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SECTION 1. John Hyacinth de Magellan, in London, having in the year 1786 offered to the Society, as a donation, the sum of two hundred guineas, to be by them vested in a secure and permanent fund, to the end that the interest arising therefrom should be annually disposed of in premiums, to be adjudged by them to the author of the best discovery, or most useful invention, relating to Navigation, Astronomy, or Natural Philosophy (mere natural history only excepted); and the Society having accepted of the above donation, they hereby publish the conditions, prescribed by the donor and agreed to by the Society, upon which the said annual premiums will be awarded.


1. The candidate shall send his discovery, invention or improvement, addressed to the President, or one of the Vice-Presidents of the Society, free of postage or other charges; and shall distinguish his performance by some motto, device, or other signature, at his pleasure. Together with his discovery, invention, or improvement, he shall also send a sealed letter containing the same motto, device, or signature, and subscribed with the real name and place of residence of the author.

2. Persons of any nation, sect or denomination whatever, shall be admitted as candidates for this premium.

3. No discovery, invention or improvement shall be entitled to this premium, which hath been already published, or for which the author hath been publicly rewarded elsewhere.

4. The candidate shall communicate his discovery, invention or improvement, either in the English, French, German, or Latin language.

5. All such communications shall be publicly read or exhibited to the Society at some stated meeting, not less than one month previous to the day of adjudication, and shall at all times be open to the inspection of such members as shall desire it. But no member shall carry home with

Jan. 4, 1895.]







JANUARY, 1895.

Stated Meeting, January 4, 1895.

President, Mr. FRALEY, in the Chair.

No. 147.

Correspondence was submitted as follows:

Letters of resignation were received from Dr. George Strawbridge, Philadelphia; Prof. Isaac Sharpless, Haverford, Pa.

Accessions to the Library were reported from the Royal Asiatic Society (China Branch), Shanghai, China; Anthropo logical Society, Tokyo, Japan; Société de Géographie, Société Finno Ougrienne, Helsingfors, Finland; Société PhysicoMathématique, Kasan, Russia; Société de des Naturalistes de la Nouvelle Russie, Odessa; Académie Impériale des Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia; Académie R. Suedoise des Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden; Académie R. des Sciences, Bruxelles, Belgique; Deutsche Seewarte, Hamburg, Germany; Bayerische Botanische Gesellschaft, Munich; Editors of Il Nuovo Cimento, Pisa, Italy; R. Accademia dei Lincei, Rome, Italy; Société des Sciences, Physiques, etc., Bordeaux, France; Académie des Sciences, Arts, etc., Dijon, France; Académie des Sciences, La Rochelle, France; Société d'Agriculture, Sciences, etc., Lyons, France; Société Languedocienne de Géographie, Montpellier, France; Société Francoise de Physique, Société de D'Enseignement, Société de Geographie, Rédaction de Cosmos, Marquis de Nadaillac, Paris, France; Société des Antiquaries de la Morenie, Saint Omer, France; Royal Society, Royal Astronomical Society, Editors of Nature, PROC. AMER. PHILOS. 80C. XXXIV. 147. a. PRINTED MARCH 8, 1895.

Meteorological Office, London, Eng.; Geological Society, Manchester, Eng.; Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.; Editor of the Popular Science Monthly, Hon. Charles P. Daly, New York, N. Y.; Department of State, Department of the Interior, Washington, D.C.; University of California, Sacramento.

The following death was announced:

Prof. James A. Rhoads, January 2, 1895, æt. 73.

On motion, the President was authorized to appoint a suitable person to prepare the usual obituary notice. Dr. Henry Hartshorne was subsequently appointed.

[Jan. 4,

Reports of the Clerks and Judges of the election were read, and the report of the election was submitted:


Frederick Fraley.


E. Otis Kendall, W. S. W. Ruschenberger, J. P. Lesley.'


George F. Barker, Daniel G. Brinton, Henry Phillips, Jr., George H. Horn.


Patterson DuBois, J. Cheston Morris, Richard Meade Bache.


J. Sergeant Price.


Richard Wood, William V. McKean, Richard Vaux,
Henry Carey Baird.

Mr. J. G. Rosengarten read a paper entitled "The Paris Book Exhibition of 1894."

Prof. Cope spoke of the existence of man in Java in palæo. lithic times, drawn from the remains of skeletons found in volcanic strata.

Mr. Henry Phillips, Jr., was renominated for Librarian, and the nominations closed.


The amendments to the Laws were discussed.

Mr. Tatham moved the rejection of the part on reëlection. Lost.

Mr. Fraley explained the rules relating to the passage of amendments to the By-Laws.

Moved and seconded that further consideration of the ByLaws be postponed.

The report of the Finance Committee was presented, and the appropriations for the year were passed, a legal quorum of members being present.

And the Society was adjourned by the President.

Stated Meeting, January 18, 1895.

President, Mr. FRALEY, in the Chair.

Correspondence was submitted as follows:
Letter of resignation from Rev. G. W. Anderson, Rosemont,


Letter from Mr. Hoyt, to the President, in regard to a projected National University, was referred to the Secretaries with instructions to report.

Letters of envoy were received from the Geological Survey of India, Calcutta ; Société de Géographie de Finlande, Helsingfors; Académie R. Suédoise des Sciences, Stockholm; K. Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna, Austria; R. Ministero della Istruzione Pubblica, Padova, Italia; Société des Sciences Physiques et Naturelles, Bordeaux, France; Faculté des Sciences, Marseille, France; Musée Guimet, Ecole Polytechnique,

Bureau des Longitudes, Marquis de Nadaillac, Paris, France; Radcliffe Observatory, Oxford, England; Geological and Polytechnic Society, Yorkshire, England; Royal Irish Academy, Dublin; Dr. Don Estanislao S. Zeballos, Washington, D. C.

Letters of acknowledgment were received from the Société Imp. des Naturalistes, Moscow, Russia (139); Prof. J. Pomialowsky, St. Petersburg, Russia (144, 145); Académie Hongroise des Sciences, Budapest (142, 144, 145); Société R. de Géographie, Antwerp, Belgium (144); Musée R. d'Histoire Naturelle, Bibliotheque Royale de Belgique, Bruxelles (142, 144); K. K. Universitäts Sternwarte, Prague, Austria (142, 144, 145); Section für Naturkunde des O. T. C. (142, 144), Dr. Friedrich S. Krauss (145), Prof. J. Szombathy, Vienna, Austria (142, 144, 145); Naturforschende Gesellschaft des Osterlandes, Altenburg, Prussia (145); Gesellschaft für Erdkunde, Berlin, Prussia (145); K. Universitäts-Bibliothek, Bonn, Prussia (142, 144, 145); K. Sächs. Meteorologische Institut, Chemnitz, Saxony (145); Verein für Erdkunde, Dresden, Saxony (142, 144); Oberhessische Gesellschaft für Natur- und Heilkunde, Giessen, Germany (142, 144, 145); K. Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften, Göttingen, Prussia (142, 144, 145); K. Leopoldinische Carolinische Akademie, Halle a. S., Prussia (145); Wetterauische Gesellschaft, Hanau, Germany (14); Vogtländische Altertumsforschende Verein, Hohenleuben, Saxony (142, 144, 145); Mr. O. Böhtlingk (145), Prof. I. Victor Carus, Leipzig, Saxony (144, 145); K. Sternwarte, Munich, Bavaria (145); Prof. G. Sergi, Rome, Italy (144); R. Accademia delle Scienze, Turin, Italy (142); Société Linnéenne, Bordeaux, France (145); Société des Sciences Naturelles et Archéologique de la Creuse, Guéret, France (144); Société d'Agriculture et d'Histoire Naturelle, Lyon, France (130, 140); Musée Guimet, Dr. Edward Pepper, Paris, France (145); Sir John Evans, Hemel Hempstead, England (145); Mr. Juhlin Dannfeld, Col. William Ludlow, London, England (145); Geographical Society, Manchester, England (145); Natural History Society of Northumberland,

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