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is to be found. When the last word or words in these abbreviated titles are the same as the ones used for the subject-heading above, they are omitted. Specific subject titles, in place of the more general, have been chosen for these entries, with copious cross-references from the latter. Thus, works relating to Birds, Fishes, Insects, etc., are placed under these respective titles throughout the work, instead of in a complex sub-classification under Zoölogy. Treatises on the Horse will be found under this name, and not under Animals or Quadrupeds. Numerous subjects, as America, California, United States, and the names of many countries, states, and cities, by reason of the number and variety of publications relating thereto, have been arranged in subdivisions, as calculated to simplify and facilitate the labor of reference.
3. Under the running or popular tille-i.e., under the first word of the title, not an article. Though this rule applies more strictly to novels, which require but two entries, viz., by author and title, it is scarcely less serviceable in every other department of literature, and has been used in all cases where the title, from its peculiarity, is likely to be remembered or inquired for.
Anonymous works are entered, for the most part, under the leading word of the title; publications of societies, associations, etc., under the name of the society, etc.; government, state, or municipal documents under the particular country, state, or city.
Biographies of authors, and all references to them, are arranged after the works of such authors. See, e.g., Lamb, C., page 475.
Parentheses, immediately following the names of authors, inclosing dates, denote the years of their birth and death ; inclosing (italicized words, indicate pseudonyms, honorary titles, or explanations ; inclosing Christian names (or initials), signify that they are not ordinarily used by the author, and are rarely found in his works; e. g., Dumas, Alexandre (Davy), Collins, (W.) W.
Brackets denote that the matter embraced is introduced by way of explanation,
Capital letters have been made use of only for proper names, adjectives derived from them, and the initial titles of each sentence. “Although,' says the Catalogue of the Library of Congress, 'this is a departure from a very general usage in printing the German and some other languages, it secures a uniform and elegant typography; and as the capitalization of substantives was not practiced in the early days of German typography, and is recently abandoned by Grimm and other philologists, the innovation is not without high authority.' Accordingly, in the French language as well, to avoid what might be to the general reader an apparent inconsistency, proper adjectives have been capitalized.
The Catalogue has been printed from new type, and, with the several distinctive kinds of letter, presents a neat and characteristic page. The first word of the main entries is in light antique ; subject-headings, when there are two or more titles, are denoted by a separate line in the same; and, in the entries under a subject, authors' names are placed in small capitals. Subdivisions are prominent in a distinctive boldfaced type. The body of the work is in brevier, and the contents in agate.
The dash (-), commonly made use of to denote the repetition of authors' names or subject-headings, has been omitted except in three classes of entries : 1st, under a subject-heading when there are two or more treatises of the same author (see BotanyMueller, F. von, Torrey, J., page 98); 2d, when two or more works of joint authors are brought together, to indicate the repetition of both (see Morton, T. and J. M., page 575); 3d, after double columns which come outside of the range of the titles (see page 297). The word Same is used to avoid a repetition, and includes both title and author of the preceding work.
Books are described as 12mo, 8vo, 4to, etc., from their apparent size, and not strictly in accordance with printers' classification, derived from the folding of the sheets.
Attention is invited to the fullness and detail which have been carried out in cataloguing the various collections of Voyages, Essays, and miscellaneous writings in general. Among those subjects which are deserving of special notice may be mentioned the extensive list of Dramas by titles; America; the Arundel, and Chaucer societies ; California ; Lacy's Plays ; Rare, old, and curious books ; Sainte-Beuve ; Shakespeare ; Smithsonian Institution; the Pacific Railroad Reports, and the United States.
While the Catalogue has been going through the press a large number of books have been added to the Library, and some omissions discovered. When possible, this new matter has been inserted in the body of the work; but much of it has, of necessity, been used to form a Supplement, and placed at the end of the volume. In some few cases, an author will be found in the body of the work and the subject in the Supplement, and vice versa.
On the following page are given a few 'Rules for Alphabetizing,'consisting principally of those set forth in the 'Class list for English prose fiction of the Boston Public Library. They are based upon Professor JEWETT's rules, laid down in his Construction of Catalogues,' and, as they have been our guide in the arrangement of titles, are inserted that they may serve the use of interpretation.
A list of Abbreviations used in the titles of Dramas, etc., will be found under the heading . Dramas by titles,' page 237. Those in general use throughout the work, for the most part, require no explanation. A few of the more uncommon are given on the next page.
The Association has been fortunate in having employed upon the work so competent and thorough a proof-reader as Mr. Jos. Evans. His judgment and experience
a have been a constant aid, while his interest in the labor and close application thereto have rendered his assistance invaluable.
Thanks are also due Mr. E. A. Pesoli for the great service voluntarily rendered by him during the continuance of the work, in revising the French and Italian portions of our proofs.
A. E. WHITAKER,
Librarian. Sax FRANCISCO, Feb. 1, 1874.
RULES FOR ALPHABETIZING.
1. Authors' names should precede titles of books, or names of subjects. Thus, Homes, H. A., should precede ‘IIomes, works, and shrines of English artists.' West, B., precedes West, The.
2. Surnames should precede names of places when they are identical. Thus, Washington, G., should take precedence of Washington, D. C.
3. Christian names, used as headings, should precede sur. names. Thus, Francis II. should go before Francis, C. S.
4. The name of an author whose initials only are known precedes the same letters with a full Christian name. Thus, Brown, T. Allston, is placed before Brown, Thomas.
5. Proper names beginning with Mc or M' are arranged as if spelled Mac, and must be looked for under those letters.
6. A hyphened word is to be alphabetized as if the last part were a word by itself, though the whole word is printed in the antique letter. Thus, 'Happy-thought hall’ should be placed after ‘Happy home' and before 'Happy thoughts.'
7. The possessive case singular should follow the nominative singular (whatever the adjunct of the latter may be), and should precede the nominative plural. Thus, Margaret's choice should follow. Margaret Russell's school,' and 'Bride's fate' should precede ‘Brides and bridals.' The same principle applies to the possessive plural.
8. Abbreviations (as Mr., Mrs., Dr., etc.) are to be treated as if spelt out (Mister, Mistress, Doctor, etc.).
9. Compound names of persons-as De Morgan, Des Vaux, Du Chaillu, La Motte-Fouqué, Las Casas, Le Sage, Van Buren -are to be treated as single words, and printed in antique letter. In the alphabetical arrangement, therefore, Demonology would precede, and Demosthenes follow De Morgan ; and similarly in like cases.
10. Compound names of places, as New York, Nova Scotia, etc., are to be treated as separate words. Hence New Hampshire and New York precede Newark, and Nova Scotia comes before Novalis.
......... About. Abp.................... .............. Archbishop. Am..
America ; American. Am. ethnol. soc...
American ethnological society, Ann. cat. Am. coll...... Annual catalogues of American
.Biographical ; biography. Bost.
.Collections; colleges. Coll, voy
Collected voyages. Comp...
.Compiled; compiler. Doniest...
Drama; dramatic. Ed..
Edited; edition ; editor. Elin.
Ethnological ; ethnology, Geos...
Göttingen. H. F. lib.
Harper's Family library. Hist...
Historical; history. Impf..
Imperfect. Lange's Com..
Lange's Commentary. Lib.
A. A., M. (a Pruss. artil. officer). War of 1870–71,
The. Tr. from the German, by C. H. Fair
fax. Lond. 1873. 12. A. L. O. E. (pseud.). See Tucker, Miss C. A quoi tient l'amour, etc. SECOND, A. A travers chants. BERLIOZ, H. Abailard. See Abélard. Abbe, Cleveland. Dorpat and Poulkova obsery
atories. (In Smithsonian rept. 1867.) Abbé ***, L' (pseud.). See Deléon. Abbey, R. City of God and the church-mak
ers: an examination into structural Chris
tianity. N. Y. 1872. 12. Abbot, Ezra. See Alger, W. R. Abbot, Henry Larcom. Report upon explora
tions from Sacramento valley to the Columbia river, made by R. S. Williamson, 1855. See Pacific railroad, Reports of explora
tions, etc. See also Humphreys, A. A. Abbot, The. Scott, Sir W. Abbotsford. IRVING, W. (In Crayon mis.) Abbott, A. 0. Prison life in the south, during
the years 1864–5. N. Y. 1865. 12. Abbott, Austin (6.1831). See Abbott, B. V., et al. Abbott, Benj. V. (b. 1830), A., and L. Matthew
Caraby. By Benauly. N. Y. 1859. 12. Abbott, Edwin Abbott. Shakespearian grammar:
an attempt to illustrate some of the differences between Elizabethan and modern En
glish. Lond. 1869. 16. and SEELEY, J. R. English lessons for En
glish people. Bost. 1872. 12. Abbott, Gorham D. Mexico and the United
States : their natural relations and common
interests. N. Y. 1869. 8! Abbott, Jacob (6. 1803). Aunt Margaret; or,
how John True kept his resolutions. N. Y.
1856. 16. (2 cop.). FLORENCE's return. N. Y. 1864. 16 FORCE. (Science for the young.) N. Y. 1873.
(Ed.) Harper's story books: a series of nar
ratives, dialogues, biographies, and tales, for
Orkney, the peacemaker, v.
Prank, v. 2.
Rambles among the Alps,
v. 7. Dialogues, v. 8.
Story of American history,
Story of ancient history, v.
Story of English history, v.
Strait gate, v. 1.
Three gold dollars, v. 7.
Timboo and Fanny, v. 3.
Timboo and Joliba, v. 3.
Vernon, v. 9.
Viola, v. 12.
Virginia, v. 3.
Willie and the mortgage, v.
for the young.) N. Y. 1871. 12.
Mary Osborne, v. 2.
for the young.) N. Y. 1872. 12.
things. Illustrated. N. Y. 1857. 16 REVOLT of the American colonies. N. Y.
Rollo books. N. Y. 1863. (New rev. ed.) 14 y. 162
Contents : Rollo at play.
Rollo's museum. Rollo at school.
Rollo's philosophy (air). Rollo at work.
Rollo's philosophy tire). Rollo learning to rešd.
Raila's pbilosophy (sky). Rollo learning to talk
Romo's philosophy (water). Rollo's correspondence. Rollo's travels. Rollo's experiments. Rollo's tpur:in Burge: N.:Y.:1866.. jo v. 12.
Contents : Rollo in Geneva.
Rollo in Rome. Rollo in Holland.
Rollo in Scotland. Kollo in London.
Rollo in Switzerland. Rollo In Naples.
Rollo on the Atlantic.
Rollo on the Rhine.
tion of the principles of Christian duty.
N. Y. n.d. 12. Abbott, Joel (Capt.). Report of an examination
of the Bonin islands. (In Perry's Expedi
tion to Japan, v. 2.) Abbott, John Sebastian Cabot (b. 1805). Con
fidential correspondence of the Emperor Na
poléon and the Empress Josephine.
N. Y, 1859. 12.
the present time. N. Y. 1860. 12. (2 cop.) FERDINAND de Soto, the discoverer of the
in the light of republican institutions. N.
Y. 1859. 8:
erick the great.
1863. 2 v. 8(2 cop.)
of America. MOTHER at home ; or, the principles of ma
ternal duty familiarly illustrated. (2d ed.)
Bost. 1833. 12:
See also Parton, J., et al. Abbott, Lyman (6. 1835). Jesus of Nazareth:
his life and teachings. N. Y. 1869. 12. (Ed.) Morning and evening exercises ; se
lected from the published and unpublished writings of Henry Ward Beecher. N. Y.
1871. 8. See also Abbott, B. V., et al. Abbott, Rosa. Pinks and blues ; or, the orphan
asylum. Bost. 1871. 12. (2 cop.)
Bost. 1868. 122 (2 cop.)
Abbreviations used in England in 1867. De
LA RUE, W. (In Smithsonian rept. 1867.) A B C du travailleur. ABOUT, E. (F. V.) Abdallah. TIECK, L. (In Schriften, v. 8.) A'Becket, Thomas. See Becket, T.à'. A'Beckett, Gilbert Abbott (1810–1856). Angelo;
or, the actress of Padua. (Play.) Mod.
stand, dr., v. 23.) Comic Blackstone, The. Chicago, 1869. 8: Comic history of England, The; with ten col
ored etchings, and one hundred and twenty
wood-cuts. Lond. 1860, 2 v. 12.
Plays, v. 68.
islanders. (Melo-dr. spect.) Mod. stand.
dr., v. 19. Abeilles, Les. MÉRY, J. (In (Euvres, v. 27.) Abélard (or Abailard), Pierre (1079–1142). GRÉ
ARD, M. Lettres complètes d'Abélard et
d'Héloïse. LAMARTINE, A. de. Vie de. (In (Euvres
complètes, v. 35.) Wight, 0. W. Romance of Abélard and
See also Historical difficulties. Abend vor der hochzeit, Der. ZsCHOKKE, J. H.
D. (In Ges. schriften, v. 10.) Abendgespräche. TIECK, L. (In Schriften,
v. 25.) Abenteuer, Das. Grimm, H. (In Novellen.) Abenteuer der neujahrsnacht, Das. ZsCHOK
KE, J. H. D. (In Ges. schriften, v. 9.). Abercrombie, John (1781 – 1844). Inquiries
concerning the intellectual powers, and the investigation of truth. N. Y. 1833. 16. H.
F. lib., v. 37. Abercrombie, Sir Ralph. See Military com
manders, Lives of the most eminent Brit
ish. Aberdeen, George Hamilton Gordon (earl of),
(1784-1860). See English statesmen since
the peace of 1815. Abernethy, John. MacilwAIN, G. Memoirs
of. N. Y. 1853. 12. Abert, James William. Report of his examina
tion of New Mexico in the years 1846–7.
Wash. 1848. 8: (2 cop.) Abi Jaafar Eb’n Tophail. See Aboo-Bekr-Ibn
Tofail. Abich, Staatsrath. Remarkable forms of hail
stones in Georgia. (In Smithsonian rept.
1869.) Abolition. See Slavery. Abolition of the state. ENGLÄNDER, S. Abominations of modern society. TALMAGE,
T. DE W. Aboo-Bekr-Ibn-Tofail (d. 1186). The history
of Hai Eb’n Yockdan, an Indian prince ; or, the self-taught philosopher. Wherein is demonstrated by what steps and degrees human reason, improved by diligent observa