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which delights in the obscurity of shaded minds by cultivating our powers of ob pools.

servation. The sea-weeds will be found studded The pleasure derived from the aquawith mollusks,-as Snails and Periwinkles rium comes from the excitement of findof many queer varieties. Anemones, of ing and collecting specimens, as well as the more common kinds, are found cling, from watching the tank itself. There ing to smooth stones. Crabs on the sand. can be no more pleasant accompaniment Prawns, Shrimps, Medusæ, and fishes of to the sea-side walk of the casual vis many species, in the little pools which itor or summer resident of a wateringthe tide leaves behind, and which it will place, than to search for marine plants require a sharp eye and a quick hand to and animals among the fissures, rocks, explore with success. But the rarer forms and tide-pools of the sea-washed beach of Actinias, Star-fishes, Sepioles, Madre

or cape. pores, Annelidæ, and Zoophytes, of a Nature is always as varied as beautithousand shapes, live on the bottom, in ful. Thousands of strange forms sport deep water, and must be captured there. under the shadow of the brown, waving

For this purpose we must dredge from sea-weeds, or among the delicate scarlet a boat, under sail. The naturalist's dredge fronds of the dulse, which is found growis an improved oyster-dredge, with eaching in the little ponds that the inequalof the two long sides of the mouth made ities of the beach have retained. It is into a scraping lip of iron. The body is down among the great boulders which made of spun-yarn, or fishing-line, netted the Atlantic piles upon our coast, that into a small mesh. Two long triangles we may find endless varieties of life to are attached by a hinge to the two short fill the aquarium, though not those more sides of the frame, and meeting in front, gorgeous hues which distinguish the tenat some distance from the mouth, are con- ants of the coral reefs on tropical shores nected by a swivel-joint. To this the Yet even here Nature is absolutely indragging rope is bent, which must be finite; and we shall find ourselves, day three times as long, in dredging, as the after day, imitating that botanist who, depth of the water. This is fastened to walking through the same path for a the stern of a boat under sail, and thus month, found always a new plant which the bottom is raked of all sorts of objects ; had escaped his notice before. So, too, among which, on emptying the net, many in exploring the open sea, besides the living creatures for the aquarium are pleasure of sailing along a variegated found. These may be placed temporarily coast, with sun and blue water, we have in jars; though plants, mollusks, Crusta- the constant excitement of unexpected cea and Actiniæ may be kept and trans- discovery: for, as often as we pull up the mitted long distances packed in layers dredge, some new wonder is revealed. of moist sea-weed.

Words fail to describe the wonders of For all this detail, labor, and patient the sea. And all that we drag from the care, we may reasonably find two great bottom, all that we aclmire in the aquaobjects : first, the cultivation and ad- rium, are but a few disconnected specivancement of natural science; second, mens of that infinite whole which makes the purest delight and healthiest amuse- up their home.

So, too, in watching the aquarium itIn the aquarium we have a most con- self, we shall see endless repetitions of venient field for the study of Natural those “sea-changes” which Shakspeare History: to learn the varieties, nature, sang.

Ancient mythology typified the names, habits, and peculiarities of those changing wonders of aquatic Nature, as endless forms of animated existence which well as the fickleness of the treacherous dwell in the hidden depths of the sea, sea, in those shifting deities, Glaucus and at the same time to improve our and Proteus, who tenanted the shore.



The one the fancy of Ovid metamor- hideous Cuttle-fish and ravenous Shark to phosed from a restless man to a fickle the delicate Medusa, whose graceful form sea-god; the other assumed so many de- and trailing tentacles float among the ceptive shapes to those who visited his waving fronds of colored Algæ, like cave, that his memory has been preserv

“ Sabrina fair, ed in the word Protean. Such fancies

Under the glassy, cool, translucent wave, well apply to a part of Nature which

In twisted braids of lilies knitting shifts like the sands, and ranges from the The loose train of her amber-dropping hair."


ABOUT eighteen years ago, when I why he did not explain what he wished was confined to two rooms by illness of from me; but I had a strong impression long standing, I received a remarkable that it was safest to reply at once. I did note by post one day. The envelope, so, in half a dozen lines, promising to bearing the Dublin postmark, was ad- write next day, after a further attempt dressed in a good, bold, manly hand- to discover his meaning, and begging him writing; but the few lines within show- to consider how completely in the dark ed traces of agitation. What I am going I was as to him and his case. It was well to relate is a true story, — altogether that I wrote that day. Long after, when true, so far as can trust my memory, he was letting me into all the facts of his except the name of the Young Repealer. life, he told me that he had made my reI might give his real name without dan- plying at once or not the turning-point ger of hurting any person's feelings but of his fate. If the post had brought him one; but, for the sake of that one, who nothing, he would have drowned himself will thus be out of the reach of my nar

in the Liffey. rative, I speak of him under another My second letter was the only sort of name. Having to choose a name, I will letter that it could be, - an account of take a thoroughly Irish one, and call my my own conjectures about him, and of my correspondent Patrick Monahan. regret that I could see no probability of

The few lines which showed agitation my being of use to him, except in as far in the handwriting were calm in lan- as my experience of many troubles might guage, but very strange. Patrick Mon- enable me to speak suitably to him. I ahan told me that he was extremely un- added some few words on the dangers happy, and that he had reason to believe attending any sort of trouble, when too that I, and I alone, could do him good. keenly felt. This, with the address, – to a certain In answer to my first note came a few number in a street in Dublin,- lines, telling me that the purpose of bis

application was mainly answered, and There was little time before the post that my reply was of altogether greater went out; I was almost unable to write consequence than I could have any idea from illness; but, after a second glance of. He was less unhappy now, and beat this note, I felt that I dared not delay lieved he should never be so desperately my reply. I did not think that it was wretched again. Wild as this might apmoney that he wished to ask. I did not pear, I was still persuaded that he was think that he was insane. I could not not insane. conceive why he should apply to me, nor By the next post came a rather bulky VOL. VIII.




packet. It contained, besides a letter some trusty clerk or other messenger, from him, two or three old parchment some information as to what Patrick was documents, which showed that Patrick's like, - how old he was, what he was forefathers had filled some chief munici- doing, and whether anything effectual pal offices in the city in which the fam- could be done for him. Mr. H. went ily had been settled for several genera- himself. He found Patrick sitting over tions. I had divined that Patrick was a a little fire in a little room, his young gentleman; and he now showed me that face thin and flushed, and his thin hands he came of a good and honorable fami- showing fever. He had had inflammation ly, and had been well-educated. He was of the lungs, and, though he talked cheeran orphan, and had not a relation in the fully, he was yet very far from well. world, – if I remember right. It was Mr. H. was charmed with him. He evident that he was poor; but he did found in him no needless reserves, and not ask for money, nor seem to write on not so much sensitive pride as we had that account. He aspired to a literary feared. Patrick had great hopes of suflife, and be ved he should have done ficient employment, when once he could so, even if he had had the means of pro- get out and go and see about it; and fessional education. But he did not ask he pointed out two or three directions me for aid in trying his powers in litera- in which he believed he could obtain ture. It was very perplexing; and the engagements. Two things, however, fact became presently clear that he ex- were plain : that there was some diffipected me to tell him how I could be of culty about getting out, and that his use to him, — he being in no way able mind was set upon going to London at to afford me that information. I may as the first possible moment. He had not well give here the key to the mystery, only the ordinary provincial ambition to which I had to wait for for some time. achieve an entrance into the London When poor Patrick was in a desperate literary world, but he had another obcondition, — very ill, in a lodging of ject: he could serve his country best which he could not pay the rent,- in London. Mr. H. easily divined the threatened with being turned into the nature of the obstacle to his going out street as soon as the thing could be done into the fresh air which he needed so without danger to his life, - galled with much; and in a few days Patrick had a a sense of disgrace, and full of impotent good suit of clothes. This was Mr. H.'s wrath against an oppressor, — and even doing; and he also removed the danger suffering under deeper griefs than these, of Patrick's being turned out of his lodg

- at such a time, the worn man fell ing. The landlord had no wish to do asleep, and dreamed that I looked kindly such a thing; the young man was a genupon him. This happened three times; tleman, — regular and self-denying in his and on this ground, and this alone, he habits, and giving no trouble that he applied to me for comfort.

could help: but he had been very ill; Before I learned this much, I had and it was so desolate! Nobody came taken upon me to advise freely whatever to see him; no letters arrived for him; occurred to me as best, finding Patrick no money was coming in, it was clear; entirely docile under my suggestions and he could not go on living there, Among other things, I advised him not starving, in fact. to take offence, or assume any reserve, Once able to go about again, Patrick if a gentleman should call on him, with cheered up; but it was plain that there a desire to be of use to him. A gentle- was one point on which he would not be man did call, and was of eminent use ruled. He would not stay in Dublin, to him. I had written to a benevolent under any inducement whatever; and friend of mine, a chief citizen of Dublin, he would go to London. I wrote very begging him to obtain for me, through plainly to him about the risk he was


running, -- even describing the desolate they were in love and engaged, the facondition of the unsuccessful literary ad- ther considered himself the victim of the venturer in the dreary peopled wilder- basest treachery that ever man suffered ness, in which the friendless may lie under. In vain the young people pleaddown and die alone, as the starved ani- ed for leave to love and wait till Patrick mal lies down and perishes in the ravine could provide a home for his wife. They in the desert. I showed him how impos- asked no favor but to be let alone. Patsible it was for me or anybody to help rick's family was as good as hers; and him, except with a little money, till he

he had the education and manners of a had shown what he could do; and I en- gentleman, without any objectionable treated him to wait two years,

babits or tastes, but with every possiyear, — six months, before rushing on ble desire to win an honorable home for such a fate. Here, and here alone, he his beloved. I am not sure, but I think was self-willed. At first he explained to there was a moment when they thought me that he had one piece of employment of eloping some day, if nothing but the to rely on. He was to be the London paternal displeasure intervened between correspondent of the Repeal organ in them and happiness; but it was not yet Dublin,—the “Nation” newspaper. The

time for this. There was much to be pay was next to nothing. He could not done first. What the father did first was live, ever so frugally, on four times the to turn Patrick out of the house, under amount: but it was an engagement; and such circumstances of ignominy as he it would enable him to serve his country.

could devise. What he did next was the So, as there was nothing else to be done, blow which broke the poor fellow down. Mr. H. started him for London, with Patrick had written a letter, in answer just money enough to carry him there. to the treatment he had received, in Once there, he was sure he should do which he expressed his feelings as strong

ly as one might expect. This letter was I doubted this; and he was met, at made the ground of a complaint at the the address he gave, (at an Irish green- police-office; and Patrick was arrested, grocer's, the only person he knew in marched before the magistrate, and arLondon,) by an order for money enough raigned as the sender of a threatening to carry him over two or three weeks, letter to a citizen. In vain he protested - money given by two or three friends that no idea of threatening anybody had to whom I ventured to open the case. I been in his mind. The letter, as comhave seldom read a happier letter than mented on by his employer, was proPatrick's first from London; but it was nounced sufficiently menacing to justify not even then, nor for some time after his being bound over to keep the peace that he told me the main reason of his towards this citizen and all his family. horror at remaining in Dublin. The intention was, no doubt, to disgrace

He had hoped to support himself as a him, and put him out of the question as tutor while studying and practising for suitor; for no man could pretend to be the literary profession ; and he had been really afraid of violence from a candid engaged to teach the children of a rich youth like Patrick, who loved the daughcitizen, - not only the boys, but the ter too well to lift a finger against any daughter. He, an engaging youth of one connected with her. The scheme three-and-twenty, with blue eyes and succeeded ; for he believed it had broken golden hair, an innocent and noble ex- his heart. He supposed himself utterly pression of countenance, an open heart, disgraced in Dublin; and he could live a glowing imagination, and an eloquent there no longer. Hence his self-will tongue, was set to teach Latin and litera- about going to London. ry composition to a pretty, warm-heart- In addition to this personal, there was ed, romantic girl of twenty; and when a patriotic view. Very early in our cor

very well.


respondence, Patrick told me that he was should make their own laws, own their a Repealer. He fancied himself a very own soil, and manage their own affairs. moderate one, and likely on that account He had no wish to bring in the French, or to do the more good. Those were the days any other enemy of England; and he was of O'Connell's greatest power; or, if it fully disposed to be loyal to the Crown, was on the wane, no one yet recognized if the Crown would let Ireland entirely any change. Patrick knew one of the alone. Even the constant persecution younger O'Connells, and had been flat- inflicted upon Ireland had not destroyed teringly noticed by the great Dan him his loyalty to the Crown. Such were the self, who had approved the idea of his views on which his letters to the “ Nagoing to London, hoped to see him there tion” newspaper were to be grounded. some day, and had prophesied that this In reply, I contented myself with proyoung friend of his would do great things posing that he should make sure of his for the cause by his pen, and be con- ground as he went along; for which purspicuous among the saviours of Ireland. pose he should ascertain what proportion Patrick's head was not quite turned by of the people of Ireland wished for a rethis; and he lamented, in his letters to peal of the Union; and what sort of peo me, the plans proposed and the language ple they were who desired Repeal on the held by the common run of O'Connell's one hand, or continued Union on the othfollowers. Those were the days when I hoped he would satisfy himself as the Catholic peasantry believed that “ Re- to what Repeal could and could not efpale” would make every man the owner fect; and that he would study the history of the land he lived on, or of that which of Irish Parliaments, to learn what the he wished to live on; and the great Dan character and bearing of their legislation did not disabuse them. Those were the had been, and to estimate the chances of days when poor men believed that “Re- good government by that kind of legislapale” would release every one from the ture, in comparison with the Imperial debts he owed ; and Dan did not contra- Parliament. dict it. When Dan was dead, the conse- If any foreign reader should suppose quence of his not contradicting it was it impossible, that, in modern times, there that a literal - minded fellow here and can have been hopes entertained in Dubthere shot the creditor who asked for lin of the streets being inundated with payment of the coat, or the pig, or the blood, such reader may be referred to meal. For all this delusion Patrick was the evidence afforded of Repeal sentisorry. He was sprry to hear Protestant ment five years later than the time of slopmen wishing for the day when Dub- which I write. When the heroes of that lin streets would be knee-deep in Catho- rising of 1818 — of whom John Mitchell lic blood, and to hear Catholic shopmen is the sample best known in America reciprocating the wish in regard to Prot- were tracked in their plans and devices, estant blood. He was anxious to make it appeared what their proposed methods me understand that he had no such no- of warfare were. Some of these, detailtions, and that he even thought O'Con- ed in Repeal newspapers, and copied innell mistaken in appearing to counte- to American journals, were proposed to nance such mistakes. But still he, Pat- the patriotic women of Ireland, as their rick, was a Repealer; and he wished me peculiar means of serving their counto know precisely what he meant by that, try; and three especially. Red-hot iron and what he proposed to do in conse- hoops, my readers may remember, were quence. He thought it a sin and shame to be cast down from balconies, so as that Ireland should be trodden under the to pin the arms of English soldiers heel of the Saxon; he thought the domi- marching in the street, and scorch their nation of the English Parliament intoler- hearts. Vitriol was to be flung into their able; he considered it just that the Irish eyes. Boiling oil was to be poured up

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