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Marshall and Hurst's Practical Zoology. - The fourth edition of this work being called for, the work of revising and editing it has devolved upon Mr. Hurst, to bring the work up to date numerous changes have been made, the most important of which, perhaps, are in the chapter on Amphioxus.
The work as originally written was intended to give the junior stu. dents of Owens College, Manchester, England, a practical acquaintance with animal morphology, and the present revised edition will be found a useful laboratory text book for any one who wishes to acquire an insight into the leading facts of Animal structure, and a technical knowledge of the principal methods of research.
The illustrations are intentionally few, as it is expected that the student will make drawings from his own dissections. These are, however, of excellent quality.
Works of this class are of utility in the laboratory, but they do not take the place of general text books as guides to the larger problems of zoology.
Elementary Lessons in Zoology. In the hands of a competent teacher this book will be of value in giving a student a fair start in the study of zoology. It is in reality a Laboratory Manual. Four simple types of animal structure are given to familiarize the student with the meaning of the terms, cell, protoplasm, tissue, differentiation sexuality, etc. Considerable attention is given to insects ; then follow in turn common forms of Crustaceans, Worms, Molluscs and Vertebrates. The study of the animal alive, and in its biological relation to its environment, is made a prominent feature. To this end methods of observation are given with suggestions as to the facts to be ascertained. In this way the student acquires a practical knowledge of the life histories of the animals studied.
An appendix contains directions for the preparation of material for study.
The illustrations are intended as guides to identification, and in a very general way, they answer the purpose.
Chats about British Birds. The depiction of bird life in this volume is quite a vivid and interesting as was that of insect life, by
A Junior Course in Practical Zoology. By A. Milnes Marshall and C. Herbert Hurst. Fourth Edition revised by Mr. Hurst. New York, 1895. G. P. Putnam's Sons.
& Elementary Lessons in Zoology. By James G. Needham. New York, 1895. American Book Co.
Chats about British Birds. By J. W. Tuft, London, Geo. Gill & Sons.
the same author, in Rambles in Alpine Valleys. Members of thirty three families are described in an easy, gossipy fashion, with special reference to their food and nesting-habits. No opportunity is lost for pointing out that in general, birds are the farmers best agents for protecting crops
from insects and worms. The fruit eating proclivities of the Thrush and the Black bird in the late summer are excused for the wholesale destruction in early spring of insects, worms, slugs and snails.
The book is intended to interest young people in the study of Ornithology, but from the facts set forth, it may also be of use in creating among farmers a better appreciation of the service rendered them by birds, and lead them to see the necessity of organized protection for the feathered race.
Check List of North American Birds. –The American Ornithologist's Union have issued a second edition of the Check-list published in 1885. The new addition includes the numerous additions and nomenclature changes made in the several supplements to the Check List since the publication of the original edition, together with a revision of the “habitats” of the species and subspecies, but omitting the Code of Nomenclature.
Species whose status as North American birds is doubtful are listed separately under the heading “Hypothetical," and the fossil birds are likewise separately classified.
As an authoritative nomenclator this book has much value, but it could be rendered more authoritative if the A. O. U. would insist on correct orthography in all cases where this is ascertainable. In several instances the list adheres to obvious misspelling and typographical errors ; such as hasitata for hæsitata; cincinatus for cincinnatus ; Leptatila for Leptoptila ; Ammodramus for Ammodromus, etc.; Greek spellings instead of Latin are retained wherever the original authors used them, and some bad examples of the vox hybrida are perpetuated.
RECENT BOOKS AND PAMPHLETS.
Annual Report of the State Geologist of New Jersey for the year 1893. From the Survey.
ASHLEY, G. H.-Studies in the Neocene of California. Extr. Journ. Geol., Vol. III, 1895. From the author.
& The A. O. U. List of North American Birds. Second Edition. New York,
BARRAT, M.-Sur la Geologie du Congo Française. Extr. Ann. des Mines, Paris, 1895. From the author.
BAUR, G.-The differentiation of species on the Galapagos Islands and the Origin of the Group. Fourth Biol. Lect. delivered at the Marine Biol. Labor., Wood's Holl, 1894.
BOULE, M.-Le Massif Central de la France. Extr. du Dictionaire géographique de la France, Paris, 1895.
-Note sur les Fossils rapportés de Madagascar par M. E. Gautier. Extr. Bull. Mus,. d'Hist. Nat., 1895.
- Las Ballastiére de Tillaux. Extr. L'Anthropologie T. VI, 1895. From the author.
BRONN, H. G.–Klassen und Ordnungen des Thier-Reichs, IV. Bd. Vermes, 38, 39, 40, 41 and 42 Lief. Leipzig, 1895.
Bulletin No. 28, 1895, Iowa Agric. College Experiment Station.
Bulletin from the Laboratories of Natural History of the State University of Iowa. Vol. III, Nos. 1 and 2, 1895. The Bahama Expedition. From C. C. Nutting.
CHAMBERLAIN, T. C.-Classification of American Glacial Deposits. Extr. Journ. Geol., Vol. III, 1895.
Eighteenth Annual Report of the State Entomologist on the Noxious and Beneficial Insects of the State of Illinois, for the years 1891 and 1892. Springfield, Ill., 1894.
EVERMANN, B. W., AND W. C. KENDALL.—The Fishes of the Colorado Basin. -A List of the Species of Fishes known from the Vicinity of Neosho, Missouri, Arts, 23 and 22, Bull. U. S. Fish Comm. for 1894. Washington, 1895. From the authors.
GEIKIE, J.-Classification of European Glacial Deposits. Extr. Journ. Geol., Vol. III, 1895.
HARLE, E.-Daim quaternaire de Bagnères-de-Bigorre. Extr. L'Anthropologie, 1895. From the author.
Hicks, G. H.-Pure Seed Investigation. Extr. Yearbook, U. S. Dept. Agric., 1894. From the Department.
HURTER, J.-Catalogue of Reptiles and Batrachians found in the Vicinity of St. Louis, Mo. Extr. Trans. St. Louis Acad. Science, Vol. VI, 1893.
JORDAN, D. S.—The Fishes of Sinaloa. Leland Stanford, Jr., Univ. Pub., 1895. From the author.
KIRSCH, P. H.-Report upon the Investigations in the Maumee River Basin during the summer of 1893. Extr. Bull. U. S. Fish Comm. for 1894. Washington, 1895. From the Fish Commission.
LINDSAY, B.-An Introduction to the Study of Zoology. London and New York, 1895. Macmillan & Co. From the Pub.
LYDEKKER, R.-On Bones of a Sauropodous Dinosaur from Madagascar. Extr. Quart. Journ. Geol. Soc., 1895. From the author.
MACCALLUM, W. G.-On the Anatomy of Two Distome Parasites of Freshwater Fish. Extr. Veterinary Mag., Vol. II, 1895. From the author.
MARSHALL, A. M., AND C. H. Hurst.-A Junior Course of Practical Zoology. 4th ed. New York, 1895. G. P. Putnam's Son's. From the Pub.
Mixot, C. S.-Ueber die Vererbung und Verjüngung. Aus Biol. Centralb., 1895. From the author.
NEEDHAM, J.-Elementary Lessons in Zoology. New York, etc., 1895. American Book Co. From the Pub.
ORDONEZ, J. G.-Expedición Cientifica al Popocatepetl. México, 1895. From the Comision Geologica Mexicana.
OSBORN, H. F.—The Rise of the Mammalia in North America. Address before the Am. Assoc. Adv. Sci., 1893. From the author.
RANSOME, F. LESLIE.—On Lawsonite. A new rock-forming mineral from the Tiburon Penn., Marin Co., Cal. Extr. Bull. Dept. Geol., Univ. Cal., Vol. I, 1895. From the author.
Rockhili, W. W.—Diary of a Journey through Mongolia and Thibet. Washington, 1894. From the Smithsonian Institution.
ROMANES, G. J.-Darwin, and after Darwin. Vol. II. Heredity and Utility. Chicago, 1895. Open Court Pub. Co. From the Pub. Rose, C.-Ueber die Zahnentwicklung von Chlamydoselachus anguineus Garm.
- Beiträge zur Zahnentwicklung der Schwanzmolche. Aus Morp. Arb. Vierter Bd. Zweites Heft.
Ueberreste einer vorzeitigen prälactealen und einer vierten Zahnreihe beim Menschen. Aus der Oest ung. Vierteljahrsschrift für Zahnheilkunde, XI Jahrg., 1894.
-Ueber die Zahnverderbniss in der Volkeschulen. Ibid X. Jahrg., 1893.
- Ueber die Zahnentwickelung der Fische. Aus Anat. Anz., Bd. IX, 1894. From the author.
SCHMIDT, P.-Beiträge zur Kenntnis der niederen Myriapoden. Aus. Zeitschr. f. Wissenschaftl. Zool., LIX, Bd. 3 Heft. Leipzig, 1895. From the author.
SCUDDER, S. H.-Frail Children of the Air. Boston and New York, 1895. Houghton, Mifflin & Co. From the Pub.
SHEPARD, C. H.-—The Bath in Modern Medicine. Extr. Journ. Am. Med. Assoc., 1895. From the author.
SMITH, T, AND V. MOORE.--Investigations Concerning Infectious Diseases Among Poultry. Bull. No. 8, U. S. Dept. Agric., Bureau Animal Industry. Washington, 1895. From the Dept.
Taylor, C. F.—The Savings of Millions. Philadelphia, 1895. From the author.
WALTER, E -Does the Delaware Water Gap consist of Two River Gorges ? Extr. Proceeds. Phila. Acad. Nat. Sci., 1895. From the author.
Ward, L. F.—Saporta and Williamson and their work in Paleobotany. Extr. Science, n. s., Vol. II, 1895.
-The Place of Sociology among the Sciences. Extr. Amer. Journ. Sociology, Vol. I, 1895.
-Fossil Plants. Extr. Johnson's Universal Cyclopedia, 1895.
- The Nomenclature Question. Extr. Bull. Torrey Botanical Club, Vol. 22, 1895. From the author.
WILLIAMS, T.-The Advanced American Plan for Homeless Children. Re. print from the London Times, Oct., 1894.
WURTMAN, J, L.-Osteology of Agriochoerus. Extr. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., Vol. VII, 1895. From the author.
PETROGRAPHY: Ancient Volcanics in Michigan.-In an area in Michigan covered by Townships 42 to 47 N. and Ranges 30 to 34 West, is a succession of granites and gneisses overlain by a thickness of some 3000 feet of volcanic rocks, embracing acid and basic flows and tuffs. Among the basic rocks Clements’ finds porphyrites and melaphyres, and among the acid ones quartz-porphyries and devitrified rhyolites. The melaphyres and porphyries are described under the names apobasalts and apo-andesites, because they are altered forms of basalts and andesites. Some of the andesites are amygdaloidal, and nearly all show the effects of pressure. Andesitic and basaltic tuffs are both present. They exhibit no special peculiarities. The quartz porphyries among the acid flows are notable for the existence in them of corroded phenocrysts of quartz in which there has been developed a well marked rhombohedral cleavage. The groundmass of these rocks is sometimes micro-granitic and at other times is micro-poicilitic. The latter structure is peculiar in that it is produced by a reticulating wet work of uniformly oriented quartz, between the meshes of which are irregularly shaped areas of orthoclase. The other acid lavas and the acid tuffs are similar to corresponding rocks elsewhere. The series is interesting as affording another illustration of a typical volcanic series of Pre-Cambrian age. It is one of the oldest accumulations of volcanic debris and lavas thus far described.
Gneisses of Essex Co., N. Y.-In a recent bulletin on the geology of Moriah and Westport Townships, Essex Co., N. Y., Kempo gives a general account of the petrography of the gneisses, limestones, black schists, gabbros, anorthosites and dyke rocks of these regions. Most of these rocks have already been described in more detail in other papers.
The gneisses are of several varieties. The most common is a member of the basement complex underlying the other rocks of the district. It is a biotite gneiss composed of quartz, micro-perthite, orthoclase, plagioclase and brown biotite, all of which minerals exhibit evidences of dynamic metamorphism. Near iron ore bodies the gneiss becomes more basic, abundant green or black hornblende, green
1 Edited by Dr. W. S. Bayley, Colby University, Waterville, Me. 2 Journal of Geology, Vol. III, p. 801. * Buli. N. Y. State Mus., Vol. 3, No. 14, 1895, p. 325.