5 percent or more of free fatty acids in the oil in the seed, or more than 10.0 percent of foreign matter, or more than 20.0 percent of moisture, or more than 25.0 percent of moisture and foreign matter combined, shall be designated as “off quality cottonseed."

(d) Below grade cottonseed. Cottonseed the grade of which when calculated according to $61.101 is below grade 40.0 shall be designated as "below grade cottonseed," and a numerical grade shall not be indicated.

Sec. 70.1 Definitions. 70.2 Designation of official certificates,

memoranda, marks, other identifications, and devices for purposes of the Ag

ricultural Marketing Act. 70.3 Administration. 70.4 Grading services available. 70.5 Nondiscrimination. 70.6 OMB control numbers assigned pursu

ant to the Paperwork Reduction Act.

BASIS OF SERVICE

70.10 Grading service. 70.11 (Reserved] 70.12 Supervision. 70.13 Ready-to-cook poultry and rabbits and

specified poultry food products; eligi

bility. 70.14 Squabs and domesticated game birds;

eligibility. 70.15 Equipment and facilities to be fur

nished for use of graders in performing

service on a resident basis. 70.16 Prerequisites to grading. 70.17 Accessibility of products. 70.18 Schedule of operation of official

plants.

PERFORMANCE OF SERVICES

$61.104 Sampling and certification of

samples and grades. The drawing, preparation, and certification of samples of cottonseed, and certification of grades of cottonseed shall be performed in accordance with methods approved from time to time for the purposes by the Director, or his representatives.

70.20 Licensed or authorized graders. 70.21 Suspension of license; revocation. 70.22 Surrender of license. 70.23 Identification. 70.24 Financial interest of graders. 70.25 Political activity.

APPLICATION FOR GRADING SERVICE

(22 FR 10948, Dec. 28, 1957, as amended at 58 FR 42413, Aug. 9, 1993)

70.30 Who may obtain grading service. 70.31 How application for service may be

made; conditions of service. 70.32 Filing of application. 70.33 Authority of applicant. 70.34 Application for grading service in offl

cial plants; approval. 70.35 Rejection of application. 70.36 Withdrawal of application. 70.37 Order of service.

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pose intended and acceptable to the Service.

Act means the applicable provisions of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946 (60 Stat. 1087, as amended; 7 U.S.C. 1621 et seq.) or any other act of Congress conferring like authority.

Administrator means the Administrator of the Agricultural Marketing Service of the Department or any other officer or employee of the Department to whom there has heretofore been delegated or to whom there may hereafter be delegated the authority to act in his stead.

Applicant means any interested person who requests any grading service.

Carcass means any poultry or rabbit carcass.

Chief of the Grading Branch means Chief of the Poultry Grading Branch, Poultry Division, Agricultural Marketing Service.

Class means any subdivision of a product based on essential physical characteristics that differentiate between major groups of the same kind.

Condition means any condition, including but not being limited to, the state of preservation, cleanliness, or soundness of any product; or any condition, including but not limited to the processing, handling, or packaging which affects such product.

Condition and wholesomeness means the condition of any product and its

70.80 General. 70.81 Ready-to-cook poultry and rabbits and

specified poultry food products.

GRADING CERTIFICATES

70.90 Forms. 70.91 Issuance and disposition. 70.92 Advance information.

APPEAL OF A GRADING OR DECISION

70.100 Who may request an appeal grading

or review of a grader's decision. 70.101 Where to file an appeal. 70.102 How to file an appeal. 70.103 When an application for an appeal

grading may be refused. 70.104 Who shall perform the appeal. 70.105 Procedures for appeal gradings. 70.106 Appeal grading certificates.

healthfulness and fitness for human food.

Department means the United States Department of Agriculture.

Free from protruding pinfeathers

, di

minutive feathers, or hairs means that a poultry carcass, part, or poultry product with the skin on is free from protruding pinfeathers, diminutive feathers, or hairs which are visible to a grader during an examination at normal grading speeds. However, a poultry carcass, part, or poultry product may be considered as being free from protruding pinfeathers, diminutive feathers, or hairs if it has a generally clean appearance and if not more than an occasional protruding pinfeather, diminutive feather, or hair is evidenced during a more careful examination.

Giblets means the following poultry organs when properly trimmed and washed: The liver from which the bile sac has been removed, the heart from which the pericardial sac has been removed, and the gizzard from which the lining and contents have been removed. With respect to rabbits "giblets" means the liver from which the bile sac has been removed and the heart from which the pericardial sac has been removed.

Grader means any Federal or State employee or the employee of a local jurisdiction or cooperating agency to whom a license has been issued by the Secretary to investigate and certify in accordance with the regulations in this part the class, quality, quantity, or condition of products.

Grading or grading service means: (a) The act whereby a grader determines, according to the regulations in this part the class, quality, quantity, or condition of any product by examining each unit thereof or each unit of the representative sample thereof drawn by a grader, and issues a grading certificate with respect thereto, except that with respect to grading service performed

resident basis, the issuance of a grading certificate shall be pursuant to a request therefor by the applicant or the Service; (b) the act whereby the grader identifies, according to the regulations in this part, the graded product; (c) with respect to any official plant, the act whereby a grader determines that the product in such

plant was processed, håndled, and packaged in accordance with $70.110, or (d) any regrading or any appeal grading of a previously graded product.

Grading certificate means a statement, either written or printed, issued by a grader, pursuant to the regulations in this part, relative to the class, quality, quantity, or condition of a product.

Holiday or Legal Holiday shall mean the legal public holidays specified by the Congress in paragraph (a) of section 6103, title 5, of the United States Code.

Identify means to apply official identification to products or the containers thereof.

Lightly shaded discolorations on poultry are generally reddish in color and are usually confined to areas of the skin or the surface of the flesh.

Moderately shaded discolorations on poultry skin or flesh are areas that are generally dark red or bluish, or are areas of flesh bruising. Moderately shaded discolorations are free from blood clots that are visible to a grader during an examination of the carcass, part, or poultry product at normal grading speeds.

National supervisor means (a) the officer in charge of the poultry grading service of the Agricultural Marketing Service, and (b) other officers and employees of the Department designated by the officer in charge of the poultry grading service of the Agricultural Marketing Service.

Office of grading means the office of any grader.

Official plant or official establishment means one or more buildings or parts thereof comprising a single plant in which the facilities and methods of operation therein have been approved by the Administrator as suitable and adequate for grading service and in which grading is carried on in accordance with the regulations in this part.

Person means any individual, partnership, association, business trust, corporation, or any organized group of persons, whether incorporated or not.

Poultry means any kind of domesticated bird, including, but not being limited to, chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese, pigeons, and guineas.

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Secretary means the Secretary of the Department, or any other officer or employee of the Department to whom there has heretofore been delegated, or to whom there may hereafter be delegated, the authority to act in his stead.

Service means the Agricultural Marketing Service of the Department.

Slight discolorations on poultry skin or flesh are areas of discoloration that are generally pinkish in color and do not detract from the appearance of the carcass, part, or poultry product.

Soundness means freedom from external evidence of any disease or condition which may render a carcass or product unfit for food.

State supervisor or Federal-State supervisor means any authorized and designated individual who is in charge of the poultry grading service in a State.

means

(41 FR 23681, June 11, 1976; 41 FR 24693, June 18, 1976. Redesignated at 42 FR 32514, June 27, 1977, and amended at 43 FR 60138, Dec. 26, 1978. Redesignated at 46 FR 63203, Dec. 31, 1981, and amended at 47 FR 46071, Oct. 15, 1982; 47 FR 54421, Dec. 3, 1982; 51 FR 17280, May 9, 1986; 60 FR 6639, Feb. 2, 1995)

Poultry food product means any article of human food or any article intended for or capable of being so used, which is prepared or derived in whole or in substantial part, from any edible part or parts of poultry.

Poultry product means any ready-tocook poultry carcass or part therefrom or any specified poultry food product.

Poultry grading service means the personnel who are actively engaged in the administration, application, and direction of poultry and rabbit grading programs and services pursuant to the regulations in this part.

Quality means the inherent properties of any product which determine its relative degree of excellence.

Rabbit means any domesticated rabbit whether live or dead.

Rabbit product means any ready-tocook rabbit carcass or part therefrom. Ready-to-cook poultry

any slaughtered poultry free from protruding pinfeathers, vestigial feathers (hair or down as the case may be) and from which the head, feet, crop, oil gland, trachea, esophagus, entrails, mature reproductive organs, and lungs have been removed, and the kidneys have been removed from certain mature poultry as defined in 9 CFR part 381, and with or without the giblets, and which is suitable for cooking without need of further processing. Ready-tocook poultry also means any cut-up or disjointed portion of poultry or other parts of poultry as defined in 9 CFR part 381 that are suitable for cooking without need of further processing.

Ready-to-cook rabbit means any rabbit which has been slaughtered for human food, from which the head, blood, skin, feet, and inedible viscera have been removed, that is ready to cook without need of further processing. Ready-tocook rabbit also means any cut-up or disjointed portion of rabbit or any edible part thereof.

Regional director means any employee of the Department in charge of poultry grading service in a designated geographical area.

Regulations means the provisions of this entire part and such United States classes, standards, and grades for products as may be in effect at the time grading is performed.

$ 70.2 Designation of official certifi

cates, memoranda, marks, other identifications, and devices for purposes of the Agricultural Marketing Act.

Subsection 203(h) of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946, as amended by Pub. L. 272, 84th Congress, provides criminal penalties for various specified offenses relating to official certificates, memoranda, marks, or other identification and devices for making such marks or identifications, issued or authorized under section 203 of said Act, and certain misrepresentations concerning the grading of agricultural products under said section. For the purposes of said subsection and the provisions in this part, the terms listed in this section shall have the respective meaning specified:

(a) Official certificate means any form of certification, either written or printed, used under this part to certify with respect to the sampling, class, grade, quality, size, quantity, or condition of products (including the compliance of products with applicable specifications).

(b) Official memorandum means any initial record of findings made by an ricultural Marketing Service and its officers and employees shall not be liable in damages through acts of commission or omission in the administration of this part.

870.4 Grading services available.

The regulations in this part provide for the following kinds of service; and any one or more of the different services applicable to official plants may be rendered in an official plant:

(a) Grading of ready-to-cook poultry and rabbits in an official plant or at other locations with adequate facilities.

(b) Grading of specified poultry food products in official plants.

authorized person in the process of grading or sampling pursuant to this part, any processing or plant-operation report made by an authorized person in connection with grading or sampling under this part, and any report made by an authorized person of services performed pursuant to this part.

(c) Official mark means the grademark and any other mark, or any variations in such marks, approved by the Administrator and authorized to be affixed to any product or affixed to or printed on the packaging material of any product, stating that the product was graded or indicating the appropriate U.S. Grade or condition of the product, or for maintaining the identity of products graded under this part, including but not limited to, those marks set forth in $70.51.

(d) Official identification means any United States (U.S.) standard designation of class, grade, quality, size, quantity, or condition specified in this part or any symbol, stamp, label, or seal indicating that the product has been officially graded and/or indicating the class, grade, quality, size, quantity, or condition of the product approved by the Administrator and authorized to be affixed to any product, or affixed to or printed on the packaging material of any product.

(e) Official device means a stamping appliance, branding device, stencil, printed label, or any other mechanically or manually operated tool that is approved by the Administrator for the purpose of applying any official mark or other identification to any product or the packaging material thereof.

870.5 Nondiscrimination.

The conduct of all services and the licensing of graders and inspectors under these regulations shall be accomplished without regard to race, color, national origin, religion, age, sex, or disability

[60 FR 6640, Feb. 2, 1995)

$ 70.6 MB control numbers assigned

pursuant to the Paperwork Reduc

tion Act. (a) Purpose. This section collects and displays the control numbers assigned to information collection requirements by the Office of Management and Budget contained in 7 CFR part 70 pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980, Pub. L. 96-511.

(b) Display.

870.3 Administration.

The Administrator shall perform for and under the supervision of the Secretary such duties as are prescribed in the regulations in this part and as the Secretary may require in the administration of the regulations in this part. The Administrator is authorized to waive for limited periods any particular provisions of the regulations to permit experimentation so that new procedures and grading techniques may be tested to facilitate definite improvements and at the same time to determine full compliance with the spirit and intent of the regulations. The Ag

7 CFR section where identified and described

Current OMB control No.

70.3
70.10
70.17
70.18
70.20(a)
70.21
70.31(a)
70.31(b)
70.33
70.34
70.35
70.36
70.38(c)
70.38(d)
70.40
70.50
70.61
70.62
70.73
70.76(b)(1)
70.76(b)(3)(ii)

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