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(b) Reasonably good flavor. “Reasonably good flavor" means a clean and distinct dried fig flavor and odor which may possess very slight flavors or odors such as are characteristic of slight scorching or slight caramelization or may possess other very slight abnormal flavors or odors.

(c) Typical and normal flavor. Typical and normal flavor” means &

clean and distinct dried fig flavor and odor which may possess slight flavors or odors such as are characteristic of scorching or caramelization but may not possess any flavor in amounts resulting in objectionable or off flavors.

WORK SHEET 8 52.1033 Work sheet for grades of

dried figs.

Size and kind of container.
Container mark or identification.
Label or brand...
Net weight..
Color type () White ( ) Black.
Style (type of pack).
Size or sizes (whole, loose, figs): -% Size

-% Size

-% Size
Moisture content...
Varietal characteristics: Similar .... Mixed
Uniformity of color:

White: Marked variation from Light Dark
Black:

Uniform; Natural Black
Very light scars (uncalloused, etc.).
Uniformity of size: (Whole, pulled, and layered). Conspicuously larger ----; smaller
Maturity and development:

(A) Well-matured
(B) Reasonably well-matured

(C) Fairly well-matured Flavor and odor: (A), (B), (C). Count (per sample).

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1 "Damaged or seriously damaged by mechanical injury" is not applicable to any grade of Style II, sliced igs.

Subpart-United States Standards for

Grades of Canned Fruit Cocktail SOURCE: $8 52.1051 to 52.1084 appear at 18 F.R. 7980, Dec. 9, 1953, unless otherwise noted.

IDENTITY AND GRADES $ 52.1051 Identity.

"Canned fruit coctail" means the food prepared from the mixture of fruit ingredients of peaches, pears, grapes, pineapple, and cherries as defined in the standard of identity for canned fruit cocktail, canned coctail fruits, canned fruits for cocktail (21 CFR 27.40) issued pursuant to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

8 52.1052 Grades of canned fruit cock.

tail. (a) "U.S. Grade A” or “U.S. Fancy" is the quality of canned fruit coctail that is practically free from defects; that possesses a good character; that posesses & normal flavor and odor; and that is of such quality with respect to clearness of liquid media, color, and uniformity of size as to score not less than 85 points when scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart.

(b) "U. S. Grade B” or “U. S. Choice" is the quality of canned fruit cocktail that possesses a fairly clear liquid media; that is reasonably uniform in size; that is reasonably free from defects; that

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50 percent by weight of

drained fruit. 45 percent by weight of

drained fruit. 20 percent by weight of

drained fruit. 16 percent by weight of

drained fruit.

Peaches (any yellow variety). Diced....

30 percent by weight of drained

fruit. Pears (any variety)------ Diced..

25 percent by weight of drained

fruit. Grapes (any secdless variety). Whole..

6 percent by weight of drained

fruit.
Pineapple (any variety).-.-- Diced or sectors. 6 percent by weight of drained

fruit; but not less than 2 sec-
tors or 3 dice for each 444
ounces avoirdupois os product

each fraction thereof

greater than 2 ounces. Cherries (any light, sweet Approximate halves... 2 percent by weight of drained variety) or (artificially col

fruit; but not less than 1 apored red) or (artificially

proximate half for each 422 colored red and artifically

ounces avoirdupois of product favored).

and

each fraction thereof greater than 2 ounces.

and

6 percent by weight of

drained fruit.

LIQUID MEDIA, FILL OF CONTAINER, AND DRAINED WEIGHTS & 52.1054 Liquid media and Brix measurements for canned fruit cocktail.

“Cut-out” requirements for liquid media in canned fruit cocktail are not incorporated in the grades of the finished product since sirup or any other liquid medium, as such, is not a factor of quality for the purposes of these grades. The "cut-out" Brix measurement, as applicable, for the respective designations are as follows:

Designations "Extra heavy sirup”

Brix measurement "Extra beavy fruit juice sirup".

22° or more but not more than 35°.. "Heavy sirup"

or "Heavy fruit juice sirup”.

18° or more but less than 22°. "Light sirup"

or "Light fruit juice sirup”.

14° or more but less than 18°. "In water".

Packed in water. "In fruit juice".

Packed in fruit juice.

or

$ 52.1055 Fill of container for canned (b) Such total weight of drained fruit fruit cocktail.

is determined by the following method: (a) The standard of fill of container

Tilt the open container so as to distribfor canned fruit cocktail is a fill such that

ute the contents evenly over the meshes the total weight of drained fruit is not

of a circular sieve which has been less than 65 percent of the water capacity

previously weighed. The diameter of of the container. Canned fruit cocktail

the sieve is 8 inches if the quantity of that does not meet this requirement is

the contents of the container is less "Below Standard in Fiu."

than 3 pounds, and 12 inches if such

quantity is 3 pounds or more. The bottom of the sieve is woven-wire cloth which complies with the specifications for such cloth set forth under "2380 Micron (NO. 8)” in Table I of “Standard Specifications for Sieves," published March 1, 1940, in L. C. 584 of the U. S. Department of Commerce, National Bureau of Standards. Without shifting the material on the sieve so incline the sieve as to facilitate the drainage. Two minutes from the time drainage begins, weigh the sieve and drained fruit. The weight so found, less the weight of the sieve, shall be considered to be the total weight of drained fruit.

(C) The total weight of drained fruit, also termed “drained weight,” shall be not less than that shown for the respective size of containers in Table II.

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(c) “Normal flavor and odor” means that the canned fruit cocktail is free from objectionable flavors and objectionable odors of any kind. § 52.1057 Ascertaining the rating for the

factors which are scored. The ential variations thin eac factor which is scored are so described that the value may be ascertained for each factor and expressed numerically. The numerical range within each factor which is scored is inclusive (for example, 17 to 20 points” means 17, 18, 19, or 20 points). $ 52.1058 Clearness of liquid media.

(a) (A) Classification. Canned fruit cocktail that possesses a reasonably clear liquid media may be given a score of 17 to 20 points. “Reasonably clear liquid media" means that the liquid drained from the fruit cocktail is reasonably bright in color without any tinge of pink color or dullness of color and may contain fine fruit particles which do not materially affect the appearance of the product.

(b) (B) classification. If the canned fruit cocktail possesses a fairly clear liquid media, a score of 14 to 16 points may be given. "Fairly clear liquid media" means that the liquid drained from the fruit cocktail may be slightly pink or slightly dull in color but is not off color for any reason and may contain fruit particles which materially affect, but do not seriously affect, the appearance of the product.

(c) (SStd) classificatiofi. Canned fruit cocktail that fails to meet i he requirements of paragraph (b) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 13 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). § 52.1059 Color.

(a) General. The factor of color refers to the general brightness and uniformity of color typical of each of the fruit ingredients; the degree of freedom from staining from artificially colored cherries, if present; and the dullness or off color in any single fruit ingredient.

(b) (A) classification. Canned fruit cocktail that possesses a good color may be given a score of 17 to 20 points. “Good color" means that each fruit ingredient possesses a practically uniform typical color that is bright and characteristic of at least reasonably well-matured fruit

Fluid Audp. Inches

Ounces ounces 3450

8. 65 8.2 8. 50 4716

15. 20 4146

16.60 456

16.85 17.0 17. 70 4910

20. 50 41Ио

29. 75 28. 35 29.50

109, 45

3 346 3318

Ounces

5. 63 5. 53 9.88 10.79 10. 96 11.51 13. 33 19. 34 19. 18 71. 15

3748 4510

6316

FACTORS OF QUALITY $ 52.1056 Ascertaining the grade.

(a) The grade of canned fruit coctail is ascertained by considering, in conjunction with the requirements of the respective grade, the respective ratings for the factors of clearness of liquid media, color, uniformity of size, absence of defects, and character.

(b) The relative importance of each factor which is scored is expressed numerically on the scale of 100. The maximum number of points that may be given such factors are: Factors:

Points Clearness of liquid medla..

20 Color

20 Uniformity of size....

20 Absence of defects.

20 Character

20

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that has been properly prepared and processed; that any of the fruit ingredients may be no more than slightly affected by pink staining; and that none of the fruit ingredients are dull or off color for reasons other than being slightly affected by pink staining.

(c) (B) classification. If the canned fruit cocktail possesses a reasonably good color, a score of 14 to 16 points may be given. Canned fruit cocktail that falls into this classification because of staining or dullness of color shall not be graded above U. S. Grade Bor U. S. Choice, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a partial limiting rule). “Reasonably good color" means that each fruit ingredient possesses a reasonably uniform typical color that is reasonably bright and characteristic of at least fairly well-matured fruit that has been properly prepared and processed; and that any of the fruit ingredients may be more than slightly affected by pink staining but not to the extent that the appearance is materially affected by this cause or may be slightly dull in color but none of the fruit ingredients are off color for reasons other than staining or dullness within these limits.

(d) (SStd) classification. Canned fruit cocktail that fails to meet the requirements of paragraph (c) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 13 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). $ 52.1060 Uniformity of size.

(a) General. The factor of uniformity of size refers to the uniformity of size of intact halves of cherries and whole grapes and to the degree of deviation from the dimensions for diced units of peaches, pears, and pineapple or for sectors of pineapple, which dimensions approximate the following:

(1) Diced units are not more than 34 inch in greatest edge dimension and will not pass through the meshes of a sieve designated as 5/16 inch in Table I of "Standard Specifications for Sieves" published March 1, 1940, in L. C. 584 of the National Bureau of Standards, U. S. Department of Commerce;

(2) Sectors of pineapple: The length of the outside arc is not more thar. 34 inch but is more than 3/8 inch; the thickness is not more than 12 inch but

is more than 546 inch; the length (measured along the radius from the inside arc to outside arc) is not more than 144 inch but is more than 34 inch.

(b) (A) classification. Canned fruit cocktail in which each of the fruit ingredients are practically uniform in size may be given a score of 17 to 20 points. "Practically uniform in size" means that not more than 10 percent by weight of the peach units, of the pear units, or of the pineapple units if diced may fail to conform to the dimensions for diced units; that not more than 10 percent by weight of the pineapple units is in sectors may fail to conform to the dimensions for sectors of pineapple; that the largest whole grape does not weigh more than three times the weight of the smallest whole grape; and that the longest dimension on the cut surface of the largest intact cherry half does not exceed the longest dimension on the cut surface of the smallest intact cherry half by more than 3343 percent.

(c) (B) classification. If the canned fruit cocktail possesses fruit ingredients that are reasonably uniform in size. a score of 14 to 16 points may be given. Canned fruit cocktail in which more than 15 percent by weight of the peach units, of the pear units, or of the pineapple units if diced fail to conform to the dimensions for diced units and in which more than 15 percent by weight of the pineapple units if in sectors fail to conform to the dimensions for sectors of pineapple shall not be graded above U. S. Grade B (or U. S. Choice), regardless of the total score for the product (this is a partial limiting rule). "Reasonably uniform in size” means that not more than 20 percent by weight of the peach units, of the pear units, or of the pineapple units if diced may fail to conform to the dimensions for diced units; that not more than 20 percent by weight of the pineapple units if in sectors may fail to conform to the dimensions for sectors of pineapple; that the largest whole grape does not weigh more than four times the weight of the smallest whole grape; and that the longest dimension on the cut surface of the largest intact cherry half does not exceed the longest dimension on the cut surface of the smallest intact cherry half by more than 50 percent.

(d) (SStd) classification. Canned fruit cocktail which fails to meet the requirements of paragraph (c) of this section shall be given a score of 0 to 13 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule); and if the canned fruit cocktail fails to meet the requirements of paragraph (c) of this section only because of the deviations from the dimensions of diced units of peaches, pears, or pineapple or of sectors of pineapple, the canned fruit cocktail is also:

Below Standard in Quality

Good Food-Not High Grade $ 52.1061 Absence of defects.

(a) General. The factor of absence of defects refers to the degree of freedom from harmless extraneous material; from peach and pear peel; from pits or portions thereof; from capstems; from crushed or broken grapes; from broken cherry halves; from unevenly colored cherry halves; from blemished units; and from any other defects which detract from the appearance or edibility of the product.

(1) "Harmless extraneous material" means any vegetable substance not specifically mentioned herein as a defect that is harmless.

(2) A "pit or portion thereof” means any whole pit or piece of pit material, regardless of size.

(3) A “capstem" means a small woody stem which attaches a grape to the branch of a bunch of grapes. Capstems are considered as defects whether or not attached to a grape. (4) A “crushed or

broken grape" means a grape that is severely crushed so as to destroy its shape or that is severed into two separate parts. Portions or fragments of grapes that are the equivalent of one grape are considered as a grape in ascertaining compliance with percentages by count of grapes.

(5) A “broken cherry half” means any portion of a cherry that is definitely less than an apparent half or a definitely mutilated cherry half.

(6) An "unevenly colored cherry half" means, if the cherry halves are artificially colored, that the color in the cherry half is other than evenly distributed in the unit or other than uniform with the color of the other cherry halves.

(7) “Blemished" in the case of the

peach, pear, grape, or cherry ingredients means blemished with scab, hail injury, scar tissue, objectionable pear seed cell material, objectionable portions of interior pear stems, or other abnormality which materially affects the appearance of the unit; and in the case of the pineapple ingredient means any blemish or combination of blemishes on a unit. which materially affects the appearance or edibility of the unit and includes, but. is not limited to, any fruit eye or portion thereof which on the exposed portion exceeds the area of a circle Ke. inch in diameter, brown spots, pieces of shell, bruised portions, or other similar blemishes.

(b) (A) classification. Canned fruit cocktail that is practically free from defects may be given a score of 17 to 20 points. “Practically free from de. fects” means that the product is practically free from harmless extraneous material, from pits or portions thereof, from the presence of peel, from loose capstems, and from any other defects not specifically mentioned that more than slightly affect the appearance or edibility of the product; and that, in addition, not more than the following defective units, as applicable for the ingredient, may be present:

(1) Peach. 5 percent by weight of the peach units may be blemished;

(2) Pear. 5 percent by weight of the pear units may be blemished;

(3) Pineapple. 5 percent by count of the pineapple units may be blemished;

(4) Grape. 10 percent by count of the grapes in a container containing 10 grapes or more, and 1 grape in a container containing less than 10 grapes may be blemished; 5 percent by count of the grapes in a container containing 20 grapes or more, and 1 grape in a container containing less than 20 grapes may be crushed or broken; and 10 percent by count of the grapes in a container containing 10 grapes or more, and 1 grape in a container containing less than 10 grapes may have the capstem attached.

(5) Cherry. 5 percent by count of the cherry halves in a container containing 20 cherry halves or more, and 1 cherry half in a container containing less than 20 cherry halves may be blemished; 5 percent by count of the cherry halves in a container containing 20

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