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ing: 7 See the Old Testamento in the Gospel

, we have the eterna! foundation of future and higher Evangels.

Shame is a feeling of profanátion. Friendship, love, and religion are subjects which should be treated' mysteriously. Only, in fare con fidential moments should we venture to speak of the Many things are too sacred even to think of, much less to be mentioned in language.

What is mysticism' what must be mystically treated All those subjects which a man elects of his own freewill ; such as religion, love, nature. If all men were perfectly agreed, like a couple of lovers, the distinction between mystic and non-mystic will disappear, There is much apparent confusion in the following passage:

Fancy paints the future world for us sometimes, in glowing and sometimes in gloomy colours, according to the metempsychoses, which

place in our own souls. We dream of travelling with the power of the will wherever we choose through space. "Does not then the universe exist within us P. It ourselves or nowhere, "exists éternity with it is a world of shadows; it cästs its shadow on the brilliancy of the kingdom of light. How different it will be hereafter, where all darkmess will be swept away, and when the shadow world of our bodies has also disappeared! We shall enjoy more than we possibly can now; for our spirit is imprisoned on earth.!!, Vogai su

But Novalis was no Gnostic or ascetic of the Simon Stylités raee; for he paid vast honour to the human body i

"The antithesis," he said, " Þetween body and soul is one of the most dangerous of subjects. It has played an extraordinary role in theological history. There is but one single high form. Bending before men, we do homage to this revelation in the flesh. Yet soul and body,' he admitted, were two distinct kingdoms; and it was the worst of weakness when the one was too much influenced by the otlier.

Music was a delight to him. :* The life of a cultivated man,' he said, should alternate between work and music; aš between sleep and waking. Yet the endless: misererés:? of our Church music, he complained, were only penitentiary psalms animated by the spirit of the Old Testament, under which dispensation most Christians were anxious to remain. The New Testament was still for the majority of men, he bitterly lamented, a book with seven seals. A few of his strictures, upon contemporary writers are very characteristic. Schiller, he declared, wrote for the few, but Goethe for the many. Schiller started from a certain fixed point in all the discoveries he would make respecting mankind. His sight was too limited. He could imagine no other circumstances than those with which he was already

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Remarks on Snakspedreso daitez and Schiller. 361 kec'quáintéd."'Stiller Ure 18Kė Albrecht Duter, Si too

hardly for his designs to be true to mature,

1510bether he called the true Viceroy of the poefic spirit on earth. bile

TODELLARYL PUMA 2011 de his works what the Englishman is in his waren ser simple neat, useful, and Jasting. He is like the

Englishman, a natural economist, and unites a practical taste to a sober understanding,

What charmed bim; in freether was, however, especially, his style:Toimiles as sava llinssit iuo nisl to montt inn soidl w ziuojdisa

may seen sentences and thoumglads of stale which often callures, the readers and chains him to a book. Goethe's Wilhelm Meistèr is a strong proof of tkis magie of 'expressionatkis irresistible twitchcraft +8f8ca ponshed, musical, sple, laha vet varied daigtage. ?elcohoa voolg ni tatitamo 19704 divi lovilt to find alsoa wa 190, fri 99f1a plus He admitted

that he understood Shakspeare hutrimperfectly. and yet be perceived at once that the power of bis genius,

Jay, in bis generalization, in his faculty of combining all knowledged $@ that the corpionáthings of life became ati' pottersi clay lito him. Thereltwas mighty difference, he remarked, between the fart of lai well-developed naturelt and the artfulness of a tutored uiderstanding Shakspeare was ho caldőlator; 'no scholar, bug one whose discoveries and ideas Heat the press of a daring and independent spirito #togel to biton) 60 any qism of

'Between his poenis and the endlesscoiganizatidng of création; the close observer may even now, discover fresh analogies. Here, was, the an. ticipation of ideas

that were not fully realized till centuries, afterwards : 2. Of Lessing he complained; font the other hand, that his sight was tooskeen, and he lost therefore the feeling of mexpressible ithmetisity. He had not the power of viewing things are toto; with their endless varieties of light and slade. He admitted the skill of Voltaire, whose Candide, he said, was his Odyssey. But he cried shame onlin' for reducing the whole world to a Parisian boudoir and demarkedy thats tais personal and natural vanity prevented-him from attaining to greatnessizi At Freyberg Novalis was not only occupied with these áphorismas, which were never intended to have been presented to the public in their present unpolished state, but he was also busied with 'writiug his Ofterdingens and a straniger metaphorical romance, entitled the: Disciples of oßaisot Tieck and Carlyle have both furnislied

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نلي

** As thight be expected, Patterson hasta 86 t of paralled pássage cortésponding to this is The difference," he says;a flbetween mens is not so much ing wisdom as in art: All meu, fannot; make the same use of their mperience,.canyot fack together the old and

Perhaps minds like Shakspeare's only, possessed the strange skill of using and classifyfrig facts! Bandar

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explanationis for these mysterious and ruufinished stories, which still remain in a certain sense unfinished. Our limits, however, preclude, us from entering here into any investigation of their merits. vil In the summer of 1800, Tiecki informs us, that he found Novalis full of thoughts of his future happiness. His house was already fitted up for this matriage, and his life seemed to be expanding in the richest activity and loye.' L'homme propose, mais Dicu dispose. Just as he

Just as he was preparing to pay a visit to bis intended bride, Novalis was seized with hemorrhage from the lungs. Alarmed at the appearance of the blood, he went to seek advice for the cure of his disease, and to visit his parents at Dresden. He appeared to be regaining strength, when, on hearing the melancholy news of the sudden death of a younger brother, and being unable to repress the violence of his grief, he ruptured another blood-vessel, and his case was declared to be hopeless. His parents, his brothers, and Julie; now hastened to his assistance. They were shocked at the change in his appearance. It was evident to all, that the fatal consumption was making rapid inroads and speedily under! inining a constitution which had always been weak. Sanguine, however, as usual, antk misled by the deceitful changes in the disease, Novalis: was ifár from entertaining the same opinion. He declared he had no pain and snid he only felt slightly weary, and was confident that a sojourn in a warmer climate would speedily restore his strength. Such a journey was declared by hiş physicians to be impossible, since to move him would certainly accelerate death. Still Novalis would not despair. He constantly repeated those words which are often so distressing to the mourners who hear them from dying lips... If I could but get a little strength, he whispered, with gasping breath, in the intervals between the paroxysms of the cough,

if I could only get a little strength, I should soon be quite well.' Siti Di Liet, r14!

17! Meapwhile, the faculties of his mind remained as active as ever) His wit had never been more brilliant, and his memory remained uuimpaired. The best of books was his constant companion; and when he laid aside the Bible, he read often in the works of Zinzen dorf and Lavater, Never, till now,'he exclaimed, did I know the true meaning of poetry. Innumerable songs and melodies are now rejoicing my heart.? On the 19th of March (the anniversary of Sophie's death;) he became visibly worse. On the 21st, he was deliglited by a visit from Friedrich Schlegel, with whom he talked for many honrs. On the 25th, he awoke at six in the morning, and was happy and peaceful as usual. Having read for some time and breakfasted, he entreated'his brother to play

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Lasi tkords with Friedrich Schlegel.

368 to him on the harpsichords - Under the soothing effect of the musical sounds, her isbon fell into a qniet slumbers: never to wake agaiir upon earth: Abont noon, Friedrich Schlegel crept into the room, and found him to all appearance still peacefully sleeping. So with a smile upon his face, and without the least motion of suffering, Novalis passed away.

• Why shouldst thou fear the beautiful angel Death,

Who waits thee at the portal of the skies,
Ready to kiss away thy struggling breath,

Ready with gentle Hatius to close thine eyes ?
<o! what were life, if life were all? Thine eyes
Are blinded by thy tears, or thou wouldst scu

om Upin the far off skies,,

And Death, thy friend, will give them all to thee. As to the personal appearance of Norális, it might be said to liave corresponded with his writings. The forehead was wide, but not remarkably high; the hazel eyes were large and dreamy, the complexion was almost transparent, and the mouth clear cut and refined ; but a few of the lines of the face were weak and even effeminate. His figure was tall and slonder; his hair lightbrown, and curling on the ishoulders: Altogether, it is easy to understand the remark of Tiecki that his face resembled that of the Evangelist St. John, as drawn by Albert Dürer During his short lifetime; he did not aim at obtaining & reputation. On his death-bed (he expressed the greatest : disa satisfaction with his own unfinished works. His fame, in faet, was principally posthumous, and partly the result of the labour's of his unselfish friends * o: Hindi gura discriminativg-anthor haswell remarked, " Thie suggestive and sparkling aphorisnis of Novalis should be read with due allowancé. Sonic contáin i admirable thoughts pointedly expressed. Others, again, are curiously perverse and puerile.... The condition of knowledge is Eudemonia-saintly calm of contemplation. Such is the li aspiration dimly discernible through the florid obscurity of Hymns to the Night. Shatting out the garish outer world of the actual, forgetting all its tinsel

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770A story is told by Bülder which stioits' hova little the getitus of Novális Was tundér. stood doring his lictimesi ollis/fatheri badi only heard of lis son's poems to oppose thiep x and perc took the trouble to read what he had written, But after the death of Friedrich, on going one day to attend Divine service with the Herrnhut community, he was deeply affected by the tare' behuty' bf a sptfitáal song which was sung by the wcalshippicis? On thie close of die i service, he asked a friend, with great emotion, the name of the splendid, hymn icla, ibe; had heard, and who was the author of it? What po

was the astonished apsiyera, 09.1998 je bio tabH. Kas you QS

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glories and its petty pains, the entliùsiäst seems to rise into that mystic meditative night, whose darkness reveals more truth than the searching brightness of daylighit.'

ART. III.---1. Plato's Doctrine respecting the Rotation of the Earth ; and Aristotle's Comment upon the Doctrine, By

GEORGE GROTE, ESQ. London: Murray. 1860. 2. The Platonic Dialogues for English Readers. By William

WHEWELL, D.D. London. 1860.

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It is pleasant to be recalled by Mr. Grote to the considération of the long-defunct cosmical systems of the ancients." His instructive pamphlet shows us, perhaps, more strikingly than a morö elaborate work, the point of departure in modern philosophy from the ancient line of rnarch, and reminds us' of the vast accessions made to physical science since its emancipation from an à priori way of treatment that wasi questionable even in metal physics. We learn from him that several vert'ancient contiriental writers are employing their pens upon the cosmical mechanics of the ancients. It may not, perhaps, be unwelcome to some of our owul" countrymen toʻrenet their recoltection of Some of those old-world'hypotheses,

which; "though long since öveltkrotin, have satisfied the itiquisitive credulity of mankind, have given colóür" to some of the noblest flights of human imagination, and are to be regarded as a part, though not integral part

; of the mighty édifice of ancient philosophy. Plato and Aristotle thought that the sun' moved 'round the earthi. Dante constructed the whole scenery and mechanism of 'His subhime poèm upon the geocentric theory What has given colour to the speculation of such löfty genius' retains an interest independent of its physical truth. v *******

The cosmical theory of the ancients, as exhibited 13 Very grand. The earth is rotund, 'not flat, as the earlier poets thought; and is placed in the centre of the Cosmos : the Heavenly bodies revolve about in various" concentric spherés, The outermost sphere is that of the fixed stars; and this sidereal sphere (or äplänes) whirls round all the interior spheres, which have their own motions in addition to this revolution. The sidereäl sphere was what became known toʻlater philosophers as primum móbile, which was supposed to give the diurhal motion to the heavens. It forms the eighth heaven in the Paradise of Dantė, and has its place in the more imperfect system of the universe, shadowed out by Milton in the fourth book of the

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