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Japan many players attain a fair degree of skill without a thorough acquaintance with the “ Joseki.” It would certainly very greatly aid the beginner in attaining proficiency if he were to study these examples, and follow them as nearly as possible in actual play.

It would seem to us that in compiling a work on “ Joseki,” or openings, we would commence with the openings where no handicap is given, and later study those where there were handicaps; it is another instance of the divergent way in which the Japanese do things that they do just the opposite, and commence their treatises with the study of openings where handicaps are given. Inasmuch as this is a book on a Japanese subject, I shall follow their example and shall commence the study of “ Joseki” in games where Black has a handicap.

As we have already seen, the handicap stone is always placed on a certain fixed point, which is the fourth intersection from the edge of the board in each direction, and White has five recognized methods of playing his first stone in relation to such handicap stone. These are called “Kogeima kakari,” “Ogeima kakari,” “Daidaigeima kakari,” “Ikken taka kakari,” “Nikken taka kakari.” We shall take up examples of these in their order.

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HANDICAP

Plate 19 (1)
WHITE

BLACK
1. R 14. “Kogeima kakari.” 2. N 17. This move supports the
This is the most usual move for at- handicap stone and also gains as
tacking the corner. The purpose of much ground as possible for Black.

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9. P 18. Since White cannot connect, he must play to form two “Me" in the corner.

11. Q 17. White makes his corner as large as possible. This move is also “Sente,” because it threatens to break through Black's line.

13, S 14. White threatens “Watari," and again Black must reply at once. (“Sente.")

16. Q 14. To confine Black's group and prepare for territory on the right side of the board.

14. T 14. Prevents “Watari.”

16. P 15. An important defensive move.

Otherwise White could almost envelop the black stones.

Even game.

White has a small territory in the corner, but Black has greater possibility of expansion.

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16

A B C D E F G H J K L M N O P Q R S T

G K M Q R 19

19 18 13-14

(9

18 17 1910 3

2011 30 17
16 5
2

45
15 7
11

016 816 15

A 14 1/6

(15 1 13 14 14 13 (16 8

13 12

12 11 4

11 10

10 9

9 8

8 7

7 6 (10 8

6

B
5
47 9

6 12 5
4
(23

5 4 3 6 51

1 3478 3 2

(9 (

110 2 1

(11) 1 A B C D E F G H J K L M N O P Q R S T

Plate 19

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2. N 17
4. R 16.

6. P 16. Black prevents White from getting out.

connect

8. S 15. Black stops it again.

10. R 15.
12. O 17.

11. R 14.

3. R 17
05. Q 17. In place of trying to
connect as before, White threatens
to extend in the other direction.

7. S 16. Threatens to
again.

9. S 17.

11. O 18. White again must
form “Me" in the corner.

13. N 18. White extends as far
as possible.
15. P 17.

White must look out
for the safety of the stones at N and
O 18.
17. P 14. To prevent

lack's
extension and form a basis for terri-
tory on right side.

19. 013

14. M 18. Black stops the ad

vance.

16. M 17. Black must connect.

18. O 14. Black extends as far as he can.

20. N 14.

Again White has the corner and Black has better opportunities for expansion.

III

HANDICAP

Plate 19 (B)

WHITE

BLACK

1. 03.

2. R 7 4. R 3.

3. Q 3.

This variation is called

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8. S 3.

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“Kiri Kaeshi.” This move does not
attack the corner so aggressively as
the preceding examples.

5. R 4. This is the characteris- 6. Q 5. This is an important tic move of this variation.

move for Black; if he plays else

where, he will get a bad position.
7. R 2. White threatens the
black stone.

If Black defends
White can divide the corner.

9. P 2. "Kake tsugu." If White 10. S2. Formerly S 4 was given does not make this move, Black will as Black's

move,

but it is not so good, get the "Sente" with a superior because White replies at R 8 with position.

a fine attack. 11. S 1. White cannot neglect 12. R 5. this move.

If Black were allowed to play at R1,

he would get

the

better game.

In this opening the corner is about evenly divided.

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5. P 16.

7. Q 17. “Kiri Kaeshi.” The effect of this move is generally to divide the territory.

9. Q 18.

10. R 18.

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