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Wulcy seems to have quitted the college soon after the expiration of his office of dean of divinity, as I find no mention of him again in my extracts until 1506-7, (22 Hen. VII.) when an entry is made in the account-book of twelve pence paid to Mr. Wulcy's keeper, for bringing venison to the college.

The cardinal came to Oxford with queen Catharine' toward the end of the year 1517, (8 Hen. VIII.) and was entertained at Magdalen. In the account-book TM is a charge, For the expenses of the lord cardinal, late fellow :

For one refection in the college, besides wine this year as by bill,


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£ 8 11 11

For a copy of the arms of the lord


£0 10

Perhaps the society designed to have these painted on glass, to be placed, with the like memorials of other great men who should be of their number, in the windows of the lodgings of the president.

"Pro vino dato astrologis variis vicibus per billam xiid." "Uni astrologo de Westmynstre pro furto recuperando, xiii. « iiiid."

1 A. Wood, p.245.

See also Dr. Clerke's Account-books, 1656, p. 132.

In 1524 the cardinal appointed Hygden, then president, to be the first dean of the college which he had founded at Oxford".

In the account-book of the year 1526 is an entry,

For dishes given to the counsellors of the lord cardinal, by order of Mr. President, forty-eight shillings.

On what account they came to the college I know not; but in the following year Stubbs the president resigned, and Knolles was chosen to succeed him. The society instituted several suits against their late governor, which at length were referred by consent to the cardinal, each party entering into a bond of three hundred pounds to abide by his award.

Wulcy was not raised to his painful and dangerous, but envied preeminence in church and state, by good fortune and great abilities alone, and unsupported by a fair character and suitable conduct. No misdemeanor appears imputable to him as a member of Waynflete's college, which he did not leave before he was nearly, or quite,

n A. Wood, p. 248.
Ledger-book B. p. 169. 188.


thirty years old; and it seems reasonable that we suspend our belief of such stories as represent him guilty of levity and immorality elsewhere, until we have considered their probability, and weighed their evidence; remembering always, that it is far easier to affix a stain than to remove it.



The Conclusion.

HE increase of knowledge and learn


ing, which Waynflete was so solicitous to promote, produced in his society warm abettors of that Reformation which expelled the Romish religion from the University and realm of England. The relics which enriched his chapel were trampled under foot, altars removed, and Mary Magdalen the tutelar saint taken away. Of the precious effects belonging to it, Walter Haddon the president sold as many as were valued at about a thousand pounds, for fifty-two pounds fourteen shillings and eight pence; which sum he consumed on alterations, as also nearly one hundred and twenty pounds of the public money. Quarterly or yearly commemorations of the founder, and of benefactors, were established in lieu of exequies

• A. Wood.


and obits. The pensions for masses to be said for Fastolf and others were converted, in 1551, into exhibitions. The chantrypriests were abolished. The priories, and places of their residence, except a few, were occupied by husbandmen; or the buildings, being neglected and abandoned, became venerable ruins adorning their ancient landscapes.

The first year of queen Mary, 1553, was remarkable. The tenants of the college did not renew their leases; and the bursars paid seven pounds eleven shillings and seven pence more than they received. Queen Elizabeth was crowned by Owen Oglethorpe of Magdalen, bishop of Carlisle. Dr. Humphreys, president in her reign, was noted and esteemed for his zeal and for his sufferings under her predecessor; having been of the number of exiles who were reduced to subsist on foreign charity. He was one of the commissioners for abolishing popery in Oxford in 1570; in which year the college was also visited by their ordinary the bishop of Winchester (Horne), an active puritan and destroyer of relics.

Lib. Comp. 1656, p. 58.

• Dr. Clerke's Account-book, p. 185.


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