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Mr. CUSTER. The Commission's desire, as expressed in that language, is that it have made available to it authority to reimburse employees, certain of its employees, for the use of privately owned automobiles at headquarters, or within the limits of their official stations.

Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. Would that mean that that would be available for travel in privately owned automobiles within the District of Columbia, for instance?

Mr. CUSTER. That would permit that for a certain type of our employees; that is, the employees engaged in examining and investigative work. In other words, only those employees whose duties are necessarily out of the office in connection with “examinations and investigations of the records of employees' and applicants for positions.


Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. Have you had any emergency funds or received any funds during the past fiscal year from the President's emergency fund, or elsewhere?

Mr. FLEMMING. During the present fiscal year, 1942?
Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. The fiscal year 1941 or 1942.
Mr. CUSTER. For this kind of work?
Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. For any kind of work.
Mr. FLEMMING. During 1942, no.

Mr. CUSTER. We have no funds granted to us by the President from his emergency funds during the current fiscal year.

Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. Or any other funds except those that have come by direct appropriation?

Mr. CUSTER. No other funds except funds which have been appropriated by the Congress.

Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. Do you anticipate any in 1943?
Mr. CUSTER. We do not.


Mr. FLEMMING. May I refer again to your inquiry relative to the provision respecting the payment of 3 cents per mile for use of privately owned automobiles? The group that we have primarily in mind are our investigators, to reimburse them for travel that takes place in the city in which they are domiciled. We have a study here made for the month of June 1941, showing that those investigators, carrying on their work in the cities in which they were domiciled, spent for car tokens, for which they are reimbursed, the sum of $542.88. If this language had been in our appropriation bill, the cost to the Government would have been $572, or an increase of $30. When you consider the increased efficiency involved in permitting them to driva their own cars as compared with trying to get around by means of public transportation, I think you will agree that it is a worth-while expenditure.

Mr. CUSTER. We think it represents a net saving to the Government.

Mr. FITZPATRICK. I agree with you. It would represent a saving in the time saved by these investigators.

Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. Of course, the committee will want to take that under consideration.


Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. As to the second item, under the Hatch Act, you say you have disposed of 148 cases. I do not want any of the details now, but I would like for the record a table which would list those 148 cases, which would show the character of the cases in each instance, and the result of your investigation, and the action taken,

if any.

Mr. CANNON. We will furnish that.
(The statement referred to is as follows:)


Table of cases scheduled for trial in fiscal year 1942 under sec. 12 of Hatch Act

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135 have been authorized by Commission. ? 19 of these were started in November 1941 but were continued until Jan. 7, 1942. NATIONAL DEFENSE ACTIVITIES.


Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. Under your national defense item, I note that there is included an increase for the Division of Personnel Supervision and Management, of $24,500. What is the amount that that division has had in the current year and what is contemplated in the requested increase?

Mr. CUSTER. The total, including the amount of that increase, will be 53 employees. That is an increase of about 13 employees.

Mr. FLEMMING. Mr. Wigglesworth, that is largely to take care of carrying on servicing operations in connection with this activity. After all, our total number of employees is moving up close to the 6,000 figure.

Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. What funds did that division have in this current year and what personnel?

Mr. ČUSTER. I do not have those figures at hand, but I will put them in the record.

Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. Please put a statement on that in the record. My impression was that the total force for that division, when we last talked this over, was three principal officials and a force of five clerical employees.

Mr. CUSTER. We had 19 originally.

Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. I wish you would set forth exactly what the personnel has been in that division, the total funds which they asked for, the additional personnel you are requesting now, its character, and the total amount that that involves.

Mr. CUSTER. Very well. We will give you an analysis of their total growth.

(The statement referred to is as follows:) Division of Personnel Supervision and Management - Average number of employees

reported in "green sheets"

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Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. Why do you need $76,000 additional for temporary employees under this item?

Mr. CUSTER. As we have tried to indicate in our formal justifications, that shows under the appropriation entitled “Salaries and expenses” as a nonrecurring item. That is the first one in our justifications, and that item of $76,000 shows as a decrease there.

Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. But this is under your fourth item, the one I am referring to. Why do you need that increase?

Mr. CUSTER. There is an increase here because of the previous decrease I have just mentioned, since we must employ certain temporary personnel.

Mr. WIGGLES WORTH. What kind of personnel?

Mr. CUSTER. In the lower grades, in the clerical categories, for emergency peak loads. As we have indicated, it is only a small percentage of the amount spent in the fiscal year 1941, and, as I said a moment ago, this is not in fact an actual increase in money. It shows as a decrease under salaries and expenses. Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. It is an increase under this item.

Mr. FLEMMING. It is an increase under this item but a decrease under our regular item, in the same amount, $76,000.

Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. You mean, then, it is a transfer of one to the other?

Mr. CUSTER. It is a transfer of one to the other.


Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. What about the increase for your mobile force? What is that force, and why the increase of $21,600?

Mr. CUSTER. That is for the purpose of permitting the Commission to fill vacancies existing in its authorized staff a little more expeditiously than we can otherwise do it.

Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. What is the mobile force?

Mr. CUSTER. It is a force of stenographers and typists that we use for peak loads of work in the various divisions and offices in Washington, D. C. It is from that group that we fill vacancies occurring in the regular positions in other parts of the office.

Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. The balance of that increase, $259,040, is requested, you say, for the purpose of providing funds for advancing field civil-service examiners from trainee to journeymen grades?

Mr. CUSTER. That is right.

Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. Is that mandatory under the existing classification? Mr. CUSTER. That is mandatory; yes, sir. Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. There is no escape from that? Mr. CUSTER. There is no escape from that; no, sir.



Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. I wish you would give us tables such as you have usually given us showing the number of classified personnel in the service, and so on, as of the close of the last fiscal year.

Mr. CUSTER. We have those with us and will put them in the record.

Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. Also the number of examinations and the cost during that year.

Mr. CUSTER. We will insert those in the record for you.


FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, JUNE 1941 1 Civilian employment of persons occupying classified ? positions in the executive branch of the Federal Government totaled 990,218 in June 1941, an increase of 168,378, or 20.5 percent, over December 1940. The total employment in June

1 This entire report is compiled on the basis of the number of persons on the Federal pay roll with pay during the last pay-roll period of the month, as shown in the monthly employment report but does not include temporary substitute employment in the Post Office Department. Revisions have been made in several departments since publication of the June monthly report.

2 Classified positions are those positions that are subject to the competitive requirements of the Civil Service Act and Rules.

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