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participating, the supervisors of such individuals where applicable; 5 and the nature and itinerary of such program.

(C) No Member, officer, or employee may accept funds in connection with participation in a program permitted under subparagraph (A) if such funds are not used for necessary food, lodging, transportation, and related expenses of the Member, officer, or employee. (b) Limits on domestic and foreign travel by Mem

bers and staff of Senate The term “necessary expenses”, with respect to limits on domestic and foreign travel by Members and staff of the Senate, means reasonable expenses for food, lodging, or transportation which are incurred by a Member, officer, or employee of the Senate in connection with services provided to (or participation in an event sponsored by) the organization which provides reimbursement for such expenses or which provides the food, lodging, or transportation directly. Necessary expenses do not include the provision of food, lodging, or transportation, or the payment for such expenses, for a continuous period in excess of 3 days exclusive of travel time within the United States or 7 days exclusive of travel time outside of the United States unless such travel is approved by the Committee on Ethics as necessary for participation in a conference, seminar, meeting or similar matter. Necessary expenses do not include the provision of food, lodging, or transportation, or the payment for such expenses, for anyone accompanying a Member, officer, or employee of the Senate, other than the spouse or child of such Member, officer, or employee of the Senate or one Senate employee acting as an aide to a Member. (Pub. L. 101-194, title IX, $ 901, Nov. 30, 1989, 103 Stat. 1778; Pub. L. 101-280, § 8, May 4, 1990, 104 Stat. 162; Pub. L. 102-90, title III, § 314(c), Aug. 14, 1991, 105 Stat. 470.)

REFERENCES IN TEXT Section 102(a)(2)(A) of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978, referred to in subsec. (a)(2)(B), is section 102(a)(2)(A) of title I of Pub. L. 95-521, as amended. Section 102 was classified to section 702 of this title prior to the general amendment of title I of Pub. L. 95-521 by Pub. L. 101-194, title II, § 202, Nov. 30, 1989, 103 Stat. 1724. Title I of Pub. L. 95-521, as so amended, is set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

Section 107(2) of title I of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978 (Public Law 95-521), referred to in subsec. (a)(3)(B), was classified to section 707(2) of this title prior to the general amendment of title I of Pub. L. 95-521 by Pub. L. 101-194, title II, $ 202, Nov. 30, 1989, 103 Stat. 1724. Title I of Pub. L. 95-521, as so amend. ed, is set out in the Appendix to Title 5, and the definition of "relative" is contained in section 109(16) of Pub. L. 95-521.

former par. (1) which read as follows: "No Member, officer, or employee of the Senate, or the spouse or dependent thereof, shall knowingly accept, directly or indirectly, any gift or gifts having an aggregate value exceeding $100 during a calendar year directly or indirectly from any person, organization, or corporation having a direct interest in legislation before the Congress or from any foreign national unless, in an unusual case, a waiver is granted by the Select Committee on Ethics."

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 102-90, $ 314(c)(2), (4), redes. ignated par. (5) as (2) and, in subpar. (B), substituted "$100 or less, as adjusted under section 102(a)(2)(A) of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978" for "less than $75". Former par. (2) redesignated (1).

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 102-90, § 314(c)(5), redesignated subpars. (B) and (C) as (A) and (B), respectively, and struck out former subpar. (A) which read as fol. lows: "the term 'foreign national' means a person acting directly or indirectly on behalf of a foreign corporation, partnership, or business enterprise, a foreign trade, cultural, educational, or other association, a foreign political party, or a foreign government;".

Pub. L. 102-90, $ 314(c)(1), (2), redesignated par. (6) as (3) and struck out former par. (3) which read as follows: "In determining the aggregate value of any gift or gifts accepted by an individual during a calendar year from any person, organization, or corporation, there may be deducted the aggregate value of gifts (other than gifts described in paragraph (5)) given by such individual to such person, organization, or corporation during that calendar year.'

Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 102-90, $ 314(c)(1), (2), redesignated par. (7) as (4) and struck out former par. (4) which read as follows: "For purposes of this subsection, only the following shall be deemed to have a direct interest in legislation before the Congress:

(A) a person, organization, or corporation registered under the Federal Regulation of Lobbying Act of 1946, or any successor statute, a person who is an officer or director of such a registered lobbyist, or a person who has been employed or retained by such a registered lobbyist for the purpose of influencing legislation before the Congress; or

"(B) a corporation, labor organization, or other organization which maintains a separate segregated fund for political purposes (within the meaning of section 441b of this title), a person who is an officer or director of such corporation, labor organization, or other organization, or a person who has been employed or retained by such corporation, labor organization, or other organization for the purpose of influencing legislation before the Congress.”

Subsec. (a)(5) to (8). Pub. L. 102-90, $ 314(c)(2), redesignated pars. (5) to (8) as (2) to (5), respectively.

1990–Subsec. (a)(5)(D). Pub. L. 101-280, $ 8(1)(A), struck out subpar. (D) which read as follows: “from an individual who is a foreign national if that individual is not acting; directly or indirectly, on behalf of a foreign corporation, partnership or business enterprise, a foreign trade, cultural, educational or other association, a foreign political party or a foreign government."

Subsec. (a)(6)(A) to (C). Pub. L. 101-280, $ 8(1)(B), added subpar. (A) and redesignated former subpars. (A) and (B) as (B) and (C), respectively.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 101-280, $ 8(2), substituted “or child of such Member” for “of Member" and struck out “(and 2 nights)” after “of 3 days" and "(and 6 nights)” after “or 7 days”.

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AMENDMENTS 1991–Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 102-90, $ 314(c)(1)-(3), redesignated par. (2) as (1), substituted "in any calendar year aggregating more than the minimal value as established by section 7342(a)(5) of title 5 or $250, whichever is greater” for “having an aggregate value exceeding $300 during a calendar year”, and struck out

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1991 AMENDMENT Section 314(g) of Pub. L. 102-90, as amended by Pub. L. 102-378, § 4(c), Oct. 2, 1992, 106 Stat. 1358, provided that:

“(1) The amendments made by subsections (b) through (f) (amending this section, section 505 of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978, Pub. L. 95-521, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organiza

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tion and Employees, and section 7701 of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code) shall take effect on January 1, 1992.

“(2) The amendment made by subsection (a) (amending section 102 of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978, Pub. L. 95-521, set out in the Appendix to Title 5) shall take effect on January 1, 1993."

(Amendment by Pub. L. 102-378 to section 314(g) of Pub. L. 102-90, set out above, effective Dec. 31, 1991, see section 9(b)(1) of Pub, L. 102-378, set out as an Effective Date of 1992 Amendment note under section 6303 of Title 5.)

tained by the Government in a condition appropriate for his use.

(b) Sections 31b-1 to 31b-7 of this title shall not apply with respect to any former Speaker of the House of Representatives for any period during which such former Speaker holds an appointive or elective office or position in or under the Federal Government or the government of the District of Columbia to which is at. tached a rate of pay other than a nominal rate or to any former Speaker separated from the service by reason of expulsion from the House.

[See main edition for credits]

CODIFICATION Section is set out in this supplement to update translations appearing therein.

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in section 316-7 of this title.

831b-2. Allowance available to former Speaker for

payment of office and other expenses for administration, etc., of matters pertaining to incumbency in office as Representative and Speaker

8 31a-2b. Transfer of funds from appropriations ac

count of Majority and Minority Leaders of Senate to appropriations account for “Miscella

neous Items” within Senate contingent fund (a) Requests for transfers

Upon the written request of the Majority or Minority Leader of the Senate, the Secretary of the Senate shall transfer during any fiscal year, from the appropriations account appropriated under the headings “Salaries, Officers and Employees" and "Offices of the Majority and Minority Leaders”, such amount as either Leader shall specify to the appropriations account, within the contingent fund of the Senate, “Miscellaneous Items”. (b) Authority to incur expenses

The Majority and Minority Leaders of the Senate are each authorized to incur such expenses as may be necessary or appropriate. Expenses incurred by either such leader shall be paid from the amount transferred pursuant to subsection (a) of this section by such leader and upon vouchers approved by such leader. (c) Authority to advance sums

The Secretary of the Senate is authorized to advance such sums as may be necessary to defray expenses incurred in carrying out subsections (a) and (b) of this section. (Pub. L. 102-27, title II, Apr. 10, 1991, 105 Stat. 144.)

CODIFICATION Section is from the Dire Emergency Supplemental Appropriations for Consequences of Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm, Food Stamps, Unemployment Compensation Administration, Veterans Compensation and Pensions, and Other Urgent Needs Act of 1991.

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8 31b-1. Former Speakers of House of Representa

tives; retention of office, furniture, etc., in Congressional district following expiration of term as

Representative; exceptions (a) Each former Speaker of the House of Representatives (hereafter referred to in sections 31b-1 to 316-7 of this title as the “Speaker") is entitled to retain, for as long as he determines there is need therefor, commencing at the expiration of his term of office as a Representative in Congress the complete and exclusive use of one office selected by him in order to facilitate the administration, settlement, and conclusion of matters pertaining to or arising out of his incumbency in office as a Representative in Congress and as Speaker of the House of Representatives. Such office shall be located in the United States and shall be furnished and main

8 31b-7. Availability of entitlements of former Speak

er for 5 years The entitlements of a former Speaker of the House of Representatives under sections 31b-1 to 31b-7 of this title shall be available

(1) in the case of an individual who is a former Speaker on October 1, 1993, for 5 years, commencing on October 1, 1993; and

(2) in the case of an individual who becomes a former Speaker after October 1, 1993, for 5 years, commencing at the expiration of the term of office of the individual as a Repre

sentative in Congress. (Pub. L. 103-69, title I, § 101A(a), Aug. 11, 1993, 107 Stat. 699.)

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8 40a. Deductions for delinquent indebtedness

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS Certain functions of Sergeant at Arms and Clerk of House of Representatives transferred to Director of Non-legislative and Financial Services by section 7 of House Resolution No. 423, One Hundred Second Congress, Apr. 9, 1992.

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TRANSFER OF MONEYS TO FUND BY SECRETARY OF THE

SENATE Pub. L. 101-163, title I, $ 6, Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1045, provided that: “On and after the date this Act becomes law (Nov. 21, 1989), the Secretary of the Senate, subject to the approval of the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate, is authorized to provide up to $1,000,000 for capitalization purposes to the revolving fund established by the last paragraph under the heading 'Contingent Expenses of the Senate' appearing under the heading 'SENATE' in chapter XI of the Third Supplemental Appropriation Act, 1957 (2 U.S.C. 46a-1), by transferring to such revolving fund any funds available from any Senate appropriation account, with respect to which he has disbursement authority, for the fiscal year in which the transfer is made (or for any preceding fiscal year) or which have been made available until expended; and any moneys so transferred shall be available for use in like manner and to the same extent as the moneys in such revolying fund which were not transferred thereto pursuant to this section."

8 42. Postage
TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS; ABOLITION OF OFFICE OF

POSTMASTER Certain functions of Clerk of House of Representatives transferred to Director of Non-legislative and Fi. nancial Services and Office of Postmaster abolished by sections 2 and 7 of House Resolution No. 423, One Hundred Second Congress, Apr. 9, 1992. 8 42c. Airmail and special delivery stamps for House Members and standing committees

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS Certain functions of Clerk of House of Representatives transferred to Director of Non-legislative and Financial Services by section 7 of House Resolution No. 423, One Hundred Second Congress, Apr. 9, 1992. 8 42d. Airmail and special delivery stamps for House Speaker, leaders, whips, and officers

ABOLITION OF OFFICE OF POSTMASTER Office of Postmaster of House of Representatives abolished by section 2 of House Resolution No. 423, One Hundred Second Congress, Apr. 9, 1992. 8 43. Mileage of Senators

Each Senator shall receive mileage at the rate of 20 cents per mile, to be estimated by the nearest route usually traveled in going to and returning from each regular session.

8 46b-1. House revolving fund for stationery allow

ances; disposition of moneys from stationery sales; availability of unexpended balances

CHANGE OF NAME Stationery room of House of Representatives redesignated Office Supply Service.

8 469-1. Telephone allowances for House Members

for strictly official telephone service

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS
Certain functions of Clerk of House of Representa.
tives transferred to Director of Non-legislative and Fi.
nancial Services by section 7 of House Resolution No.
423, One Hundred Second Congress, Apr. 9, 1992.

8 54. United States Code Annotated or Federal Code

Annotated; procurement for House Members

8 58. Mail, telegraph, telephone, stationery, office sup

plies, and home State office and travel expenses for Senators

REFERENCES. IN TEXT The Federal Code Annotated, referred to in subsec. (a), is no longer being published. A successor publication, the United States Code Service, is published by Lawyers Cooperative Publishing, a division of Thomson Legal Publishing Inc.

(a) Authorization for payment from Senate contin

gent fund

The contingent fund of the Senate is made available for payment (including reimbursement) to or on behalf of each Senator, upon certification of the Senator, for the following expenses incurred by the Senator and his staff:

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS Certain functions of Clerk of House of Representatives transferred to Director of Non-legislative and Financial Services by section 7 of House Resolution No. 423, One Hundred Second Congress, Apr. 9, 1992.

8 56. Office expenses within the District of Columbia

of the Delegate from the District of Columbia

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS Certain functions of Clerk of House of Representatives transferred to Director of Non-legislative and Financial Services by section 7 of House Resolution No. 423, One Hundred Second Congress, Apr. 9, 1992.

8 57. Adjustment of allowances by Committee on

House Administration

ABOLITION OF OFFICE OF POSTMASTER Office of Postmaster of House of Representatives abolished by section 2 of House Resolution No. 423, One Hundred Second Congress, Apr. 9, 1992.

[See main edition for text of (1)] (2)(A) stationery and other office supplies procured for use for official business, and

(B) metered charges for use of copying equipment provided by the Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper of the Senate;

(3)[(A) Repealed. Pub. L. 101-520, title I, $ 11, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2260) (B) postage on, and fees and charges in connection with official mail matter sent through the mail other than the franking privilege upon certification by the Senate Sergeant at Arms and subject to such regulations as may be promul. gated by the Committee on Rules and Administration, and (C) costs incurred in the preparation of required official reports, and the acquisition of mailing lists to be used for official purposes, and in the mailing, delivery, or transmitting of matters relating to official business;

(4) official office expenses incurred (other than for equipment and furniture and expenses described in paragraphs (1) through (3)) for an office in his home State;

(5) expenses incurred for publications printed or recorded in any way for auditory and visual use (including subscriptions to books, newspapers, magazines, clipping, and other information services);

CLERK HIRE ALLOWANCE; INCREASE Pub. L. 101-520, title I, § 104, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2262, provided that: “Effective as of the beginning of the 102d Congress, the authorization for the Clerk Hire Allowance, as established by the Committee on House Administration, is increased by $50,000."

[See main edition for text of (6)]

COMMITTEE ORDER NO. 39 Resolved, that effective March 15, 1990, until otherwise provided by the Committee on House Administration, the Clerk-Hire Allowance and the Official Expenses Allowance are adjusted as follows:

Each session a Member may allocate not to exceed $50,000 from the basic Clerk-Hire Allowance which may be used to supplement the Official Expenses Allowance, and may allocate not to exceed $50,000 from the Official Expenses Allowance to supplement the basic Clerk-Hire Allowance, provided however that monthly Clerk-Hire disbursements may not exceed 10% of the basic Clerk-Hire Allow

ance. All disbursements and allocations shall be made in accordance with rules and regulations established by the Committee on House Administration.

COMMITTEE ORDER No. 40 Resolved, That effective May 8, 1991, until otherwise provided by the Committee on House Administration, the Clerk-Hire Allowance and the Official Expenses Allowance are adjusted as follows: Each session a Member may allocate not to exceed $75,000 from the basic Clerk-Hire Allowance which may be used to supplement the Official Expenses Allowance, and may allocate not to exceed $75,000 from the Official Expenses Allowance to supplement the basic Clerk-Hire Allowance, provided however that monthly Clerk Hire disbursements may not exceed 10 percent of the basic Clerk-Hire Allowance.

All disbursements and allocations shall be made in accordance with rules and regulations established by the Committee on House Administration.

(7) expenses incurred for additional office equipment and services related thereto (but not including personal services), in accordance with regulations promulgated by the Committee on Rules and Administration of the Senate;

(8) charges officially incurred for recording and photographic services and products; and

(9) such other official expenses as the Senator determines to be necessary. Payment under this section shall be made only upon presentation of itemized vouchers for expenses incurred and, in the case of expenses paid or reimbursed under paragraphs (6) and (9), only upon presentation of detailed itemized vouchers for such expenses. Vouchers presented for payment under this section shall be accompanied by such documentation as is required under regulations promulgated by the Committee on Rules and Administration of the Senate. No payment shall be made under paragraph (4) or (9) for any expense incurred for entertainment or meals.

(b) Limits for authorized expenses; recalculation for- (As amended Pub. L. 101-163, title I, mula

21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1045; Pub. L. 101-5

$$ 4(c), 8, 9(a), 11, title III, $ 311(h) [See main edition for text of (1) and (2)]

1990, 104 Stat. 2258-2260, 2280; Pub. (3XA) In the case of the fiscal year beginning

title I, § 7(a), Aug. 14, 1991, 105 Stat. October 1, 1988, or any fiscal year thereafter,

AMENDMENTS the total of

1991- Subsec. (&). Pub. L. 102-90, $ 7(a [See main edition for text of (i) and (ii)]

substituted "payment (including reimburs shall not exceed the aggregate of

"payment" in introductory provisions, (iii) subject to subparagraph (B), in case the

"Payment" for "Reimbursement to a Sene

employees" and "paid or reimbursed" Senator represents Alabama, $68,000, Alaska,

bursed" in second sentence, and substit $176,000, Arizona, $81,000, Arkansas, $70,000,

ment" for "reimbursement" in last sentenc California, $122,000, Colorado, $76,000, Con

Subsec. (a)(3) to (5), (7) to (9). Pub. necticut, $57,000, Delaware, $47,000, Florida, $ 7(a)(2), struck out "reimbursement to ea $72,000, Georgia, $68,000, Hawaii, $200,000, for" at beginning of pars. (3), (4), and (7) t Idaho, $80,000, Ilinois, $91,000, Indiana, par. (5) direction to strike such language w $68,000, Iowa, $71,000, Kansas, $71,000, Ken- by striking out "reimbursements to each S tucky, $67,000, Louisiana, $72,000, Maine, to reflect the probable intent of Congress. $62,000, Maryland, $52,000, Massachusetts,

1990–Subsec. (aX2). Pub. L. 101-520, $ 410 $66,000, Michigan, $76,000, Minnesota,

par. (2) generally. Prior to amendment, par. $72,000, Mississippi, $70,000, Missouri,

follows: "stationery and other office suppli

for use for official business;". $73,000, Montana, $80,000, Nebraska, $72,000,

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 101-520, $ 311(h)(2 Nevada, $82,000, New Hampshire, $58,000,

rected that par. (3) be amended by striking New Jersey, $62,000, New Mexico, $77,000,

age on," and all that follows through “Sei New York, $98,000, North Carolina, $64,000, could not be executed because those wou North Dakota, $71,000, Ohio, $82,000, Okla- appear in par. (3) as amended generally homa, $75,000, Oregon, $85,000, Pennsylvania, 101-163 which in part restated provisions $81,000, Rhode Island, $56,000, South Caroli- be stricken by Pub. L. 101-320, $ 311(h)(2), na, $62,000, South Dakota, $72,000, Tennes

(A). See 1990 and 1989 Amendment notes be see, $68,000, Texas, $102,000, Utah, $80,000,

Pub. L. 101-520, § 11, struck out subpar. Vermont, $57,000, Virginia, $58,000, Washing

read as follows: “postage on, and fees and

connection with, mail matter sent through ton, $88,000, West Virginia, $57,000, Wiscon

under the franking privilege in excess of am sin, $71,000, Wyoming, $75,000, plus

vided from the appropriation for official

upon certification by the Senate Sergeant at [See main edition for text of (iv), (B); (c) to (9)]

subject to such regulations as may be prom (h) Individuals serving on panels or other bodies rec- the Committee on Rules and Administration ommending nominees for Federal judgeships,

Subsec. (b)(3)(A)(iii), Pub. L. 101-520, $ 8, service academies, United States Attorneys, or

cl. (iii) generally. Prior to amendment, cl. (i

follows: "subject to subparagraph (B), in cas United States Marshals

ator represents Alabama, $53,000, Alaska, $12 For purposes of subsections (a) and (e) of this izona, $63,000, Arkansas, $54,000, California section, an individual who is selected by a Sena- Colorado, $59,000, Connecticut, $44,000, tor to serve on a panel or other body to make $36,000, Florida, $56,000, Georgia, $53,000 recommendations for nominees to one or more

$156,000, Idaho, $62,000, Illinois, $71,000, Federal judgeships or to one or more service

$53,000, Iowa, $55,000, Kansas, $55,000, E

$52,000, Louisiana, $56,000, Maine, $48,000, academies or one or more positions of United

$40,000, Massachusetts, $51,000, Michigan, States Attorney or United States Marshal shall

Minnesota, $56,000, Mississippi, $54,000, be considered to be an employee in the office of $57,000, Montana, $62,000, Nebraska, $56,000 that Senator with respect to travel and official $64,000, New Hampshire, $45,000, New Jersey expenses incurred in performing duties as a New Mexico, $60,000, New York, $76,000, Nort member of such panel or other body, and shall na, $50,000, North Dakota, $55,000, Ohio, be reimbursed (A) for actual transportation ex

Oklahoma, $58,000, Oregon, $66,000, Penr penses and per diem expenses (but not exceed

$63,000, Rhode Island, $43.000, South ing actual travel expenses) incurred while trav

$48,000, South Dakota, $56,000, Tennessee,

Texas, $79,000, Utah, $62,000, Vermont, $44. eling in performing such duties within the Sen.

ginia, $45,000, Washington, $68,000, West ator's home State or between that State and

$44,000, Wisconsin, $55,000, Wyoming, $58,000 Washington, District of Columbia, and each of

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 101-520, $ 9(a), insertec the service academies, (B) for official expenses or more positions of United States Attorney c incurred in performing such duties. For pur. States Marshal" after “one or more servic poses of this subsection and subsection (a) of mies". this section, "official expenses” means expenses

1989–Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 101-163 amen of the type for which reimbursement may be

(3) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (3) res made to an employee in the office of a Senator

lows: "postage on, and fees and charges in co

with, mail matter sent through the mail ur when traveling on business of a committee of

franking privilege in excess of amounts provic which that Senator is a member, and, for ac- the appropriation for official mail costs, upon counting purposes, such expenses shall be cation by the Senate Sergeant at Arms and su treated as expenses for which reimbursement such regulations as may be promulgated by ti may be made under subsection (a)(4) of this mittee on Rules and Administration of the section.

and reimbursement to each Senator for costs

in the preparation of required official reports, [See main edition for text of (i) and (1)] acquisition of mailing lists to be used for offic

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