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SUBCHAPTER GPROCESS OR RENOVATED BUTTER

PART 171-SANITARY INSPECTION OF PROCESS OR RENOVATED BUTTER

SUPERVISOAT OTTICIAL Seo. 171.1 Director of Dairy Division charged

with administration of regulations in this part.

DEFINITIONS 171.2 Department. 171.28 Secretary. 171.3 Division. 171.4 Director of Division. 171.8 Inspector. 171.6 Person. 171.7 Butter. 171.8 Process or renovated butter. 171.9 Process or renovated butter act. 171.10 Process or renovated butter factory. MAINTENANCE OF INSPECTION AND ACCESS TO

PREMISES 171.11 Maintenance of sanitary inspoctions

of premises and products. 171.12 Access to factory premises, etc., for

Inspection purposes. SANITARY REQUIREMENTS FOR PROCESS OR

RENOVATED BUTTER FACTORIES 171.13 Factories, storehouses, etc., to be

kept sanitary and separate. 171.14 Lighting, screening, ventilating, and

draining. 171.18 Care of doors, collings, walls, parti

tions, etc. 171.16 Equipment. 171.17 Sanitary pumps, pipes, and attinge

required. 171.18 Cleanliness of employoes and of

clothing worn. 171.19 Communicable diseases of employees. 171.20 Lavatories, toilets, and dressing

rooms; location and equipment. 171.21 Freedom from objectionable odon

and substancos. SANITARY REQUIREMENTS FOR PROCESS OB

RENOVATED BUTTER, AND TOR INGREDIENTS

INTENDED FOR USE IN MANUFACTURE 171.22 Requirements for containers of in

gredients. 171.23 Pure, clean water and ico to be used. 171.24 Pure, clean air to be used; approved

equipment for purifying air re

quired. 171.26 Pasteurization of mixtures and emul

sions; approved recording dairy

thermometers required. 171.26 Butter must be melted, clarified, etc.,

at factory under supervision of

Inspector. 171.27 Procoss or renovated butter and in

gredients must be kept, stored, and

handled in a sanitary manner. 171.28 All containers must be kept and

stored in a sanitary manner.

INSPECTION STANDARDS FOR PROCESS OR REXO

VATED BUTTER, AND FOR INGREDIENTS IN

TENDED FOR USE Ox rn MANUFACTURE Boo. 171.29 Processor renovated butter, and

prospective ingredients thereof, found to be putrid and decom

posed, or to be rancid, etc. 171.30 Process or renovated butter, and

prospective ingredients thereof, found to contain any avlan ani. mal, etc., including immature stages or parts thereof, or excrement therefrom; destruction o

denaturation required. 171.31 Process or renovated butter, and

prospective ingredients thersof, found to contain any insect, or other animal, not referred to in § 171.30 including immature stages or parts thereof, or excrement therefrom; extent of de

struction or denaturation required 171.32 Prospective ingredients found to

contain any visible mold, etc.; ex. tent of destruction or denatura

tion required. 171.33 Identification of process or renovated

butter, and of ingredients intended for use in its manufacture,

which have passed inspection. 171.84 Destruction or denaturation of con.

demned process or renovated butter, and of condemned prospective

ingredients. 171.88 Storage and safokeeping of any lot

of process or renovated butter, and of any lot of ingredients intended for use in its manufacture, pend.

ing further inspection of such lot. 171.36 Reinspections. 171.97 Ingredients must be inspected and

passed prior to use in manufac

turing. MARKING, LABELING, AND BRANDING OF PROCESS

OR RENOVATED BUTTER 171.38 Statutory packages. 171.99 Cartons, wrappers, and other con

tainers. 171.40 Net weight requirements; pictorial

misrepresentations prohibited. 171.41 Surface impressions. 171.42 Marks, etc., requiring approval. 171.43 Evidence of approval.

PENALTIES 171.44 Forgery, etc., of marks, stamps,

labels, or tags. 171.48 Falso or misleading statements OD

wrappers, labels, cartons, or con.

tainers. 171.46 Transportation of process or reno

vatod butter which has not been inspected and passed, and properly

marked, labeled, and branded. 171.47 Maximum penalty for violation.

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REPORTS

8 171.6 Person. STANDARDE N..48 Work reports.

Any natural person, & corporation, & TR, AND L.49 Furnishing of information.

partnership, a company, trust or esUADAL.50 Reports of violations.

tate, a joint-stock company, an associa

tion, or other unincorporated organizaWITHDRAWALS OF INSPECTIONS

tion or group. It includes a guardian, $1.51 Withdrawals of Inspections.

committee, trustee, executor, adminisOTTICE SPACE

trator, trustee in bankruptcy, receiver, L, of 1022.52 Furnishing of ofice space, etc., to

assignee for the benefit of creditors, con

servator, or any person acting in a fiduinspectors.

ciary capacity. REVIEW OF DECISIONS

8 171.7 Butter. 71.53 Review of inspector's decisions.

The food product usually known as therefroe AUTHORITY: The provisions of this part

butter which is made exclusively from Rp 71 issued under sec. 4817, 68A Stat. 678; 26 repel.S.C. 4817.

milk or cream, or both, with or without

common salt, and with or without adSOURCE: The provisions of this Part 17 ditional coloring matter. imal, ppear at 84 FR. 15632, Oct. 9, 1969, unless

8 171.8 Process or renovated butter. itherwise noted. parts a

Butter which has been subjected to SUPERVISORY OFFICIAL

any process by which it is melted, clarir denarnes 171.1 Director of Dairy Division fied, or refined, and made to resemble

charged with administration of reg. butter as defined in $ 171.7, excepting ulations in this part.

"adulterated butter” as defined in 26 The Director of the Dairy Division,

U.S.C. 2320(b). I proces Consumer and Marketing Service, U.S. 8 171.9 Process or renovated butter act. of the Department of Agriculture, is charged

The act of Congress approved June 24, 5 ta ta with the administration of the regula- 1946, entitled “An act to authorize the tions in this part.

condemnation of materials which are inenstunt 3 Or DEFINITIONS

tended for use in process or renovated demned

butter and which are unfit for human $ 171.2 Department,

consumption, and for other purposes" ceping !

The United States Department of (60 Stat. 300; Pub. Law 427, 79th Cong.). redien Agriculture.

8 171.10 Process or renovated butter nuk g 171.2a Secretary.

factory. tional

“Secretary" means the Secretary of One or more plants, storehouses, and Ilmape Agriculture of the United States, or any other premises where process or renoe to n officer or employee of the Department to vated butter is manufactured (either in

whom authority has heretofore been whole or in part), packaged, stored, or ING a delegated, or to whom authority may otherwise handled, and all premises

hereafter by delegated, to act in his where ingredients intended for USO stead.

therein are stored, which are operated

under the same management and so 8 171.3 Division.

long as they are considered to be on the BE The Dairy Division, Division, Agricultural

same bonded premises by, and are covMarketing Service, U.S. Department of

ered under the same bond in that conAgriculture.

nection to, the Internal Revenue 8 171.4 Director of Division.

Service, United States Treasury DeThe administrative head of the

partment: Provided, That, if any such Division

manufacturing operation is conducted as

aforesaid in part at a plant at one lo8 171.5 Inspector.

cation and in part at a plant at another Any oficer or other employee of the location, all ingredients handled, includ. Division who is authorized or directed to ing (but not limited to) butter oil, shall make any inspection in connection with be used exclusively by that bonded manthe administration of the regulations in ufacturer at his factory in the manufacthis part.

ture of process or renovated butter.

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MAINTENANCE OF INSPECTION AND ACCESS

TO PREMISES f 171.11 Maintenance of sanitary in

spections of premises and products, Inspection will be maintained at each process or renovated butter factory and the premises connected therewith during all periods of its operation. The factory management shall give the inspector reasonable advance notice of any change in its usual operating hours. $ 171.12 Access to factory premises,

etc., for inspection purposes. The Inspector shall have full and free access at all times to every part of any process or renovated butter factory, and to all other premises and grounds used in connection therewith. SANITARY REQUIREMENTS FOR PROCESS OR

RENOVATED BUTTER FACTORIES § 171.13 Factories, storehouses, etc., to

be kept sanitary and separate. All factories, storehouses, and other premises where process or renovated butter is manufactured, packaged, stored, or otherwise handled, and all premises where ingredients intended for use therein are stored, shall be used exclusively for such purposes, shall be separated by solid walls or partitions from any premises used for other purposes, and shall be maintained in a sanitary condition: Provided, however, That butter oil may be stored under seal in commercial cold storage warehouses. $ 171.14 Lighting, screening, ventilat

ing, and draining. All factories, storehouses, and other premises where process or renovated butter is manufactured, packaged, stored, or otherwise handled, and all premises where ingredients intended for 'use therein are stored, shall be suitably lighted, screened, and ventilated. All such premises shall also be provided with adequate drains, which shall be properly trapped and sewer connected. Rooms shall be kept reasonably free from steam and other vapors. § 171.15 Care of floors, ceilings, walls,

partitions, etc. All parts of any premises where process or renovated butter is manufactured, packaged, stored, or otherwise handled, and all premises where ingredients intended for use therein are stored, includ

ing, but not limited to, the floors, ceilIngs, walls, pillars, partitions, platforms, and stairways of such premises, shall be kept clean, and shall be scraped, washed, painted, or otherwise treated as required by the inspector. When any part of the premises, or any equipment, becomes so old or in such condition that it cannot readily be kept clean and sanitary, it shall be replaced. Walks, platforms, and other approaches to all such premises shall be kept clean. $ 171.16 Equipment.

All melting tanks, cans, vats, blowing tanks, and settling tanks and equipment used in preparing, cutting, chopping, and otherwise handling the ingredients used in the manufacture of process or renovated butter, shall be made of a noncorrosive metal, or shall be suitably nickeled, tinned, or coated with other noncorrosive metal. All such equipment and all churns, butter workers, trucks, trays, and other receptacles, chutes, platforms, racks, tables, and all other utensils, machinery, and equipment used in the packaging, storing, or other handling of process or renovated butter, shall be kept in a clean and sanitary condition. 8 171.17 Sanitary pumps, pipes, and

fittings required. All pumps, pipes, and fittings used for conveying or conducting milk, skim milk, cream, mixtures containing milk or cream, or butter oil shall be of the so-called sanitary types. Specifically: (a) The pumps shall be so constructed that all parts with which milk, skim milk, cream, mixtures containing milk or cream, or butter oil, come into contact shall be made of a non-corrosive metal, or shall be suitably nickeled, tinned, or coated with other non-corrosive metal, and all such parts shall be readily accessible for cleaning; (b) all pipes shall have smooth outer and inner surfaces coated with nickel, tin, or other non-corrosive metal; and (c) all fittings shall have smooth outer and inner surfaces coated with nickel, tin, or other non-corrosive metal, and shall be of such design that there are no pockets or recesses on the inside. All pumps, pipes, and fittings shall be kept in a sanitary condition, and shall, after the completion of each daily operation, be disassembled and thoroughly washed and sterilized before being reassembled and used again.

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171.18 Cleanliness of employees and 8 171.21 Freedom from objectionable of clothing worn.

odors and substances. All employees or other persons who All premises in which process or renoindle process or renovated butter, or vated butter is manufactured, packaged, ny ingredient entering into its manu- stored, or otherwise handled, and all cture, shall be required to keep them- premises in which ingredients intended Alves clean, particularly their hands, for use in the manufacture thereof are

id signs to that effect shall be posted stored, shall be kept free from objectioncies conspicuous places in the manu- able odors coming from poultry rooms,

ucturing room and elsewhere on the egg rooms, drains, sewers, or other remises as conditions require. Aprons, source. Every practicable precaution,

nocks, and other outer clothing worn including the use of appropriate sprays, lent. y employees or other persons who han- traps, etc., shall be taken to exclude all

le, or in any way come in contact with organic or inorganic foreign substances, tanks rocess or renovated butter, or with any

particularly flies, rats, mice, and other utin ngredient entering into its manufacture, vermin, from such premises. the hall be of materials that may be made SANITARY REQUIREMENTS FOR PROCESS OR Oyanitary by washing, and only clean gar- RENOVATED BUTTER, AND FOR INGREDImed nents shall be worn. Boots and shoes ENTS INTENDED FOR USE IN ITS MANUbes shall be kept reasonably clean.

FACTURE th 3 171.19 Communicable diseases of em- § 171.22 Requirements for containers of equipment ployees.

ingredients. No person affected with any infec- In order to safeguard the purity and tious, contagious, or other communica- fitness of butter, butter oil, milk, and ther : ble disease, or who is a carrier thereof,

other ingredients for use in the manu

facture of process or renovated butter, ther shall be employed in any factory where

no manufacturer shall accept delivery ter, es process or renovated butter is manufac

of butter unless, at the time of such ondic: tured, packaged, stored, or otherwise

receipt, it is packed in a container which handled, and any employee suspected of

is constructed of: (a) Non-corrosive PS p being so affected shall be reported by the

metal; (b) a corrosive metal which has inspector to the factory management been coated with some non-corrosive and to the Director of Division.

metal or lacquer; (c) Wood which is 8 171.20 Lavatories, toilets, and dress

tightly fitted together, parchment lined, ing rooms; location and equipment.

and tightly headed; or (d) Viscose or

plastic. Such containers shall Seperti All lavatories, toilets, and dressing

equipped with tightly fitted covers or a more rooms shall be separate and distinct

closing device, and shall be kept covered mil from the rooms in which process or reno- or closed at all times. Containers conen vated butter is manufactured, packaged, structed of materials mentioned in parastored, or otherwise handled, as well as

graph (a) or (b) of this section shall from rooms in which ingredients in. have smooth inner surfaces without tended for use in the manufacture of

pockets or recesses. Every container of process or renovated butter are stored; butter shall be cleaned and dried thorand where any such lavatory, toilet, or

oughly before it is used again. Butter :: dressing room opens into a room used

received in a process or renovated butter ad for any of the aforesaid purposes it shall factory in a container which does not

be provided with automatically closing meet the requirements of this section doors. Such lavatories, toilets, and shall be denatured or destroyed in &Cdressing rooms shall also be conveniently cordance with the provisions of $ 371.34,

located, suficient in number (including as shall also butter received in containers is separate facilities for women where both which are deemed to be unfit for use as

sexes are employed), adequate in size, such containers because of the presence and fitted with appropriate accommoda- of rust, because they had not been tions, including toilet paper, individual cleaned properly, or had been improperly paper towels, soap, and running hot and used. Milk, nonfat dry milk solids, and cold water, and shall be properly lighted, other ingredients, except butter, shall be suitably ventilated, and kept clean and deemed to be fit for use in the manufacsanitary.

ture of process butter if the containers

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thereof are so designed as to afford proper protection of the contents thereof, provided such ingredients are otherwise eligible for such use. 8 171.23 Pure, clean water and ice to be

used. Only pure, clean water and ice shall be used in the manufacture of process or renovated butter. When there is any doubt on the part of the inspector regarding the purity of the ice or water supply, he shall report the facts to the factory management and to the Director of Division. 8 171.24 Pure, clean air to be used;

approved equipment for purifying

air required. Air used in aerating butter oil in connection with the manufacture of process or renovated butter shall be pure and clean and free from contamination of any kind. 8 171.25 Pasteurization of mixtures and

emulsions; approved recording dairy

thermometers required. Every mixture or emulsion made from milk, skim milk, or cream (either in liq powdered form) and butter oll shall be properly pasteurized before it is used in the manufacture of process or renovated butter. A recording dairy thermometer shall be provided and used to facilitate determinations of proper pasteurization. 8 171.26 Butter must be melted, clari

fied, etc., at factory under supervision

of inspector. No butter shall be used in the manufacture of process or renovated butter unless the melting, clarifying, refining, and other processing of it has been done at a process or renovated butter factory under the supervision of an inspector: Provided, That butter melted by the original farmer-producer thereof and placed and stored by him in a container meeting the specifications prescribed in $ 171.22 which is sold to a process or renovated butter manufacturer (either directly or through & designated representative of such manufacturer) may be used by such manufacturer in the manufacture of process or renovated butter, if it is otherwise eligible for such use: And provided further, That butter oil which is produced at one plant of a process or renovated butter factory may be transported to and

used in the manufacture of process or renovated butter at another plant of the same factory 1 (a) said butter oil 18 transported between the two plants under seal, and (b) prior to the production of such butter oil all ingredients used in such production were inspected and passed pursuant to the requirements of this part. 8 171.27 Process or renovated butter

and ingredients must be kept, stored,

and handled in a sanitary manner. All milk, skim milk, or cream (in either liquid or powdered form), and all butter, butter oil, and other ingredients intended to be used in the manufacture of process or renovated butter, as well as all process or renovated butter, shall be kept, stored and stored in a sanitary manner. $ 171.28 All containers must be kept

and stored in a sanitary manner. All cartons, packages, tubs, cans, tins, wrappers, liners, or other containers Intended for use in the packaging of process or renovated butter shall be kept and stored in a sanitary manner. INSPECTION STANDARDS FOR PROCESS OR

RENOVATED BUTTER, AND FOR INGREDI-
ENTS INTENDED FOR USE IN ITS MANU-

FACTURE 8 171.29 Process or renovated butter,

and prospective ingredients thereof, found to be putrid and decomposed,

or to be rancid, etc. Any butter, butter oil, milk, or other ingredient intended for use in the manufacture of process or renovated butter which, upon inspection, is found to be putrid or decomposed shall be deemed to be unfit for such use. Any butter, butter oil, milk, or other ingredient intended for use in the manufacture of process or renovated butter which, upon inspection, is found to be rancid, cheesy, bleached, oxidized, or otherwise deteriorated to an extent which cannot be removed by any generally recognized processing method shall also be deemed to be unfit for such use. The inspector shall mark the container "U. S. Inspected and Condemned,” and all of the contents of such container shall be denatured or destroyed, by or under the supervision of an inspector, in accordance with the provisions of $ 171.34. The provisions of this section shall also apply to any churning or other lot of process or renovated butter.

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