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MAR 8 1884

Walker fund.

Bede's birthplace and the monastery in which he spent most of his

life situated near the Firth of Forth-First chapter of the His.

tory relating to the emigration of Scots from Ireland fabricated

-Twelfth chapter, mentioning Scots, genuine-Its Contents--

Only one Roman wall, that of Antonine, known to Bede-Ac-

count of Ethelfrid's battle with Ælan, king of the Scots, an in-

terpolation-Laurentius' Letters to the Scots also an interpola-

tion-Notice of Honorius' dealings with the Scots another—The

Scots, among whom Oswald and his brothers spent their youth,

the people to the north of the Firth of Forth-Passage about

Scots in Ireland an interpolation—Columba, his connection with

Ireland an interpolation-Notices of several priests living in

Ireland also interpolations-Hermits in Iceland--The Scottish

bishops and the Easter controversy-Bede's Scotia the country

north of the Firth of Forth-Fursey's life an interpolation-

Not known to the Irish annalists-Probably an Icelandic saint

-Account of Beort's expedition an interpolation-An Irish

Scotsman of the name of Adamnan unknown to the other

annalists-Several pages of the Ecclesiastical History copied by

Roger of Wendover only with the exception of a paragraph

containing the word Hibernia-Adamnan the abbot of Hii-

Work on the Holy Places mentioned only in the Ecclesiastical

History and by Wendover-No mention made of his Life of

Columba by any early writer-Unreliable character of notices of

his visit to Ireland contained in Irish records-Not mentioned

by Clyn, an Irish annalist of the fourteenth century-Egbert's

life in Ireland and his whole biography, including the conversion

of the monks of Hii, interpolations-Notice of a pestilence in Ire-

land another interpolation-Letter to Naitan, king of the Picts,

also an interpolation

pages 1-57

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Tacitus' Life of Agricola-Ireland mentioned several times in it— Untrustworthiness of the allusions to that country-Life of Agricola first produced about Boece's time-Mentions few places in Scotland-No reliable evidence to prove Agricola was ever in Britain-Unknown to all the ancient annalists of England and Scotland-Orkneys said to have been subdued by Agricola in opposition to Eutropius and all the early English and Scottish annalists-Adamnan's Life of St Columba-Its authenticity questioned--The manuscript on which it is founded wants the characteristics of the time to which it is assigned-Not men. tioned by Roger of Wendover, who refers to another work of Adamnan's-Cumminius' Life of Columba the basis of Adamnan's-Never mentions Hibernia-This word interpolated in the only extract from the earlier life which is acknowledged in the later-Hibernia often mentioned in Adamnan's Life-Never distinctly affirmed that Hibernia and Scotia were names for one country-Instances of the curious way in which the two words are used-Nennius' History of the Britons-Quoted as a work of Gildas-Tampered with to a large extent-Incorporated with Geoffrey's British History-Interpolations about Ireland and the Orkneys-Patrick and Palladius-Similar account of the two saints in Roger of Wendover's History-Material difference between the two accounts regarding Scotland and the ScotsInterpolations in the Irish version of Nennius about Ireland Florence of Worcester's Chronicle--Calls Marianus a Scot of Ireland-Not corroborated-His Scotia the Scotland of the present day-Interpolations about Ireland-Notices of Scots and Scotland-Scots said to be Irishmen really Scotsmen-Interpolation about Marianus being in Ireland-Henry of Huntingdon's History-No manuscript of the author's extant-First printed in 1596--Scotland the only Scotia known to him-Interpolations about Scots in Ireland-His Scots not inhabitants of Ireland-Ireland or the Irish mentioned fifteen times before the year 699, and only twice from then till 1051-All the first fif teen occur in Bede's Ecclesiastical History-Passages about Scots and Scotland apparently all genuine, with the exception of one about the Easter controversy

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pages 59-84

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