Cognition in the Wild
MIT Press, 1995 - 381 páginas
Edwin Hutchins combines his background as an anthropologist and an open ocean racing sailor and navigator in this account of how anthropological methods can be combined with cognitive theory to produce a new reading of cognitive science. His theoretical insights are grounded in an extended analysis of ship navigation - its computational basis, its historical roots, its social organization, and the details of its implementation in actual practice aboard large ships. The result is an unusual interdisciplinary approach to cognition in culturally constituted activities outside the laboratory - "in the wild."
Hutchins examines a set of phenomena that have fallen in the cracks between the established disciplines of psychology and anthropology, bringing to light a new set of relationships between culture and cognition. The standard view is that culture affects the cognition of individuals. Hutchins argues instead that cultural activity systems have cognitive properties of their own that are different from the cognitive properties of the individuals who participate in them. Each action for bringing a large naval vessel into port, for example, is informed by culture: the navigation team can be seen as a cognitive and computational system.
Introducing Navy life and work on the bridge, Hutchins makes a clear distinction between the cognitive properties of an individual and the cognitive properties of a system. In striking contrast to the usual laboratory tasks of research in cognitive science, he applies the principal metaphor of cognitive science - cognition as computation (adopting David Marr's paradigm) - to the navigation task. After comparing modern Western navigation with the method practiced in Micronesia, Hutchins explores the computational and cognitive properties of systems that are larger than an individual. He then turns to an analysis of learning or change in the organization of cognitive systems at several scales.
Hutchins's conclusion illustrates the costs of ignoring the cultural nature of cognition, pointing to the ways in which contemporary cognitive science can be transformed by new meanings and interpretations.
A Bradford Book
Comentarios de la gente - Escribir un comentario
No encontramos ningún comentario en los lugares habituales.
Navigation as Computation
The Implementation of Contemporary Pilotage
The Organization of Team Performances
Navigation as a Context for Learning
Learning in Context
Otras ediciones - Ver todas
actions activity Anchor beam bearing behavior bridge called chapter chart cognitive communication compass complex computation conceptual constraints constructed coordination course cultural deck dependencies described Detail determine direction distance distributed environment error etak example figure functional given head hoey human important individual interaction internal interpretation island kinds knowledge landmark learning lines of position look mark meaning measure mediating memory move nature navigation team networks observations officer organization particular pattern pelorus operator performance person physical plotted plotter port position possible present problem procedure produce properties quartermaster recorder reference relations relationship relative representation represented rule scale sequence ship ship's simply social space speed star step structure symbols task things tion turn units voyage watch
Communities of Practice: Learning, Meaning, and Identity
Vista previa limitada - 1999
Todos los resultados de la Búsqueda de libros »