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GRADING

A minimum charge of $225 will be made each billing period. The minimum charge also applies where an approved application is in effect and no product is handled.

(b) Other provisions. (1) The applicant shall designate in writing the employees of the applicant who will be required and authorized to furnish each grader with such information as may be necessary for the performance of the grading service.

(2) AMS will provide, as available, an adequate number of graders to perform the grading service. The number of graders required will be determined by AMS based on the expected demand for service.

(3) The grading service shall be provided at the designated plant and shall be continued until the service is suspended, withdrawn, or terminated by:

(i) Mutual consent;

(ii) Thirty (30) days' written notice by either the applicant or AMS specifying the date of suspension, withdrawal, or termination;

(iii) One (1) day's written notice by AMS to the applicant if the applicant fails to honor any invoice within thirty (30) days after date of invoice covering the cost of the grading service; or

(iv) Action taken by AMS pursuant to the provisions of $70.38 through $70.40.

(4) Graders will be required to confine their activities to those duties necessary in the rendering of gradi eryice and such closely related activities as may be approved by AMS: Provided, That in no instance may the graders assume the duties of management.

870.80 General.

Whenever grading service is provided for examination of quality, condition, or for test weighing on a representative sample basis, such sample shall be drawn and consist of not less than the minimum number of containers indicated in the following table. The number of representative samples for large bulk containers (combo bins, tanks, etc.) may be reduced by one-half. For quality or condition, all of the poultry and rabbits in each representative sample shall be examined except for individual ready-to-cook carcasses weighing under 6 pounds in large bulk containers. For individual

carcasses weighing under 6 pounds in large bulk containers, 100 carcasses shall be examined for quality or condition. Procedures for test weighing shall be in accordance with those prescribed by the Administrator.

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(41 FR 23681, June 11, 1976)

EDITORIAL NOTE: For Federal Register citations affecting $ 70.77, see the List of CFR Sections Affected in the Finding Aids section of this volume.

$ 70.81 Ready-to-cook poultry and rab

bits and specified poultry food

products. (a) Ready-to-cook poultry or rabbit carcasses or parts or specified poultry food products may be graded only if they have been inspected and certified by the poultry inspection service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, or inspected and passed by any other inspection system which is acceptable to the Department.

(b) Only when ready-to-cook poultry carcasses, parts, poultry food products, including those used in preparing raw poultry food products, have been graded on an individual basis by a grader or by an authorized person pursuant to $70.20(c) and thereafter checkgraded by

$ 70.78 Fees or charges for grading

service performed under coopera

tive agreement. Fees or charges to be made to an applicant for any grading service which differ from those listed in $$70.70 through 70.77, shall be provided for by a cooperative agreement.

a grader, and when poultry food products have been prepared under the supervision of a grader, may the individual container, carcass, part, or poultry food product be identified with the appropriate official letter grademark. Checkgrading will be accomplished in accordance with a statistical sampling plan prescribed by the Administrator. Grading with respect to quality factors for freezing defects and appearance of the finished products may be done on a sample basis in accordance with a plan prescribed by the Administrator.

(c) Only when ready-to-cook rabbit carcasses or parts have been graded on an individual basis by a grader or by an authorized person pursuant to $70.20(c) and thereafter checkgraded by a grader, may the container or the individual carcass or part be identified with the appropriate official letter grademark. Checkgrading will be accomplished in accordance with a statistical sampling plan prescribed by the Administrator. Grading with respect to quality factors for freezing defects and appearance of the finished products may be done on a sample basis in accordance with a plan prescribed by the Administrator.

thorized agent, issue a grading certificate covering each product graded by him. A grader's name may be signed on a grading certificate by a person other than the grader if such person has been designated as the authorized agent of such grader by the national supervisor: Provided, That the certificate is prepared from an official memorandum of grading signed by the grader.

(c) The original and a copy of each grading certificate, issued pursuant to $$ 70.90 through 70.92, and not to exceed two additional copies thereof if requested by the applicant prior to issuance shall, immediately upon issuance, be delivered or mailed to the applicant or person designated by him. Other copies shall be filed and retained in accordance with the disposition schedule for grading program records.

(41 FR 23681, June 11, 1976. Redesignated at 42 FR 30514, June 27, 1977, and at 46 FR 63203, Dec. 31, 1981, and amended at 47 FR 46071, Oct. 15, 1982 and 47 FR 54421, Dec. 3, 1982; 51 FR 17281, May 9, 1986)

$ 70.92 Advance information.

[41 FR 23681, June 11, 1976. Redesignated at 42 FR 32514, June 27, 1977, and at 46 FR 63203, Dec. 31, 1981, and amended at 51 FR 17281, May 9, 1986)

Upon the request of an applicant, all or part of the contents of any grading certificate issued to such applicant may be telephoned or telegraphed to him, or to any person designated by him, at his expense.

GRADING CERTIFICATES

APPEAL OF A GRADING OR DECISION

$70.90 Forms.

Grading certificates (including appeal grading certificates and regrading certificates) shall be issued on forms approved by the Administrator.

$ 70.100 Who may request an appeal

grading or review of a grader's decision.

$ 70.91 Issuance and disposition.

(a) Resident grading basis. Certificates will be issued only upon a request therefor by the applicant or the Service. When requested, a grader shall issue a certificate covering product graded by him. In addition, a grader may issue a grading certificate covering product graded in whole or in part by another grader when the grader has knowledge that the product is eligible for certification based on personal examination of the product or official grading records.

(b) Other than resident grading. Each grader shall, in person or by his au

An appeal grading may be requested by any interested party who is dissatisfied with the determination by a grader of the class, quality, quantity, or condition of any product as evidenced by the USDA grademark and accompanying label, or as stated on a grading certificate, and a review may be requested by the operator of an official plant with respect to a grader's decision on any other matter relating to grading in an official plant.

$70.101 Where to file an appeal.

(a) Appeal from resident grader's grading or decision in an official plant. Any interested party who is not satisfied with the determination of the class, quality, quantity, or condition of product which was graded by a grader in an official plant and has not left such plant, and the operator of any official plant who is not satisfied with a decision made by a grader or any other matter relating to grading in such plant, may request an appeal grading or review of the decision by filing such request with the grader's immediate supervisor.

(b) All other appeal requests. Any interested party who is not satisfied with the determination of the class, quality, quantity, or condition of product which has left the official plant where it was graded, or which was graded other than in an official plant, may request an appeal grading by filing such request with the regional director in the area where the product is located or with the Chief of the Grading Branch.

870.104 Who shall perform the appeal.

(a) An appeal grading or review of a decision requested under $70.101(a) shall be made by the grader's immediate supervisor or by a licensed grader assigned by the immediate supervisor other than the grader whose grading or decision is being appealed.

(b) Appeal gradings requested under $70.101(b) shall be performed by a grader other than the grader who originally graded the product.

(c) Whenever practical, an appeal grading shall be conducted jointly by two graders. The assignment of the grader(s) who will make the appeal grading requested under $70.101(b) shall be made by the regional director or the Chief of the Grading Branch.

870.102 How to file an appeal.

Any request for an appeal grading or review of a grader's decision may be made orally or in writing. If made orally, written confirmation may be required. The applicant shall clearly state the reasons for requesting the appeal service, and a description of the product or the decision which is questioned. If such appeal request is based on the results stated on an official certificate, the original and all available copies of the certificate shall be returned to the appeal grader assigned to make the appeal grading.

$70.105 Procedures for appeal

gradings. (a) When all of the originally graded and identified samples are available, the appeal sample shall consist of such samples plus an equal number of samples.

(b) When the original samples are not available, the appeal sample size for the lot shall consist of double the samples required in $70.80.

(c) Poultry or rabbits in an unfrozen state must be adequately protected and kept in good condition until the appeal grading is performed.

(d) Overwraps on frozen poultry or rabbits shall be removed from all birds or rabbits in the sample prior to appeal grading for quality or to determine the class.

(e) When the appeal is based on grading or class determination factors, each frozen carcass shall be defrosted prior to conducting the appeal grading. Whether defrosting poultry or rabbit carcasses for other types of appeals will be required by the appeal grader, will depend upon the reason for the appeal.

$ 70.103 When an application for an

appeal grading may be refused. When it appears to the official with whom an appeal request is filed that the reasons given in the request for an appeal grading are frivolous or not substantial, or that the quality or condition of the product has undergone a material change since the original grading, or that the original lot has changed in some manner, or the Act or the regulations in this part have not been complied with, the applicant's request for the appeal grading may be refused. In such case, the applicant shall be promptly notified of the reason(s) for such refusal.

$ 70.106 Appeal grading certificates.

Immediately after an appeal grading is completed, an appeal certificate shall be issued to show that the original grading was sustained or was not sustained. Such certificate shall supersede any previously issued certificate for the product involved and shall clearly identify the number and date of 75.6 Nondiscrimination.

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INSPECTION

the superseded certificate. The issuance of the appeal certificate may be withheld until any previously issued certificate and all copies have been returned when such action is deemed necessary to protect the interest of the Government. When the appeal grader assigns a different grade to the lot, the existing grademark shall be changed or obliterated as necessary. When the appeal grader assigns a different class or quantity designation to the lot, the labeling shall be corrected.

75.7 Inspection in accordance with methods

prescribed or approved. 75.8 Basis of service. 75.9 Who may obtain service. 75.10 How to make application. 75.11 Content of application. 75.12 When application deemed filed. 75.13 When application may be rejected. 75.14 When application may be withdrawn. 75.15 Authority of agent. 75.16 Accessibility of seeds. 75.17 Testing. 75.18 Sampling. 75.19 Seed lot inspection. 75.20 Submitted sample inspection. 75.21 Grain sample inspection. 75.22 Form of inspection certificate. 75.23 Issuance of inspection certificate. 75.24 Disposition of inspection certificate. 75.25 Issuance of corrected certificate.

SANITARY REQUIREMENTS, FACILITIES,

AND OPERATING PROCEDURES

APPEAL INSPECTION

$ 70.110 Requirements for sanitation,

facilities, and operating procedures

in official plants. (a) The requirements for sanitation, facilities, and operating procedures in official plants shall be the applicable provisions stated in 9 CFR part 381 for poultry, and for rabbits the requirements shall be the applicable provisions stated in 9 CFR part 354.

(b) With respect to grading services, there shall be a minimum of 50-foot candles of light intensity at grading stations; and acceptable means, when necessary, of maintaining control and identity of products segregated for quality, class, condition, weight, lot, or any other factor which may be used to distinguish one type of product from another.

75.26 When appeal inspection may be re

quested. 75.27 How to file an appeal. 75.28 When a request for an appeal inspec

tion may be withdrawn. 75.29 When an appeal may be refused. 75.30 Who shall perform appeal inspection. 75.31 Appeal inspection certificate.

LICENSING OF INSPECTORS

75.32 Who may become licensed inspector. 75.33 Suspension or revocation of license of

inspector. 75.34 Surrender of license.

SAMPLING PROVISIONS AND REQUIREMENTS

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purposes.

SOURCE: 49 FR 18724, May 2, 1984, unless otherwise noted.

DEFINITIONS

875.1 Meaning of words.

Words used in the regulations in this part in the singular form shall be deemed to import the plural and vice versa, as the case may demand.

875.2 Terms defined.

cooperative agreement, or other means.

(m) Memorandum of Understanding means a written plan between AMS and a State for carrying out their separate activities in a project of mutual interest to the parties involved.

(n) Inspector means a licensed employee of a State authorized pursuant to a Memorandum of Understanding or an employee of the Department authorized by the Director, to draw samples of seeds, seal containers, inspect records, test seeds for quality, issue certificates and reports, and bill for services.

(0) Inspection means sampling seeds, sealing containers, testing seeds for quality and reviewing records.

(p) Appeal inspector means an inspector or other person designated or authorized by the Division to perform appeal inspections under the Act and regulations in this subpart.

(a) Certificate means a certificate issued under the Act and the regulations in this subpart.

ADMINISTRATION

For the purpose of these regulations unless the context otherwise requires, the following terms shall be construed, respectively, as follows:

(a) Act means the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946, as amended (7 U.S.C. 1621 et seq.).

(b) Regulations means the regulations in this part.

(c) Department means the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).

(d) Secretary means the Secretary of the United States Department of Agriculture, or any officer or employee of the Department to whom authority has been delegated to act in the Secretary's stead.

(e) Administrator means the Administrator of the Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) of the Department, or any other officer or employee of AMS to whom authority has been delegated to act in the Administrator's stead.

(f) Division means the Warehouse and Seed Division (WSD), AMS.

(g) Director means the Director of the Division or any other officer or employee of the Division to whom authority has been delegated to act in the Director's stead.

(h) Person means any individual, partnership, association, business trust, corporation, entity, or any other organized group of persons, whether incorporated or not.

(i) Seed means any agricultural or vegetable seed.

(j) Interested Party means any person financially interested in a transaction involving seed.

(k) Applicant means an interested party who requests any inspection service with respect to seed.

(1) Authorized agent means an agent to whom authority to represent a per

or government agency has been given by that person or government agency through delegation, contract or

$75.3 Authority.

The Director is charged with the administration of the provisions of the regulations and the Act insofar as they relate to the subject matter of the regulations, under the supervision of the Secretary and the Administrator.

875.4 Federal and State cooperation.

Pursuant to the Act, the Administrator is authorized to cooperate with the appropriate State agencies in carrying out provisions of the Act and these regulations through Memoranda of Understanding. The Memorandum of Understanding shall specify the duties to be performed by the parties concerned with each party directing its own activities and utilizing its own resources.

$75.5 Regulations not applicable for

certain purposes. The regulations do not apply to the inspection of grain in the United States under the U.S. Grain Standards Act, as amended (7 U.S.C. 71 et seq.), except to the extent that official grain samples received from the Federal

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