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clerks, including the three stipulated for by Ingledew and Forman; thirty scholars, commonly called Demys because they were originally admitted to half-commons; four presbyters, chaplains; eight clerks, and sixteen choristers; besides servants and other dependents. The schoolmaster and usher were to be allowed each a yearly stipend of one hundred shillings, besides chambers and weekly commons. A person was to be hired to teach the choristers. A clerk of accounts was to be provided and agreed with by the president and bursars. Bailiffs were to be appointed who lived on the manors, and had frequent opportunities of seeing the lands and tenements. The two porters were to be likewise barbers, and to shave diligently the president and the other members of the college; and in the old account-books charges occur for the necessary implements.

To perpetuate the number of the forty, Waynflete directed the vacancies to be filled annually with bachelors or masters of arts, competently skilled in plain chant, having the first clerical tonsure, fit and disposed for the priesthood; to which every master, if not a student in civil law or physic, was to proceed within the year after the completion


of his regency, unless some legal impediment subsisted. The masters promoted to the priesthood were speedily to be instructed in the devout celebration of mass. They were forbidden, while collegiates, to perform it elsewhere by way of annual service, or to accept of any stipend or salary; but with permission to serve the cure of Horspath near Oxford, and to receive for officiating at it in the chapel. The succession of the forty he annexed to certain dioceses and counties, from which the candidates were to be chosen to a year of probation before they could be admitted real fellows.

From the diocese of Winton, five;

county of Lincoln, seven;

Oxford, four;

Berks, three;

diocese of Norwich, four;

Chichester, two;

county of Gloucester, two;

Warwick, two;

from the counties of Bucks, Kent, Notingham, Essex, Somerset, London, Northampton, Wilts, each one; from the county of York, one; and from the diocese of York and Durham, two. It was probably intended, by this restriction, to preclude a partiality, similar

similar to that at Cambridge, of Millington the first provost of the King's college, which Waynflete had condemned and combated; and from which, if not guarded against, he was fearful that his munificence, instead of being widely diffusive, would be contracted and confined within a narrow boundary.

The thirty scholars, or demys, were to be chosen not under twelve years of age, wita a preference first to the parishes and places, and next to the counties, in which the college should have possessions acquired in his lifetime P.


p" De Electione Scholarium vocatorum Demyes.


quorum electionem fieri volumus in crastino festi beatæ "Mariæ Magdalenæ, vel infra tres dies immediate sequentes in "Collegio nostro prædicto per Presidentem, Vicepresidentem, et "tres Decanos in forma sequenti: viz. Primo de parochiis et locis

quibus possessiones nostri Coll. vigent, ac deinde de comitatibus, "in quibus nostri Coll. possessiones existunt. Et ille pro electo "habeatur, in quem Presidens, Vicepresidens, et tres Decani, vel "Presidens et alii duo dictorum eligentium consenserint. Præterea "quia debile fundamentum fallit opus, ut experientia docet, ac "etiam, ut intelleximus, quod quidam de nostris triginta scholaribus "his diebus priusquam in grammatica, quæ omnium scientiarum "mater et fundamentum esse dignoscitur, sufficienter instructi "fuerint; immaturè divertere solent ad logicalia et sophisticalia, "statuimus igitur ordinamus et volumus, quod nullus eorundem de " cætero admittatur ad sophistriam et logicam, vel ad aliam scien"tiam

SECT. III. IN a review of the devotional regulations and of the establishment of divine worship in the society, the reader, who remembers that Waynflete lived in the fifteenth century, will expect to meet with a copious provision of masses and prayers to be said for the founder and other persons; some, whose title to this distinction is sufficiently obvious, and a few about whom no information has occurred. He had received donations by will or otherwise, without com

"tiam nisi prius judicio Presidentis et Magistri informatoris in "grammatica, ac alicujus Decanorum nostri Coll. memorati, ad id "habilis et sufficiens requiratur."

In the last statute, entitled, "Finis et Conclusio omnium Statu"torum," the following provision is added: "Volumus etiam "quod quoties in statutis nostris fit mentio de Comitatibus in qui"bus bona Collegii vigent, quod tunc addatur et exprimatur et "intelligatur, viz. de bonis perquisitis pro Collegio nostro et ob"tentis dum superstites fuerimus in hac vita." E.

9 But in Sir John Fastolf's will, to which the bishop was the first executor, a college, or chantry for his soul to be prayed for, had been provided; which chantry he afterwards founded in Magdalen college. William Worcestre, in his letter to Margaret Paston, expresses a wish that it may be founded at Cambridge, with the value of good benefices and rich parsonages, the advowsons of which, he observes, may be purchased with "moch lesse goodes "then lordshyppes or maners may." Paston Letters, vol. iv. let. lxxi. p. 280. E.


pact; the result of regard, relationship, or family connexion; and some of the masses which he ordained, were perhaps the pious retribution of affection and gratitude.

The president, fellows, and scholars, were required to say daily, at getting up and at going to bed, certain prayers in honour of the Trinity; and, while Waynflete was living, "Rege, quæsumus, Domine, famulum "tuum Williamum pontificem fundatorem no"strum;" and, after his decease, an additional prayer for him. Each of them was to repeat daily, at the hour he chose, a psalm and prayers for the soul of king Henry the Third, Edward the Third, Henry the Sixth, Edward the Fourth, lord Crumwell, sir John

Antiphona de Trinitate.

Libera nos, with the Benedicamus.

The usual prayer De Trinitate, sc. Omnipotens sempiterne

Rege, quæsumus.

Deus, qui inter apostolicos sacerdotes famulum tuum fundatorem nostrum pontificiali dignitate.

Rege, quæsumus.

See the Roman Missal, Breviary, Hours, &c.

Psalm De profundis, with Kyrielyson.

Pater noster.

Ave Maria in the usual manner.

Inclina, Domine,

Fidelium Deus, with the names of the persons.

Deus, qui inter apostolicos.

o 2


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