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"father's surname (were it never so worship"full or ancient), and give him for it the 66 name of the towne he was borne in." Holinshed, after producing several instances, observes, that this in like manner happened to William Waynflete, "a matter right prove"able." The usage was certainly common on taking orders; but, though it probably continued to the era of the Reformation, appears to have fallen soon after into oblivion; for an opinion that the family of William was called Waynflete had prevailed so strongly, as to occasion Budden the labour of some pages to confute it, and to establish a different appellation. He has cited Holinshed, yet seems not aware of the fashion, but supposes that the father of William, as the shoots of the generous stock from which he sprung were numerous, had, to avoid confusion, assumed as his distinction the local denomination 1.

i

The episcopal registers furnish many in

P. 232, Holinshed's Chronicle.

i P. 53, 55.

k P. 56.

1 P. 55. "Nam cum multæ essent tam generosæ stirpis pro"pagines, nisi una ab aliâ commode discerneretur, ingens profecto "eveniret nominum confusio." In marg. Geneal. Fundat.

stances

stances of the name of Waynflete taken by, or imposed on, ecclesiastics, and it is often difficult to ascertain the identity of the persons. Both Waynflete and Patten were also common surnames. In Rymer" is a John Waynflete, and a John Paten, owner, or master, each of a vessel for transporting pilgrims on their way to St. James of Galicia,

in 1451.

I have noted seventeen modes of spelling the name adopted by William. In the episcopal register at Winchester it is commonly Waynflete; but there also occurs Wayneflete, and Waynflett. The first was constantly used, if I mistake not, by the bishop.

William

From the Lincoln Register :-3 Jan. 1415. Waynflete having the first clerical tonsure, was presented to the church of Salmanby.

28 Jan. 1415. Master John Waynflete, presbyter, exchanged the rectory of St. Mary of Binnebroke for Salmanby.

Kal. Jan. 1420. William Waynflete was ordained presbyter. From MS. Harl. No 6962.

19 Feb. 14 Hen. VI. John Waynflete presented to Monks Shirborn, Hants.

26 May, 14 Hen. VI. The king consents that brother John Waynflete be elected abbat of Bardney.

John died 26 Hen. VI.

See also Willis's Abbies, vol. i. p. 30. vol. ii. p. 328.

n T. xi. p. 280.

CHAP

CHAPTER II.

Of William Waynflete to the Time of his Advancement to the See of Winchester by King Henry VI.

SECT. I. WYKEHAM has directed* that

the master of his school at Winchester should be a person sufficiently learned; possessed of skill in teaching, of good fame and conversation, hired and removable; that he should instruct and inform the scholars of his college with assiduity; superintend them, their lives and manners, with diligence; reprove or punish sloth, idleness, or other delinquency, without distinction or partiality. He has forbad his demanding, asking, or exacting from the scholars, their parents or friends, any recompense; and the reader will not be displeased to know the reward assigned for his labour. He has allowed the master weekly commons, the same as the fellows and chaplains; to wit, twelve pence in plentiful

a Mr. Blackstone.

years;

years; an increase to thirteen, fourteen, and sixteen pence, when wheat shall happen to be at the high price of two shillings a bushel, and no further: also, every Christmas, eight yards of cloth, about one shilling and nine pence the yard, the price limited for the warden, fellows, and chaplains; the colour not to be white or black, russet or green; and this he is to have made into a decent robe, reaching to his heels, with a hood; the robe to be trimmed with fur, for which he is allotted three shillings and four pence. They are all inhibited from selling, pawning, or giving away their livery within five years from the time of their receiving it. The stipend for teaching is ten pounds; and the whole salary, consisting of several articles, is now thirty-eight pounds, eleven shillings, and two pence! The warden, Robert Thurbern, a student in medicine, but in orders, with the fellows of the college, appointed Waynflete to fill this useful and honourable, if not lucrative, station, on its being vacated by Thomas Alwin; and he began to

b Budden, p. 57. He cites Willeus Epig. Parker, Harpsfield, and p. 58. Registr. Coll.-Collier, Birch, Ayliffe's Ancient and Present State of the University, vol. i. p. 363.

teach

с

teach in 1429, the year after the decease of Leilont, whose New Grammar he probably introduced there, and afterwards at Eton.

SECT. II. IN the following year, 1430, a William Waynflete, as appears from the episcopal register of Lincolnd, was presented by the convent of Bardney to the vicarage of Skendleby in that county, void by resignation; and among the monks there, about the same time, was one named John Waynflete, who became abbot in 1435. This person Willis "presumes was a near rela"tion of the magnificent founder of Mag"dalen college," and that the living was obtained by his interest. "This I mention," he continues, "because it may perhaps inti"mate the rise of this great man, and what

66

e

was probably his first preferment." From the coincidence of names it is likely that this William and John Waynflete were townsmen; but the identity of this William and our bishop is at least problematical; and the author seems not apprised that the

Registr. Coll. Winton. Waynflett in Extract.

d Registr. Fleming. Institut. fol. 34. 14 June.

e Abbies, vol. i. p.31.

founder

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