Imágenes de páginas

In it the two chapters on religion are noteworthy for the original myths and chants they contain. These were collected by Archdeacon Perham, and are printed in the native dialects, with translations. Several of them refer to the mysterious and all-pervading power which the Sea Dyaks speak of as Petara, and of whom they sing that he was :

Patu, nadai apai,
Endang nadai indai.

An orphan, without father,
Even without mother.

To define this belief, whether monotheistic or polytheistic, distinctly puzzles the Archdeacon, for they say of superior men, " They are petara," and, again, that every man has his own petara.

This is precisely as the Polynesians employ the term mania; the Quichuas, huaca; the Sioux, wakan, etc, signifying "the Divine,” which may or may not be individualized, but exists as the essence of nature. The legends given are curious and suggestive, but in some the influence of India is unmistakable. In fact, it may be said of the Dyak mythology that it is deeply colored with foreign additions, and further studies are necessary to determine what portions of it are truly indigenous and ethnic.

The legends quoted relate to the creation and the deluge, the origin of the tribes, animal stories, about water and mountain spirits, and one very entertaining piece, “ The story of the Ancient Traveler whose coming is unknown,” which narrates the war raid of their legendary hero Klieng to the skies.

The second volume deals with the habitations and arts of weaving, dyeing, and dressing; painting and tatooing ; wars, weapons, and the famous “head-hunting;” their poisons; slaves, sacrifices, and cannibalism; their government and useful arts; music, language, and archeology. To this is subjoined in an appendix a large number of vocabularies and ethnographical notes.

There is no doubt the natives were at one time cannibals, but the habit has fallen so much into disuse that scarcely an European can be mentioned who professes to have witnessed it.

It has been often stated that the Dyaks have an ancient and peculiar alphabet in which they write their records. This has not been supported by Mr Roth's scrutiny of the evidence. The characters found on their weapons and on rocks in their territory are of Indian provenance.

With regard to the archeology of the island, no signs of an extremely ancient or paleolithic population have been discovered. The caves have been explored and yielded human bones and implements, but only of cultural types and associated with recent fauna.

The dialects vary considerably, but are plainly Malayan. Some of them are intermediate between pure Malay and the Polynesian languages.

The tattooing is often of singular delicacy and symmetry. The designs figured, page 88, are elaborate and graceful. A similar sense of harmony is visible in the ornaments and the decorations of costumes.

This admirable treatise cannot fail to be appreciated highly by all students of the ethnology of the native races of the world.


[ocr errors]

The History of Mankind. By Professor Friedrich Ratzel. Translated from the

second German edition by A. J. Butler, M. A., with introduction by E. B. Tylor, D. C. L., F. R. S. Vol. I. London, Macmillan & Co., Limited (New York, The Macmillan Co.), 1896. 80, xxiv, 486 pp., plates and figures. Price, $4. This is one of the most important contributions to English anthropologic literature that has been made in recent years; not that the work is an exposition of new discoveries relating to the science of man-for like Wood, Brown, Prichard, Latham, Waitz, and other anthropologists the author deals largely with facts gleaned and published by others—but the contrast between the old and the new is so great that one is surprised by the completeness and beauty of this first volume of Dr Ratzel's English edition.

There is not sufficient space to give an extended account of this new work, which is translated by Mr A. J. Butler from the second German edition of 1894–95. This first volume contains an introduction by Professor E. B. Tylor, the great English anthropologist, the body of the work being devoted to (Book I) the Principles of Ethnography and (Book II) the American Pacific Group of Races. Book I (129 pp.) comprises : (1) The task of ethnography; (2) Situation, aspect, and numbers of the human race; (3) The position of natural races among mankind; (4) Nature, rise, and spread of civilization; (5) Language; (6) Religion; (7) Science and art; (8) Invention and discovery ; (9) Agriculture and cattle-breeding; (10) Clothing and ornament; (11) Habitations; (12) Family and social customs; (13) The state; in fine the entire scope of the subject is treated as fully as a popular work requires. Book II describes (a) The races of Oceania, (6) The Australians, (c) Malays and Malagasies.

The volume is fully and beautifully illustrated. In addition to nine colored plates, mostly illustrating weapons, utensils, sacred paraphernalia, etc, there are more than 300 finely executed wood engravings and maps. In the preparation of his text and illustrations the author has drawn extensively on the ethnological collections in the museums of Berlin, Munich, Vienna, Dresden, and Stockholm, as well as in the British museum and in private cabinets.

Professor Ratzel's work, which will comprise three volumes, shows probably better than any similar production the progress made in anthropological research throughout the world during the last few decades. It is destined to contribute largely toward stimulating anthropological work, and we predict for it the abundant success it deserves.


JAPANESE ARMY RATIONS.— The most curious alimentation is that of the Japanese soldier, a newcomer in the world's armies. It reaches 1,091 grams and 29 centimes of rice daily, to which can be added fish, fresh or dry, pâtes of fermented haricots, European vegetables, gherkins, aquatic herbs, stalks of the water lily, preserved ginger, shrimps, fermented cucumbers, lobsters, roasted corn, and other things.




[ocr errors]

Andrade (B. M.) L'antropología Compayré (Gabriel). L'évolution

criminal y la novela naturalista. intellectuelle et morale de l'enMadrid, 1896, 175 p. 8o.

fant. Paris, 1896, xxiv, 371 p. Andree (Richard). Braunschweiger Volkskunde. Braunschweig, 1896,

The same. The intellectual F. Vieweg u. Sohn, xiv, 385 p. 8o. and moral development of the Baranski (A.) Die vorgeschicht

child. Pt. 1. Transl. from the liche Zeit im Lichte der Haustier- French by Mary E. Wilson. New cultur. Wien, 1896, M. Perles, iv,

York, 1896, D. Appleton & Co., 296 p. roy. 8°.

viii, 298 p. 8o. de Baye (J.) Baron. Mission arché- Cramer (Frank). The method of ologique et ethnographique en

Darwin: a study in scientific Russie et en Sibérie occidentale

method. Chicago, 1896, A. C. (1895). Paris, 1896, 30 p. 8o. McClurg & Co., ii, 232 p. 8°. Bhattacharya (Jogendra Nath).

Diguet (E.) Étude de la langue Hindu castes and sects. An ex- Tai. Paris, 1896. 8°. position of the origin of the Fani (A.) La deportazione. Roma, Hindu caste system and the bear- 1896, 204 p. 8o. ing of the sects towards each other Ghisleri (A.) Le razze umane e il and towards other religious sys- diritto nella questione coloniale. tems. Calcutta, 1896, Thacker,

2. ed. Bergamo, 1896, 147 p. 8°. Spink & Co., xvii, 623 p. 12o.

Guignard (Ludovic). Une ville Bielenstein (A.), (E.) und (H.) préhistorique à Averdon. [ReStudien aus dem Gebiete der let

print from: J. de l’avenir.] Blois, tischen Archäologie, Ethnogra

1896, Migault et Cie., 7 p. 16o. phie und Mythologie. (Reprint from : Mag. d. lett. litt. Gesellsch.)

Hausmann (Richard). Grabfunde Riga, 1896, L. Hoerschelmann. aus Estland. Eine archäologische

Studie. Reval, 1896, F. Kluge, v, de Blasio (A.) Il cranio scafoide

54 p., 4 pl., 1 plan. 4°. di A. G. di Napoli. (Reprint from :

Herraiz (G.) Tratado de antroRiv. ital. di sc. nat.) Siena, 1896,

pología y pedagogía. Madrid,

1896, 564 p. 8°. Boussac (H.) Tombeaux thébains:

Hirsch (William). Genius and dele tombeau d'Anna. Paris, 1896,

generation: a psychological study. 16 pl. fol.

Transl. from the 2. ed. of the GerBrinton (Daniel Garrison). The

man work. New York, 1896, D. myths of the new world: a trea

Appleton & Co., vi, 333 p. 8o. tise on the symbolism and my

Jacottet (E.) Étude sur les langues thology of the red race of America.

du Haut-Zambèze. Paris, 1896, New 3. ed. revised. Philadelphia,

xxxviii, 138 p. 8o. 1896, D. McKay, iv, 360 p. 8°. Leboucq (H) De la brachydacCollignon (D.-R.) Les premiers

tylie et de l'hyperphalangie chez habitants de l'Europe d'après M.

l'homme. Bruxelles, 1896. 8°. d'Arbois de Jubainville. (Reprint Léger i Louis). Études de mytholofrom: Sc. biol.] Paris, 1896, 16 p. gie slave. Mémoires i et ii. Paris, 8o.

1895-6, Maisonneuve. 8°.

[ocr errors]

4 p. 4°


Legros (V.) L'aristotypie. Paris,

1896, Soc. d'éd. scient., 192 p. 8o. Pellizzari (V.) Il delitto e la

scienza moderna. Treviso, 1896,

454 p. 89. Le Plongeon (Augustus). Queen

Móo and the Egyptian Sphinx.
London, 1896, Kegan Paul, 277 p.,

75 pl. 4o. Sach (A.) Das Herzogtum Schles

wig in seiner ethnographischen und nationalen Entwickelung. 1. Abt. Halle a. S., 1896, Buchh.

d. Waisenh., 143 p. 8°. Senart (E.) Les castes dans l'Inde.

Paris, 1896, xxii, 263 p. 12o. Sepp (J.) Ansiedelung kriegs

gefangener Slaven oder Sklaven in Altbayern und ihre letzten Spuren. München, 1896, M.

Poessl. 8°. Sethe (Kurt). Untersuchungen

zur Geschichte und Altertumskunde Aegyptens. 1. Hft. Leipzig, 1896, J. C. Hinrichs, vi, 129 p.

4o. Skinner (Charles M.) Myths and

legends of our own land. 2 vols. Philadelphia, 1896, J. B. Lippin

cott Co. 8o. Somerville (B.T.) and S. C. Wei

gall. A vocabulary of various dialects used in New Georgia, Solomon Islands. London, 1896,

36 p. 8o. Spalikowsky (Éd.) Le menhir

de Montigny près Rouen. (Reprint from: Naturaliste.] Rouen, 1896, 4 p. 8°.

Nos ancêtres préhistoriques. Rouen, 1896, 10 p. 8o. Stucken (Eduard). Astralmythen

der Hebräer, Babylonier und Aegypter. Religionsgeschichtliche Untersuchungen. 1. Th. Leipzig, 1896, E. Pfeiffer, v, 80 p.,

1 pl. 8o. Winckler (Hugo). Die Thontafeln

von Tell-el-Amarna. [Keilinschriftl. Biblioth., v.] 1. Hälfte. Berlin, 1896, Reuther & Reichardt, 272 p. 8o.

1896, xvii, 450,1 ch.—Armenischen (Die) Frauen. Globus, Brnschwg., 1896, lxx, 214-217. d'Ault du Mesnil (G.) Note sur le terrain quaternaire des environs d'Abbeville. Rev. mens. de l'École d'anthrop. de Par., 1896, vi, 284–296, 2 pl., 1 map.–Ballet (G.) et J. Roubinovitch. Les persécutés processifs. Chron. méd., Par., 1896, ii, 552–559.-Bancalari (G.) Forschungen und Studien über das Haus. Mitth. d. anthrop. Gesellsch. in Wien, 1896, n. F., xvi, 93-128.Beames (J.) A plain account of Buddhism. Imp. & Asiat. Q. Rev., Woking, 1896, 3. s., ii, 145-161. – Benedikt (M.) Nouvelle contribution à l'anatomie comparée du

Bull. Soc. d'anthrop. de Par., 1896, 4. s., vii, 228-241.Bodio (L.) La criminalità italiana nel 1894. Scuola positiva, Napoli, 1896, vi, 456–183.--Cagnat. Découvertes nouvelles en Tunisie. | Tombeaux phéniciens de Mahedia; inscription romaine de Lamta.] Compt. rend. Acad. d. inscr. et belles-lettres, Par., 1896, 4. s., xxiv, 218,229, 3 pl. Carrara e Roncoroni. Cervello e cranio di Colli, brigante biellese. Arch. di psichiat. (etc.), Torino, 1896, xvii, 453. – Chastang (L.) La Corée et les Coréens; notes de géographie médicale et d'ethnographie." Arch. de méd. nav., l’ar., 1896, Ixvi, 161-212. Also, transl. [Abstr.]: Lancet, Lond., 1896, ii, 1030.-Clarke (R. F.) NeoMalthusianism. N. Am. Rev., N. Y., 1896, clxiii, 345–361.-Cognetti. Criminaloidi. Arch. di psichiat. [etc.], Torino, 1896, xvii, 418. Delinquente d'occasione. Ibid., 447. -Discussion sur la limitation volontaire de la population. Bull. Soc. d'anthrop. de Par., 1896, 4. s., vii, 210-224.-Drapes (T.) Is insanity increasing? Fortnightly Rev., Lond., 1896, n. s., lx, 483-493.Dugès (A.) El pie de los monos. Mem. Soc. cient. "Antonio Alzate," México, 1895–6, ix, 325-327, 1 pl. Evans (A. J.) 'The Eastern question in anthropology. Nature, Lond., 1896, liv, 527-535.-Evans (Sir J.) On some palæolithic implements found in Somaliland by

Anfosso (L.) I craniogramma. Arch. di psichiat. [etc.], Torino,

« AnteriorContinuar »