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cffufions of his spirit, and for a blefộng upon any efforts which may be made to advance the kingdom of his dear Son.
These considerations induce the Editors to solicit the friends of Christ to encourage a work designed to diffuse religious knowledge and to raise a fund for continuing the light of the gospel among the inhabitants of the new and scattered settlements in the United States, and to spread this light among tribes of Savages now perishing for lack of vision.
The following is the plan of this work.
Esays on the doctrines of Christianity, and on religious, experimental and moral fubje&ts :-Occasional remarks on the fulfilment of fcripture prophecies in the present day, and expositions of difficult and doubtful passages of scripture :-Religious intelligence concerning the ftate of Christ's kingdom, throughout the Christian world, and ketches of the original ecclesiastical concerns of this country :-Information respecting Missions to the new settlements in the United States and among Heathen nations :-Narratives of revivals of religion in particuJar places together with the distinguishing marks of true and false religion :-Accounts of remarkable dispensations of divine Providence : -Biographical sketches of perfons eminent for piety :-Original hymns on evangelical subjects :-Together with whatever else on the fubject of religion and morals may contribute to the advancement of genuine piety and pure morality.
This work will consist of original pieces and of extracts from the best European and American publications. As the Magazine is deSigned for the promotion of vital Christianity, and of a knowledge of the great and effential truths of the gospel, Essays which are merely controverfial or deeply metaphysical, it will be seen, come not within the object of this publication ; nevertheless, should any such be fent which, in the opinion of the Editors, are highly meritorious, they will be admitted. The Magazine will be open to receive communications from all denominations of Christians who believe in the peculiar principles of Christianity; but if written upon the distinguishing tenets of their respective sects, they will be excluded. The profits arising from the sale of this publication will be appropriated to the support of Missionaries to the Heathen or among the inhabitants of the new settlements.
Afbort dissertation on the Commun- tural to say, they have communion
of the Holy Ghoji. or fellow hip with the Holy Ghost. HE communion of the Ho- Ghost, is a scripturat expresion :
The communion of the Holy T
ly Ghost is exprellion used by the apostle Paul in 2 Cor. Ghoft, is not a scriptural expref
but communion with the original, which is there translated fion, and perhaps, not suited to communion, is frequently rendered convey a scriptural idea.
The following observations, it fellowship. It is derived from a word which signifies common ;
is apprehended, are founded on
and the word itfelf seems primarily to
the representations contained in
the scriptures, viz. import a common interest--poffef
1. The Holy Ghost is the Spirfing, enjoying or sharing a thing in it of the Father, and of his Son common ; or a joint participation Jesus Christ. This will be admitin the same thing. Hence, when ted by all who read the New-Tefseveral persons are joint-partakers
tament with attention. of the Holy Ghost, whether in
If we consider the Son merely equal, ar in different degrees, the
as God, or in his original state, communion of the Holy Ghost is with them ; or they have com
previous to his actual assumption of
the human nature, the Holy Spirmunion one with another in the Holy Ghost. This joint-partici-er's, and in the same fense and
it is as 'truly his Spirit as the Fathpation of the Holy Ghost, as a
whatever that be. And good or enjoyment, in a greater if the Son is confidered in his inor less degree, commion to them all, is the communion of the Ho
cercate persor and office-character,
as God's apoint:d, the Holy ly Ghost. It is agreeable to scripture to
Spirit is his, by virtue of the afay, Christians have fellow, ship Father when he gave him the Spir
nointing which he received of the [communion] with the Father,
it without measure. and with his Son Jesus Christ.
2. The Holy Spirit is given to i John i. 3. But it is not scrip- the chiisiren of God--to all true
believers, to abide in them as a vi- common interest. And this is untal principle, like a well or foun- doubtedly included in the comtain of water, springing up into munion of Christians with the everlasting life. John iv. 14. Father, and with his Son Lalus He is given by the Father. Luke Christ. God and Jesus Christ Hi . 13. Gal
. iv. 6. And he is communicate the Holy Spirit to given by Christ.
John xvi. 7. believers ; and they, under the Hedwells in Christians as the Spir- influence of this Spirit, commuit of God, and as the Spiritof Christ. nicate or devote their hearts and Rom. viii. 9, 10, 11. The Ho their whole persons to Jesus Christ, ly Spirit, abiding in Christians as and to God through him. The the Spirit of adoption and of prom- Spirit communicated to them, proise, is the earnest of their inheri- duces a return of communications, tance ; and by him they are sealed in the exercises of love, gratitude unto the day of redemption. He and praise, self-dedication, trust is the internal source and support of and dependence, joy and rejoicing, their spiritual life and holiness, and in acts of worihip and obedie comfort and joy. Hereby they ence, inclusive of all those spiritare partakers of a divine na- ual facrifices, which are acceptable ture. According to the measure to God by Jesus Christ. Such of the Spirit communicated to mutual intercourse and communi. them, they have the same Spirit cations, between God and his peo: with God and Jesus Christ--the ple, exist and are maintained by fame difpofition or affection, in the Holy Spirit ; though, ordikind, towards the fame objects narily, not without the instrumenthe same interest at heart-the tality of external means. fame ultimate object of pursuit. God communicates himself to Thus they have communion-a them, by giving them his Holy common interest, with the Father, Spirit ; and they give themselves. and with his Son Jesus Christ, and to him. He sheds abroad his love jointly partake or share, though in in their hearts by the Holy Ghoft; a different manner, and in an infi- and they love and obey him with nitely lower degree, in the same filial affection, joy and confidence. things.
He comes to them, and makes his The principal thing, in which abode with them, by his Spirit : the Father and the Son and all and they under the influence of true believers, have communion or this Spirit, draw nigh to him in a common interest, and which prayer and praise, and other reliis the source of their fellowship or gious exercises and actions, and joint-participation in the same affec- meet with a gracious acceptance. tion, interest and end, is the Holy Hence, the communion consisting Ghost. Therefore, this commun- in such mutual communications, ign is, with propriety, termed, not may, with propriety, be termed, communion with, but, the com- the communion of the Holy Ghost munion of the Holy Ghost. -the Holy Spirit being the great
3. The word communion, though and comprehensive good on it may primarily import a common God's part, communicated by him, interest or joint-participation, is producing all their holiness and also used tosignify mutual communi fpiritual joy and happiness ; and cction ; which is generally impli- the great agent in, or fource of ed in, or the natural result of, a all holy and acceptable communi-,
cations and correspondence, on their several wants and abilities,
communicate and impart to one 4. 'All Christians, who have another, for their mutual benefit. communion with the Father, and This communion of Christians with his Son Jesus Christ, have with one another, appears to be fellowship with one another. coinprised in the communion of the
By one Spirit Christians are all' Holy Ghost ; since it either conbaptized into one body, and are fifts in, or is the natural confeall made to drink into one Spirit. quence of, their joint-participation 1 Cor. xii. 13
Hence, as one of the same Holy Spirit, by whose general rule of faith and practice is agency they are formed into one common to them all, they have body, of one heart and one foul, fellowship in sentiment, affection under and in union with one com and practice. The same viewsand mon head, the Lord Jesus Chrift, ideas of God, of Christ, and of Blessed communion ! and happy, themselves, of the law, and of the indeed, in every real subject of it! gospel, are common to them all
ASTHENES, I mean, the grand capital ideas. They believe the same fundamental For the Connect!CUT EVANdoctrines in the fame mediator, GELIČAL MAGAZINE. They jointly partake of and thare Thoughts on the nature and den in the fame Spirit. Hence, they
Sign of the Prolation of Site
ners for Eternity. are alike affected towards God and Christ and one another--towards HAT mankind are probamankind in general-towards the tioners for eternity, is a things of this world, and those of truth abundantly evident from the the world to come. They jointly fcriptures—and it is of great impartake in the same graces or fruits portance that it should be rightly of the Spirit, though not all in the understood and believed," It is eva, fame degree. They have the fame ident, however, that many enterend ultimately in view--the same tain erroneous notions respecting supreme ultimate object of desire, it-notions which are inconsistent hope and pursuit. They enjoy the with the character of God, and fame fpiritual privileges and bles- involve a false idea of the nature fings, though in different degrees of man, and of moral agency. and with circumstantial differences. It is a matter, therefore, wortby, They have a joint-participation in of particular attention. The folthe same communion with God lowing obfervations are offered and Jesus Christ. They have a with a design to set the subject in a common interest in the fame God true point of light--and a hope and Father in the fame Lord that they may excite, in the mind and Saviour in the same right of the reader, fome just sense of eousness and atonement, and in the the folemn and all-important situafame eternal salvation. Being tion of mankind while in this promembers of the fame body, united bationary state. to the same common head, they When it is said that mankind have a mutual interest in and care are probationers for eternity, it is of one another, and can feel for implied that they are in a fiate of and sympathize withone another in trial ; and that their condition in joy and sorrow; and according to the future world is suspended upon
the issue of this trial. It implies them, to put forth fuch volitions, that they are moral agents ; and and external adions, as are accord. that life and death are set before ing to the affection expérienced, them for their choice-the one or and are the proper expressions of the other of which is to be their the tasie or temper of our hearts, portion, according to the issue of the we are free moral agents in the trial, or the probation of their hearts. highest sense of the words.
First. În order to any person's The idea which some have had, being in a state of probation, he that in order to our being free mormust be a moral agent. But what al agents, we must have a power is moral agency ? Or what is ne- to desire, will, and act contrary to cessary to constitute a person a free our taste ; or, which is the fame, moral agent
? A few observations that we must be able to change our in answer to this question will tend own hearts, or, to love and choose to elucidate the general subject. an object, at the same time in Some jaft ideas respecting free which we have a taste wholly opmoral agency, are necessary to a posed to it, is absurd. No fuch right understanding of the nature thing is implied in free moral agenand defign of that state of trial, sy. Whoever feels the affection of or probation, in which mankind love or hatred-pleasure or pain, are placed.
when the divine character, or any And it may be observed that a thing of a moral nature is brought person, to be a free moral agent into view, and whose volitious, or mult poffcss understanding, tate, exercises of the will, are correfand will. The understanding, is pondent to these affections, is a that faculty by which we obtain a free moral agent. He has all the speculative knowledge of truth, freedom of action which it is pofor of any natural or moral objects. fible to conceive of, in a creature. The taste of the soul, (like that of That these ideas respecting what the body from which the figure is is implied in free moral agency, taken) is a foundation, or predif- are juft, will be evident, if we position to receive pleasure or consider that the elect angels, who pain, when objects of a moral na- are established in holiness, are free ture are presented. The will is a moral agents, fo far that all their faculty by which the mind puis exercifes are praise-worthy or virforth volitions, or acts of choice, tuous and holy. But wherein in view of objects, according to does this freedom confift, exeept the affections which they excité. it be in acting voluntarily and ac
It is immaterial what the nature cording to the holy taste of their of a person's taste of heart is, in hearts? Yet we cannot conceive order to free moral agency be of their being able to ad otherwise cause free moral agency does not than they do ; or so that any
of confilt in being of a particular their actions should be sinful, untaste, or temper of heart; but in less they should first fall, and bes acting according to our taite, be it come of a depraved corrupt taste. good, or bad-acting as we please. But from this they will ever be If we are fo formed as to feel the kept by the conitant upholding affection of pleasure or painlove hand of God. Adam also, in inor hatred, in view of objects ; nocency, was a free moral agent, and are able, upon fecling either of and acted out the temper of his these afcftions, or any included in heart. The divine character, to