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U.S. WAREHOUSE ACT, AS AMENDED
REGULATIONS FOR GRAIN WAREHOUSES
May 1975 (As amended)
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE—AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE,
TRANSPORTATION AND WAREHOUSE DIVISION
CHAPTER 1-AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (STANDARDS, INSPECTIONS,
MARKETING PRACTICES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ?
SUBCHAPTER E-WAREHOUSE REGULATIONS
Part 102-Grain Warehouses
Sec. 102.1 102.2
102.3 102.3a 102.4 102.5 102.6 102.7 102.8 102.9 102.10 102.11 102.12
Meaning of words.
102.13 102.14 102.15 102.16 102.17
102.18 102.19 102.20 102.21 102.22 102.23 102.24 102.25 102.26 102.27 102.23 102.29 102.30 102.31 102.32
Bond required ; time of filing.
* Additional material for allestion 1. n. 160.
DUTIES OF WAREHOUSEMAN
Sec. 102.33 102.34 102.35 102.36 102.37 102.33 102.39 102.10 102.11 102.12 102.13 102.11 102.13 102.16 102.47 102,15 102.49 102.50 102.51 102.52 102.53 102.51 102.53 102.56
Insurance ; requirements.
102.57 102.5S 102.59 102.60
102.61 102.62 102.63 102.64 102.63 102.66 102.67 102.6S 102.69 102.70 102.71 102.72 102.73 102.74 102.75
102.76 102.77 102.75 102.79
102.80 102.81 102.92 102.93 102.81 102.85 102. So 102.87 102.88 102.89 102.90 102.91 102.92 102.93 102.94 102.95
INSPECTORS AND WEIGERS
102.96 102.97 102.98 102.99 102.100 102.101 102.102
TERMINAL AND FUTURES CONTRACT MARKETS 102.103 Futures contract markets defined. 102.104 Licenses to weigh grain ; futures markets. 102,105 Registrar of warehouse receipts ; futures contract market.
AUTHORITY : The provisions of this Part 102 issued under sec. 28, 29 Stat. 490; 7 U.S.C. 268, except as otherwise noted.
CROSS REFERENCE : For official grain standards of the United States, see Part 26 of this chapter.
§ 102.1 Meaning of words.
Words used in this part in the singular form shall be deemed to import the plural, and vice versa, as the case may demand. § 102.2
Terms defined. For the purposes of this part, unless the context otherwise requires, the following terms shall be construed, respectively, to mean:
(a) The act. The United States Warehouse Act, approved August 11, 1916 (39 Stat. 486 ; 7 U.S.C. 241-273), as amended.
(b) Person. An individual, corporation, partnership, or two or more persons having a joint or common interest.
(C) Department. The United States Department of Agriculture.
(d) Secretary. The Secretary of Agriculture of the United States or any officer or employee of the Department to whom authority has heretofore been delegated, or to whom authority may hereafter be delegated, to act in his stead.
(e) Designated representative. The Administrator.
(f) Administrator. The Administrator of the Service or any other officer or employee to whom authority has heretofore lawfully been delegated, or may hereafter lawfully be delegated, to act in his stead.
(g) Service. The Agricultural Marketing Service of the Department. (h) Regulations. Rules and regulations made under the act by the Secretary.
(i) Dockage. Dockage in grain as defined by the official grain standards of the United States.
(j) Grain. All products commonly classed as grain, such as wheat, corn, oats, barley, rye, flaxseed, rough, brown, and milled rice, sunflower seeds, field peas, soybeans, emmer, grain sorghums, and such other products as are ordinarily stored in grain warehouses, subject to the disapproval of the Administrator.
(k) Nonstorage grain. Grain received temporarily into a warehouse for conditioning, transferring, assembling for shipment, or lots of grain moving through a warehouse for current merchandising or milling use, against which no receipts are issued and no storage charges assessed : Provided, That merchandising or milling stocks held in storage as reserve stocks, or stored for use at an indefinite future date, may not be treated as nonstorage grain.
(1) Warehouse. Unless the context otherwise clearly indicates, any building, structure, or other protected inclosure licensed or to be licensed under the act, in which grain is or may be stored for interstate or foreign commerce, or, if located within any place under the exclusive jurisdiction of the United States, in which grain is or may be stored.
(m) Bin. A bin, tank, interstice, or other container in a warehouse in which bulk grain may be stored.
(n) Warehouseman. Any person lawfully engaged in the business of storing grain, who holds an effective warehouseman's license under the act, or who has applied for such a license.
(0) License. A license issued under the act by the Secretary, or his designated representative.
(p) Warehouseman's bond. The bond required by the act to be given by a warehouseman.
(q) Inspector. A person licensed under the act by the Secretary, or his designated representative, to inspect and grade and/or certificate the grade of grain stored or to be stored in a warehouse licensed under the act.
(r) Weigher. A person licensed under the act by the Secretary, or his designated representative, to weigh and/or certificate the weight of grain stored or to be stored in a warehouse licensed under the act.
1 Amended Apr. 25, 1972.
(s) Grain Standards Act. The United States Grain Standards Act, approved August 11, 1916 (39 Stat. 482 ; 7 U.S.C. 71-87) as amended.
(t) Official grain standards of the United States. The standards of quality or conditions for grain, fixed and established by the Secretary under the Grain Standards Act.
(u) Receipt. A licensed warehouse receipt issued under the act.
WAREHOUSE LICENSES $ 102.3 Application form.
Applications for licenses and for amendments of licenses under the act shall be made to the Secretary upon prescribed forms furnished by the Service, shall be in English, shall truly state the information therein contained, and shall be signed by the applicant. The applicant shall at any time furnish such additional information as the Secretary, or his designated representative, shall find to be necessary to the consideration of his application. § 102.3a All facilities to be licensed or exempted.
All facilities within the same city or town used for the storage of grain by an applicant for a warehouse license must qualify for a license and be licensed under the act if the applicant is to be licensed to operate as a grain warehouseman in such city or town, unless the facilities which are not to be covered by a license are exempted by the Secretary or his designated representative upon a finding that, due to the exercise of adequate controls by some independent agency over the operation of the non-federally licensed facilities, there would be no likelihood of interchange, substitution, or commingling of grain stored in such facilities with grain stored in the federally licensed facilities. If all such facilities do not qualify for a license or for an exemption under this section the applicant shall not be licensed under the act as a grain warehouseman in the city or town in which the facilities in question are located. Each applicant for a grain warehouse license must apply for a license covering all facilities operated by him for the storage of grain within the same city or town or for exemption as provided in this section. If a licensed grain warehouseman acquires any additional grain storage facilities within the same city or town in which his licensed warehouse is located he shall file promptly an application for a license or an exemption of the additional facilities. No grain storage facility acquired by a licensed grain warehouseman, subsequent to the issuance of his license, in the same city or town as his licensed facilities, shall be used for the storage of grain until it qualifies for license and is licensed or is exempted as provided in this section. If any one of the licensed grain storage facilities operated by a warehouseman in the same city or town becomes ineligible for a license at any time for any reason, it shall not thereafter be used for the storage of grain until the condition making it ineligible is removed or an exemption is granted as provided in this section. The use for the storage of grain by a licensed warehouseman of a facility which is in the same city or town as his licensed facilities and is neither licensed nor exempted, or other violation of the provisions of this section, shall be cause for suspension or revocation of any license issued to the warehouseman for the storage of grain. § 102.4 Scales; bin numbers.
(a) Each warehouse must be equipped with suitable scales in good order, and so arranged that all grain, whether for storage or for nonstorage purposes, can be weighed in and out of the warehouse. The scales in any warehouse shall be subject to examination by representatives of the Department and to disapproval by the Administrator. If he disapproves any weighing apparatus, it shall not thereafter be used in ascertaining the weight of grain for the purposes of this act, until such disapproval be withdrawn.
(b) Both bulk grain bins and compartments for sacked grain of all warehouses licensed under the act shall be identified by means of clearly discernible numbers securely affixed thereto. The series of numbers to be used shall be approved by the Service. Bulk grain bins shall be numbered so as to be easily identified at the openings on top and also on or near the outlet valves underneath. Compartments shall be numbered in such a manner as to clearly show the space covered by each number.
$ 102.5 Signs of tenancy; posting.
(a) Every warehouseman operating a "field" or "custodian” warehouse shall, during the life of his license, display and maintain appropriate signs on the licensed warehouse, both on the inside and on the exterior walls of the warehouse, and particularly on doors and usual places of entry, in such a manner as will ordinarily be calculated to give the public correct notice of his tenancy of all buildings or parts thereof included in his license.
(b) Such signs shall be of such size and design as to readily attract the attention of the public and shall include the following: (1) the name and license number of the licensee, (2) the name of the warehouse, (3) whether the warehouseman is owner or lessee, and (4) the words "public warehouse."
(c) Such other wording or lettering may appear in the sign or signs not inconsistent with the purpose of the act and the regulations in this part as may be approved by the Administrator.
(d) Immediately upon its expiration or suspension or revocation all reference to the license shall be removed from the warehouse.
(e) No sign indicating control, tenancy, or ownership of a licensed warehouse by any person other than the licensee shall appear on any such warehouse. § 10.2.6 Net assets.
(a) Each warehouseman conducting a warehouse licensed, or for which application for a license has been made, under the regulations in this part, shall have and maintain above all exemptions and liabilities, total net assets liable for the payment of any indebtedness arising from the conduct of the warehouse, to the extent of at least 20 cents per bushel for the maximum number of bushels of grain that his warehouse could accommodate when stored in the manner customary to the warehouse as determined by the Administrator : Provided, That no person may be licensed as a warehouseman under the regulations in this part unless he has allowable net assets of at least $10,000: And provided further, That any deficiency in net assets required above the $10,000 minimum may be supplied by an increase in the amount of the warehouseman's bond in accordance with 102.14(c). In determining total net assets, credit may be given for insurable property such as buildings, machinery, equipment, and merchandise inventory, only to the extent that such property is protected by insurance against loss or damage by fire. Such insurance shall be in the form of lawful policies issued by one or more insurance companies authorized to do such business and subject to service of process in suits brought in the State in which the warehouse is located.
(b) In case a warehouseman is licensed or is applying for licenses to operate two or more warehouses under the regulations in this part, the maximum number of bushels which all such warehouses will accommodate when stored in the manner cutomary to the warehouses, as determined by the Administrator, shall be considered in determining whether the warehouseman meets the net assets requirements specified in paragraph (a) of this section.
(c) For the purposes of paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section only, capital stock as such shall not be considered a liability.
(d) In case a State agency licensed or applying for a license as provided in Section 9 of the Act has funds of not less than $500,000 guaranteeing the performance of obligations of the agency as a warehouseman, such funds shall be considered sufficient to meet the net assets requirements of this section. § 102.7 Grounds for not issuing license.
A license for the conduct of a warehouse, or any amendment to a license, under the regulations in this part, shall not be issued if it is found by the Secretary, or his designated representative, that the warehouse is not suitable for the proper storage of grain; that the warehouseman does not possess a good reputation, or does not have a net worth of at least $10,000.00, or is incompetent to conduct such warehouse in accordance with the act and the regulations in this part; or that there is any other sufficient reason within the intent of the act for not issuing such license. If all the facilities operated for the storage of grain by the applicant within the same city or town are not to be licensed under the act, the applicant shall not be licensed as a grain warehouseman with respect to any of such facilities, unless an exemption of the facilities which are not to be licensed is granted as provided in § 102.3a.
1 Amended 39 F.R. 41824, Dec. 3, 1974.