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Mr. Pettigrew called the attention of the meeting to the recent discovery in Broad street of a Roman tessellated pavement, measuring about thirty feet square. He remarked that those who were familiar with the pavements at Woodchester, at Bignor, and at Cirencester, would feel disappointment on viewing the one lately found in the City, which had been mended in several places and the pattern disturbed, besides that it was imperfect in many parts. The centre figure was injured, and offered the not uncommon representation of Ariadne on the panther. Mr. Pettigrew observed that as the Society of Antiquaries were to have a drawing of it, and a description from the pen of Mr. Tite, he had not given any directions respecting it, as it would appear in the Archæologia.
William Douglas Bennett, esq., of Guilford road, South Lambeth, was elected an associate.
The following presents were received:
From the Isle of Wight Literary and Philosophical Society. Their Reports
for 1852 and 1853. 8vo.
From the Society. Mémoires de la Société Dunkerquoise pour l'Encouragement des Sciences, des Lettres et des Arts. Dunkerque,
Exposition Dunkerquoise; Catalogue des Ouvrages de Peinture,
From the Author. Architectural Studies in France, by the Rev. J. L. Petit, M.A., F.S.A. London, 1854. Royal 8vo.
From J. G. Nichols, Esq. The Gentleman's Magazine for January, February, and March. 8vo.
The rev. Mr. Hugo presented to the Association a collection of various fragments of pottery, etc., obtained in excavations made in the City of London, to be deposited with other similar specimens already in the possession of the society.
Mr. O'Connor exhibited a dagger of the close of the seventeenth or beginning of the eighteenth century, which, though somewhat resembling the old hunting knives in form, is doubtlessly a cultellum employed as a guard in fighting with the sword, the practice of which is so well displayed in plates 41 and 42 of Angelo's Treatise on Fencing. The blade is about a foot in length, sharp on one edge; the back broad at the upper part, but becoming sharp towards the point. On both sides are stamped the Prussian eagle holding the sceptre and orb, and the word. POTZDAM. The horn hilt and brass cross-guard appear to have originally belonged to another weapon. In the Meyrick collection is an anelace from the same manufactory, having on it the words, "Regient: Printz Carl, Potsdam. F. W. R."
Captain Tupper exhibited a Roman key found at Fairford, near Bath. The rev. E. Kell forwarded a communication from B. Barrow, esq., honorary secretary of the Literary and Philosophical Society of the Isle of Wight, being an account of the examination of some ancient British tumuli made by the Society, together with drawings of the antiquities discovered, which will appear in the next Journal.
Mr. Pettigrew laid before the Association a reliquary which had been exhibited in 1851. (See Journal, vol. viii,
p. 161.) He was induced again to bring it under the notice
of the Association, having received the rubbing of one of a similar character from the rev. Daniel Haigh, the history of which tended most satisfactorily to put aside the pretensions to great antiquity which had been attached to it by its owner. From Mr. Haigh, Mr. Pettigrew learned that these reliquaries are not unfrequently found amongst the old Catholics in this country. The one now e-exhibited has on each side a cross as seen in the annexed cut, a scroll, and apparently a nail; and on the reverse of the silver box are the same characters conjoined in one figure, though it has been almost obliterated by a modern inscription engraved upon it, and assigning it to Benedict, bishop of the seventh century, in whose coffin it was reported to have been found. Mr. Haigh possesses a similar reliquary, though larger in size, and it
has the same device repeated on each side of a monstrance, (see annexed cut) and this reliquary had on the other side a scroll of the time of James
I, or Charles I. The device is s. J. "Societatis Jesu". Inside the reliquary exhibited by Mr. Pettigrew is the Virgin Mary under a canopy which is decidedly not "Gothic", and on the reverse Saint Joseph and the infant Jesus. Inside Mr. Haigh's specimen is the Virgin Mary done precisely in the same style, with a cherub at her feet. Mr. Haigh's specimen also contains some relics disposed in the interstices of two monograms, both of jesuit origin. There can be no doubt. whatever as to the age or ownership of such reliquaries as these. They owe their origin to the missionary
priests, chiefly jesuits, who were continually finding their way into this country at the risk of their lives, to look after the scattered Catholics during the reigns of Elizabeth, James I, and Charles I, so that this reliquary cannot be but of the end of the sixteenth at earliest, or even of the seventeenth century.
Mr. F. J. Baigent made the following communication from Woolhampton, near Newbury in Berkshire :
"The church of this village consists only of a nave and chancel. The latter being of the early English style, having in its side walls narrow lancet-headed windows: its eastern wall was rebuilt in the last century in brickwork, having a large and secular looking window, such as may frequently be seen in similar improvements of the eighteenth century. In the pavement of this chancel is inserted a large coffin-shaped slab, interesting as the monumental memorial of its builder; having inscribed in Lombardic characters round its edge: HIC: JACET: RICARDVS: DE: HERCLOND: RECTOR: HVIVS: LOCI : CONDITOR: CANCELLI: These letters were in brass, but all that now remains are the sunken cavities or matrices of the letters: other instances exist of inscriptions of a similar character, for instance, that round the slab of lady Margaret de Camoys (A.D. 1310) in Trotton church, Sussex; and also round the tomb of sir John de Aubernoun (A.D. 1277) in Stoke d'Abernoun church, Surrey. I am not aware of any example in its perfect state, that is, retaining the metallic letters. This slab, from the architectural character of the chancel, cannot be of later date than 1250; though I should be inclined to say its date is the early part or beginning of the thirteenth century. As every early example of the use of metal for monumental purposes is highly interesting, especially that forming separate letters of brass inlaid in sunken cavities formed for their reception on the face of stone slabs, I have been induced to send this communication. The nave of the church may be of the same date as the chancel, but it has undergone many alterations and improvements of later years, so as to leave but little traces of its original character."
A second paper, by Mr. F. J. Baigent, was then read, "On the Discovery of Mural Paintings at St. John's, Winchester", for which see ante, pp. 53-87, and plates 4-13,
ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING.
RALPH BERNAL, ESQ., M.A., PRESIDENT (in the Chair).
THE Auditors presented the accompanying statement of the accounts of the Association for the past year, and made the following report:
Life and Annual Subscriptions
Donations in aid of the Illustrations of the Journal:
By the Rev. T. Hugo, M.A.
Three Plates in Illustration of Celts.
Two ditto of Fetterlocks.
One of Medallion on Roman Sarcophagus.
By H. C. Pidgeon, Esq.
One Plate in Illustration of a Roman Sarcophagus and various Drawings.
By Thos. Bateman, Esq.
Two Woodcuts of a Horn Book.
By A. White, Esq.
Engraving of Gerard's Hall Crypt.
By Dr. W. Beattie.
Illustrations of Journal, Nos. XXXII to XXXV
Rent of Sackville Street Rooms for Public Meetings
Purchase of Books, Manuscripts, Transcripts, and
Engraving of Rochester Castle.
By Charles Baily, Esq.
Various Drawings illustrative of Gerard's
Balance from Rochester Congress
Sale of Journals
April 10, 1854.-CHAS. WARNE; CHARLES BRIDGER.
443 13 0
Due to the Treasurer... £76 19 9
WE, the auditors clected at the Annual General Meeting of April 1853, have duly examined the accounts of the BRITISH ARCHEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION, and find them to be correctly stated and accurately kept. It appears that during the past year the sum of £366: 7: 0 has been received on account of life and annual subscribers, being a small increase upon that of any previous year, and added to amounts received under other heads makes a total of £443: 13: 0, whilst on the other hand there has been paid the sum of £520: 12: 9, leaving a balance of £76 19 9 due to the treasurer.
It is necessary to state, that notwithstanding the efforts made to keep the subscriptions paid up, there are still one hundred and twenty-eight unpaid, whereof forty-seven belong to members who are at present abroad. It is satisfactory to remark, that a larger number of associates have been elected during the past year than in any preceding one, there being no less than eighty members added to the list, together with five foreign members, and one corresponding. On the other hand, the Association has sustained the loss of nine associates by death, one foreign member, and one corresponding; twenty-seven associates by withdrawal, and the Council have been under the necessity of erasing from the list eleven members, who after repeated applications have failed to pay their subscriptions, amounting to the sum of £43: 1: 0.
Upon looking to previous statements it appears that the expenditure of the Association has been allowed to exceed its receipts; as in 1850, there was due to the treasurer the sum of £67: 1: 11; in 1851, £46: 19: 10; in 1852, £31: 12: 9, and in the present year, the sum of £76: 19: 9, making a total of £222: 14: 3.
At the same time that we express our unqualified approval of the practice of the treasurer to pay up every year the total amount due from the Association, so that no liability whatever shall attach to the Association, we think it highly incumbent upon the Association to take some steps towards liquidating the debt now due, and no longer to trespass upon the liberality of that officer. The debt has evidently arisen by the expense incurred on the Journal, particularly as regards its illustrations, which during the past year have been unusually heavy, by including payments made on account of several drawings and plates not yet employed, from the necessity of a large number to do justice to the papers, and also by the colouring requisite to give a due effect to the illustrations. The same necessity exists in what is now in progress; and it is incumbent therefore on the members to adopt some method, either by voluntary subscriptions, or by extensive additions to the list of subscribing associates, to make good the deficiency which at present exists. In proposing this for the consideration of the General Meeting, we beg to express our