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The Rev. M. L. Taft writes from trous and superstitious practices, Peking : “ Our meetings during should be forbidden. this Week of Prayer, both in Chinese 10. To enter the bridal chamber and English, have been well attend to annoy and insult the bride, M T, ed and highly profitable.”

this is entirely unchristian and is


11. The expensive bridal sedan; PRESBYTERY OF NING PO.

the coronet with pendants, il ; 1. Marriage is for life and should the dragon-ornamented robe, te, not be lightlyconsidered, but honor- ' had better be dispensed with. The ed, as the Scriptures command. unsightly garment worn by the

2. Children should not be betroth- brido in the sedan, if this *, ed before they are of age nor with- should be altogether forbidden. out their consent.

12. The wedding feast should be 3. Christians should marry in the according to one's means. Lord as the Holy Scriptures plainly into debt for life for the sake direct; to marry children into un few moments' display ? It is perbelieving rich families merely for fectly proper for the poor to make the sako of gain is to cast them into i no feast, but set tea and cakes beSatan's net and cause sorrow of fore the guests. heart; the Church should forbid it. 13. The promise and covenant

4. In case of one of the parties made before God by the bride and becoming a Christian after a mar. groom are binding for life, and in riage engagement has been made, , case of disregard, the Church Session the unbeliever shall be notified and should exercise discipline. given permission to break the engagement if he so desires. This is

The Rev. 0. H. Gulick writes honorable.

from Okayama, Japan :--Hereto5. No persons should


fore the sources of power and the the Scriptures and the Civil law forbid to marry.

responsibilities of Government have

been so veiled that the constitution 6. The amount of betrothal mon. of the Government has been much ey should not be a matter of con

of an enigma to resident foreigners. tention between Christians. Let the amount be according to the Mail of Dec. 26th, publishes Im

Now we have dayliglit. The Japan ability of the two parties. As a

perial Notifications of Dec. 23rd, general rule, we would suggest, which

that that that the lowest amount be forty day Count Ito became Prime Minisdollars and the highest sixty dollars, ter of the Empire. the silver ornaments being extra. 7. Neither should the maid's relof the Empire, retires from the head

Prince Sanjo, former Chancellor atives covet a larger bridal trousseau, and be constantly intimating will travel in Europe.

ship of affairs, and rumour says, the same to the go-between; this

The advancement of Mr. Ito to should be forbidden.

the Prime Minister-ship, and the 8. The bride's clothing should be substantial and useful, not sim- position of Count Inouye as the lead

ing Minister after the President, ply for display.

9. Emptying ashes into the brid- places the two most enlightened and al chair, fil ; lifting the the head of affairs.

progressive men in the Empire at veil, ti f; carrying lighted

The former State Council is candles before the bride, JI TE LEI; abolished, and the Ministers are bride and groom walking on rice- henceforward directly responsible to bags, ; and all other idola- the Throne, and constitute tho



Cabinet. This Cabinet, in the lan- ed evening preaching in the street guage of the Imperial Decree of chapel, last winter, profiting by the Dec. 23rd, is to “have direct control good example of Mr. Lees in Tienin all matters of State.” The same tsin, and Mr. Ament in Peking. Decree urges the Ministers to He also introduced that most valu"discard pretence; make reality able help, object teaching, by means your aim in all things both great of a magic lantern his thoughtful and small !" Golden words; truly friends had sent him. In this way new doctrine to be urged upon crowds listened nightly to the old Asiatic Statesmen!

story of salvation through Christ Mr. Ito is the man who, returning only, and carried away, indelibly from a visit to Germany about two impressed on their minds, pictures years ago, told the Mikado that he of all the leading scenes in the life was surprised to find that both of our Lord on earth. Emperor William and Bismarck, Another method of increasing were true Christians, and that both the number of hearers, has been of them urged upon him personal the use of a Gospel tent. His attention to the doctrines of Chris. friends of Barclay Street Church, tianity, and said to him Christianity Edinburgh, sent him out a fine was the great need of Japan, that large tent. At its dedication in Christianity was what would do Edinburgh Mr. Muirhead took part more for Japan than all else. in the service. And at its rededica

It appears that there is to be a tion when it reached Newchwang, farge reduction of supernumeraries in August 1885, allt he foreign resin all the offices of government, and idents joined four or five hundred great economy effected thereby, also natives, all comfortably seated witha rapid pushing forward of railroad in, consecrating it to preaching the building, and continuous strength- gospel to the Chinese. And from ening of the navy.

that day till the autumn storms Three months ago we had a craze came on, crowds have daily listened for foreign styles of hair-dressing to preaching within its walls. Alamong Japanese ladies. Many aban- ready is it owned of God in blessdoned the native style and adopt-ing, and the first-fruits begin to ed one of the many foreign styles. appear." European style of dress for men is Mr. Sprague, referring to the becoming more and more common work of Mr. Ross among the throughont the land. One argu- Coreans, (which has been from ment in favor of it is that the dress time to time reported in the Recordis cheaper, another that it is more er) says :-“ I have never heard convenient for many kinds of work. of such ready acceptance of the

A country for changes! But when Gospel in Chica, unless it were the changes advance such enlighten- following the famine relief work in ed men as Counts Ito and Inouye to Shantung. God grant we may soon the front, the lovers of Japan may bear of much more of the same sort well rejoice.

all over this great land !” METHODS OF WORK IN NEWCIIWANG.

The Rev. W. P. Sprague recently paid a visit to Newchwang, and On page 12, line 14, of Vol. xvii, thus reports :-"Mr. Webster, who for "tiny" read tiny; and on page came out to the Scotch U. P. 15, line 16, for “ well drained,' Mission three years ago, commenc- | read well-tressed.


Diary of Events in the far East.

December 1885.

13th.-Two sharp shocks of earth23rd.—Reorganization of the Japa

quake felt at Swatow. nese Cabinet, under Count Ito, with College bring suit for libel, in the

14th.-The priests of St. Joseph's Count Inouye as Minister for Foreign Supreme Court of Macao, against the Affairs. 30th.– Death of Sir Walter Med- editor of the Independente.

18th.-H. E. Peng Yu-lin arrives hurst, in England.

at Shanghai on leave of absence from January 1886.

Canton. 1st.-Proclamation of the Indian 28th.-Mr. Taro Ando (late Japan. Government'annexing Upper Burmah. ese Consul in Shanghai) was to leave

7th.—A new Loan of £300,000, by Yokohama as Japanese Consul to the Hongkong and Shanghai Bank, for Hawaiian Is., with 925 Japanese the (hina Merchants' S. N. Co.


Missionary Journal.
Births, Marriages & Drains. Rapalje, of Reformed Mission.

At Shanghai January 13th, Rev. Mr. BIRTHS.

and Mrs. C. F. Reid and two children, On the 23rd of December, the wife of W. H. Park M. D., and Mr. C. J.

Rev. Authur Bonsey, Londov Mis- Soon, all for Methodist Episcopal sion Hankow, of a son.

Mission South. Also on the same date On the 6th of January, the wife of Rev. Mr. & Mrs. Bryen, Rev. Mr. &

Rev. G. R. Loehr, of a daughter. Mrs. D. W. Herring and Miss R. McOn the 6th of January, the wife of Gown M.D., for American Baptist

Rev. B. C. HENRY, Canton, of a son. Mission South. Ar Okayama, Japan, January 8th, the At Shanghai, January 15th, Misses

wife of Rev. Oris Cary, A. B. C. F. L. E. Hubbard, S. E. Jones, C. P. M. Mission, of a son.

Clark, S. Reuter, A. S. Jakobson, J. Ar Amoy, January 13th, the wife of D. Robertson, Mrs. Erikson, and two

Rev. W. PALMER M. D. of a son. children of Rev. Mr. Cardwell, all of Ar Shanghai, on the 23rd of January, the China Inland Mission.

the wife of Rev. J. N. B. Smith, of At Shanghai, January 28th, W. E. the American Presbyterian Mission, Macklin, M.D. of the Foreign (hrisNorth, of a daughter.

tian Mission Society of the Disciples of DEATH.

Christ, Cincinnati, U.S.A.
At Hankow, December 29th, 1885,
Mrs. GRIFFITU John, of Hankow.

From Taiwau-fu, November 14th,

Dr. and Mrs. Anderson, and Mrs. Ede, Arrivals and Departures.

for England.

From Foochow, on the 12th January, ARRIVALS.

Rev. L. Lloyd and family, for EngAt Taiwan-fu, Formosa, November land. 12th, Dr. J. Lang, of English Presby From Shanghai, January 28th, Rev. terian Mission.

Mr. and Mrs. Tomalin, of the China At Amoy, December 22nd, Rev. D. | Inland Mission for England.


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BY Tuos. W. KINGSMILL, Esq. FEW visitors to the neighbourhood of Ningpo have failed to

remark the important series of conglomerates and flag stones, in which are situated the celebrated quarries of Ning-kong jow. These rocks are even more conspicuous along the branch of the river flowing past Du-bu-da, XIT, where they form a bold escarpment along the left bank of the river, the outline of which affords a good instance of the effects of aqueous denudation, rising here and there into mamelons and hog-backs, with steep gulleys between, affording good sections everywhere of the rocks. On the opposite bank of the river extends for the most part a plain, reaching as far as the district city of Funghwa; but an outlier of the ancient ranges of the Kinwha prefecture stretches northward within a mile of Du-bu-du, and here we arrive at the lowest members of the Ning-kong jow conglomerates abutting in the spurs of the Tung shan, a ull, against the palæozoic quartzites forming the foundation of the Kinhwa rocks. The Tung shan is a long narrow ridge about 1150 feet high, running out to the N.W. and extremely steep on both sides. It is composed of the ordinary grits and quartzites which underlie the lower Carboniferous limestones of central China, and which are here contorted, but lying in masses with obscure bedding apparently nearly vertical. It is always interesting to trace a geological formation to its lowest level, and in a long spur on the northern flank of the hill the two may be seen within a few feet of one another, the newer resting unconformably on the denuded edges of the ancient rocks, with a dip of about 7° to the N.E.

The rocks of the newer series in these spurs consist for the most part of beds of course conglomerate mixed with irregular layers of rough gritty sandstones, and vary in colour from white to dark reddish brown. There is little difficulty in recognizing their contents, which are the ordinary debris of the palæozoic rocks, consisting of quartzites, quartzite shales, porphyries and trachytes. The conglomerates are for the most part excessively coarse, many of the beds being formed of small boulders from 6 to 10 inches in diameter, but many that I noticed were upwards of two feet in diameter. The beds are of very irregular thickness, varying from a few inches to eight or ten feet. For the most part there is a rough sorting of their contents, the larger boulders occupying the lower portion; the boulders are all more or less rounded, and notwithstanding considerable search I have never noticed striæ or other ordinary marks of ice action.

On the left bank of the river the conglomerates form a long range of hills rising to about 850 feet in height, and dipping at low angles towards the north or N.N.E. As above stated, they are extensively denuded, and their northern edges form a long and bold escarpment running out in spurs here and there towards the river. The description of the rocks given above will apply equally to those on the opposite bank, and the same series may be traced across the intervening hills in a north-easterly direction to the valley of Ningkong jow about five miles distant, the section showing a thickness for these lower rocks alone of upwards of 3,500 feet. The peculiar outline of the rocky escarpment, its deep sinuous gulleys, and the mamelated shape of many of the outliers, all testify to extensive aqueous denudation in comparatively recent times. At a short distance west of the Kong K’ow, I , pagoda I met with in the northern face of the hill, the open month of a cave some 30 feet wide and 50 feet deep eroded in a softer bed of sandstone lying between two hard conglomerates, the waterworn aspect of the roof and sides, and the deposits of gravel on the floor left little doubt that the cave had formed the channel of an underground watercourse; the mouth of the cavern was about 450 feet over the valleys at both sides, and the ridge was not more than 250 yards across. The stream must therefore have worked for itself this channel prior to the denudation of the valley behind.

Between Du-bu-du and the Ning-kong jow yalley are a series of low parallel chains running approximately in the line of strike. The beds of sand-stones and conglomerates followin regular sequence, the sandstones increasing in importance and the pebbles in the conglomorates as a general rule becoming smaller and more water,

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