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arduous business not permitting his personal presence; and concluded in 1471 by giving the society a set of injunctions for their guidance, and by the banishment of the abbat with a pension of fifty pounds a year for his maintenance.

SECT. VIII. WAYNFLETE was among the lords spiritual and temporal assembled with other persons of quality in July 1471, when Edward exacted from them an oath of fealty to his infant son, born during his short exile, whom he soon after created prince of Wales as heir-apparent.

In 1472 pope Sixtus IV. notified to king Edward the sending of the red hat designed for the archbishop of Canterbury (Bourchier) by his predecessor Paul II, who had declared him a cardinal. It was delivered on the 31st of May at Lambeth, in the presence of bishop Stillyngton lord chancellor, three other prelates, the suffragan of the archbishop, the prior of Christ-church, London, the archdeacon of Canterbury, and of many barons, knights, and nobles, citizens of

Rymer, t. xi. p.714.

London,

London, and venerable persons, no solemnity or ceremony being omitted.. The mass De Sancto Spiritu was celebrated by the bishop of Winchester, who also placed the hat tinged with the blood of Christ on the head of the new cardinal.

SECT. IX. THE bishop, who was always assiduous in the discharge of his religious functions, commonly attended the solemnities of the order of the Garter. In particular he was present in 1476 (27th February) when king Edward held a grand festival at Windsor in most royal manner, The sovereign with the knights," being all mounted

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on horsebacke in their habits of blew, "rode to the chapiter; from thence they

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went to the quire on foote," and when even-song was over, up again to the castle. Waynflete, as prelate of the order, performed the service of the day, St. George the martyr, in the chapel.

SECT. X. THE bishop continued his at

d MSS. C. C. C.C. No 170, p. 242. Budden, He cites M. Parker in V. ex lib. J. Ryd in Coll. C. C. C.

• Stow, p. 429.

tendance

tendance on the court. He was present with many lords of the council at Staunford in 1473, when the great seal was delivered (27th July) to the bishop of Durham, and was frequently with the king at other times and places. We have reason to believe that he was well received and in favour, as Edward confirmed by charter the grants made to his college by king Henry, and added licences of mortmayn, with other tokens of good will, which met with a grateful return on the part of the founder. But this distinction was enjoyed without his losing the regard of the Lancastrian party; and the respect they showed him, proves that they did not consider it as gained by temporizing and by servility. If he suffered not as some other prelates, if he was neither imprisoned, exiled, nor attainted for his attachment to king Henry, candour will pro

f He is recorded as absent on a good account, 31 Hen. VI. He attended 33 and 34 Hen. VI, also 3, 7, 17, 22 Edw. IV. In 1481 Edward, occupied by the very great cares of his kingdom, could not be present, and Waynflete did not attend, but we find him there again in the following year. Anstis.

Rymer, t. xi. p. 783. Stow.

h Cartæ Regis, &c. No 48. Index.

i Three, each of £.500, were issued 15, 17, 18 Edw. IV.-Mortmaynes, N° 2. 7. 15. Index.

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nounce that he was withheld by the natural mildness of his disposition from taking so bold and active a part; and that his subsequent security was the result of his age, and of a character, in which the virtues of the truly Christian bishop were unmixed and unsullied by the ferocity of the warrior and the turbulence of the politician.

CHAP

CHAPTER VIII.

Proceedings at Oxford, with the Building and Settling of Magdalen College, to the End of the Reign of Edward the Fourth.

SECT. I.

TH

HOUGH public confusion was unfriendly to the designs of Waynflete at Oxford, yet even in this period his college had met with benefactors.

Thomas Ingledew, one of his chaplains, of the diocese of York, had given with his own hands to the president and perpetual fellows, in October 1461, the sum of seven hundred and sixty-three marks (£508. 13s. 4d.) with which they purchased land and rents to the yearly amount of twenty-four pounds sterling; for the augmentation of two fellowships, to be filled for ever by clerks born in the dioceses of York and Durham rather than elsewhere; who, within six months after his decease, were to celebrate mass for his soul and for that of John Bowyke, clerk; for the souls of his parents, of Elionare Aske and

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