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The Sault-Dissolute character of the population-Lecture on Fishes
of the Sault-The black fly-Lecture on the Classification of Birds-
Embarcation on Lake Superior-Canoes-Canadian voyageurs and In-
dians—The Pointe aux Pins—Voyageur's bread-Entrance of the lake
-Resemblance to the sea-coast-Les gens du Lac-Arrangement of the
messes-Routine of the day-Provisions—Drift-scratches and grooves
- Mineralogical remarks by the Professor-Grand scenery of the lake
-Catching the lake trout-Character of rocks and trees-Great va-
riations of temperature-Coldness of the water-Mica Bay-Hospitality
of Capt. Matthews-A proof of the “Glacial Theory”—Montreal River
-Large red pines—Tamias quadrivittatus—Indian pictures— Transpa-
rency of the water—Cautiousness of the voyageurs-Boat songs-
Fishing Indians—Toad River-Character of river-mouths on the lake
- Increasing grandeur of the scenery-Brilliancy of the lichens-
Agate Bay—Indian legend— Cape Choyye-Pot-holes-Snow-Michi-
picotin River-The factory—The plague of flies—Indian hunters-
The fur trade-Climate_The fisheries-Our voyageurs—Terraces—Riv.
a la Chienne- An Indian tombstone-Les Ecrits-Character of the
woods—Cliffs-Otter Head-A cedar swamp-Alteration of temperature
- The Northern Lights—The Pic-Birds and fishes—One of the party
ill with fever-Drowned insects-Pic Island-Fires in the woods-
Caribous-Parus Hudsonicus-Terraces—The Professor's remarks on
Metallic Veins-Les Petits Ecrits—Islands—An Indian Family-Usnea
-St. Ignace-Deserted Mining Location-Ascent of Mt. Cambridge-
Furrows on the beaches-Masses of lichen-Ripple marks--Thunder
Cape—Fort William—The Kaministiquia River-The Fort-Aquatic
Cows–Excursion to Kakabcka Falls-Paddles and oars—The river-
A Dêcharge-Character of the interior of this region-Heavy dew-
Description of Lake Superior-Steamer for Sturgeon Bay-Scenery of
the St. Mary's Straits— The Bruce Mine-Miners injured by an explosion
-St. Joseph's—Remarkable boulder-Observations on it by the Profes-
sor— The Theologico-geological question mooted—The Grand Manitou-
lin-The " presents” to the Indians-Gross injustice of the present sys-
tem-Penetanguishene-Sturgeon Bay-A rough road-Change in veg-
etation-Cold Water-Lake Simcoe-Holland landing-St. Albans-
Country on the Toronto road— Toronto-Lockport-Remarkable drift
THE NORTHERN VEGETATION COMPARED WITH THAT OF THE JURA AND THE ALPS.
Geographical distribution; animals and plants not scattered at ran-
dom over the face of the earth ; causes of this; temperature, 137.-
Moisture; light; atmospheric pressure, 138.—Evinced in the fragrance
of Alpine flowers, 139.-Electricity; geographical features, 140, 141.-
But physical agents not originally causative; peculiarities of North
America; latitude, 142.-Limits of these agencies, 144.--Evidences of
a Supreme Intelligence, 145.—CoRparison of vegetation of temperate
regions, 146, 147.-Of Alpine and Northern vegetation, 148–9.-Of
recent and fossil species ; coincidence of European tertiary fossils with
living species in America, 150-2.
OBSERVATIONS ON THE VEGETATION OF THE NORTHERN SHORES OP LAKE SUPERIOR.
CLASSIFICATION OF ANIMALS FROM EMBRYONIC AND PALEOZOIC DATA.
Internal structure an insufficient basis for classification, 191-2.-
Embryonic features of various animals, as denoting a respectively inferior
Geographical distribution; the prevalence of general laws over
mere peculiarities of position and circumstances, 246-7.-Migrating
animals do not wander, but regularly return; light thrown on the
question of unity or plurality of creations by the examination of the
fishes of Lake Superior, 248.—Examination of the question whether
the Petromyzons should form a subclass by themselves, or be classed
with the skates and sharks, and conclusion that they are simply embry-
onic forms of the latter type, 249–52.—Description of Ammocætes
borealis, 252–4.–LEPIDOSTEUS, as showing the reptilian character of the
ancient fishes, 254–63.—The sturgeons; their geographical distribution,
263-4.-Circumscribed within narrow limits in various parts of the
world, yet linked together by intermediate forms; peculiarity of their
distribution in America, 265-6.- Acipenser lævis, Agass., 267-71.-A.
carbonarius, Agass., 271-6.-A. rynchæus, Agass., 276–7.-A. Rupertianus,
277-8.-On the position of the Siluridæ and Goniodonts as aberrant
families of the order of Ganoids, 278-9.-The genus PIMELODUS; proba-
bly to be further subdivided; remarks on several species, 279-80.-
P. felis, Agass., 281-4.-Genus Percopsis, Agass., representative of an
ancient type of the tertiary period; intermediate between Percoids and
Salmonidæ, 284-5.-P. guttatus, Agass., 286-9.–PERCOIDS ; great dif..
ference in their distribution, between Lake Superior and the Lower
Lakes, 289-91.-Observations on Perca flavescens, 291-3.-On Pomotis
vulgaris, 293.—Lucioperca Americana ; value of the opercular spines as
distinctive mark in this genus, 294-5.—Grystes fasciatus, Agass., 295-7.
Huro nigricans, Cuv., a Grystes, 297.—Cottoids ; importance of correct
appreciation of the connecting character, rather than the amount of
external variation, in classification, 297-8.–Subfamily of ETHEOSTOMATA ;
ETHEOSTOMA; PILEOMA; PÆCILOSOMA, Agass., BOLEOSOMA, 298-9.-Cor-
TUS; character of genus ; various opinions as to number of species,
300.-C. Richardsoni, Agass., 300-3.-C. Franklini, Agass., 303–4.-
Boleosoma, characters of, 304.-B. maculatum, Agass., 305-7.-PILEOMA;
characters of this genus, 307–8.-P. zebra, Agass., 308–10.—Gasterosteus
nebulosus, Agass., 310-14.-G. Pygmeus, Agass., 314-15.–Family
EsociDÆ, 315–17.-Esox boreus, Agass., 317–21.-Family Gadoids ; ob-
scurity of their real affinities; disagreements and uncertainties as to
certain North American genera and species, 321-4.-Lota maculosa,
325-6.–Family SALMONIDÆ, observations on their classification and
geographical distribution, 326.-Showing plan of Supreme Intelligence,
327-30.-Salmo fontinalis, 330-31.-S. namaycush, observations upon,
331-3.-S. siscovet, Agass., 333–36.-COREGONUS, observations on the,
336-9.-C. Clupeiformis, 339-42.-C. albus, 342-4.-C. sapidissimus,
Agass., 344-48.-C. latior, Agass., 348–51.-C. quadrilateralis, 351-2.-
Family CYPRINOIDS, distribution, 352-3.-RHINICHTHYS, Agass., 353-4.–
R. marmoratus, Agass., 354-6.–CATOSTOMUS, difficulties in the study of
this genus, 356-7.-C. aureolus, 327.-C. Forsterianus, Agass., 358–60.-C.
aurora, Agass., 361-3.-ALBURNUS, 363.-A. rubellus, Agass., 364-6.
Gobio plumbeus, Agass., 366–8.--Leuciscus frontalis, Agass., 368–70.-L.
gracilis, Agass., 370–2.-L. Hudsonius, 372–3.—General observations; all
freshwater fishes of North America different from those of Europe ;
Lake Superior and the lakes north of it constitute a distinct zoological
district, 373-5.- These fishes must have been created where they now
live, 376.-Deductions from this fact, 377..
DESCRIPTION OF SOME NEW SPECIES OF REPTILES FROM THE REGION OP LAKE SUPERIOR.
Striking scarcity of birds and quadrupeds ; causes of this, 383-4.-List
of species, 384-5....
THE ERRATIC PHENOMENA ABOUT LAKB SUPERIOR.
The most minute and careful investigation of drift by the glacialists ;
whereas their opponents simply deny, 396.—The various erratic basins