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For Sale by the Superintendent of Documents U. S. Government Printing Office
Washington 25, D. C.
A Collection of Documentary Evidence and Guide Materials Prepared by the American and British Prosecuting Staffs for Presentation before the International Military Tribunal at Nurnberg, Germany, in the case of
THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, THE FRENCH REPUBLIC, THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND, and THE UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS
HERMANN WILHELM GOERING, RUDOLF HESS,
C Ο Ν Τ Ε Ν Τ S
1. Common Objectives, Methods, and Doctrines of the Con-
2. Acquisition of Totalitarian Political Control.
3. Consolidation of Totalitarian Political Control..
4. Purge of Political Opponents and Terrorization..
5. Destruction of the Free Trade Unions and Acquisition of
Control over the Productive Labor Capacity.
6. Suppression of the Christian Churches...
V. Adoption and Publication of the Program for Persecution
8. Reshaping of Education and Training of Youth..
9. Propaganda, Censorship, and Supervision of Cultural Ac-
10. Militarization of Nazi Organizations.
VIII. Economic Aspects of the Conspiracy...
IX. Launching of Wars of Aggression...
1. The Plotting of Aggressive War.
2. Preparation for Aggression: 1933-1936.
3. Aggression Against Austria...
4. The Execution of the Plan to Invade Czechoslovakia.
5. Opening Address for the United Kingdom...
6. Aggression as a Basic Nazi Idea: Mein Kampf.
7. Treaty Violations
8. Aggression against Poland, Danzig, England and France. 673
9. Aggression against Norway and Denmark..
10. Aggression against Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxuni-
11. Aggression against Greece and Yugoslavia.
12. Aggression against the USSR...
13. Collaboration with Italy and Japan and Aggressive War
against the United States: November 1936 to December 1941 840
X. The Slave Labor Program, the Illegal Use of Prisoners of War,
and the Special Responsibility of Sauckel and Speer Therefor 875
XI. Concentration Camps
XII. The Persecution of the Jews....
XIII. Germanization and Spoliation...
XIV. The Plunder of Art Treasures.
I On the 2d day of May 1945, President Truman signed Executive Order 9547 appointing Justice Robert H. Jackson as Representative of the United States and as its Chief of Counsel in the preparation and prosecution of the case against the major Axis war criminals. Since that date and up to the present, the staff of the Office of Chief of Counsel, or OCC, has been engaged continuously in the discovery, collection, examination, translation, and marshalling of documentary evidence demonstrating the criminality of the former leaders of the German Reich. Since the 20th day of November 1945, a considerable part of this documentary arsenal has been directed against the 22 major Nazi war criminals who are on trial before the International Military Tribunal in Nurnberg. As of this writing the American and British casesin-chief, on Counts I and II of the Indictment charging, respectively, conspiracy and the waging of wars of aggression, have been completed.
There is perhaps no need to recall in these pages that the Nurnberg trial represents the first time in history that legal proceedings have been instituted against leaders of an enemy nation. It is perhaps equal supererogation to state here that there are no exact precedents for the charges made by the American, British, French, and Russian prosecutors that to plot or wage a war of aggression is a crime for which individuals may be punished. Yet it was because of these very facts that in its indictment the prosecution presented a challenge to itself quite as great as to the defense. A heavy burden was laid on the accusing nations to make sure that their proof measured up to the magnitude of their accusations, and that the daring of their grand conception was matched by the industry of their research, lest the hard-bought opportunity to make International Law a guardian of peace should fail by default.
It is not surprising, therefore, that the American collecting and processing of documentary evidence, under the general direction of Col. Robert G. Storey, gradually developed into an operation of formidable scope. Although some pieces of evidence were secured in Washington and London, by far the greater part was obtained in the land of the enemy. As the American Armies had swept into Germany, military investigating teams had filled document centers with an increasing wealth of materials which were freely