Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

GR Notice 1591 October 29, 1971

C.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE:-- AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE, GRAIN

DIVISION, HYATTSVILLE, MD.

Action by: Chief Grain Inspectors and Field Office Supervisors.
Information for: Interested Parties in the Grain Industry.

INTERIM PROCEDURE FOR THE DETERMINATION OF UNIFORMITY IN SHIPLOT GRAIN

1. Purpose

This Notice transmits an “Interim Procedure for the Determination of Uniformity in Shiplot Grain," GR Instruction 918–6, Aux. 11 (commonly referred to as the 10 percent pian), for use at all elerators where the grade is determined after the grain is loaded aboard the ship. II. General information

The interim procedure, in general, has been in use since 1961. It is being implemented so uniform instructions will be available for use by official inspection personnel at all locations in the United States where grain is graded after it is loaded aboard the ship. Because some differences in procedures have existed, the attached auxiliary may constitute minor changes in some ports. draft of the interim procedure was distributed for comments and suggestions with GR Notice 1187 on August 20, 1971. Some of the comments and suggestions in response to GR Notice 1187 are included in the interim procedure. In addition, for the Burposes of determining a material portion in wheat shiplots, the special grade "heavy” is not applicable unless specified in the declared grade. III. Effective date

This Notice and GR Instruction 918-6, Aux. 11, are effective on November 17. 1974, for use at all elevators loading shiplot grain where the “Uniform Shiploading Plan," GR Instruction 918–6, Aux. 10, is not being used. Use of the attached auxiliary expires November 1, 1975, and the procedure may not be used after that date. This Notice and GR Instruction 918-6, Aux. 11, implement section 26.14 of the regulations under the C.S. Grain Standards Act and do not establish a new or revised substantive rule.

L. E. MALONE,

Acting Chief, Grain Inspection Branch. Attachment.

GR Instruction 918–1;

Aux. 11 October 29, 1971

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE-AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE, GRAIN

DIVISION, HYATTSVILLE, MD.

Action by: Chief Licensed Inspectors and Field Office Supervisors.
Information for : Interested Parties in the Grain Industry.

INTERIM PROCEDURE FOR THE DETERMINATION OF UNIFORMITY IN SHIPLOT GRAIN

I. Purpose and background

This Auxiliary states the interim procedure to be used for the determination of the uniformity in quality of shiplot grain inspected under the United States Grain Standards Act. The interim procedure, in general, has been followed since 1961 and is for use at all elevators where the grade is determined after the grain is loaded aboard the ship. II. Definitions

Component Sample.-Portions or units (usually about 8,000 to 10,000 bushels in size)? of a sublot that are collected, visually checked for insect infestation and

1 Bushels or the equivalent in tons may be used interchangeable throughout this auxiliary.

3

uniformity in quality with other component samples, and when uniform, are combined together to form a sublot.

Sublot.-An approximate quantity of 8,000 to 60,000 busliels, which consist of one or more component samples, that are sampled and analyzed to determine whether the grain is uniform in grade. When the sublots are uniform in grade with no material portion or portions of grain of different grades present, thé combined sublots are considered as a shiplot.

Stowage.-An identifiable part of a ship, such as a hold or tank that may be used to identify the location of a shiplot or portion of a shiplot within a ship.

Shiplot.--A graded and certificated parcel of grain which consists of one or more uniform sublots with no material portion or portions of grain of different grades present, as defined in IIIE. III. Procedure.

A. Component samples 1. Visually examine component samples (and the grain on the belt or cup sampling) for uniformity ? in quality.

2. If uniform in quality, two or more components may be composited together to form a sublot sample.

3. If the component samples appear to be not uniform in quality, analyze the component samples for the apparent not uniform factor(s):

a. If the not uniform factor(s) causes the grain to grade significantly lower in quality than the declared grade requirement, the grain shall be considered as a material portion. Such component shall be completely analyzed for the additional required factors with the results recorded on the Form GR 380, “Ship Loading Log” (hereafter referred to as log). Also, a file sample of the component sample shall be retained.

b. If the not uniform factor(s): does not cause the grain to grade as in paragraph "a" above, the component sample shall be composited with the other component samples and analyzed on the basis of the sublot sample.

B. Sublot sample size 1. Maximum Sized Sublots.—Maximum sized sublots of grain for the most part, shall be based on the normal hourly loading rate of the elevator but shall not exceed 60,000 bushels or the equivalent in tons. 2. Other factors to be considered shall be:

a. the size of the lot offered for inspection;
b. the quality control of the elevator;
(. the method of sampling; and

d. efficiency of the inspection arrangement. 3. Except for the first and last sublot aboard, the sublots shall be 'reasonably uniform in size with the established norm or predetermined size. The first sublot shall be not less than 5 percent of the norm or the average size of the remaining sublots. The last sublot shall not be less than 5 percent of the average size of the sublots unless, after the finishing sublot is loaded aboard, the National Cargo Bureau (NCB) surveyor, port surveyor, ship's captain or other person responsible for the security of the vessel * indicates that more grain must be loaded aboard for vessel security. The additional amount ordered will be considered as the last sublot and will be graded, logged, and certificated accordingly.

4. In no instance will an amount of grain less than 5 percent of the sublot norm be considered as a part of the lot being loaded when it is obvious that the remaining grain was delayed in loading in order to get a later certification date.

? For the purpose of determining uniformity and in the absence of any declaration of grade to be loaded, the first drafts of grain loaded abroad the ship shall be considered the kind, class, and/or subclass, and grade of the shiplot tendered for inspection.

3 For the component samples the term “significantly lower” shall be when a component sample grades (1) the special grade of tough, smutty, garlicky, weevily, ergoty, or treated (except when called for in the declared grade) or (2) more than one numerical grade lower than the declared grade, or (3) more than 0.5 percent greater in dockage for wheat or more than 1 percent greater in dockage for all other grains when dockage is applicable.

4 Trained personnel who (1) advise the masters of vessels, pier and port officials on proper stowage of cargo (2) assist in seeing that stowage is properly executed, and (3) upon completion of proper loading, issue a certificate which is accepted as prima facie evidence of compliance with the Coast Guard regulations governing the stowage and carriage of bulk grain.

Smaller sized sublots (less than the norm) or more than the minimum number of sublots shall be agreed upon before the loading of the grain and inspection commences.

5. Extra inspection personnel may be needed for the analyses of smaller sized sublots when an elevator elects to deviate from the sublot size customarily used. When an elevator plans in advance of loading to deviate from the normal size sublot, the official inspection personnel shall be given as much advance notice as possible.

C. Minimum number of sublots The minimum number of sublots for a lot shall be based on the following guidelines : Lot size

Minimum number of sublots 20,000 bu. or less -

Grade on the average sample. 20,001 to 40,000 bu--

At least 2 sublots. 40,001 to 100,000 bu.

At least 3 sublots. Over 100,000_

At least 4 sublots.

i See para. B1 for maximum sized sublots.

D. Analysis of sublots 1. Analyze each sublot sample for all the applicable required factors. Record all actual sublot inspection results on the log. (See section 26.60 of the regulations.)

2. If a sublot does not meet the declared grade requirement (including dockage and special grades) for the grade being loaded, record the actual findings on the log. If the sublot results do not meet the declared grade requirement on a single factor, another determination shall be made on an additional portion of the representative sample, and the grade shall be based on the average of the two determinations. Record the two individual results on the log.

3. Once the sublot has been graded, do not individually analyze for grade the component samples making up that sublot.

E. Material portion
A material portion shall be:

1. Any component sample that is significantly lower in quality than the declared grade (see footnote 3).

2. Any sublot sample that grades tough, light smutty, smutty, light garlicky, garlicky, weevily, ergoty, treated, flint, flint and dent, stained Western Barley blighted, bleached, or thin; when the declared grade does not specify one of these listed special grades.

3. Any component(s) and/or sublot (s) that in combined total weight amounts to more than 10.0 percent of the shiplot and individually or in combination:

exceeds a factor specified in the declared grade furnished to the licensed inspector before loading begins;

is lower in quality than the declared grade by one or more numerical grades;

grades one or more subclasses lower in quality than the declared grade;

when compared to the declared grade, contains 0.5 percent or more dockage in the case of wheat, or contains, 1.0 percent or more dockage in the case

of other grains when dockage is applicable. 4. Any component(s) or sublot(s) of a shiplot which differs in grade or quality from the declared grade by grading :

two or more numerical grades lower in quality ;

U.S. Sample Grade when the declared grade is the lowest quality numerical grade for that grain (e.g., U.S. No. 4 Yellow Soybeans) and a factor result exceeds the numerical grade limit by more than the difference between the two lowest numerical grade limits for that factor; For example:

Declared grade U.S. No. 4 Yellow Soybeans.
Factor-Foreign Material.

5

5 For the purpose of determining a material portion in wheat shiplots, the special grade “heavy” is not applicable unless specified in the declared grade.

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

Difference Any component or sublot result containing more than 7.0 percent foreign material would be considered as a material portion when the declared grade was for U.S. No. 4 Yellow Soybeans.

U.S. Sample Grade on additional sample grade factor(s) for which no factor percentages are listed in the grading table of the Standards for that

grain. 5. Any sublot (s) of a shiplot which individually or collectively totaled by weight constitutes more than 40 percent of the shiplot and which is of a better quality than the declared grade by:

grading one or more numerical grades higher in quality ;
grading one or more subclasses higher in quality ;

containing 0.5 percent less dockage in the case of wheat, or containing 1.0 percent less dockage in other grains when dockage is applicable, and/or

grading of the better quality special grade(s) (e.g., extra heavy, bright, plump, etc.) when not specified in the declared grade.R 6. Any sublot (s) of a shiplot which individually or collectively totaled by weight consists of more than 20 percent of the shiplot, but not more than 40 percent of the shiplot that is not covered by a waiver (as required by section 26.14(f) (1) of the regulations) which is of a better quality than the declared grade by:

grading one or more numerical grades higher in quality ;
grading one or more subclasses higher in quality ;

containing 0.5 percent less dockage in the case of wheat or containing 1.0 percent less dockage in the case of other grains when dockage is applicable, and/or;

grading of the better quality special grade(s) (e.g., extra heavy, bright, plump, etc.) when not specified in the declared grade.

F. Certification Any grain left aboard the vessel that has been determined to be a material portion of a shiplot (as defined in IIIE) shall be sampled, analyzed, graded, and certificated as a separate shiplot. IV. Effective date

This interim procedure shall become effective on November 17, 1974, and will remain in effect until November 1, 1975, and shall not be used after that date. Any previously written instructions pertaining to application of the “10 Percent Plan" are hereby cancelled.

This Auxiliary implements sections 26.14 (b) (2) and (d) of the regulations. It does not establish a new or revised substantive rule.

L. E. MALONE, Acting Chief, Grain Inspection Branch.

GR Notice 1572 September 25, 1974

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE-AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE, GRAIN

DIVISION, HYATTSVILLE, MD. Action by : Interested Parties in the Grain Industry, Chief Grain Inspectors and

Field Office Supervisors.

SHIPLOT INSPECTION PLANS FOR GRAIN 1. Purpose

This Notice transmits the revised “Uniform Shiplot Inspection Plan" (referred to in the proposed regulations as Plan A), Aux. 10 of GR Instruction 918–6, for

6 The special grade “Heavy” shall not be applicable to this subparagraph.

use on or before October 1, 1974, during the loading of all grains at shipping bin elevators. II. General information

The “Uniform Shiplot Inspection Plan" has been in effect for wheat, corn and soybeans at shipping bin elevators since August 1, 1974. The instruction has been revised to include the tables for the grains other than wheat, corn and soybeans, and to correct references for the added tables. III. Effective date The instruction is effective:

Upon receipt for wheat, corn and soybeans at shipping bin elevators.
October 1, 1974, for all grains at shipping bin elevators.

November 1, 1975, for all grains at all export elevators. This Notice and GR Instruction 918–6, Aux. 10, implement Section 26.14 of the regulations under the U.S. Grain Standards Act and do not establish a new or revised substantive rule.

J. L. O'BRATE,

Acting Chief, Grain Inspection Branch. Attachment.

GR Instruction 918–6

Aux. 10 Revised September 25, 1974

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE-AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE, GRAIN

DIVISION, HYATTSVILLE, MD. Action by : Interested Members in the Grain Industry, Chief Grain Inspectors

and Field Office Supervisors.

UNIFORM SHIPLOT INSPECTION PLAN

1

I. Purpose

This auxiliary establishes an inspection procedure for determining uniformity of quality in shiplots of wheat, corn and soybeans. II. Definitions

For the purpose of this auxiliary, the following terms and definitions shall apply:

A. Absolute limit (AL).–An established allowance beyond the grade factor limit? that compensates for sampling and inspection variations. (See Tables 1-23.)

B. Block.-A group of three or more consecutive sublots that exceed the same grade factor limit.

C. Block limit.--A limit that prohibits the “bunching" of sublot results that are over the same grade factor limit.

D. Component samples.-A sample taken from a portion (usually about 8,007 to 10,000 bushels in size) of a sublot that is collected and examined for the purpose of determining the uniformity of the grade prior to combining the component samples and grading them as a sublot.

E. Material portion.One or more sublots of a shiplot of grain that exceeds a progressive loading limit, an absolute limit, a block limit, or violates the action after a material portion rule. Also, any subsample that is heating, contains an objectionable odor, is of distinctly low quality, or that is weevily; or any component sample factor result that exceeds the grade factor limit by more than one numerical grade or the equivalent, shall be considered as a material portion.

F. Progressive loading limit.-A rule which determines through probability the frequency of sublot results that may exceed the grade factor limit of the grain and not be considered as off-grade. The progressive loading limit is applied on a factor-by-factor basis in the order that sampling is completed and the results recorded on the log. (See Table 24.)

G. Shipping Bins.Holding bins in some elevators that are located after the sampling point, where sublots of grain can be retained before loading while the quality is being determined.

1 The term grade factor limit shall be understood to include all requirements for the declared numerical grade factor limits special grade factor limits, and special requirements (e.g. moisture limitations).

« AnteriorContinuar »