Women and Economic Evolution: Or, The Effects of Industrial Changes Upon the Status of Women ...
University of Wisconsin, 1912 - 131 páginas
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able activities advantage afford assume authority become better birth-rate causes cent changes civilization close clothing considered countries culture custom decrease demand depends desire determined difference domestic early economic effect employment enter equality essential established exercise existing fact factory female field follow forced give greater habits hand higher household husband ideals importance income increase individual industrial influence institutions interests labor learning least leisure less living maintain male marked marriage married matter means measure moral nature necessity occupations past political political rights position possess possible practical present primitive production protection race reason relations represent responsibility result says social society standard status struggle sufficient tend tion tribe true unit virtue wages wants wealth wife woman women workers
Página 108 - The gynaecocentric theory is the view that the female sex is primary and the male secondary in the organic scheme, that originally and normally all things center, as it were, about the female, and that the male, though not necessary in carrying out the scheme, was developed under the operation of the principle of advantage to secure organic progress through the crossing of strains.
Página 112 - Whatever be their climate and whatever their ancestry, we find savages living under the dominion of custom and impulse; scarcely ever striking out new lines for themselves; never forecasting the distant future, and seldom making provision even for the near future; fitful in spite of their servitude to custom, governed by the fancy of the moment; ready at times for the most arduous exertions, but incapable of keeping themselves long to steady work.
Página 134 - It is thus seen that the wages paid for unskilled labour in York are insufficient to provide food, shelter, and clothing adequate to maintain a family of moderate size in a state of bare physical efficiency.
Página 165 - ... performance of vicarious leisure. Knowledge is felt to be unfeminine if it is knowledge which expresses the unfolding of the learner's own life, the acquisition of which proceeds on the learner's own cognitive interest, without prompting from the canons of propriety...
Página 154 - Under the requirement of conspicuous consumption of goods, the apparatus of living has grown so elaborate and cumbrous, in the way of dwellings, furniture, bric-a-brac, wardrobe and meals, that the consumers of these things cannot make way with them in the required manner without help.
Página 142 - My farm gave me and my whole family a good living on the produce of it and left me, one year with another, one hundred and fifty silver dollars, for I never spent more than ten dollars a year, which was for salt, nails and the like. Nothing to eat, drink or wear was bought, as my farm produced it all.
Página 136 - Usually, however, the women perform some branch of work which is wholly abandoned to them by the men ; and they refrain, whether willingly or not from engaging in the branches monopolised by their male rivals. The line between the two classes of work is often subtle enough, and it varies from place to place. Moreover, wherever the dividing line may be in any particular locality at any given time, it shifts with almost every change in the industrial process ; moving, too...
Página 127 - Wool and silk were woven and spun in scattered villages by families who eked out their subsistence by agriculture. " Manufacturer " meant not the owner of power-looms and steam-engines and factories, buying and selling in the markets of the world, but the actual weaver at his loom, the actual spinner at her wheel. But seven years before the publication of the Wealth of Nations Arkwright had patented...
Página 200 - The second and latest in time was a political organization, founded upon territory and upon property. Under the first a gentile society was created, in which the government dealt with persons through their relations to a gens and tribe. These relations were purely personal. Under the second a political society was instituted, in which the government dealt with persons through their relations to territory, eg — the township, the county, and the state. These relations were purely territorial. The...
Página 102 - The series formerly issued as the Economics, Political Science, and History series was discontinued with the completion of the second volume and has been replaced by the Economics and Political Science series and the History series. Persons who reside in the state of Wisconsin may obtain copies of the Bulletin free by applying to the Secretary of the Regents and paring the cost of transportation.