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gave him information about some inscribed fragments that had puzzled him which was afterwards confirmed in all points now capable of confirmation. Dr. Newbold offered a psychological explanatiou of these curious cases.

Prof. G. S. Fullerton, of the University of Pennsylvania, was elected President, and Dr. Livingston Farrand, of Columbia, Secretary, for the ensuing year.

Among the members present, besides those already mentioned, were Mr. Henry Rutgers Marshall, of New York; Prof. N. S. Gardiner, of Smith College; Dr. H. C. Warren, of Princeton ; Prof. E. S. Sanford, of Clarke University ; Prof. E. H. Griffen, of Johns Hopkins; Prof. J. C. Creighton, of Cornell; Prof. James Seth, of Brown, and Dr. Warner Fite, of Williams' College.-W. R. N.

The Cat's Funeral.-Every one has observed instances of affection between those proverbially hostile animals, the dog and the cat, but a case cited by l’Eleveur merits especial attention. A dog and a cat belonging to the same master were the best friends in the world, and spent their time in frolicking together. One day, while playing as usual, the cat died suddenly, falling at the dog's feet. The latter, at first, did not realize what had happened, but continued his play, pulling, pushing and caressing his companion, but with evident astonishment at her inertness. After some time he appeared to understand the situation, and his grief found vent in prolonged howls. Presently he was seized with the idea of burying the cat. He pulled her into the garden, where he soon dug a hole with his paws, and put in it the body of his former companion. He then refilled the hole with dirt, and, stretching himself out on the grave, resumed his mournful howling. The idea of burying the dead cat was extraordinary. Whence came the thought? Could it be imitation, or, which is a better explanation, did the dog have a vague idea of concealing the event which might possibly be imputed to him. But then it would seem unreasonable for him to call attention to the fact, by installing himself on the grave and howling. However, even human criminals are sometimes equally inconsistent. It is difficult to form an exact idea of what gave rise to the dog's conduct in this case. (Revue Scientific Juillet, 1895).-E. D. C.

PROCEEDINGS OF SCIENTIFIC SOCIETIES.

American Academy of Arts and Sciences. The 11th of December.-The following papers were read: On the temperature of the crust of the earth at great depths. By Messrs. Alexander Agassiz and P. C. F. West. Palestine in the fifteenth century B. C. according to recent discoveries. By Professor Crawford H. Troy.

Boston Society of Natural History.- December 4th.—The following paper was read : Mr. L. S. Griswold, “The San Francisco Mountains and the Grand Canyon.”

December 18th.—The following paper was read. Prof. G. Frederick Wright, “ The present status of glacial man in America.” The subject of Professor Wright's paper was discussed by Prof. F. W. Putman, Prof. H. W. Haynes, and others.

January 1st, 1896.—The following papers were read: Mr. A. W. Grabau, “ Lake Bouvé, a glacial lake in the Boston Basin ;” Prof. W. 0. Crosby, “Glacial lakes in the valleys of the Neponset and Charles Rivers; and the Post-tertiary history of the Nashua Valley.-SAMUEL HENSHAW, Secretary.

January 15th.--The following paper was read : Mr. William Brewster, Notes on the Natural History of Trinidad. Stereopticon views were shown.-SAMUEL HENSHAW, Secretary.

New York Academy of Sciences, Section of Biology.-December 9, 1895.— The following papers were presented : Prof. C. L. Bristol, “ The Classification of Nephelis in the United States.” The study of abundant material, collected from Maine to South Dakota, has shown that the color characters cannot be depended upon for specific determination. An examination of the metameral relations of this leech indicate that not more than a single species occurs in this country. Prof. F. H. Osborn, “ Titanotheres of the American Museum of Natural History.” The complete skeleton of Titanotherium robustum is remarkable in possessing but twenty dorso-lumbar vertebra, a number identical with that typical of the Artiodactyla, but entirely unique among Perissodactyla. It is now appears probable that the development of horns in the Titanotheres became a purely sexual character, and that the genera Titanops, Marsh and Brontops, Marsh, are founded respectively upon male and female individuals of Titanotherium robustum. Dr. J. L. Wortman, “ The expedition of 1895 of the American Museum of Natural History.” The Expedition passed into the Uinta beds of N. E. Utah, then between the Eastern escarpment of the Uinta range and the Green River into the Washakie Beds of S. W. Wyoming, the most important result geologically being that the Brown *Park deposit is found to be of much later age then the Uinta.BASHFORD DEAN, Recording Secretary.

American Philosophical Society. The following communications were read: “The Use of Photography for the Detection of Differences in Chemical Composition, in Age, and in Fluidity of Inks,” Prof. S. P. Sharples. “Some Observations on the Forgery of a Mark," and " Detection of a Forgery in the Fraudulent Use of a Signature Stamp,” Dr. Persifor Frazer.

Academy of Natural Sciences.-Philadelphia, December 31st. -The following officers were elected : President, Samuel G. Dixon, M. D.; Vice-Presidents, Thomas Meeban, Rev. Henry C. McCook, D. D.; Recording Secretary, Edward J. Nolan, M. D.; Corresponding Secretary, Benjamin Sharp, M. D.; Treasurer, George Vaux, Jr.; Librarian, Edward J. Nolan, M. D.; Curators, Henry A. Pilsbry, Henry C. Chapman, M. D., Arthur Erwin Brown, Samuel G. Dixon, M. D.; Councillors to Serve Three Years, Uselma C. Smith, William Sellers, Charles E. Smith, John Cadwalader; Finance Committee, Charles Morris, Chas. E. Smith, Uselma C. Smith, William Sellers, Charles P. Perot; Council, Isaac J. Wistar.

The American Morphological Society held its annual meeting at the University of Pennsylvania, Dec. 26, 27, and 28, 1895. The stated business of the first session was the Report of the Comunittee of Affiliation with the American Society of Naturalists. After considering this report the Society voted against affiliation. The following were elected to membership: C. J. Herrick, Denison University, Granville, Ohio; E. G. Conklin, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa.; F. R. Lillie, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich.; F. C. Kenyon, Clark University, Worcester, Mass. ; T. H. Montgomery, Jr., West Chester, Penna.; J. L. Kellogg, Olivet College, Olivet, Mich.; J. I. Peck, Williams College, Williamstown, Mass.; and A. D. Meade, Providence, R. I.

At the second session, December 27, the following papers were read and discussed: "Panplasm,” by Prof. C. S. Minot; "The History of the Centrosome in Thalassema,” by Mr. B. B. Griffin; “ The Centrosome in its Relation to Fixing and Staining Agents,” by Prof. E. B. Wilson; The Production of Artificial Archoplasmic Centers,” by Prof.

T. H. Morgan ; “ Cell Size and Body Size," by Prof. E. G. Conklin; The Development of Isolated Bastomeres of the Egg of Amphioxus," by Prof. T. H. Morgan ; and “On the Smallest Part of Stentor Capable of Regeneration,” by F. R. Lillie (read by the Secretary). The following officers were elected for the ensuing year: President, Prof E. L. Mark, Harvard University ; Vice-President, Prof. H. F. Osborn, Columbia College ; Secretary and Treasurer, Dr. G. H. Parker, Harvard University. Members of the Executive Committee elected from the Society at large, Prof. E. G. Conklin, University of Pennsylvania, and Prof. W. Patten, Dartmouth College.

At the third session, December 28, the following papers were read and discussed: “Gastrulation of Teleosts,” by Dr. Bashford Dean; " Pigment Changes in the Eye of Palæmonetes," by Dr. G. H. Parker” “ Reaction of Metridium to Food and other Substances,” by Dr. G. H. Parker; “Some Points in the Anatomy of Anoplocephaline Cestodes," by Dr. C. W. Stiles; and “ Development of Cassiopea from Buds,” by Dr. R. P. Bigelow. After passing resolutions of thanks to the University of Pennsylvania, the American Philosophical, Society, and the Philadelphia Local Committee, the Society adjourned sine die.

The American Society of Naturalists,--Met in the Hall of Department of Arts and Sciences of the University of Pennsylvania, on Thursday December 26th and Friday, December 27th, 1895. Thursday, Dec. 26th, 2 P. M. I. Reports of Committees. II. Special Reports. III. Recommendation of new members. IV. Address by the President, E. D. Cope. “The Formulation of the Natural Sciences." V. Special Papers, Prof. B. Wilder on the teaching of Comparative Anatomy. 8 P. M. Illustrated Lecture at the Hall of the Academy of Natural Sciences, by Professor W. B. Scott, of Princeton University, on “ The American Tertiary Lakes and their Mammalian Faunas." 9 P. M. Reception to all the Societies given by Professor Horace Jayne, at his house on the S. E. corner of 19th and Chestnut Streets. Friday, December 27th, 9 A. M. The following new members were elected : Professor C. L. Bristol, Dr. F. C. Kenyon, Dr. W. E. Rotzell, L. O. Howard, Professor John Dewey, G. H. Girtz, Dr. A. D. Mead, Professor G. S. Fullerton, Professor J. McK. Cattell, Professor G. T. Ladd, Reid Hunt, Professor William James, Dr. F. Baker, Dr. G. E. Stone, Professor J. M. Baldwin, Dr. T. S. Palmer, George Lefever,

The following officers were elected for the ensuing year : President, Prof. Wm. B. Scott, of Princeton College ; Vice-Presidents, Prof. Wm. G. Farlow, of Harvard; Prof. C. 0. Whitman, of Chicago University; Dr. Theodore Gill, of the Smithsonian Institution ; Secretary, Dr. H. C. Bumpus, of Brown University ; Treasurer, Prof. John B. Smith, of New Brunswick, N. J.; Executive Committee, Prof. Horace Jayne, of Philadelphia, and Prof. Wm. F. Ganong, of Smith College, Mass.

The following committees were apppointed: On Vivisection ; Drs. Patton, Sedgwick and Stiles. On the American table at the Naples Zoological Station; Drs. Conn and Stiles. On Antarctic exploration ; Professors Heilprin, Osborn and Goodale. The Society elected Prof. E. D. Cope as its representative on the committee to consult with the American member of the committee of the International Congress of Zoologists on Nomenclature. 10 A. M. Discussion. Subject : The Origin and Relations of the Floras and Faunas of the Autarctic and Adjacent Regions. Geology. Prof. Angelo Heilprin, Philadelphia Academy Natural Sciences. Paleontology. Prof. W. B. Scott, Princeton University. 2 P. M. Continuation of the Discussion. Botany. Prof. N. L. Britton, Columbia College. Zoology. Vertebrata, Dr. Theo. Gill, Smithsonian Institution. 7.30 P. M. Annual Dinner of the Affiliated Societies at the Lafayette Hotel, north-west corner of Broad and Sansom streets.

Association of American Anatomists.—This body met in Philadelphia, on Dec. 27th and 28th, at the University of Pennsylvania.– Friday Morning, December 27th, 8.30 o'clock.-Meeting of Executive Committee. 9.30 o'clock.-Opening of the session by the President. Report of Secretary and Treasurer. Report of Executive Committee. Report of Delegate to Congress of American Physicians and Surgeons. Report of Committee on Anatomical Nomenclature. Report of Committee on Anatomical Material. Report of Committee on Circular concerning Anatomical Peculiarities of the Negro. Report of Dr. Allen, of the Smithsonian Committee on the Table at Naples. Election of members. Other new business. Reading of Papers and Discussions.--1. “Myology of the Extremities of Lemur bruneus” illustrated by drawings and casts of muscles. Dr. George S. Huntington, N. Y. City; 2. “ History of the Ciliary Muscle," Dr. Frank Baker, Washington, D. C.; 3. "Absence of Fibrous Pericardium of left side.” Illustrated by specimen, Dr. Addinell Hewson, Philadelphia, Pa. “ The Descriptive Anatomy of the Human Heart,” Dr. Wm. Keiller, Galveston, Texas. Friday Afternoon, 2.30 oclock. - Miscellaneous business. Reading of Papers and Discussions.—5. · Nomenclature of Nerve Cells,” Dr. Frank Baker, Washington, D. C.; 6. “ The Cerebral Fissures of two Philosophers." Illustrated by specimens and photographs, Dr. B. G. Wilder, Ithaca, N. Y.; 7. "The Human Paroccipital Fissure. Should it be recognized and 80 Designated.” Illustrated by specimens and photographs, Dr.

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