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Gay has been in close touch with this investigation since its inception some seven years ago, and any merits which it may have as a contribution to economic history are due entirely to his sympathetic understanding of the problems encountered, and to his unfailing interest in the progress of the work in spite of his many serious and urgent duties during the war. To
my wife the work owes more than any words of mine can express. Every page, I might almost say every line, has benefited from her patient scrutiny and judicious criticism.
J. K. WASHINGTON, D.C.
The pastoral industry of the Moors. The origins of the merino sheep.
Sheep raising in mediaeval Spain. The meetings or meslas of shepherds
Sheep highways in Mediterranean countries. The Castiliau cafodas.
Traffic routes of the Teamsters' Gild of Castile. Organization and size of
Wool marketing in Italy and Aragon. Early exports of Spanish wool to
England. Organization of the export trade by Ferdinand and Isibella.
The Burgos Consulado or Trade House. Its foreign branches. Its con-
tact with the Mesta at the Medina del Campo fair. The Mesta and the
trade with the New World. Organization of the domestic wool trade.
Dealing in futures.' Middlemen. Trade policies of the Hapsburgs.
ORIGINS OF THE ALCALDE ENTREGADOR
Itinerant officers in mediaeval Europe. Judicial protectors of migratory
flocks in Italy and in Aragon. Sheep protection in mediaeval Castile.
Inter-class litigation. Early relations of the entregador with the crown.
Functions of the entregador. Inspection and protection of the canadas.
Restraint of marauders. Supervision of pastures, enclosures, and com-
mons. Conflicts with the Cortes and with towns. Exemptions from the
entregador's visitations. Residencias or hearings of complaints. Re-
strictions upon entregadores by higher courts, Cortes, and town leagues.
Hostility of the Cortes in the seventeenth century. Appeals to the chan-
cillerías. Inefficacy of royal a'! to the Mesta. Collapse of the entre-
SHEEP TAXES IN THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION
Significance of sheep dues as a pre-feudal tax on movable property. Town
or local sheep taxes in North Africa, Provence, the Pyrenees, Aragon,
Valencia, Navarre, and Portugal. Royal or state sheep taxes in southern
LOCAL TAXES DURING THE RISE OF THE MESTA (1273–1474) 176
Fiscal clauses of the Mesta charter of 1273. Policies of Alfonso X (1252-
84) and Sancho IV (1284-95.). Aggressive fiscal administration of Al-
fonso XI (1312-50). Sheep taxes during the civil wars of the later
Middle Ages. Extravagant tax concessions to the town and liberal ex.
LOCAL TAXES UNDER FERDINAND AND ISABELLA (1474-1516) 208
Fiscal reforms. Tax inquisitors. Fisca:! duties of the corregidores. Stan-
dardization of local sheep tolls. Political aspects of the tax situation.
LOCAL TAXES UNDER THE HAPSBURGS AND EARLY BOURBONS
Effect of the rising of the comuneros (1500–21) upon the fiscal affairs of
the Mesta. Royal agents defend the Mesta. Sheep taxes of the Military
Orders and of the Church. Diczmos. Fiscal disorders under the later
Share of the crown in local taxes. Moorish sheep to!ls. The servicio de
ganados or subsidy from domestic animals. Origin of the servicio y mon-
tazgo. Royal sheep tolls during the period of fifteenth-century profligacy.