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trig loop and come to rest at the approximate center of the trig loop.

(iii) On a dial scale the weight of a vehicle is indicated automatically when the indicator revolves around the dial face and comes to rest.

(iv) On an electronic digital scale the weight of a vehicle is indicated automatically when the weight value indicated is stable.

(2) The correct weight is the value in pounds indicated by a weighbeam, dial or digital scale when a stable load balance is obtained. In any case, the weigher should concentrate on the beam tip, balance indicator, dial or digital indicator while weighing and not be concerned with reading the visible weight indications until a stable load balance is obtained. On electronic digital scales, the weigher should concentrate on the pulsing or flickering of weight values to assure that the unit indicates a stable weight before activating the print button.

(d) Recording the weight. (1) The gross or tare weight shall be recorded immediately after the load balance is obtained and before any poises are moved or load removed from the scale platform. The weigher shall make certain that the printed weight record agrees with the weight value visibly indicated on the weighbeam, dial or digital indicator when correct load balance is obtained. The weigher shall also assure that the printed weight value is suffi.ciently distinct and legible.

(2) The weight printing device on a scale shall be operated only to produce a printed or impressed record of the weight while the load is on the scale and correctly balanced. If the weight is not printed clearly and correctly, the ticket shall be marked void and a new one printed before the load is removed from the scale.

(e) Weigher's responsibilities. (1) The primary responsibility of a weigher is to determine and record the true weight of live poultry without prejudice or favor to any person or agency and without regard for poultry ownership, price, condition, shrink, or other considerations. A weigher shall not permit the representations or attitudes of any persons or agencies to influence their judgment or action in performing his her duties.

(2) Scale tickets issued shall be serially numbered and used in numerical sequence. Sufficient copies shall be executed to provide a copy to all parties to the transaction. Unused scale tickets or those which are partially executed shall not be left exposed or accessible to other parties. All such tickets shall be kept under lock when the weigher is not at his duty station.

(3) Accurate weighing and weight recording require that a weigher shall not permit operations to be hurried to the extent that inaccurate weights or incorrect weight records may result. The gross, tare and net weights must be determined accurately to the nearest minimum graduation. Manual operations connected with balancing, weighing, and recording shall be performed with the care necessary to prevent damage to the accurately machined and adjusted parts weighbeams, poises, and printing devices. Rough handling of these parts shall be avoided.

(4) Poultry growers, live poultry dealers, sellers, or others having legitimate interest in a load of poultry are entitled to observe the balancing, weighing, and recording procedures. A weigher shall not deny such persons that right or withhold from them any information pertaining to the weight. The weigher shall check the zero balance of the scale or reweigh a load of poultry when requested by such parties or duly authorized representatives of the administrator.

(f) General precautions. (1) The poises of weighbeam scales are carefully adjusted and sealed to a definite weight at the factory and any change in that weight seriously affects weighing accuracy. A weigher, therefore, shall observe if poise parts are broken, loose or lost or if material is added to a poise and shall report any such condition to his/her superior or employer. Balancing or weighing shall not be performed while a scale ticket is in the slot of a weighbeam poise.

(2) Stops are provided scale weighbeams to prevent movement of poises back of the zero graduation when balancing or weighing. When the stops become worn or broken and allow a poise to be set behind the zero position, this condition must be reported


by the weigher to their superior or employer and corrected without delay.

(3) Motion detection circuits are a part of electronic scales. They are designed to prevent the printing of weight values if the load has not stabilized within prescribed limits. The weighmaster's duty is to print the actual weight of the load within these limits. This requires printing the actual weight of the load, not one of the other weights that may be within the motion detection limits.

(4) Foreign objects or loose material in the form of nuts, bolts, washers, or other material on any part of the weighbeam assembly, including the counter-balance hanger or counter-balance weights, are potential sources of weighing error. Loose balancing material must be enclosed in the shot cup of the counter-balance hanger and counter-balance weights must not be of the slotted type which can readily be removed.

(5) Whenever, for any reason, weigher has reason to believe that a scale is not functioning properly or not yielding correct weight values, the weigher shall discontinue weighing, report the facts to the parties responsible for scale maintenance and request inspection, test or repair of the scale.

(6) When a scale has been adjusted, modified, or repaired in any manner which can affect the accuracy of weighing or weight recording, the weigher shall not use the scale until it has been tested and inspected and found to be accurate. (Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 0580-0015) (37 FR 4955, Mar. 8, 1972, as amended at 61 FR 36282, July 10, 1996; 68 FR 75388, Dec. 31, 2003)


packer obtains from the seller a written acknowledgment as follows:

On this date I am entering into a written agreement for the sale of livestock on credit to

a packer, and I understand that in doing so I will have no rights under the trust provisions of section 206 of the Packers and Stockyards Act, 1921, as amended (7 U.S.C. 196, Pub. L. 94 410), with respect to any such credit sale. The written agreement for such selling on credit Covers a single sale. Provides that it will remain in effect until

(date). Provides that it will remain in effect until

canceled in writing by either party. (Omit the provisions not applicable.) Date Signature

(2) Such packer retains such acknowledgment, together with all other documents, if any, setting forth the terms of such credit sales on which the purchaser and seller have agreed, and such dealer or market agency retains a copy thereof, in his records for such time as is required by any law, or by written notice served on such person by the Administrator, but not less than two calendar years from the date of expiration of the written agreement referred to in such acknowledgment; and

(3) Such seller receives a copy of such acknowledgment.

(b) Purchasing livestock for which payment is to be made by a draft which is not a check, shall constitute purchasing such livestock on credit within the meaning of paragraph (a) of this section. (See also $201.43(b)(1).)

(c) The provisions of this section shall not be construed to permit any transaction prohibited by $201.61(a) relating to financing by market agencies selling on a commission basis. (Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 0580-0015) (Sec. 401, 42 Stat. 168 (7 U.S.C. 221); sec. 409, as added by sec. 7, 90 Stat. 1250 (7 U.S.C 228b);

CFR 2.17, 2.54; 42 FR 35625; Pub. L. 96-511, 94 Stat. 2812 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.); 7 U.S.C. 222 and 228 and 15 U.S.C. 46) [42 FR 49929, Sept. 8, 1977, as amended at 49 FR 39516, Oct. 9, 1984; 54 FR 37094, Sept. 7, 1989; 68 FR 75388, Dec. 31, 2003)

8 201.200 Sale of livestock to a packer

on credit. (a) No packer whose average annual purchases of livestock exceed $500,000 shall purchase livestock on credit, and no dealer or market agency acting as an agent for such a packer shall purchase livestock on credit, unless: (1) Before purchasing such livestock the

PART 202—RULES OF PRACTICE tuted by the Secretary Under Various

GOVERNING PROCEEDINGS Statutes, 7 CFR part 1, subpart H, are
UNDER THE PACKERS AND applicable to all rate proceedings under

Sections 304, 305, 306, 307 and 310 of the
Packers and Stockyards Act, 1921, as


211, except insofar as those Rules are in

conflict with any provision herein. Sec. 202.1 Applicability of other rules.

$ 202.2 Definitions. 202.2 Definitions. 202.3 Institution of proceedings.

As used in these rules: 202.4 Answer and reply.

(a) Rate proceeding means a pro202.5 Hearing.

ceeding involving the determination 202.6 Taking no position on the merits. 202.7 Modification or vacation of final

and prescription of any rate or charge order.

made or proposed to be made for any

stockyard service furnished at a stockRULES OF PRACTICE APPLICABLE TO

yard by a stockyard owner or market REPARATION PROCEEDINGS

agency, or a proceeding involving any 202.101 Rule 1: Meaning of words.

rule, regulation or practice affecting 202.102 Rule 2: Definitions.

any such rate or charge; and 202.103 Rule 3: Beginning a reparation pro

(b) Administrator means the Adminisceeding. 202.104 Rule 4: Agency action.

trator of the Grain Inspection, Packers 202.105 Rule 5: Filing; time for filing; serv

and Stockyards Administration (Packice.

ers and Stockyards Programs) 202.106 Rule 6: Answer.

(GIPSA), or any officer or employee of 202.107 Rule 7: Reply.

GIPSA to whom authority has here202.108 Rule 8: Docketing of proceeding.

tofore been delegated, or to whom au202.109 Rule 9: Depositions.

thority may hereafter be delegated, to 202.110 Rule 10: Prehearing conference. 202.111 Rule 11: Hearing, oral or written.

act for the Administrator. 202.112 Rule 12: Oral hearing. 202.113 Rule 13: Written hearing.

$ 202.3 Institution of proceedings. 202.114 Rule 14: Post-hearing procedure.

(a) Informal complaint. Any interested 202.115 Rule 15: Submission for final consid

person desiring to complain of the laweration. 202.116 Rule 16: Issuance of order.

fulness of any rate or charge made or 202.117 Rule 17: Petition to reopen a hear

proposed to be made for any stockyard ing; to rehear or reargue a proceeding; to service furnished at a stockyard by a reconsider an order; or to set aside a de- stockyard owner or market agency, or fault order.

rule, regulation or practice affecting 202.118 Rule 18: Presiding officer.

any such rate or charge, may file an in202.119 Rule 19: Fees of witnesses.

formal complaint with the Adminis202.120 Rule 20: Official notice.

trator. 202.121 Rule 21: Intervention. 202.122 Rule 22: Ex parte communications.

(b) Investigation. If there appears to 202.123 Rule 23: Action by Secretary.

be any reasonable ground for doing so, AUTHORITY: 7 U.S.C. 228(a); 7 CFR 2.17(e),

the Administrator will investigate the 2.56.

matter complained of. If the Adminis

trator reasonably believes that there SOURCE: 43 FR 30510, July 14, 1978, unless otherwise noted.

are not sufficient facts to form the

basis for further proceeding, the matRULES OF PRACTICE APPLICABLE TO

ter may be dropped. If it is dropped, the RATE PROCEEDINGS

person filing the informal complaint

will be informed. SOURCE: Sections 202.1 through 202.7 appear

(c) Status of person filing. A person filat 53 FR 51236, Dec. 21, 1988, unless otherwise ing an informal complaint will be a noted.

party to a rate proceeding if the Ad

ministrator files such person's infor$ 202.1 Applicability of other rules.

mal complaint as a formal complaint, The Rules of Practice Governing For- or if the Judge permits such person to mal Adjudicatory Proceedings Insti- intervene upon written application.

(d) Formal complaint. A rate proceeding may be instituted only upon filing of a formal complaint by the Administrator. A formal complaint may be filed on the initiative of the Administrator, or on the basis of an informal complaint, or by filing the informal complaint as a formal complaint. A formal complaint filed by the Administrator, or a summary thereof, will be published in the FEDERAL REGISTER, together with notice of the time by which, and the place where, any interested person may file a written request to be heard. $ 202.4 Answer and reply.

Respondent is not required to file an answer. If an answer is filed, complainant is not required to file a reply. 8 202.5 Hearing.

The hearing will be oral unless all parties waive oral hearing. It will be written if not oral. Notice of the date, time and place of oral hearing, or of the date and place for filing of written submissions in a written hearing, will be served on the Administrator and the respondent, and on such other persons as have requested in writing to be heard.

be filed on the initiative of the Administrator, on the basis of an informal petition, or by filing of an informal petition as a formal motion.

(c) Publication. If the modification or vacation sought would involve an increase of a rate or charge lawfully prescribed by the Secretary, or involve a rate or charge in addition to what is specified in the final order, or involve a regulation or practice so affecting such a rate or charge, the formal motion, or a summary thereof, will be published in the FEDERAL REGISTER, together with notice of the place, and the time by which, any interested person may file a written request to be heard.

(d) Proceedings. Proceedings upon such a formal motion will be as otherwise provided for a formal complaint.



$ 202.101 Rule 1: Meaning of words.

In these rules, words in the singular form shall be deemed to import the plural, and vice versa, as the case may demand.

$ 202.6 Taking no position on the mer

its. The proceeding may be instituted by filing of the informal complaint as a formal complaint, and the Administrator may take no position on the merits of the case.


8 202.7 Modification vacation of

final order. (a) Informal petition. Any interested person may file an informal petition to modify or vacate a final order at any time. Any such petition must be filed with the Administrator, be based on matters arising after the issuance of the final order, and set forth such matters, and the reasons or conditions relied on, with such particularity as is practicable. Any such informal petition will be handled as otherwise provided for an informal complaint.

(b) Formal motion. A final order may be modified or vacated at any time only upon filing of a formal motion by the Administrator. Such a motion may

8 202.102 Rule 2: Definitions.

Terms defined in the Act shall mean the same in these rules as in the Act. In addition, and except as may be provided otherwise in these rules:

Act means the Packers and Stockyards Act, 1921, and legislation supplementary thereto and amendatory thereof, 7 U.S.C. 181 et seq.;

Agency means those divisions and offices of the Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration (Packers and Stockyards Programs) of the Department which are charged with administration of the Act;

Agency Head means the Administrator, Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration (Packers and Stockyards Programs) of the Department, or any officer or employee of the Agency to whom authority is lawfully delegated to act for the Administrator;

Complainant means the party who files a complaint and claims reparation, or on whose behalf a complaint is filed and reparation is claimed, in a reparation proceeding;

to whom authority is lawfully delegated to act for the Secretary; (43 FR 30510, July 14, 1978, as amended at 46 FR 60414, Dec. 10, 1981; 55 FR 41183, Oct. 10, 1990; 60 FR 8465, Feb. 14, 1995)

Department means the United States Department of Agriculture;

Docketing of a reparation proceeding means transmittal of papers to the Hearing Clerk and assignment of a docket number as provided in Rule 8, 8202.108, of these rules;

Hearing means that part of a reparation proceeding which involves the submission of evidence for the record and means either an oral or a written hearing;

Hearing Clerk means the Hearing Clerk of the Department (see 7 CFR 2.25(a)(3));

Judicial Officer means the official of the Department delegated authority by the Secretary, pursuant to the Act of April 4, 1940 (7 U.S.C. 450c-450g) and Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1953, to perform the function involved (see 7 CFR 2.35);

Mail means to deposit an item in the United States mail with postage affixed and addressed as necessary to cause it to be delivered to the address shown by ordinary mail, or by certified or registered mail if specified.

Presiding Officer means any attorney who is employed in the Office of the General Counsel of the Department and is assigned so to act in a reparation proceeding;

Re-mail means to mail by ordinary mail to an address an item that has been returned after being sent to the same address by certified or registered mail.

Reparation proceeding or Proceeding means a proceeding under the Act before the Secretary, in which an order for the payment of money is claimed and in which the Secretary is not a party of record;

Report means the report to the Judicial Officer of the presiding officer's recommended findings of fact and conclusions with respect to all material issues of fact, law or discretion, as well as the reasons or basis therefor, and order, in a reparation proceeding.

Respondent means the party against whom a complaint is filed and reparation is claimed, in a reparation proceeding;

Secretary means the Secretary of Agriculture of the United States, or any officer or employee of the Department

8 202.103 Rule 3: Beginning a repara

tion proceeding. (a) Filing. A reparation proceeding is begun by filing a complaint. Any interested person (including any agency of a state or territory having jurisdiction over persons subject to the Act in such state or territory) desiring to complain of anything done or omitted to be done by any stockyard owner, market agency, or dealer in violation of sections 304, 305, 306, or 307, or of an order of the Secretary made under title III, of the Act, may file a complaint to begin a reparation proceeding.

(b) Form. The complaint must be in writing, state the facts of the matter complained of, identify each person complained against (respondent), and identify each person who complains against such respondent and claims reparation from such respondent. It may be on a printed form supplied by the Agency, or may be a formal document, or may be a letter, mailgram, oi telegram. It may be typewritten oi handwritten. If it is not on a printec form supplied by the Agency, the Agen: cy Head may, prior to docketing of the proceeding, recommend to the com plainant that an amended complaint be filed on such a printed form.

(c) Contents and attachments. So far ai practicable, the complaint should in clude the following items as applicable

(1) Date and place where the alleged violation occurred;

(2) Quantity and quality of the live stock involved;

(3) Whether a sale is involved and, i so, the date, sale price, and amount ac tually paid and received;

(4) Whether a consignment is in volved and, if so the date, reported pro ceeds, gross, net;

(5) Amount of reparation claimed and method of computation;

(6) Name and address of each partne or member, if a partnership or join venture is involved;

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