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COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS

CLARENCE CANNON, Missouri, Chairman CLIFTON A. WOODRUM, Virginia

JOHN TABER, New York LOUIS LUDLOW, Indiana

RICHARD B. WIGGLESWORTH, Massachuset MALCOLM C., TARVER, Georgia

WILLIAM P. LAMBERTSON, Kansas JED JOHNSON, Oklahoma

D. LANE POWERS, New Jersey J. BUELL SNYDER, Pennsylvania

J. WILLIAM DITTER, Pennsylvania EMMET O'NEAL, Kentucky

ALBERT E, CARTER, California GEORGE W. JOHNSON, West Virginia ROBERT F. RICH, Pennsylvania JAMES G. SCRUGHAM, Nevada

CHARLES A. PLUMLEY, Vermont JAMES M. FITZPATRICK, New York EVERETT M. DIRKSEN, Illinois LOUIS C. RABAUT, Michigan

ALBERT J. ENGEL, Michigan DAVID D. TERRY, Arkansas

KARL STEFAN, Nebraska JOHN M. HOUSTON, Kansas

FRANCIS H. CASE, South Dakota JOE STARNES, Alabama

FRANK B. KEEFE, Wisconsin ROSS A. COLLINS, Mississippi

NOBLE J. JOHNSON, Indiana
CHARLES H. LEAVY, Washington

ROBERT F. JONES, Ohio
JOSEPH E. CASEY, Massachusetts
JOHN H. KERR, North Carolina
GEORGE H. MAHON, Texas
HARRY R. SHEPPARD, California
BUTLER B. HARE, South Carolina
HARRY P. BEAM, Illinois
ALBERT THOMAS, Texas
VINCENT F. HARRINGTON, Iowa
JOE HENDRICKS, Florida

MARCELLUS O. SHIELD, Clerk

SUBCOMMITTEE ON INDEPENDENT OFFICES

CLIFTON A. WOODRUM, Virginia, Chairman JAMES M. FITZPATRICK, New York RICHARD B. WIGGLESWORTH, Massachuset JOHN M. HOUSTON, Kansas

EVERETT M. DIRKSEN, Illinois JOE STARNES, Alabama

FRANCIS H. CASE, South Dakota JOE HENDRICKS, Florida

INDEPENDENT OFFICES APPROPRIATION BILL–1943

HEARINGS CONDUCTED BY THE SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS, HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, IN CHARGE OF THE INDEPENDENT OFFICES APPROPRIATION BILL FOR THE FISCAL YEAR 1943; NAMELY, CLIFTON A. WOODRUM (CHAIRMAN), JAMES M. FITZPATRICK, JOHN M. HOUSTON, JOE STARNES, JOE HENDRICKS, RICHARD B. WIGGLESWORTH, EVERETT M. DIRKSEN, AND FRANCIS H. CASE, ON THE DAYS FOLLOWING, NAMELY:

THURSDAY, DECEMBER 4, 1941.

AMERICAN BATTLE MONUMENTS COMMISSION

STATEMENT OF JAMES E. MANGUM, ACTING SECRETARY, ACCOM

PANIED BY HARVEY E. CONWAY, CHIEF CLERK

SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Mr. WOODRUM. We will take up first this morning the appropriation for the American Battle Monuments Commission:

For all expenses necessary for the work of the American Battle Monuments Commission authorized by the Act of March 4, 1923 (36 U. S. C. 121-138), and by Executive Order Numbered 6614 of February 26, 1934, including the sequisition of land or interest in land in foreign countries for carrying out the purposes of said Act and Executive order without submission to the Attorney General of the United States under the provisions of section 355 of the Revised Statutes (34 U. S. C. 520; 40 U. S. C. 255); employment of personal services in the District of Columbia and elsewhere; including not to exceed $3,000 for allowances for living quarters, including heat, fuel, and light, as authorized by the Act approved June 26, 1930 (5 U. S. C. 118a); purchase and repair of uniforms for caretakers of national cemeteries and monuments in Europe at a cost not exceeding $500; travel expenses; rent of office and garage space in foreign countries which may be paid for in advance; the maintenance, repair, and operation of motor-propelled passenger-carrying vehicles which may be furnished to the Commission by other departments of the Government or acquired by purchase; printing, binding, engraving, lithographing, photographing, and typewriting, including the publication of information concerning the American activities, battlefields, memorials, and cemeteries in Europe; transfer of housebold goods and effects as provided by the Act of October 10, 1940, and regulations promulgated thereunder, and, when ordered or approved by the Commission, expenses of travel of dependents of employees when transferred from one official station to another; and the temporary transfer of employees by the Commission between places in foreign countries or between foreign countries and the United States, including transfers incident thereto, or, in the case of new appointments, transfer from place of appointment, may, if ordered or approved by the Commission, be regarded as a transfer from one official station to another for permanent duty for the purpose of authorizing the payment of travel of dependents and for the purposes of said Act of October 10, 1920, and regulations promulgated thereunder; and the purchase of maps, textbooks, newspapers and periodicals; $50,000: Provided, That notwithstanding the requirements of existing laws or regulations,

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and under such terms and conditions as the Commission may in its discretio deem necessary and proper, the Commission may contract for work, supplie materials, and equipment in Europe and engage, by contract or otherwise, tł services of architects, firms of architects, and other technical and profession personnel: Provided further, That when traveling on business of the Commissio officers of the Army serving as members or as secretary of the Commission ma be reimbursed for expenses as provided for civilian members of the Commission And provided further, That the Commission may delegate to its chairma secretary, or officials in charge of either its Washington or Paris offices, und such terms and conditions as it may prescribe, such of its authority as it ma deem necessary and proper.

DATA ON APPROPRIATIONS FISCAL YEARS 1941 AND 1942

Mr. Mangum. I offer the following justifications for the record:

Table 1.-Information regarding appropriations for fiscal years 1941 and 1942

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TABLE 2.-Statement of transfers between appropriations during fiscal year 19.

No transfers were made during the year.

TABLE 3.-Information regarding appropriations for fiscal year 1942

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TABLE 4.-Allotments from emergency funds, available during 1942 The American Battle Monuments Commission has received no allotmen from emergency funds.

JUSTIFICATION OF ESTIMATE

Now, Mr. Chairman, I have here a letter from General Pershing, the chairman of the Commission, to the chairman of your committee. With

your permission, I should like to read and place it in the record. Mr. WOODRUM. All right, sir. Mr. MANGUM (reading): THE AMERICAN BATTLE MONUMENTS COMMISSION,

Washington, December 1, 1941. The Honorable CLARENCE CANNON, Chairman, Committee on Appropriations,

House of Representatives, Washington, D. C. MY DEAR MR. CANNON: In accordance with request from your office, there is given below information regarding the work of the American Battle Monuments Commission and its estimate of appropriations for the fiscal year 1943.

The proposed appropriation is for the following purposes:

1. Maintenance and general administration of national cemeteries and memorials as follows:

(a) Eight cemeteries containing the graves of 30,907 American dead who gave their lives during the World War. The names of these cemeteries, their locations, and the number of burials in each, are as follows: Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery, near Romagne, France

14, 242 Oise-Aisne American Cemetery, near Fère-en-Tardenois, France

6, 012 St. Mihiel American Cemetery, near Thiaucourt, France..

4, 152 Aisne-Marne American Cemetery, near Belleau, France.

2, 288 Somme American Cemetery, near Bony, France

1, 836 Suresnes American Cemetery, at Suresnes, near Paris, France.

1, 541 Brookwood American Cemetery, at Brookwood, England..

468 Flanders Field American Cemetery, near Waereghem, Belgium

368 Total.--

30, 907 ! (b) A memorial chapel in each of the above cemeteries.

(c) Twelve memorials outside the cemeteries located as follows: Montfaucon, France; Montsec, France; near Château-Thierry, France; Brest, France; Tours, France; near Bellicourt, France; near Sommepy, France; Audenarde, Belgium; near Ypres, Belgium; Cantigny, France; near Belleau, France; and Gibraltar, Gibraltar,

(d) Two memorial tablets, one at Chaumont, France, and the other at Souilly, France.

2. Carrying on the general administrative work of the Commission.

As was explained briefly to your committee in June, it became necessary for the Commission last summer to order all of its American personnel in France and Belgium to return to the United States. I think it would perhaps be of interest to your committee to know the background regarding the withdrawal of this personnel, and so I am enclosing copies of self-explanatory correspondence on the subject.

Prior to the departure of our American personnel for the United States in July, General T. Bentley Mott, officer in charge of our Paris office, acting under my instructions, arranged with General Vincensini, head of the French Service which is in charge of French military cemeteries, so that our American cemeteries and memorials in France would be cared for under General Vincensini's supervision until it was possible for our regular organization to return to France. It was "understood that insofar as practicable our non-American personnel who had long heen employed by the Commission and who were familiar with its work, would continue to be employed on this work.

Because of the unusual and unstable conditions in France it was not possible, of course, to determine with any degree of certainty what it would cost to maintain the cemeteries and memorials for the ensuing year. However, based on existing conditions, it was estimated that approximately $30,000 would be required for minimum fixed operating expenses. "In making this estimate, consideration was given to the fact that certain maintenance operations which are ordinarily carried on during peacetimes, and which are desirable from the standpoint of long-term fronomy, would have to be curtailed or postponed because of the lack of various ripplies and materials and the shortage of labor and transportation facilities.

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