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HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

JOINT COMMISSION OF AGRICULTURAL INQUIRY

SIXTY-SEVENTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

UNDER

Senate Concurrent Resolution 4

IN THREE VOLUMES

Volume 1

JULY 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 20, 21, 22, 26, 28, 1921

WASHINGTON
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

1922

GIANNINI FOUNDATION

UNITED STATES CONGRESS.

JOINT COMMISSION OF AGRICULTURAL INQUIRY.

LIST OF COMMISSION,

SYDNEY ANDERSON, Minnesota, Chairman.
HOUSE MEMBERS.

SENATE MEMBERS.
OGDEN L. MILLS, New York.

IRVINE L. LENROOT, Wisconsin. FRANK H. FUNK, Illinois.

ARTHUR CAPPER, Kansas. HATTON W. SUMNERS, Texas.

CHARLES L. McNARY, Oregon. PETER G. TEN EYCK, New York.

JOSEPH T. ROBINSON, Arkansas.

PAT HARRISON Mississippi.
CLYDE L. KING, Economist.

IRVING S. PAULL, Secretary.
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AGRICULTURAL INQUIRY.

MONDAY, JULY 11, 1921.

CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES,
JOINT COMMISSION OF AGRICULTURAL INQUIRY,

Washington, D. C. The joint commission met pursuant to call at 10 o'clock a. m. in the caucus room, House of Representatives, to begin hearings under Senate concurrent resolution 4, Representative Sydney Anderson (chairman) presiding.

The CHAIRMAN. The commission will come to order. We have met this morning for the purpose of hearing the farmers and representatives of farm organizations touching the subjects of investigation under Senate concurrent resolution No. 4, which resolution will be put in the record at this point by the official reporter.

SENATE CONCURRENT RESOLUTION No. 4.

the

Resolved by the Senate (the House of Representatives concurring), That a joint commission is hereby created, to be known as the Joint Commission of Agricultural Inquiry, which shall consist of five Senators, three of whom shall be members of the majority party and two of whom shall be members of the minority party, to be appointed by the President of the Senate, and five Representatives, three of whom shall be members of the majority party and two of whom shall be members of the minority party, to be appointed by the Speaker. Said commission shall investigate and report to the Congress within 90 days after

passage of this resolution upon the following subjects: 1. The causes of the present condition of agriculture. 2. The cause of the difference between the prices of agricultural products paid to the producer and the ultimate cost to the consumer.

3. The comparative condition of industries other than agriculture. 4. The relation of prices of commodities other than agriculture. 5. The banking and financial resources and credits of the country, especially as affecting agricultural credits.

6. The marketing and transportation facilities of the country. The commission shall include in its report recommendations for legislation which in its opinion will tend to remedy existing conditions and shall specifically report upon the limitations of the powers of Congress in enacting relief legislation.

The commission shall elect its chairman, and vacancies occurring in the membership of the commission shall be filled in the same manner as the original appointments.

The commission or any subcommittee of its members is authorized to sit during the sessions or recesses of Congress in the District of Columbia or elsewhere, to send for Persons and papers, to administer oaths, to summon and compel the attendance of witnesses, and to employ such personal services and incur such expenses as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this resolution; such expenditure shall be paid from the contingent funds of the Senate and the House of Representatives in equal proportions, upon vouchers authorized by the committee and signed by the chairman

thereof.

The CHAIRMAN. The commission will hear this morning, first, the representatives of the National Board of Farm Organizations, and the chairman will ask Mr. C. S. Barrett, the president of that organization, to present the representatives of his organizations. Mr. Barrett, you may proceed.

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