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July second, eighteen hundred and ninety?; sections seventy-three to seventy-seven, inclusive, of an Act entitled “ An Act to reduce taxation, to provide revenue for the Government, and for other purposes," of August twenty-seventh, eighteen hundred and ninety-four; an Act entitled “An Act to amend sections seventy-three and seventy-six of the Act of August twenty-seventh, eighteen hundred and ninety-four, entitled 'An Act to reduce taxation, to provide revenue for the Government,

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no power or jurisdiction so far as relating to any matter which by this Act is made subject to the jurisdiction of the Secretary [of Agriculture), except in cases in which, before the enactment of this Act, complaint has been served under sec. 5 of the Act entitled 'An Act to create a Federal Trade Commission, to define its powers and duties, and for other pur. poses,' approved Sept. 26, 1914, or under sec. 11 of the Act entitled * An Act to supplement existing laws against unlawful restraints and monopolies, and for other purposes,' approved October 15, 1914, and except when the Secretary of Agriculture, in the exercise of his duties hereunder, shall request of the said Federal Trade Commission that it make investigations and report in any case"; and

That by the last paragraph of sec. 407 of the Transportation Act, approved Feb. 28, 1920, ch. 91, 41 Stat. 456 at 482, the provisions of the Clayton Act and of all other restraints or probibitions, State or Federal, are made inapplicable to carriers, in so far as the provisions of the section in question, which relate to division of traffic, acquisition by a carrier of control of other carriers and consolidation of railroad systems or railroads, are concerned.

That Public No. 146, Sixty-seventh Congress, approved Feb. 8, 1922, permits, subject to the provisions set forth, associations of producers of agricultural products for the purpose of preparing for market, handling, and marketing in interstate and foreign commerce such products

(See also in this general connection the limitation imposed in connection with the appropriations for enforcing the Sherman Act as set forth in the following note :)

2 The Sherman Act (26 Stat. 209), which, as a matter of convenience, is printed herewith. While the Act Itself has not been amended, appropriations for the fiscal years ending June 30, 1920, 1921, 1922, and 1923 (Sundry Civil Appropriation Act, July 19, 1919, ch. 24, 41 Stat. 208, Sundry Civil Appropriation Act, June 5, 1920, ch. 235, 41 Stat. 922, Sundry Civil Appropriation Act, Mar. 4, 1921, ch. 161, 41 Stat. 1411, and State, Justice, and Judiciary Appropriation Acts, June 1, 1922, ch. 204, sess. II, 42 Stat. 613, and Jan. 3, 1923, 42 Stat., respectively), were made contingent upon no part of the moneys being-

“ Spent in the prosecution of any organization or individual for entering Into any combination or agreement having in view the increasing of wages, shortening of hours or bettering the conditions of labor, or for any act done in furtherance thereof, not in itself unlawful: Provided further, That no part of this appropriation shall be expended for the prosecution of producers of farm products and associations of farmers who cooperate and organize in an effort to and for the purpose to obtain and maintain a fair and reasonable price for their products."

The act, omitting the usual formal “ Be it enacted,etc., follows:

CONTRACTS, COMBINATIONS, ETC., IN RESTRAINT OF TRADE ILLEGAL.

SECTION 1. Every contract, combination in the form of trust or otherwise, or conspiracy, in restraint of trade or commerce among the several States, or with foreign nations, is hereby declared to be illegal. Every person who shall make any such contract or engage in any such combination or conspiracy, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, on conviction thereof, shall be punished by ine not exceeding five thousand

Sec. 1. DEFINITIONS—Continued. and for other purposes,"” approved February twelfth,

nineteen hundred and thirteen; and also this Act. " Commerce.” “Commerce," as used herein, means trade or com

merce among the several States and with foreign nations,
or between the District of Columbia or any Territory of
the United States and any State, Territory, or foreign
nation, or between any insular possessions or other places
under the jurisdiction of the United States, or between
any such possession or place and any State or Territory
of the United States or the District of Columbia or any
foreign nation, or within the District of Columbia or any
Territory or any insular possession or other place under
the jurisdiction of the United States: Provided, That
nothing in this Act contained shall apply to the Philip-
pine Islands.
The word “person

or “persons” wherever used in Dersons."

this Act shall be deemed to include corporations and associations existing under or authorized by the laws of

“Person or

dollars, or by imprisonment not exceeding one year, or by both said punishments, in the discretion of the court.

PERSON MONOPOLIZING TRADE GUILTY OF MISDEMEANOR-PENALTI.

SBC, 2. Every person who shall monopolize, or attempt to monopolize, or combine or conspire with any other person or persons, to monopolize any part of the trade or commerce among the several States, or with for eign nations, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, on conviction thereof, shall be punished by fine not exceeding five thousand dollars, or by imprisonment not exceeding one year, or by both said punishments, in the discretion of the court.

COMBINATIONS IN TERRITORIES OR DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA ILLEGAL PENALTY.

SEC. 3. Every contract, combination in form of trust or otherwise, or conspiracy, in restraint of trade or commerce in any Territory of the United States or of the District of Columbia, or in restraint of trade or commerce between any such Territory and another, or between any such Territory or Territories and any State or States or the District of Columbia, or with foreign nations, or between the District of Columbia and any Btate or States or foreign nations, is hereby declared illegal. Every person who shall make any such contract or engage in any such combination or conspiracy, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, on conviction thereof, shall be punished by ine not exceeding five thousand dollars, or by imprisonment not exceeding one year, or by both said punishments, in the discretion of the court.

ENFORCEMENT.

SEC. 4. The several circuit courts of the United States are hereby invested with jurisdiction to prevent and restrain violations of this act, and It shall be the duty of the several district attorneys of the United States, in their respective districts, under the direction of the Attorney General, to institute proceedings in equity to prevent and restrain such violations. Such proceedings may be by way of petition setting forth the case and praying that such violation shall be enjoined or otherwise probibited. When the parties complained of sball have been duly notified of such

.

Unlawful where

lessen

either the United States, the laws of any of the Terri-
tories, the laws of any State, or the laws of any foreign
country.
Sec. 2. PRICE DISCRIMINATION.'
Sec. 2. That it shall be unlawful for any person en-

effect may be to gaged in commerce, in the course of such commerce, either substantially directly or indirectly to discriminate in price between tion or tend to different purchasers of commodities, which commodities oly. are sold for use, consumption, or resale within the United States or any Territory thereof or the District of Columbia or any insular possession or other place under the jurisdiction of the United States, where the effect of such discrimination may be to substantially lessen competition or tend to create a monopoly in any line of com

create & monop

petition the court shall proceed, as soon as may be, to the hearing and determination of the case; and pending such petition and before inal decree, the court may at any time make such temporary restraining order or prohibition as shall be deemed just in the premises.

ADDITIONAL PARTIES.

SEC. 5. Whenever it shall appear to the court before which any proceeding under section four of this act may be pending, that the ends of justice require that other parties should be brought before the court, the court may cause them to be summoned, whether they reside in the district in which the court is held or not; and subpænas to that end may be served in any district by the marshal thereof.

FORFEITURE OF PROPERTY.

SEC. 6. Any property owned under any contract or by any combination, or pursuant to any conspiracy (and being the subject thereof) mentioned in section one of this act, and being in the course of transportation from one State to another, or to a foreign country, shall be forfeited to the United States, and may be seized and condemned by like proceedings as those provided by law for the forfeiture, seizure, and condemnation of property imported into the United States ntrary to law.

SUITS-RECOVERY.

SBC. 7. Any person who shall be injured in his business or property by any other person or corporation by reason of anything forbidden or declared to be unlawful by this act, may sue therefor in any circuit court of the United States, in the district in which the defendant resides or is found, without respect to the amount in controversy, and shall recover threefold the damages by him sustained, and the costs of suit, including a reasonable attorney's fee.

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SEC. 8. That the word “person," or "persons," wherever used in this act shall be deemed to include corporations and associations existing under or authorized by the laws of either the United States, the laws of any of the Territories, the laws of any State or the laws of any foreign country.

: On provisions of the Shipping Board Act, Packers and Stockyards Act, 1921, and Transportation Act, limiting the scope of the Clayton Act in certain cases, see second, third, and fourth paragraphs of the footnoto on pp. 502-503.

it

tion, and

lect own custom

tion,

Sec. 2. PRICE DISCRIMINATION-Continued. But permissible merce: Provided, That nothing herein contained shall quality, or quan: prevent discrimination in price between purchasers of tity, or in selling commodities on account of differences in the grade, coste et compete quality, or quantity of the commodity sold, or that makes meet .

only dus allowance for difference in the cost of selling or transportation, or discrimination in price in the same or

different communities made in good faith to meet comVendor may se- petition: And provided further, That nothing herein coners it not in retained shall prevent persons engaged in selling goods, straint of trade.

wares, or merchandise in commerce from selecting their own customers in bona fide transactions and not in restraint of trade.

Sec. 3. TYING OR EXCLUSIVE LEASES, SALES OR CON

TRACTS." Unlawful where SEC. 3. That it shall be unlawful for any person eneffect may be to Substantially gaged in commerce, in the course of such commerce, to lessen competi.

lease or make a sale or contract for sale of goods, wares, merchandise, machinery, supplies or other commodities, whether patented or unpatented, for use, consumption or resale within the United States or any Territory thereof or the District of Columbia or any insular possession or other place under the jurisdiction of the United States, or fix a price charged therefor, or discount from, or rebate upon, such price, on the condition, agreement or understanding that the lessee or purchaser thereof shall not use or deal in the goods, wares, merchandise, machinery, supplies or other commodities of a competitor or competitors of the lessor or seller, where the effect of such lease, sale, or contract for sale or such condition, agreement or understanding may be to substantially lessen competition or tend to create a monopoly in any line of commerce.

Sec. 4. VIOLATION OF ANTITRUST LAWS-DAMAGES

TO PERSON INJURED. May sue in any Sec. 4. That any person who shall be injured in his busiUnited States district court, and ness or property by reason of anything forbidden in the damages, includ-antitrust laws5 may sue therefor in any district court

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of the United States in the district in which the defendant resides or is found or has an agent, without respect

ing cost of suit.

* On provisions of the Shipping Board Act, Packers and Stockyards Act, 1921, and Transportation Act, limiting the scope of the Clayton Act in certain cases, see second, third, and fourth paragraphs of the footnote on pp. 502-503.

5 For text of Sherman Act, see footnote on pp. 503-505. As enumerated in Clayton Act, see first paragraph thereof on pp. 502-504.

to the amount in controversy, and shall recover threefold the damages by him sustained, and the cost of suit, including a reasonable attorney's fee.

Sec. 5. PROCEEDINGS BY OR IN BEHALF OF UNITED STATES UNDER ANTITRUST LAWS. FINAL JUDGMENTS OR DECREES THEREIN AS EVIDENCE IN PRIVATE LITI. GATION. INSTITUTION THEREOF AS SUSPENDING STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS.

dence against

litiga

ments or decrees

Sec. 5. That a final judgment or decree hereafter ren- Prima facie evi; dered in any criminal prosecution or in any suit or pro- in private night ceeding in equity brought by or on behalf of the United tion. States under the antitrust laws to the effect that a defendant has violated said laws shall be prima facie evidence against such defendant in any suit or proceeding brought by any other party against such defendant under said laws as to all matters respecting which said judgment or decree would be an estoppel as between the parties thereto: Provided, This section shall not apply to

Consent judg. consent judgments or decrees entered before any testi- excepted. mony has been taken: Provided further, This section shall not apply to consent judgments or decrees rendered in criminal proceedings or suits in equity, now pending, in which the taking of testimony has been commenced but has not been concluded, provided such judgments or de crees are rendered before any further testimony is taken.

Whenever any suit or proceeding in equity or criminal stafute of top prosecution is instituted by the United States to prevent, spect" to "private restrain or punish violations of any of the antitrust laws, pending proceed the running of the statute of limitations in respect of states ühe er nited each and every private right of action arising under said trust laws, laws and based in whole or in part on any matter complained of in said suit or proceeding shall be suspended during the pendency thereof.

Sec. 6. LABOR OF HUMAN BEINGS NOT A COMMODITY OR ARTICLE OF COMMERCE.

Sec. 6. That the labor of a human being is not a com- Labor, agricul. modity or article of commerce. Nothing contained in the cultural organi. antitrust laws shall be construed to forbid the existence members, organ; and operation of labor, agricultural, or horticultural or-belpe and without

capital ganizations, instituted for the purposes of mutual help, affected by anti

: and not having capital stock or conducted for profit, or respect to their to forbid or restrain individual members of such organi-jects. zations from lawfully carrying out the legitimate objects

limita. with

under .

.

a

tural, or horti.

6

For text of Sherman Act, see footnote on pp. 503-505. As enumerated in Clayton Act, see first paragraph thereof on pp. 502-504.

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