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clearest light his characteristic excellencies, and have done full justice to his defects and mistakes; among which they name a somewhat deficient action, excess in quotation both of Scripture and poetry, and a tendency to quaintness,* particularly noticeable in his declining years, and not perfectly reconcileable with good taste. Two paragraphs from the conclusion are all that our space will permit us to copy.

It will be seen, by this description, that we do not claim for this eminent preacher any dazzling brilliancy of genius, any profound originality, any power of philosophical analysis, any logical acumen, or even great theological research. To those who can only be pleased with such things, or to others who resolve all pulpit excellence into abstract generalizations, or lofty speculations, or subtle argumentation, Mr. Jay's sermons presented few attractions. His sound evangelism, his practical wisdom, his rich experience, his strong sense, his melting tenderness, his touching pathos, his beautiful illustrations, his sweet antitheses, his poetic fancy, which procured him, while a living preacher, such wide and continued popularity, and which in his published works will never cease to delight the readers who can be pleased with strong intelligence and true piety-were held in light esteem bý those who love to soar in the clouds, or delve in the dark mines of German mysticism.

* To be a useful preacher was his aim; and it was thus, by constant and unwearied effort, he became one. And if this were the habitual study of all who are called to occupy the pulpit; if with an intense longing after the salvation of immortal souls, and an unwavering determination to know nothing among men, but Jesus Christ, and Him crucified ; if with a truly philosophical view of the adaptation of preaching to awaken attention and produce impression; if with a recollection of what has been done by the great masters in the art of preaching,—all ministers were to study the best models of evangelical pulpit eloquence, and were to take extraordinary pains to acquire, by the aid of Divine grace, a commanding and interesting style of pulpit address; and, while cherishing a sense of absolute dependence for efficiency upon the work of the Holy Spirit, they were to recollect the

* Mr. James, as a great master of the diffuse and declamatory style, could not be expected to sympathize fully with Mr. Jay, who excelled in the compact and sententious. And as to the taste which condemns quaintness of manner and expression, we are reminded of Jay's own words, 'We cannot gather flowers in a balloon. They are on the ground, and we must bend to view them, and stoop to gather them. We hold, as he did with Cowper, that to court a grin' is 'pitiful ;? but many of his pithy sayings will be remembered for years, when, if they had been conformed to what is sometimes called “good taste,' they would, indeed, have been listened to without a smile; but they would have been forgotten before his hearers got home. The same may be said of his introductions, ex abrupto, of which his editors justly say, they are dangerous experiments for a preacher to make. Yet who could forget this? – You have often heard of persons dying of a broken heart. I will show you to-day how to live with one. The text that followed was Psalm li, 17,

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Jay's Preaching, and its Lessons.

251 Spirit works by appropriate means; and took half the pains to make their speaking in the pulpit as impressive as the actor does to make his successful upon the stage ; if, concerning the powerful preaching of the Gospel, they said This one thing I do," and called in all col. lateral aids to do it in the best manner, we should not hear, as we sometimes do, of the declining power of the pulpit. It is for a wonder, a lamentation, an&a reproach, that they who have to add the most momentous work under the sun, give themselves lié least partis to, do it effectually, Mankind are wrought upon by manner as well as matter.

It is an interėsting, dáthiest stýle of address, that engages attention, reaches the heart, and accomp}ishes the end of preaching ; in the absence of which learning

the most profound, and theology the most scriptural, will fail to secure popularity; for to obtain success It will not do to say, We are so engtossed with the matter of our dis

as to be indifferent to the manifier of them (The mote important to men's interests is the matter, the more anxious shoira we be that in our mariner there should be nothing to hinder; (buit, on the contrary, everything to aid, the success of the

matter!ıthat minister who feels called by the Holy Ghost ito be a proucher of Christ's blessed Gospel, ought to feel bimiself' no less called to take all possible pains to do it in the best possible man ver. n ltdow beleil

How eminently Mr Jay's efforts to excel in this matter where crowned with success the reader of the foregoing pages has seen amply illustrated as he has advanced through this volume. We shall here, however, add one more testimony, which, from its impartiality and high respectability, is entitled to much Bishop Shirley, in a letter to the Rev. 0. Bridges, says: I spent two days at Bath, and heard Mr. Jay preach. He is a very extraordinary man. There is a commanding energy in his manner, and a weight in his style, which give authority to what he says, and secure attention for he is évidently in earnest, and utters the result of much thinking and prayer. 1*:

Pp. 560-562. 16367999303!101T PO

The critic and the subject of his critique have long since met in the great home of the good. Lovely and pleasant in their lives, the testeem in which they were held by the public constitütės an encouraging sign of the times : and though, when we remember them individually, the old question, Quando ullum inveniet parem? almost involuntarily arises, it is better to exclaim with David than with Horace, and, when the godly man ceaseth, to invoke His help. Who made each of them what he was, and Who, out of His fulness, can kindle many such burning and shining lights as those whom we have endeavoured in these pages, however inadequately, to com



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ART. IX.-- Thesi Uprising of dll Great People lor, cThe United

States in 1861.0 By Count AGENOR DE GASPARIN. et bas How is layer to come to cite len po has be

? has been the everrecurring question with all who have of late years discussed the position of America, either with a friendly or a philosophiq

interest: Those who wished that country ill might be çontented that its plagüe should not be abated,

much less cured but all who cared either for the Onited States, or for mankind, longed to see the day Which should throw some light on the great problem in which the happiness of so many human beings and the honour of considerable portions of Christ's Church were involved. is the end to be asked many a Slaye in his bonds; and perhaps as is intently yet not so bitterly, many, a good man who never felt

UM 10 01010 the lash except upon his sympathies.

Among the many conjectures as to how its end was to come it scarcely ever entered the head of any one to foretell that it would be by the act of the slayeholders precipitating themselyes

Wherein, come out as they, may, the one only inheritance for which they began, and for which they wage it, will be hopelessly damaged, if not for ever swept It was only a pover higher than that of man which could make their own mad pride the means of their captives libération and

that we speak far too soon, and prophesy far too 10. Qaro won? OR TO LOVE boldly When we declare that ve regard every step of the Southern States in their rebellion as an advance toward the funn of the cause for which they ilew to arms. But it is better to be thought råsh, than to keep down strong

convictions. We may be wrong be wrong ikut on We are small

but, if so, we are content that the error should be on record and, if it prove an error, those who may judge more correctly, will join in the regret' of our It seems scarcely withîn possibility that any other means than a war begun by the slayeholders

could have brought the system to an end in any moderate, time. The one

The one rational and practical course seemed 'beyond all hope. Even the best Americans looked upon an Englishman as conyeying á taunt rather than friendly advice, as showing his British pride rather than as seriously seeking the welfare of America, when he spoke of a national ransom for the slaves of the Southern States, as in the case of thie West Indies This idea his American friend brushed aside with little concern, and no investigation. He looked on it as simply impossible

had feasible, sober reasons, to keep him in countenance. Thé sumi would be far too enormous for any nation to bear, and such as would make England's boasted twenty" mislions a bagatelle,

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Ransom of Slaves an ultimate Saving.


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Very true; but how much less will be the sum spent on the war, and lost by it? Goodness is often costly to-day, but gainful to-morrow; and never would nation have done such a money. saying act as America, had it taxed itself heavily, and said to the slaves, : Be free.' But, the American always told you, that even if the North was willing to buy every slave by a national fansom, the South would spurn the offer, as a miserable, antichivalrous, Yankee way of dealing with a great institution. So the South said; but Americans did not mind offering to buy When they really wished to do so, even if the feelings of the holders were liašle to be hurt. Spain made no secret that overturės for purchasing Cuba were insults; yet Americans could freely


openly discuss them. Had the South ever seen the fair chance of getting its money for its Negroes, and being rid of the blessings and curses of slavery on good terms, it would have had some effect on

effect on the views taken of the relative proportions of blessing and curse in that system, and many, though not all, perhaps not a majority, would have thought that a fair compensation in hand, and a final quittance of contingencies, ypaid be, if not a chivalrous, a very comfortable, termination of slaveholding. But the South never had a serious proposal to ransom the slaves before it; the North never rose to the height of such a design, and even to the last showed not the faintest symptom of doing so. A quarter of a century was given from the time, that the example of a nation disentangling itself from slavery by an act of redemption had been set; and that period was full charged with proofs of the dangers which the system entailed. It had come to be manifest that no public question in America was unaffected by this cardinal one. It was a question of

refore calculated to sionate efforts of political men. It turned elections, formed cabinets, shaped foreign politics, decided the choice of officials, from ambassadors and judges down to postmen; provoked war;

schools of buccaneering politicians, whose morals, plantation. The slave-market, and edged liberties, and held all means happy and worthy which aimed at the golden end of extending the fields for remunerative planting, and procuring the slaves to make them pay. A worse, a baser, a more sanguinary code than these men acknowledged, and ácted upon, has never been current under settled governments, to say nothing of civilized or Christian countries.

*The danger of allowing a party dependent on such an illicit support aš slavery to rule a nation, is so obvious that one cannot

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but stand i stupified at human folly, as displayed by the most boastful race: existing, or that ever did exist.? The slaveholders were a minority; yet during the quarter of a century which followed the practical appeal made to America by emancipation throughout the British Empire; they were permitted by the majority to hold therlreins of power, and shape the course of foreign policy and domestic elegislature; and to-day that majority is paying, grieving; and bleeding in consequence

Why did the majority permit it? Because it was the interest of many to be friends with the slaveholders; the desire of others to keep things quiet; and the habit of all to make the best of a national fault. The absurdity of those who ascribe the rupture between North and South to 80 vague à cause as

incompatibility of temper is clear enough on all grounds; but especially on this ground, that the interests of the two sections of country were so identified that the South itself firmly believed, and never made a secret of its persuasion, that the North was entirely dependent upon it for its prosperity; while, on the other hand, the merchants, bankers, and shippers of the North, and, still more, its ambitious politicians, ostentatiously acknowledged the value of their connexion with the South. This sense of identical interests is the strongest antidote to incompatibility; and nothing batia cause of difference which wounded feelings deeper ever than self-interest, could have brought into bostile camps: two portions of a nation so mutually belas into bostile necessary to each other's wealth and advancement. of All the interests of the North advised close union with the South; at any sacrifice of principle; and all the men of the North who were ruled by the sense of interest, made conciliation of the South their guiding object; for which pride, conscience, consistency, the posture of their nation before others, their own place among civilized men, the right of their churches to preach the gospel of universal brotherhood, of their press to denounce týranny, legalized or not, of their orators on any spot of American soil to speak the sentiments of free men, of their religious and benevolerit societies to display the true Christian abhorrence of brganized and legal injustice, all these sacred rights were by some bartered without a qualm, and by others painfully parted with, though conscience and wisdom whispered things hard to hear of days of reckoning. * It is not so hard for us to understand how Americans could be so much under the influence of the slaving interest, when we consider how far both the mercantile and landed classes in our country have been so, within our own memory, and, alas ! are so at this momento. Three thousand miles of sea always rolled

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