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My general conclusions are :

1. That there is no evidence of a prehistoric, non-Eurafrican race in western Asia. Its soil has always been possessed either by the Caucasic, the Semitic or the Aryan branches of the White


2. There are distinct signs that the Caucasic stock in prehistoric times extended over large areas south of their present homes, and were driven north by the attacks of the Aryans and Semites.

3. The chains of the Amanus on the west, the Masius on the north and the Zagros on the east have been from immemorial eras the limits of durable ethnic impressions by the Semites.

4. From the Zagros to the Pamir, the Aryan stock occupied or controlled the land at the dawn of history. Medes and ProtoMedes were alike Aryans.

5. The civilization of Babylonia arose from some branch or blend of the White race, and not from any tribe of the Asian or Yellow race, still less from the Dravidian or Black races.

6. The Anatolian group of Asia Minor were allied to the Gallo-Celtic tribes of central Europe, and preceded by probably several millenniums the Hellenic migrations into Asia.

Biographical Sketch of the Hon. Thomas HI. Dudley, of Camden, N. J.,

who Died April 15, 1893.

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(Read before the American Philosophical Society, April 19, 1895.)

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Thomas Haines Dudley, born 10th mo. 9, 1819, died 4th mo. 15, 1893, elected a member of the American Philosophical Society 10th mo. 15, 1880, was descended from Francis Dudley and Rachel Wilkins, his wife, a member of the Society of Friends who came from the Parish of St. Peter, Wolverhampton, Staffordshire, about 1730. Francis Dudley was the son of John Dudley and Mary Arney, of that parish, who were married in 1708. Another account says the name of his mother was Jane Dudley. John, the English ancestor of this New Jersey family of Dud. ley, died in 1746. In the parish register of St. Peter's he is named as "singing man and clerk.”

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Francis Dudley, the eldest son, so tradition says, came over with Nathan Middleton, and shortly after married Rachel Wilkins in 1733, settled at Evesham (the “Vale of Evesham," as the early settlers called it in mem. ory of their old home in England), Burlington county, N. J. This progenitor of the name in this Siate died in the early part of 1782 at Eves. ham. We find his will on record in the Secretary of State's office at Trenton, and that of his widow Rachel a few years later, in 1786. He leaves his three sons goodly farms, upon the metes and bounds of which he dwells minutely with all the pride of a Saxon landholder. In this connection we are reminded of the eloquent words of Mr. Blaine in his oration on President Garfield, which are equally applicable to Mr. Dud. ley. Mr. Blaine says he “was born heir to land, to the title of frecholder, which has been the patent and passport of self-respect with the AngloSaxon race ever since Hengist and Horsa landed on the shores of England."

Thomas Dudley, son of Francis, married Martha Evans, 11th mo. 27, 1762, of an old and respectable family among Friends. They had ten children. Evan Dudley was the ninth child; he was born 1st mo. 1, 1782, married Ann Haines and died 3rd mo. 21, 1820, aged thirty-seven years.

Thomas Haines Dudiey, the subject of this biography, was the young. est child of this marriage. IIis early youth was passed in Burlington county, where he was born, working upon his mother's farm. She was early left a widow with four children. She was a descendant of Richard Ilaines, of Aynhoe, Northamptonshire, whose children came to Burlington county, N. J., in 1683 ; thus we see Mr. Dudley had a claim to early Ameri. can ancestry on both sides of his family. For some years he taught school in the vicinity and saved sufficient money to begin the study of law under William N. Jeffers, a lawyer of good standing in Camden. During this period, while he was returniog from a night school late in the evening, an incident happened which we have often heard him relate without any thought of our application of it to himself. It showed the same determination and courage which was the ruling trait of his life and the cause of his success. Passing at twelve o'clock at night over a lonely road by a graveyard, he saw in the grounds what scemed to him, the more he gazed upon it, to be the figure of a human being in white, moving and bending toward him. Though so frightened that his teeth chattered and his knees fairly knocked together, lie determined to go forward and ex. amine it. Climbing the fence, he was strongly tempted to go back; he shook with fright, the thing seemed so supernatural in the moonlight, but reasoning strongly within himself, “there is no such thing as a glost,' he determined to push on, and conquering all his fears, pressed forward and found that the weird figure was a sheep with its horns caught in the bushes, moving up and down in its efforts to get free.

* We are indebted to Miss Henrietta Haines, of Moorestown, N. J, and to Viss Martha Evans Bellangee, of Asbury Park, N. J., for valuable genealogical data, and regret that limited space does not permit us to give other details.

Between fifly and sixty years ago there was more belief in ghosts than now, and when we consider Mr. Dudley was then a young inan, brought up in an atmosphere in which this belief was not uncommon, the circumstance was one that few-alone at such an hour in the middle of the night, in a lonely counuy graveyard—very few, indeed, would have stopped to investigate. His description was much more graphic and awe-inspiring than we can give, and was related to the writer as an instance that we must not be influenced by groundless lears in what reason tells us is untrue.

Among Mr. Dudley's papers is a draft of a short article by him, signed "Many Citizens,” probably one of his first political efforts. It was pullJished in the United States Gazette during the year 1842. This concerns the removal of Judge Philip J. Gray from the office of Surveyor of the Port of Camden. He was a man of character, highly respected, and was afterwards reinstated by Zachary Taylor. President John Tyler is taken to task for this removal as being inconsistent with the views expressed in his inaugural address to the people of the United States, April 9, 1811, where he says, “I will remove no incumbent from office who has faitlıfully and honestly acquitted himself of the duties of his office, except in such cases where such officer has been guilty of an active partisanship, or by secret means, the less manly and therefore the more objectionable, has given his official influence to the purposes of party, thereby bringing the patronage of the Government in conflict with the freedom of elections."

In 1843 Mr. Dudley held the two offices of City Clerk and City Treasurer of Camden when aged iwenty-three.

When twenty-four years of age we find him taking an active part in the Clay campaign as Secretary of the Clay Club of Camden : August 29, 1814, drawing up the minutes of the District Clay Club Convention, held at Bridgeton at that date, as its Secretary ; Dr. Ephraim Buck, President, associated with men some of whom were to become famous in the State, namely, Abraham Browning, A. G. Cattell, Dr. E. Q. Keasbey, Charles P. Elmer and others.

Among his papers is a rough drawing of a Clay Cabin,” a curiosity to the present generation. It was located at Fourth and Market streets, Camden, and these few details are worthy of being recorded for the history of politics in this vicinity in what was a very exciting campaign. This "cabin” of those primitive political days of halfa century ago was “46 feet deep and 25 feet front." widlı, of course, a flagpole, made in the early part of the year 1814 for the Camden Clay Club. The building came to a little more than the contract, costing in all $155 "32 benches at 50 cis. pr. peas,” the carpenter's bill calls for, wbich gives an idea of Clay's political following in the neighborhood. Allowing five persons 10 a bench, we may conclude “the cabin” held 160 persons. Dudley seems to have been ac'ive in all of this organization. A good speech of his, made on the occasion of a flag presentation to this organization, las been presei ved. It will be remembered he was then but twenty-four,

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