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(y) Proprietary account. This term means a commodity futures or commodity option trading account carried on the books and records of an individual, a partnership, corporation other type association (1) for one of the following persons, or (2) of which ten percent or more is owned by one of the following persons, or an aggregate of ten percent or more of which is owned by more than one of the following persons:

(i) Such individual himself, or such partnership, corporation or association itself;

(ii) In the case of a partnership, a general partner in such partnership;

(iii) In the case of a limited partnership, a limited or special partner in such partnership whose duties include:

(A) The management of the partnership business or any part thereof,

(B) The handling of the trades or customer funds of customers or option customers of such partnership,

(C) The keeping of records pertaining to the trades or customer funds of customers or option customers of such partnership, or

(D) The signing or co-signing of checks or drafts on behalf of such partnership;

(iv) In the case of a corporation or association, an officer, director or owner of ten percent or more of the capital stock, of such organization;

(v) An employee of such individual, partnership, corporation or association whose duties include:

(A) The management of the business of such individual, partnership, corporation or association or any part thereof,

(B) The handling of the trades or customer funds of customers or option customers of such individual, partnership, corporation or association,

(C) The keeping of records pertaining to the trades or customer funds of customers or option customers of such individual, partnership, corporation or association, or

(D) The signing or co-signing of checks or drafts on behalf of such individual, partnership, corporation or association;

(vi) A spouse or minor dependent living in the same household of any of the foregoing persons;

(vii) A business affiliate that directly or indirectly controls such individual, partnership, corporation or association.

(viii) A business affiliate that, directly or indirectly is controlled by or is under common control with, such individual, partnership, corporation or association. Provided, however, That an account owned by any shareholder or member of a cooperative association of producers, within the meaning of Sections 5(e) and 6a of the Act, which association is registered as a futures commission merchant and carries such account

its records, shall be deemed to be an account of a customer or option customer and not a proprietary account of such association, unless the shareholder or member is an officer, director or manager of the association.

(z) Bona fide hedging transactions and positions—(1) General definition. Bona fide hedging transactions and positions shall mean transactions or positions in a contract for future deliv. ery on any contract market, where such transactions or positions normally represent a substitute for transactions to be made or positions to be taken at a later time in a physical marketing channel, and where they are economically appropriate to the reduction of risks in the conduct and management of a commercial enterprise, and where they arise from:

(i) The potential change in the value of assets which a person owns, produces, manufactures, processes, merchandises or anticipates owning, producing, manufacturing, processing, or merchandising,

(ii) The potential change in the value of liabilities which a person owns or anticipates incurring, or

(iii) The potential change in the value of services which a person provides, purchases or anticipates providing or purchasing. Notwithstanding the foregoing, no transactions or positions shall be classified as bona fide hedging for purposes of section 4a of the Act unless their purpose is to offset price risks incidental to commercial cash or spot operations and such positions are established and liquidated in an orderly

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manner in accordance with sound commercial practices and unless the provisions of paragraphs (z) (2) and (3) of this section and $$ 1.47 and 1.48 of the regulations have been satisfied.

(2) Enumerated hedging transactions. The definitions of bona fide hedging transactions and positions in paragraph (z)(1) of this section includes, but is not limited to, the following specific transactions and positions:

(i) Sales of any commodity for future delivery on a contract market which do not exceed in quantity:

(A) Ownership or fixed-price purchase of the same cash commodity by the same person; and

(B) Twelve months' unsold anticipated production of the same commodity by the same person provided that no such position is maintained in any future during the five last trading days of that future.

(ii) Purchases of any commodity for future delivery on a contract market which do not exceed in quantity.

(A) The fixed-price sale of the same cash commodity by the same person.

(B) The quantity equivalent of fixedprice sales of the cash products and by-products of such commodity by the same person; and

(C) Twelve months' unfilled anticipated requirements of the same cash commodity for processing, manufacturing, or feeding by the same person, provided that such transactions and positions in the five last trading days of any one future do not exceed the person's unfilled anticipated requirements of the same cash commodity for that month and for the next succeeding month.

(iii) Sales and purchases for future delivery described in paragraphs (z)(2)(i) and (z)(2)(ii) of this section may also be offset other than by the same quantity of the same cash commodity, provided that the fluctuations in value of the position for future delivery are substantially related to the fluctuations in value of the actual or anticipated cash position, and provided that the positions in any one future shall not be maintained during the five last trading days of that future.

(3) Non-enumerated cases. Upon specific request made in accordance with

§ 1.47 of the regulations, the Commission may recognize transactions and positions other than those enumerated in paragraph (z)(2) of this section as bona fide hedging in such amount and under such terms and conditions as it may specify in accordance with the provisions of $ 1.47. Such transactions and positions may include, but are not limited to, purchases or sales for future delivery

any contract market by an agent who does not own or who has not contracted to sell or purchase the offsetting cash commodity at a fixed price, provided that the person is responsible for the merchandising of the cash position which is being offset.

(aa) Associated person. This term means any natural person who is associated in any of the following capacities with:

(1) A futures commission merchant as a partner, officer, or employee (or any natural person occupying a similar status or performing similar functions), in any capacity which involves (i) the solicitation or acceptance of customers' or option customers' orders (other than in a clerical capacity) or (ii) the supervision of any person or persons so engaged;

(2) An introducing broker as a partner, officer, employee, or agent (or any natural person occupying a similar status or performing similar functions), in any capacity which involves (i) the solicitation or acceptance of customers' or option customers' orders (other than in a clerical capacity) or (ii) the supervision of any person or persons so engaged;

(3) A commodity pool operator as a partner, officer, employee, consultant, or agent (or any natural person occupying a similar status or performing similar functions), in any capacity which involves (i) the solicitation of funds, securities, or property for a participation in a commodity pool or (ii) the supervision of any person or persons so engaged; or

(4) A commodity trading advisor as a partner, officer, employee, consultant, or agent (or any natural person occupying a similar status or performing similar functions), in any capacity which involves: (i) The solicitation of a client's or prospective client's discretionary account, or (ii) the supervision of any person or persons so engaged; and

(5) A leverage transaction merchant as a partner, officer, employee, consultant, or agent (or any natural person occupying a similar status or performing similar functions), in any capacity which involves: (i) The solicitation or acceptance of leverage customers' orders (other than in a clerical capacity) for leverage transactions as defined in § 31.4(x) of this chapter, or (ii) the supervision of any person or persons so engaged.

(bb) Commodity trading advisor. This term means any person who, for compensation or profit, engages in the business of advising others, either directly or through publications, writings or electronic media, as to the value of or the advisability of trading in any contract of sale of a commodity for future delivery made or to be made on or subject to the rules of a contract market, any commodity option authorized under section 4c of the Act, or any leverage transaction authorized under section 19 of the Act, or who, for compensation or profit, and as part of a regular business, issues or promulgates analyses or reports concerning any of the foregoing; but such term does not include (i) any bank or trust company or any person acting as an employee thereof, (ii) any news reporter, news columnist, or news editor of the print or electronic media, or any lawyer, accountant, or teacher, (iii) any floor broker or futures commission merchant, (iv) the publisher or producer of any print or electronic data of general and regular dissemination, including its employees, (v) the named fiduciary, or trustee, of any defined benefit plan which is subject to the provisions of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, or any fiduciary whose sole business is to advise that plan, (vi) any contract market, and (vii) such other persons not within the intent of this definition as the Commission may specify by rule, regulation or order: Provided, That the furnishing of such services by the foregoing persons is solely incidental to the conduct of their business or profession: Provided further, That the Commission, by rule or regulation,

may include within this definition, any person advising as to the value of commodities or issuing reports or analyses concerning commodities, if the Commission determines that such rule or regulation will effectuate the purposes of this provision,

(cc) Commodity pool operator. This term means any person engaged in a business which is of the nature of an investment trust, syndicate, or similar form of enterprise, and who, in connection therewith, solicits, accepts, or receives from others, funds, securities, or property, either directly or through capital contributions, the sale of stock or other forms of securities, or other. wise, for the purpose of trading in any commodity for future delivery or commodity option on or subject to the rules of any contract market, but does not include such persons not within the intent of this definition as the Commission may specify by rule or regulation or by order.

(dd) Commission. This term means the Commodity Futures Trading Commission.

(ee) Self-regulatory organization. This term means a contract market (as defined in § 1.3(h)), or a registered futures association under section 17 of the Act.

(ff) Designated self-regulatory organization. This term means a self-regulatory organization of which a futures commission merchant, an introducing broker or a leverage transaction merchant is a member, or if a futures commission merchant or an introducing broker is a member of more than one self-regulatory organization and such futures commission merchant or introducing broker is the subject of an approved plan under $ 1.52, then a selfregulatory organization delegated the responsibility by such a plan for monitoring and auditing such futures commission merchant or introducing broker for compliance with the minimum financial and related reporting requirements of the self-regulatory organizations of which the futures commission merchant

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introducing broker is a member, and for receiving the financial reports necessitated by such minimum financial and related reporting requirements from such fu

tures commission merchant or introducing broker.

(gg) Customer funds. This term means all money, securities, and property received by a futures commission merchant or by a clearing organization from, for, or on behalf of, customers or option customers:

(1) In the case of commodity customers, to margin, guarantee, or secure contracts for future delivery on or subject to the rules of a contract market and all money accruing to such customers as the result of such contracts; and

(2) In the case of option customers, in connection with a commodity option transaction on or subject to the rules of a contract market:

(i) To be used as a premium for the purchase of a commodity option for an option customer;

(ii) As a premium payable to an option customer;

(iii) To guarantee or secure performance of a commodity option by an option customer; or

(iv) Representing accruals (including, for purchasers of a commodity option, the market value of such commodity option) to an option customer.

(hh) Commodity option transaction; commodity option. These terms each mean any transaction or agreement in interstate commerce which is or is held out to be of the character of, or is commonly known to the trade as, an "option,” "privilege," "indemnity," “bid," "offer," "call," "put." "advance guaranty,” or “decline guaranty,” and which is subject to regulation under the Act and these regulations.

(ii) Premium. This term means the amount agreed upon between the purchaser and seller, or their agents, for the purchase or sale of a commodity option on or subject to the rules of a contract market.

(jj) Option customer. This term means any person who directly or indirectly, purchases or grants (sells), or otherwise acquires or disposes of any interest in a commodity option for value, but does not include: (1) For purposes of $$ 1.16, 1.17, 1.20-1.30, 1.32, 1.36, 33.3 and 33.7 of this chapter, the owner or holder of a proprietary account; and (2) option customers whose option transactions are con

ducted in accordance with the requirements of Part 32 of this chapter.

(kk) Strike price. This term means the price, per unit, at which a person may purchase or sell the contract of sale of a commodity for future delivery or the physical which is the subject of a commodity option: Provided, That for purposes of $ 1.17, the term "strike price” means the total price at which a person may purchase or sell the contract of sale of a commodity for future delivery or the physical which is the subject of a commodity option (i.e., price per unit times the number of units).

(11) Physical. This term means any good, article, service, right or interest upon which a commodity option may be traded in accordance with the Act and these regulations.

(mm) Introducing broker. This term means:

(1) Any person who, for compensation or profit, whether direct or indirect, is engaged in soliciting or in accepting orders (other than in a clerical capacity) for the purchase or sale of any commodity for future delivery on or subject to the rules of any contract market who does not accept any money, securities, or property (or extend credit in lieu thereof) to margin, guarantee, or secure any trades or contracts that result or may result therefrom; and

(2) Includes any person required to register as an introducing broker by virtue of Part 33 of this chapter: Provided, That the term "introducing broker” shall not include:

(i) Any futures commission merchant, floor broker, associated person, acting in its capacity as such, regardless of whether that futures commission merchant, floor broker, or associated

person is registered exempt from registration in such capacity;

(ii) Any commodity trading advisor, which, acting in its capacity as a commodity trading advisor, is not compensated on a per-trade basis or which solely manages discretionary accounts pursuant to a power of attorney, regardless of whether that commodity trading advisor is registered or exempt from registration in such capacity; and

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or

(Sec. 4d, Pub. L. 74-675, 49 Stat. 1494 (7 U.S.C. 60), as amended, Pub. L. 90-258, 82 Stat. 27, Pub. L. 93-463, 88 Stat. 1392, Pub. L. 95-405, 92 Stat. 869; sec. 4f, Pub. L. 74675, 49 Stat. 1495 (7 U.S.C. 6f), as amended, Pub. L. 90-258, 82 Stat. 28, Pub. L. 93-463, 88 Stat. 1392, Pub. L. 95-405, 92 Stat. 869; sec. 4g, Pub. L. 74-675, 49 Stat. 1496 (7 U.S.C. 6g), as amended, Pub. L. 90-258, 82 Stat. 28, Pub. L. 93-463, 88 Stat. 1392, 1415, Pub. L. 95-405, 92 Stat. 869; sec. 8a(5), Pub. L. 74-675, 49 Stat. 1501 (7 U.S.C. 12a(5)), as amended, Pub. L. 90-258, 82 Stat. 33, Pub. L. 93-463, 88 Stat. 1392; (7 U.S.C. 2, 4, 4a, 60, 6e, 6f, 6k, 6m, 6n, 6p, and 12a); secs. 8a(5) and 19 of the Commodity Exchange Act, as amended, 7 U.S.C. 12a(5) and 23 (1982); 5 U.S.C. 552 and 552b) (41 FR 3194, Jan. 21, 1976; 41 FR 4255, Jan. 29, 1976, as amended at 41 FR 51814, Nov. 24, 1976; 42 FR 42750, Aug. 24, 1977; 43 FR 39967, Sept. 8, 1978; 44 FR 29450, May 21, 1979; 46 FR 54515, Nov. 3, 1981; 47 FR 57007, Dec. 22, 1982; 48 FR 35279, Aug. 3, 1983; 49 FR 5521, Feb. 13, 1984; 50 FR 26, Jan. 2, 1985)

MINIMUM FINANCIAL AND RELATED

REPORTING REQUIREMENTS

(iii) Any commodity pool operator which, acting in its capacity as a commodity pool operator, solely operates commodity pools, regardless of whether that commodity pool operator is registered or exempt from registration in such capacity.

(nn) Guarantee agreement. This term means an agreement of guaranty in the form set forth in Part B of Form 1-FR, executed by a registered futures commission merchant and by an introducing broker or applicant for registration as an introducing broker on behalf of an introducing broker or applicant for registration as an introducing broker in satisfaction of the alternative adjusted net capital requirement set forth in § 1.17(a)(2)(ii).

(oo) Leverage transaction merchant. Means and includes any individual, association, partnership, corporation, trust or other person that is engaged in the business of offering to enter into, entering into or confirming the execution of leverage contracts, or soliciting or accepting orders for leverage contracts, and who accepts leverage customer funds (or extends credit in lieu thereof) in connection therewith.

(pp) “Leverage customer funds" means all money, securities and property received, directly or indirectly by a leverage transaction merchant from, for, or on behalf of leverage customers to margin, guarantee or secure leverage contracts and all money, securities and property accruing to such customers as the result of such contracts, or the customers' leverage equity. In the case of a long leverage transaction, profit or loss accruing to a leverage customer is the difference between the leverage transaction merchant's current bid price for the leverage contract and the ask price of the leverage contract when entered into. In the case of a short leverage transaction, profit or loss accruing to a leverage customer is the difference between the bid price of the leverage contract when entered into and the leverage transaction merchant's current ask price for the leverage contract.

(qq) Leverage contract. Shall have the same meaning as that set forth in $ 31.4(w) of this chapter.

$ 1.10 Financial reports of futures com

mission merchants and introducing

brokers. (a) Application for registration. (1) (Reserved]

(2)(i) Except as provided in paragraphs (a)(3) and (h) of this section, each person who files an application for registration as a futures commission merchant and who is not so registered at the time of such filing, must, concurrently with the filing of such application file either:

(A) A Form 1-FR certified by an independent public accountant in accordance with $ 1.16 as of a date not more than 45 days prior to the date on which such report is filed, or

(B) A Form 1-FR as of a date not more than 45 days prior to the date on which such report is filed and a Form 1-FR certified by an independent public accountant in accordance with § 1.16 as of a date not more than 1 year prior to the date on which such report is filed. Each such person must include with such financial report a statement describing the source of his current assets and representing that his capital has been contributed for the pur

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