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The Japanese Church have again emphasized the wisdom of their leadership. Is it not our privilege to follow in the good path they are going


Shantung, July 24th, 1886.

Our Book Table .

*THE CHINESE GOVERNMENT. The ROMANIZED JAPANESE READER, by Second Edition of this valuable Basil Hall Chamberlain, Professor work is simply a reprint of the of Japanese and Philology in the First with additions by the Editor. Imperial University of Tokyo. Part These additions consist of a Review I, Japanese Text. Part II, English of the First Edition, written by Mr. Translation. Part III, Notes. This Playfair, at the time of its publica- Reader has been prepared for those tion ; which review may fairly be who desire to gain a practical acconsidered to take the place of a quaintance with the grammatical revision. There is of course, an forms of written Japanese, without “Introduction to the Second waiting to master the complicated Edition,” following which are methods of writing that have re“Further Addenda and Corrigen- sulted from the use of Chinese da," rendered necessary by changes characters, interspersed with the in the Administration of the Go- various forms of the Japanese vernment since the appearance of syllabary. For such students no the First Edition. An index of better book has yet appeared. The Chinese titles, arranged alphabet- English translation, and the notes ically, according to the author's elucidating idioms and giving system of Orthography, adds great-grammatical and historical explanly to the use of the book. The ations, are of the greatest assisvalue and utility of the book to all tance, though there still remain persous caring to read understand some puzzles to stimulate curiosity. ingly the current events in the The preface states that ;-" This Chinese Empire, is evident from Reader is intended to be studied the Title. The author has done in connection with the same his work well, and has prepared a author's Simplified Grammar of book, which not only greatly assists the Japanese Language. The text the student of Chinese affairs, but has been arranged in a graduated gives to the general reader a fund order, beginning with the very of useful information, which could easy, and passing on to pieces of hardly he obtained otherwise ex- moderate difficulty.

Each of the cepting by a long course of in- styles in common use has been vestigation for which very few exemplified." Foreign residents have either the

J. T. GULICK. time or the inclination,

* The Chinese Government a manual of Chinese titles categorically arranged and

explained, with an Appendix by William FREDERICK MAYERS, Chinese Secretary to lier Britannic Magesty's Legation, Peking ; Author of the Chinese Reader's Manual etc., etc. Second Edition, with additions by G. M. H. Playfair, Acting Vice Consul, Shanghai. Shanghai, Hongkong and Yokohama : Kelly & Walsh.

Editorial Notes and Missionary News.

Such of our readers as are in- | Angust number of China's Millions. terested in educational work in From it we gather the following China, will be interested in the statistics. Provinces occupied, 14; series of papers on the “Advisability stations, 41 ; Out-stations, 47; Chapor the Reverse of endeavoaring to els, 85; Missionaries and Wives, convey Western knowledge to the 177; Paid Native Helpers, 114, of Chinese through the medium of whom eight are Ordained Pastors; their own Language,” which form Communicants, 1314; Additions the opening article in the Journal during the year, 219; Organized of the China Branch of the Royal Churches, 55; Native Contributions Asiatic Society. They are from the $408.13; Boarding Schools, 10; pens of men eminent in various with 120 pupils; Day-Schools, 10; professions. The diversity of opi- with 154 pupils; to these are to be nion among the writers shows well added 3 Boarding and 2 Daythe difficulties of the question ; and Schools for English. Hospitals, 3 ; while there is a great difference be- Dispensaries, 3; and Opium Retween those who advocate the ex- | fuges, 2. treme views on either side, it would

Mr. G. W. Clarke of the China In. be comparatively easy to so arrange land Mission writes to us as follows the papers that the passage


concerning his work :-“I am glad one extreme to the other would be

to be able to tell you, that another very gradual.

station for settled work has been Mr. W. S. Moule, B. A., of opened in this province. We were Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, received by four of our Brethren son of Archdeacon A. E. Moule who took up their quarters in a has been accepted for mission work good inn. We arrived here on under the C. M. S.

April 1st, about midnight, being It is announced by the Christian benighted in the large plain south World that the English Presbyterian of this city. After much prayer Synod has accepted Mr. Morton's and effort we secured in five weeks, offer to open a new mission station suitable premises on the busiest on the South West borders of street of the city.

After necesChina. “ Mr. Morton will bear the sary repairs, we have a comfortentire cost for three years, includ- able house. The people are friendly ing the sending out and maintain and come about us freely, and we ing of four missionaries. Two seize the opportunity to preach the missionaries, one medical and one Gospel to all who will listen. We ministerial, will be despatched as

do what we can to help the sick, soon as possible. Mr. Morton, in but the proclamation of the Gospel addition, has offered to purchase a is our chief object.” site and build a hopital at Taiwan

ERRATUM. foo, Formosa.” We have received a copy of Mr. fourth line of third paragraph, for

On page 312, (Recorder for August) John's Easy Wen-le Translation of Proverbs.

“have long vowels,” read “have

short vowels,” This distinction The Report of the Twentieth involves the sole point of the article, Anniversary of the China Inland says Mr. Parker, but in it we have mission comes to hand in the July-“followed copy," literally. EDITOR,

Diary of Events in the far East.

July, 1886.

The Viceroy of Canton attempts to 27th.-Flood at T'ai-yuen Fu.

farm out the Canton Customs to a

Native firm ; dues to be collected at August, 1886.

Whampoa.-French Commissioners of 12th.—The Centenary Celebration Delimitation attacked near the Ngoi of the occupancy of Penang by the Mith river. British.

September, 1886. 15th.-Yuen Shi-kai, Chinese repre 5th. -Dedication of Chapel in sentative in Corea, announces that Shanghai, donated to the South. China proposes to remonstrate against Baptist Church by a Native convert. the alleged secret negotiations between 22nd.-A Pablic Meeting, called by Russia and Corea.-Flood at Foochow. the Shanghai Chamber of Commerce,

16th.—The “Oder,” pioneer steamer | to consider the proposed transfer to of the Norddeutscher Lloyds, Imperial the Customs, recommends the Muni. German Mail line, arrives at Shang- cipal Council to retain its control of hai.

the Local Post Office.

Missionary Journal.

Births, Marriages & Deaths. wood, Pennsylvania, U.S.A., July

6th, Rev. George Smith Hay, sunder BIRTHS. At the Presbyterian Mission, Chin. appointment as Missionary to Che

kiang, July 16th, the wife of Rev. foo, China, to FANNY CULBERTSON S. I. WOODBRIDGE, of a son.

CORBETT; daughter of Rev. Hunter Ar Amoy, August 2nd, the wife of

Corbett, the officiating clergyman. Rev. R. M. Ross, London Mission,

DEATH. of a son. Ar the London Mission, Tientsin, Ar Hongkong September 17th, Rev.

CHARLES EDGE, of the London MisAugust 26th, the wife of Rev. Thos.

Bryson, of a son and daughter.
At Amoy, August 26th, the wife of
Rev. G. H. BONDFIELD of a daugh-

Arrivals and Departures. ter.

ARRIVALS. Ar Fatshan, August 30th, the wife of At Shanghai, September 7th, Miss S. Mr. A. ANDERSON, of a son,

PRAY, M.D., to join the M. E. Ar Newchwang, on 21st September

Mission, Foochow.
1886, the wife of Mr. F. HARMON,
B. and F. Bible Society, of a son.


FROM Shanghai for the U.S.A., Via Ar the home of the bride's Grand London Rev. & Mrs. W.J. HUNNEX,

father, Mr. Ross M. Corbett, Leather and three children.

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(Concluded from page 396.) CONTEMPORARY researches into primitive Christianity suggest

a strong contrast between recent persecutions of Christians in eastern Asia and those which took place in the Roman empire in the first three centuries.

The ten general persecutions under the emperors of Rome were imperial and official. The persecutions of Christians in China now are local and popular. The ancient martyrdoms were extremely numerous, but during the last years of the Stuart dynasty in England an attempt was made by Dodwell a leader of the sceptics to bring into discredit the authenticity of the narrative. Last century Voltaire adopted the idea of Dodwell and in writing on the Ten Persecutions of the Christians from Nero to Constantine declared it to be the result of his inquiries that they had never taken place. The Roman emperors he said were tolerant. The opinions of Marcus Aurelius were favorable to individual liberty, and it is not credible that he would persecute as certain passages in history say that he did. We must judge of the statements of historians by an appeal to probability. If events said to have occurred are violently opposed to the spirit of the times we must reject the statements. For example there are passages in the letter of Pliny the younger to the emperor Trajan and in the works of Suetonius and Tacitus, declaring that there was persecution and giving details. It is more likely that these passages were interpolated than that the persecutions louk place. du spinion of this sort was very agreeable to Voltaire because he had embarked in an enterprise to establish a rational freedom of thought on the ruins of Christianity. France

honored him as a mighty man of genius, the apostle of liberty, an enchanter at the touch of whose wand the fabric of religious superstition which many centuries had admired, had perished in a moment. The fact is however that his criticism was superficial, as M. Gaston Boissier in an article on the subject of the early persecutions of Christianity, which has appeared in a late number of the Revue des Deux Mondes has conclusively shewn. The theory he wished to establish influenced his researches unfairly. His tendency to seepticism in religion rendered him sceptical in history also and weakened greatly the value of his results. When he comes to those parts of history, where religion enters as a factor he can amuse the unbeliever by sarcasms. He cannot pour useful light on the path of the honest investigators. His writings however have had a useful effect in this way. He has induced many students to examine the history of the persecutions of the Christians and the result has been it is now agreed that they took place as history tells, and that Suetonius Tacitus and Pliny have not been tampered with by later writers.

Our knowledge of the history of the Nestorian missions in China enables us to estimate rightly the value of Voltaire's criticisms on the facts of Christian history. He said that the discovery of the tablet as Si-an-fu descriptive of the spread of the Nestorian missions must be an invention of the Jesuits. This opinion he probably did not trouble himself in any way to confirm by evidence. It was probably with him at first said in jest and then exalted to the dignity of a hypothesis. As to the inscription we know that it is genuine. His opinion is of no value in the estimation of any one at the present time and this instance of erroneous judgment shows how little we can rely ou the correctness of Voltaire in matters requiring historical research and how little we can expect him to be impartial in any matter affettiug the credit of religion.

The lesson we may draw from this inquiry which has been made into the actuality of the persecutions in the Roman empire in the first three centuries is that God's providence works in our time plainly for the place of the missions. Rome became a powerful foe to Chistiainty almost from the first. There was no international law to restrain Rome and protect the Christians in those days and they were given up as sheep to the slaughter. China has repeatedly persecuted Christianity also but in our days the European system by which states agreeing to be friends also favor religious liberty has spread out its broad wings over eastern Asia. These countries China, Annam, Corea, and Japan are now brought into such a

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