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ter are two curious documents which show that the two communities lived on terms of close friendship. The active brothers of St. John of Jerusalem used to aid the Carthusians in matters of business, and the contemplative monks showed their gratitude by promises of spiritual favours. The former of the two instruments, which are in abbreviated Latin, may be translated as follows:

"Of the Anniversary to be celebrated yearly.

"To the Reverend and religious man in Christ, Brother William Hulles, Prior of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem in England, your humble and devoted John [Maplestede], unworthy Prior of the House of the Salutation of the Mother of God, of the Carthusian Order, near London, and the community of the same place, due and befitting respect, and by their prayers to obtain the rewards of heavenly joys. We, desiring to compensate your extraordinary love, heretofore affectionately shown us in highly important affairs and business of our house, do with one consent grant unto you the office of a perpetual anniversary for the health of your soul, after its departure from this life, to be performed by us and our successors yearly for ever; and, lest by length of time it should be blotted from memory by oblivion, we will inscribe it in our Martyrology. We grant you, moreover, on account of our special affection towards you, that when your death, which God grant may be happy and pleasing to Him, shall

have been made known to us, we will faithfully celebrate with grateful speed a trental of Masses, to be continued for thirty days; the first Mass to be conventual, solemnly chanted with notes, and preceded by the obsequies of the dead, Placebo and Dirige, according to the custom of our Order, that your soul may, by the mercy of God, be conveyed the sooner into Abraham's bosom. In witness whereof we have fixed our common seal to these presents. Given in our house aforesaid, on the Feast of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Our Lady, in the year of our Lord 1430."

The other instrument is headed, "De fraternitate prioris et fratrum domus Cartusianæ concessa fratribus Hospitalis"-" Of the fellowship of the Prior and brethren of the Charterhouse granted to the brethren of the Hospital." It grants to the community of St. John's a participation in the Masses, prayers, fasts, vigils, abstinences, disciplines, alms, and all other spiritual exercises which by God's help should be performed in the Charterhouse by the present Prior and convent, and by their successors for ever. This deed bears the same date as the former, the 15th of August, 1430.

The obituary of the General Chapter for 1433 is unfortunately missing from the archives of the Grande Chartreuse, and with it very probably the obiit of Prior John Maplestede. In 1434 the Prior of the London Charterhouse was Assistant Visitor of

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the Province; and from this we conclude that a change in the government of our monastery must almost certainly have taken place, for, after being Visitor since 1425, John Maplestede could hardly have been appointed to the inferior office of Assistant Visitor.

In 1439 the London Prior was Provincial Visitor again, but for one year only. This Prior, perhaps John Thorne, who died no longer Prior in 1453 or 1454, was succeeded by Father John Walwan. Before his election to the priorate of our Charterhouse, Walwan had held the same office at St. Anne's, near Coventry. He died on St. Bruno's Day, the 6th of October, 1449, and received the favour of a perpetual anniversary throughout the Order.

The next two Priors were both relieved from office by authority of the General Chapter, and "at their own earnest request"; the one in 1461, and the other in 1469. The former of these was Father John Seman, who, according to Tromby, was remarkable for many good qualities and virtues. "Besides being an able administrator and a zealous maintainer of monastic discipline, he was remarkable for his prudence as a Superior, and his heart was full of charity. Naturally good-tempered, he was pleasant, kind, and courteous to all; and it was only with the greatest difficulty that he could appear somewhat severe when obliged to warn, to rebuke,

or to mortify any of his monks." In 1456 the General Chapter made him Visitor of the English Province. This pious Father died on the 29th of December, 1472, and was granted a full monachatus with psalters throughout the Order.

Father Edmund Storan or Storer, a professed monk of the London Charterhouse, was appointed Prior by the General Chapter of 1469. He remained in charge until 1477, and then returned to his quiet cell in the cloister. He subsequently became Prior of the Hinton Charterhouse, but before his death, which is announced in the obituary of 1503, he had returned once again to solitude and silence.

Here must be mentioned the learned Father Rock, who flourished in 1470. He was a graduate of the University of Paris, and possessed, it is said, a well-nigh incredible amount of human knowledge. He feared, however, that he might be found wanting in the one thing needful, the science of the Saints, without which all other lore is vain. He therefore abandoned all thought of worldly greatness, and, putting on the humble garb of St. Bruno, he consecrated himself to God by the profession of monastic vows. It is said that he became Prior of the Charterhouse. This is either a mistake arising

1 Storia ... del Patriarcha S. Brunone e del suo ordine, tom. ix. P. 59.

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2 Hence Richard Boston, who according to the Monasticon occurs in 1472," was never Prior of the London Charterhouse (Dugdale (Ellis), vol. vi. p. 9).



from the similarity of his name to that of Father Richard Roche, or else he was in reality the same person. Dom Rock left the following manuscript works-One book of dialogues, one of letters to various persons, one of epigrams, and another of poetry.1

In 1477 John Wolfringham succeeded Edmund Storan in the priorate of the London Charterhouse. He was unable to hold any office in our Order without a dispensation from the General Chapter, for he had been a professed monk in the Order of St. Benedict. This dispensation was granted in 1478, and, the election of the previous year having been in all other respects legal and regular, he was confirmed in the priorate.

The capitular reports and obituaries of this period make known the existence of "clerical oblates" in the London Charterhouse, as well as in other monasteries of the Order. This grade is now obsolete as regards the choir monks, though amongst the lay brethren the Donati, who somewhat resemble them, are still to be found in our houses. The Donati, however, generally join the Conversi or professed lay brothers, after a certain number of years, and in this they differ from the oblates, who were not preparing for profession. Though the oblates took no vows and could quit the Order whenever they pleased, they were, nevertheless, bound to

1 Morotius, Theat. Chron., p. 88.

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