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1 In any sample unit, except the first one of 50 spears or tips.
? “Total”—the sum of "Critical", "Severe", "Major", and "Minor” defects, as applicable.

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! In any sample unit, except the first one of 100 cuts.
2 "Total”—the sum of "Critical”, "Severe”, "Major", and "Minor" defects, as applicable.
LOT COMPLIANCE

Inspection of Processed Fruits and Vege

tables and Related Products" ($ $ 52.1$ 52.390 Sample size.

52.87). (a) General. The sample size to deter- (b) Acceptance numbers. The acceptmine compliance with requirements for ance numbers for deviants specified in size, percent head material, and quality the sampling plans cited in paragraph factors shall be the sampling plans spec- (a) of this section do not apply to these ified in the “Regulations Governing standards.

$ 52.391 Lot acceptance for size.

A lot of frozen asparagus is considered as meeting the requirements for a specified size if the defects permitted and the AL values for the applicable defect classifications, specified in Table III, are not exceeded. $ 52.392 Lot acceptance for “Percent

Head Material” in the style of cut

spears. The percent, by count, of heads is determined by averaging the percentage of heads in all of the sample units comprising the sample: Provided, That:

(a) When cut into units 144 inches or less in length no individual sample unit may contain less than 12 percent, by count, of heads; and

(b) When cut into units longer than

194 inches, no sample unit may contain less than 15 percent, by count, of heads. $ 52.393 Lot acceptance for quality.

A lot of frozen asparagus is considered as meeting the quality requirements of either U.S. Grade A or U.S. Grade B if:

(a) The product has a good flavor and odor; and

(b) The product is free of grit, silt, or any other particle of earthy material that affects the appearance or edibility; and

(c) The defects permitted and the AL values for the applicable defect classifications, specified in Tables VII and VIII, are not exceeded.

SCORE SHEET $ 52.394 Score sheet for frozen aspara

DEFECT TALLY SHEET FOR FROZEN ASPARAGUS

Number, size, kind of container.
Label statements..
Container mark or identifica Packages.
cation.

(Cases
Net weight.
Style.
Sizes of spears; tips styles..
Head material (percent).

Quality factors

Sample unit

Minor | Major Severe Critical

Color.....
Uniformity of length.
Damage......
Harmless extraneous material...

Character.

Total defects-Each class..

Total defects-All classes: Minor, Major,

Severe, Critical.

Size-Diameters....

Total defects-Each class...

Total defects-All classes: Minor, Major,

Severe.

Flavor and odor.

Good..

Objectionable.....

gus.

Defects

Sample unit

Minor Major Severe

Critical

Free...

Grit, silt, earthy

material.

Present/degree....

Grade.

Subpart - United States Standards for

Grades of Canned Dried Beans SOURCE: $$ 52.411 to 52.428 appear at 18 F.R. 7927, Dec. 9, 1953, unless otherwise noted. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION, TYPES, STYLES,

AND GRADES $ 52.411 Product description.

Canned dried beans are prepared from the matured seeds of varieties of beans (sometimes called "peas") used for canning, but not including soybeans; and may be prepared by washing, soaking, blanching, or other processing; may be packed with or without the addition of water, spices, spice oils, spice flavorings, salt, coloring agents, thickening ingredients, sweetening ingredients, tomato products, pork or pork products, and meat or meat products; and are sufficiently processed by heat to assure preservation of the product in hermetically sealed containers. $ 52.412 Types of canned dried beans.

(a) White beans. (b) Lima beans. (c) Red beans. (d) Black-eye beans or black-eye peas. (e) Beans or "peas" of other colors or types. § 52.413 Styles of packs of canned dried

beans. Canned dried beans are usually packed in the following styles:

(a) In tomato sauce. This style of pack contains tomato pulp or tomato puree or a similar tomato product in the packing medium with or without any one or more of the following: sweetening ingredients, salt, thickening ingredients, coloring agents, and spices or other flavorings. Variations of this style are:

(1) In tomato sauce with pork or pork product.

(2) In tomato sauce with meat or meat product.

(b) In sweetened sauce. This style of pack contains sweetening ingredients in the packing medium with or without any one or more of the following: Salt, thickening ingredients, coloring agents, spices or other flavorings, and molasses. Variations of this style are:

(1) In sweetened sauce with pork or pork product.

(2) In sweetened sauce with meat or meat product.

(c) In brine. This style of pack contains water and salt in the packing medium with or without any one or more of the following: spices or other flavorings, and thickening ingredients. $ 52.414 Grades of canned dried beans.

(a) “U.S. Grade A” or “U.S. Fancy" is the quality of canned dried beans that possess similar varietal characteristics; are practically free from defects; possess a good character; possess a good typical color; possess a reasonably rich, typical and normal flavor; and are of such quality with respect to consistency that the total score is not less than 85 points when scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart.

(b) "U. S. Grade C” or “U. S. Standard" is the quality of canned dried beans that possess similar varietal characteristics; possess a fairly good consistency; are fairly free from defects; possess & fairly good character; possess a good typical color; possess a typical and normal flavor; and score not less than 70 points when scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart.

(c) "U. S. Grade D" or "Substandard" is the quality of canned dried beans that fail to meet the requirements of U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard.

FIL OF CONTAINER $ 52.415 Recommended fill of

tainer. The recommended fill of container is not incorporated in the grades of the finished product since fill of container, as such, is not a factor of quality for the purpose of these grades. It is recommended that each container of canned dried beans be filled with canned dried beans as full as practicable without impairment of quality and that the product and packing medium occupy not less than 90 percent of the volume capacity of the container.

FACTORS OF QUALITY $ 52.416 Ascertaining the grade.

(a) The grade of canned dried beans may be ascertained by considering, in addition to the requirements of the respective grade, the following factors: Consistency, absence of defects, and character.

con

36-009-70

(b) The relative importance of each of liquid but does not possess a watery factor is expressed numerically on the consistency. scale of 100. The maximum number of (2) In brine. The packing medium is points that may be given for each factor fairly smooth and may be slightly grainy is:

but is not lumpy and the product may

Points possess a consistency in which there is Consistency

20

considerable separation of liquid or may Absence of defects.

40

possess a watery consistency. Character

40

(c) (SStd) classification. Canned

100 Total score..

dried beans that fail to meet the re

quirements of paragraph (b) of this 3 52.417 Ascertaining the rating of each

section may be given a score of 0 to 13 factor.

points and shall not be graded above The essential variations within each U. S. Grade D or Substandard, regardfactor are so described that the value less of the total score for the product may be ascertained for each factor and (this is a limiting rule). expressed numerically. The numerical

$ 52.419 “Absence of defects. range within each factor is inclusive (for

(a) General. The factor of absence example, the range “17 to 20 points" means 17, 18, 19, or 20 points).

of defects refers to the degree of freedom

from extraneous material, from loose $ 52.418 Consistency.

skins, from broken and mashed units. (a) (A) classification. Canned dried and from damaged units... beans that possess a good consistency (1) A "unit" means two cotyledons may be given a score of 17 to 20 points. and a skin, or portions thereof, whether “Good consistency" has the following or not attached or combined as a whole meaning for the respective style of bean. A single whole skin or pieces of canned dried beans when they are loose skin aggregating the equivalent of emptied on a flat surface:

a whole skin will be considered as one(1) In tomato sauce and in sweetened third of a unit. A cotyledon or portions sauce. The sauce is smooth and is of cotyledons, aggregating the equivaneither grainy nor lumpy and the prod- lent of a cotyledon will be considered as uct forms a slightly mounded mass of one-third of a unit. beans and packing medium with not (2) "Loose skins" means skins or pormore than a slight separation of liquid. tions of skins which have become sepa

(2) In brine. The packing medium is rated wholly from the cotyledons. neither grainy nor lumpy and the prod- (3) A “broken unit" means a bean uct may possess a thick consistency or a from which either cotyledon, or portions consistency in which there is a separa- thereof, has become detached and any tion of liquid.

such parts of the bean that have become (b) (C) classification. If the canned separated from the whole bean. dried beans possess a fairly good con- (4). “Mashed units" means beans sistency, a score of 14 to 16 points may that are crushed or flattened to the exbe given. “Fairly good consistency" tent that their appearance is seriously has the following meaning for the re- affected. spective style of canned dried beans (5) "Damaged unit” means any unit when they are emptied on a flat surface: that is (i) spotted, discolored, or other

(1) In tomato sauce and in sweetened wise damaged to such an extent that its sauce. The sauce is fairly smooth and appearance or edibility is materially afmay be slightly grainy but is not lumpy fected, or (ii). affected by pathological, and the product possesses a thick con-. insect, or similar type injury regardless sistency with practically no separation of the area affected. Beans that possess of liquid or with a moderate separation characteristic darkening around the

hilum are not considered damaged units.

(b) (A) classification, Canned dried beans that are practically free from defects may be given a score of 34 to 40 points. “Practically free from defects" means that no extraneous material is present, and, of the units:

(1) Not more than 5 percent, by count, may be loose skins and broken and mashed units; and

(2) Not more than 4 percent, by count, may be damaged units.

(c) (C) classification. If the canned dried beans are fairly free from defects, a score of 28 to 33 points may be given. Canned dried beans that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). “Fairly free from defects" means that there may be present not more than 1 small piece of harmless extraneous material for each 20 ounces of net weight, and, of the units:

(1) Not more than 10 percent, by count, may be loose skins and broken and mashed units; and

(2) Not more than 8 percent, by count, may be damaged units.

(d) (SStd) classification, Canned dried beans that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (c) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 27 points and shall not be graded above U. S. Grade D or Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). $ 52.420 Character.

(a) (A) classification. Canned dried beans that possess a good character may be given a score of 34 to 40 points. Good character” means the beans possess a texture that is typical, that may be slightly granular or slightly firm, and that the skins are tender.

(b) (C) classification. If the canned dried beans possess a fairly good character, a score of 28 to 33 points may be given. Canned dried beans that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade C or U. S, Standard, regardless of the total score for the prod

uct (this is a limiting rule). "Fairly good character" means that the beans possess a fairly good typical texture, that the beans may be firm but are not markedly hard, that the beans may be soft but are not mushy, and that the skins may be slightly tough.

(c) (SStd) classification. Canned dried beans that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (b) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 27 points and shall not be graded above U. S. Grade D or Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

EXPLANATIONS $ 52.421 Explanation of terms.

(a) "Similar Varietal characteristics" means that the beans are alike in shape, color, and general characteristics.

(b) “Good typical color” means (1) that the beans possess a color distinctly characteristic of the type of canned dried beans; and (2) that the surrounding sauce or brine possesses a color distinctly characteristic for the style of pack.

(c) "Reasonably rich, typical and normal flavor” means a flavor that is indicative of good-flavored ingredients for the respective type and style of pack, and the canned dried beans are free from objectionable flavors or objectionable odors of any kind.

(d) “Typical and normal flavor" means a flavor that is indicative of a product slightly lacking in good-flavor ingredients for the respective type and style of pack, and the canned dried beans are free from objectionable flavors or objectionable odors of any kind.

LOT INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION $ 52.422 Ascertaining the grade of a lot.

The grade of a lot of the processed product covered by these standards is determined by the procedures set forth in the regulations governing inspection and certification of processed fruits and vegetables, processed products thereof, and certain other processed food products (8 $ 52.1 to 52.87). 122 F.R. 3547, May 22, 1957).

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