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such 3 percent, not more than 43 thereof or 1 percent by count, of all the beans may be seriously blemished.

(d) (C) classification. Canned lima beans that are fairly free from defects may be given a score of 18 or 19 points. Canned lima beans that fall into this classificatior. shall not be graded above U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). Fairly free from defects" means that the aforesaid defects, individually or collectively, do not seriously affect the appearance or eating quality of the product. The following allowances provide a guide for scoring canned lima beans which are fairly free from defects:

(1) For each 10 ounces drained weight of beans there may be present:

(i) 1 piece, or pieces, of extraneous vegetable matter having an aggregate area of more than 38 square inch, but not more than 34 square inch (1/2" X 11/2'') on one surface of the piece, or pieces;

(ii) 8 percent, by count, of loose skins;

(iii) 15 percent, by count, of broken beans and loose cotyledons;

(iv) 8 percent, by count, of sprouted beans; and

(v) 4 percent, by count, of blemished and seriously blemished beans, and of such 4 percent, not more than 1/2 thereof or 2 percent, by count, of all the beans may be seriously blemished.

(e) (SStd) classification. Canned lima beans that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (d) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 17 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). $ 52.482 Character.

The factor of character refers to the tenderness and maturity of the product.

(a) (A) classification. Canned lima beans that possess a good character may be given a score of 27 to 30 points. “Good character" means that the lima beans are young and tender.

(b) (B) classification. If the canned lima beans possess a reasonably good character, a score of 24 to 26 points may be given. “Reasonably good character" means that the lima beans are reasonably young and reasonably tender.

(c) (C) classification. Canned lima beans that possess a fairly good character may be given a score of 21 to 23 points. Canned lima beans that fall into this

classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). “Fairly good character" means that the lima beans may be nearly mature and possess & fairly tender texture, may be firm and mealy but not hard, or may be soft but not mushy.

(d) (SStd) classification. Canned lima beans that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (c) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 20 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

LOT INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION $ 52.483 Ascertaining the grade of a lot.

The grade of a lot of the processed product covered by these standards is determined by the procedures set forth in the regulations governing inspection and certification of processed fruits and vegetables, processed products thereof, and certain other processed food products ($ $ 52.1 to 52.87). 122 F. R. 3547, May 22, 1957)

SCORE SHEET $ 52.484 Score sheet for canned lima

beans.

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Grade
Normal flavor and odor.

1 Indicates limiting rule.

FACTORS OF QUALITY $ 52.504 Ascertaining the grade.

(a) General. In addition to considering other requirements outlined in the standards, the following quality factors are evaluated :

(1) Factors not rated by score points. (i) Varietal characteristics.

(ii) Flavor.
(iii) Tenderness.

(2) Factors rated by score points. The relative importance of each factor which is scored is expressed numerically on the scale of 100. The maximum number of points that may be given each such factor is: Factors:

Points Color

60 Defects.

40

Subpart-United States Standards for

Grades of Frozen Lima Beans SOURCE: $$ 62.501 to 52.509 appear at 20 FR. 5051, July 16, 1955, unless otherwise noted. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION, TYPES, AND GRADES § 52.501 Product description.

"Frozen lima beans" means the frozen product prepared from the clean, sound, succulent seed of the lima bean plant without soaking, by shelling, washing, blanching, and properly draining, and is then frozen in accordance with good commercial practice and maintained at temperatures necessary for the preservation of the product. (22 F. R. 1707, Mar. 16, 1957) § 52.502 Types of frozen lima beans.

(a) “Thin-seeded,” such as Henderson Bush and Thorogreen varieties.

(b) “Thick-seeded Baby Potato," such as Baby Potato, Baby Fordhook, and Evergreen.

(c) “Thick-seeded,” such as Fordhook variety. $ 52.503 Grades of frozen lima beans.

(a) “U.S. Grade A” or “U.S. Fancy" is the quality of frozen lima beans that possess similar varietal characteristics; that possess a good flavor; that are tender; that possess a good color; that are practically free from defects; and that score not less than 90 points when scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart.

(b) "U. S. Grade B” or “U. S. Extra Standard" is the quality of frozen lima beans that possess similar varietal characteristics; that possess a good flavor; that are reasonably tender; that possess a reasonably good color; that are reasonably free from defects; and that score not less than 80 points when scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart.

(c) “U. S. Grade C” or “U. S. Standard” is the quality of frozen lima beans that possess similar varietal characteristics; that possess a fairly good flavor; that are fairly tender; that possess a fairly good color; that are fairly free from defects; and that score not less than 70 points when scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart.

(d) “Substandard" is the quality of frozen lima beans that fail to meet the requirements of U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard.

Total score.

100 (b) The scores for the factors of color and absence of defects are determined immediately after thawing to the extent that the product is substantially free from ice crystals and can be handled as individual units. The evaluation of the factors of tenderness and flavor of frozen lima beans is made after thawing and after the product ooked.

(c) “Good flavor" means that the product has a good, characteristic, normal flavor and odor and is free from objectionable flavors and objectionable odors of any kind.

(d) “Fairly good flavor" means that the product may be lacking in good flavor and odor but is free from objectionable flavors and objectionable odors of any kind. § 52.505 Ascertaining the rating for the

factors which are scored. The essential variations within each factor which is scored are so described that the value may be ascertained for such factors and expressed numerically. The numerical range within each factor which is scored is inclusive (for example, "54 to 60 points" means 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, or 60 points). $ 52.506 Color.

(a) General. The color of frozen lima beans has reference to the color characteristic of the individual lima bean.

(1) "Green" means that not less than 50 percent of the surface area of the individual lima bean possesses as much or more green color than U. S. D. A. lima

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(4) Information regarding these color standards may be obtained by writing to the Processed Products Standardization and Inspection Branch, Fruit and Vegetable Division, U. S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., 20250.

(b) (A) classification. Frozen lima beans that possess a good color may be given a score of 54 to 60 points. “Good color" means that the lima beans, regardless of type, possess a bright typical color and meet the following additional color requirements for the respective types:

(1) Thin-seeded type (with skins removed); Thick-seeded Baby Potato type (with skins on). (i) Not less than 93 percent, by count, of the lima beans are "green" and not more than 7 percent, by count, may be lighter in color: Provided, That not more than 1 percent, by count, of all the lima beans are white, or

(ii) Not less than 97 percent, by count, of the lima beans are "green" and not more than 3 percent, by count, may be lighter in color or white lima beans.

(2) Thick-seeded type (with skins on). Not less than 85 percent, by count, of the lima beans are "green" and not more than 15 percent, by count, may be lighter in color: Provided, That not more than 1 percent, by count, of all the lima beans are white,

(C) (B) classification. If the frozen lima beans possess a reasonably good color, a score of 48 to 53 points may be given Frozen lima beans that fall into

this classification shall not be graded above U.S. Grade B or U. S. Extra Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). “Reasonably good color” means that the lima beans, regardless of type, possess a typical color and meet the following additional requirements for the respective types:

(1) Thin-seeded type (with skins removed); Thick-seeded Baby Potato type (with skins on). Not less than 65 percent, by count, of the lima beans are “green” and not more than 35 percent, by count, may be lighter in color or white beans.

(2) Thick-seeded type (with skins on). Not less than 60 percent, by count, of the lima beans are "green" and not more than 40 percent, by count, may be lighter in color: Provided, That not more than 5 percent, by count, of all the lima beans are white.

(d) (C) classification. If the frozen lima beans possess a fairly good color, a score of 42 to 47 points may be given. Frozen lima beans that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). “Fairly good color" means that the lima beans, regardless of type, possess a typical color and meet the following additional requirements for the respective types:

(1) Thin-seeded type (with skins removed); Thick-seeded Baby Potato type (with skins on). Less than 65 percent, by count, of the lima beans are "green" and all of the lima beans may be white.

(2) Thick-seeded type (with skins on). Less than 60 percent, by count, of the lima beans are "green": Provided, That not more than 20 percent, by count, of all the lima beans are white.

(e) (SStd.) classification. Frozen lima beans that are definitely off color or fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (d) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 41 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). $ 52.507 Defects.

(a) General. The factor of defects refers to the degree of freedom from harmless extraneous vegetable material, from pieces of beans, shriveled beans, sprounted beans, light discoloration, and from beans that are blemished or seriously blemished.

(1) "Harmless extraneous vegetable material" means:

(1) Predominantly flat or predominantly cylindrical, green, tender vegetable material, such as pieces of pods or leaves and stems of the lima bean plant; and

(ii) Predominantly spherical vegetable material, such as seeds from other plants.

(2) "Piece of bean" (broken bean) means:

(i) A whole bean from which one-half or more of a cotyledon or the equivalent thereof has become detached;

(i) Two detached whole cotyledons;

(ii) Pieces of detached broken cotyledons aggregating the equivalent of one average size whole cotyledon; and

(iv) A whole detached skin or portions of detached skin aggregating the equivalent of an average size whole skin.

(3) “Shriveled” means lima beans that are materially wrinkled and are not of normal plumpness.

(4) "Sprouted" means lima beans that show an external shoot protruding prominently beyond the cotyledon or skin.

(5) "Light discoloration" means light discoloration of the hilum or other light discoloration which slightly affects but does not materially affect the appearance or eating quality of the bean.

(6) "Blemished" means blemished by discoloration or blemished by other means to the extent that the appearance or eating quality of the bean is materially affected.

(7) “Seriously blemished" means blemished to such an extent that the appearance or eating quality of the bean is seriously affected.

(b) (A) classification. Frozen lima beans that are practically free from defects may be given a score of 36 to 40 points. “Practically free from defects" means that:

(1) There may be present:

(i) For each 10 ounces, net weight, one piece, or pieces, of predominantly fiat, harmless extraneous vegetable material having an aggregate area of 30 square inch (42 inch by 36 inch) on one surface of the piece, or pieces, and one predominantly cylindrical piece, or pieces, of harmless extraneous vegetable material not exceeding 12 inch in length in the aggregate; or

(ii) For each 30 ounces, net weight, one predominantly spherical piece of harmless extraneous vegetable material

measuring not more than 14 inch in diameter.

(2) There may be present:

(1) 5 percent, by count, of pieces of beans;

(ii) 1 percent, by count, of shriveled and sprouted beans;

(iii) 2 percent, by count, of blemished and seriously blemished beans, and of such 2 percent, not more than 44 thereof or 12 of 1 percent, by count, of all the beans may be seriously blemished; and that

(3) The presence of harmless extraneous vegetable material, pieces of beans, shriveled and sprouted beans, light discoloration, and blemished and seriously blemished beans, individually or collectively, does not more than slightly affect the appearance or eating quality of the product.

(c) (B) classification. If the frozen lima beans are reasonably free from defects, a score of 32 to 35 points may be given. Frozen lima beans that fall into this classification on account of the presence of shriveled or sprouted beans and of blemished or seriously blemished beans, shall not be graded above U. S. Grade B or U. S. Extra Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a partial limiting rule). "Reasonably free from defects” means that:

(1) There may be present:

(i) For each 10 ounces, net weight, one piece, or pieces, of predominantly flat, harmless extraneous vegetable material having an aggregate area of 3 square inch (1/2 inch by 34 inch) on one surface of the piece, or pieces, and one predominantly cylindrical piece, or pieces, of harmless extraneous vegetable material not exceeding 94 inch in length in the aggregate; or

(ii) For each 30 ounces, net weight, two predominantly spherical pieces of harmless extraneous vegetable material measuring not more than 14 inch in diameter.

(2) There may be present:

(i) 10 percent, by count, of pieces of beans; 1

(ii) 4 percent, by count, of shriveled and sprouted beans;

1 The percent, by count, of pieces of beans in the sample is determined by dividing the total number of pieces of beans by the total number of beans and pieces of beans and multiplying the quotient by 100.

36-009__70

(B) 1
(C) 1

(iii) 3 percent, by count, of blemished standard, regardless of the total score and seriously blemished beans, and of for the product (this is a limiting rule). such 3 percent, not more than 13 thereof

LOT INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION or 1 percent, by count, of all the beans may be seriously blemished;

§ 52.508 Ascertaining the grade of a lot, and that

The grade of a lot of the processed (3) The presence of harmless ex- product covered by these standards is traneous vegetable material, pieces of

determined by the procedures set forth beans, shriveled and sprouted beans, in the regulations governing inspection light discoloration, and blemished and and certification of processed fruits and seriously blemished beans, individually vegetables, processed products thereof, or collectively, does not materially affect and certain other processed food prodthe appearance or eating quality of the ucts ($ $ 52.1 to 52.87). product.

[22 F. R. 3547, May 22, 1957) (d) (C) classification. Frozen lima

SCORE SHEET beans that are fairly free from defects may be given a score of 28 to 31 points. $ 52.509 Score sheet for frozen lima Frozen lima beans that fall into this

beans. classification shall not be graded above

Size and kind of container.. U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard, regard

Container marks or identification.. less of the total score for the product Label.. (this is a limiting rule). "Fairly free Net weight (ounces).

Туре... from defects” means that:

Size. (1) There may be present:

Color:

Percent green. (i) For each 10 ounces, net weight, one

Percent white. piece, or pieces, or predominantly flat, harmless extraneous vegetable material

Factors

Score points having an aggregate area of 34 square

((A) 54-60 inch (12 inch or 1/2 inches) on one

48-53 Color..

60 surface of the piece, or pieces, and one

42-47 or predominantly cylindrical piece,

(sStd.) 1 0-41

(A) 36-40 pieces, of harmless extraneous vegetable

Defects...

32-35

40 material not exceeding 1 inch in length

28-31

(sStd.) · 0-27 in the aggregate; or

Total score..

100 (ii) For each 30 ounces, net weight, three predominantly spherical pieces of Grade.

Flavor. harmless extraneous vegetable material

Tenderness.. measuring not more than 14 inch in diameter.

1 Indicates limiting rule. (2) There may be present:

: Indicates partial limiting rule. (i) 15 percent, by count, of pieces of Subpart-United States Standards for beans; :

Grades of Canned Beets (ii) 8 percent, by count, of shriveied and sprouted beans;

SOURCE: $$ 62.521 to 52.535 appear at 18 (iii) 4 percent, by count, of blemished

F.R. 7937, Dec. 9, 1953, unless otherwise

noted. and seriously blemished beans, and of such 4 percent, not more than 12 thereof IDENTITY, STYLES, AND GRADES or 2 percent, by count, of all the beans

$ 52.521 Identity. may be seriously blemished; and that (3) The presence of harmless extrane

“Canned beets" means canned beets

as defined in the definitions and standous vegetable material, pieces of beans, shriveled and sprouted beans, light dis

ards of identity for canned vegetables

(21 CFR 51.990), issued pursuant to the coloration, and blemished and seriously

Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. blemished beans, individually or collectively, does not seriously affect the ap

$ 52.522 Styles of canned beets. pearance or eating quality of the product. (a) “Whole" or "whole beets" means (e) (SStd.) classification. Frozen

canned beets consisting of whole beets lima beans that fail to meet the require- that retain the approximate original ments of paragraph (d) of this section conformation of the whole beet. may be given a score of 0 to 27 points (b) "Slices" or "sliced beets” means and shall not be graded above Sub- canned beets consisting of slices of beets,

(B) : (C) 1

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