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CHAPTER 11-FOOD SAFETY AND

INSPECTION SERVICE,
MEAT AND POULTRY INSPECTION,
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

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SUBCHAPTER A-MANDATORY MEAT INSPECTION

Part 301 302 303 304

Page

75 81 82

90

305

306 307 308 309 310 311

91 93 94 99 104 112

Definitions
Application of inspection and other requirements
Exemptions
Application for inspection; grant or refusal of in-

spection
Official numbers; inauguration of inspection; with-

drawal of inspection; reports of violation
Assignment and authorities of program employees
Facilities for inspection
Sanitation
Ante-mortem inspection ..........
Post-mortem inspection
Disposal of diseased or otherwise adulterated car-

casses and parts
Official marks, devices and certificates
Humane slaughter of livestock
Handling and disposal of condemned or other ined-

ible products at official establishments .......
Rendering or other disposal of carcasses and parts

passed for cooking
Marking products and their containers
Labeling, marking devices, and containers
Entry into official establishments; reinspection

and preparation of products ...
Definitions and standards of identity or composi-

tion
Records, registration, and reports
Cooperation with States and territories

312 313 314

129 138 142

148

315

316 317 318

151 152 158

233

319

320 321

317 336 339 Part 322 325 327 329

339 341 352

370

331

Exports
Transportation
Imported products
Detention; seizure and condemnation; criminal of-

fenses ......
Special provisions for designated States and Terri-

tories; and for designation of establishments
which endanger public health and for such des-

ignated establishments
Rules of practice governing proceedings under the

Federal Meat Inspection Act

372

335

378

SUBCHAPTER B-VOLUNTARY INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION SERVICE

350

383 385

351 352 354

392

Special services relating to meat and other prod

ucts
Certification of technical animal fats for export
Exotic animals; voluntary inspection
Voluntary inspection of rabbits and edible prod-

ucts thereof .....
Certified products for dogs, cats, and other

carnivora; inspection, certification, and identi-
fication as to class, quality, quantity, and condi-

399

355

tion .......

424 436

362

Voluntary poultry inspection regulations SUBCHAPTER C-MANDATORY POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION

381

441

Poultry products inspection regulations
SUBCHAPTER D-FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE

ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

669

390 391

Freedom of information
Fees and charges for inspection services and lab-

oratory accreditation ...

671

SUBCHAPTER E-REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS UNDER THE FEDERAL MEAT INSPECTION ACT AND THE POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT

673

416 417

Sanitation
Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point

(HACCP) Systems ...

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PART 301-DEFINITIONS

Sec.
301.1 Meaning of terms.
301.2 Definitions.

AUTHORITY: 7 U.S.C. 450, 1901–1906; 21 U.S.C. 601-695; 7 CFR 2.17, 2.55.

8 301.1 Meaning of terms.

As used in this subchapter, unless otherwise required by the context, the singular form shall also import the plural and the masculine form shall also import the feminine, and vice versa. (35 FR 15554, Oct. 3, 1970)

8 301.2 Definitions.

As used in this subchapter, unless otherwise required by the context, the following terms shall be construed, respectively, to mean:

(a) The Act. The Federal Meat Inspection Act, as amended, (34 Stat. 1260, as amended, 81 Stat. 584, 84 Stat. 438, 92 Stat. 1069, 21 U.S.C., sec. 601 et seq.).

(b) Administrator. The Administrator - of the Food Safety and Inspection

Service or any officer or employee of the Department to whom authority has heretofore been delegated or may hereafter be delegated to act in his/her stead.

(c) Adulterated. This term applies to any carcass, part thereof, meat or meat food product under one or more of the following circumstances:

(1) If it bears or contains any such poisonous or deleterious substance which may render it injurious to health; but in case the substance is not

an added substance, such article shall | not be considered adulterated under

this clause if the quantity of such substance in or on such article does not ordinarily render it injurious to health;

(2)(i) If it bears or contains (by reason of administration of any substance to the live animal or otherwise) any added poisonous or added deleterious substance (other than one which is:

(A) A pesticide chemical in or on a raw agricultural commodity;

(B) A food additive; or

(C) A color additive which may, in the judgment of the Administrator,

make such article unfit for human food;

(ii) If it is, in whole or in part, a raw agricultural commodity and such commodity bears or contains a pesticide chemical which is unsafe within the meaning of section 408 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act;

(iii) If it bears or contains any food additive which is unsafe within the meaning of section 409 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act;

(iv) If it bears or contains any color additive which is unsafe within the meaning of section 706 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act: Provided, That an article which is not deemed adulterated under paragraphs (aa)(2) (ii), (iii), or (iv) of this section shall nevertheless be deemed adulterated if use of the pesticide chemical food additive, or color additive in or on such article is prohibited by the regulations in this subchapter in official establishments;

(3) If it consists in whole or in part of any filthy, putrid, or decomposed substance or is for any other reason unsound, unhealthful, unwholesome, or otherwise unfit for human food;

(4) If it has been prepared, packed, or held under unsanitary conditions whereby it may have become contaminated with filth, or whereby it may have been rendered injurious to health;

(5) If it is, in whole or in part, the product of an animal which has died otherwise than by slaughter;

(6) If its container is composed, in whole or in part, of any poisonous or deleterious substance which may render the contents injurious to health;

(7) If it has been intentionally subjected to radiation, unless the use of the radiation was in conformity with a regulation or exemption in effect pursuant to section 409 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act;

(8) If any valuable constituent has been in whole or in part omitted or abstracted therefrom; or if any substance has been substituted, wholly or in part therefor; or if damage or inferiority has been concealed in any manner; or if any substance has been added thereto or mixed or packed therewith so as to increase its bulk or weight, or reduce its quality or strength, or make it appear better or of greater value than it

is; or,

(9) If it is margarine containing animal fat and any of the raw material used therein consisted in whole or in part of any filthy, putrid, or decomposed substance, or is otherwise adulterated.

(d) Anesthesia. Loss of sensation or feeling.

(e) Animal food. Any article intended for use as food for dogs, cats, or other animals derived wholly, or in part, from the carcass or parts or products of the carcass of any livestock, except that the term animal food as used herein does not include:

(1) Processed dry animal food or

(2) Livestock or poultry feeds manufactured from processed livestock byproducts (such as meatmeal tankage, meat and bonemeal, bloodmeal, and feed grade animal fat).

(f) Animal food manufacturer. Any person engaged in the business of manufacturing or processing animal food.

(g) Area. One or more circuits under the supervision of an area supervisor.

(h) Area Supervisor. The official in charge of an area.

(1) Artificial coloring. A coloring containing any dye or pigment, which dye or pigment was manufactured by a process of synthesis or other similar artifice, or a coloring which was manufactured by extracting a natural dye or natural pigment from a plant or other material in which such dye or pigment was naturally produced.

(j) Artificial flavoring. Aflavoring containing any sapid or aromatic constituent, which constituent was manufactured by a process of synthesis or other similar artifice.

(k) Biological residue. Any substance, including metabolites, remaining in livestock at time of slaughter or in any of its tissues after slaughter as the result of treatment or exposure of the livestock to a pesticide, organic or inorganic compound, hormone, hormonelike substance, growth promoter, antibiotic, anthelmintic, tranquilizer, or other therapeutic or prophylactic agent.

(1) Capable of use as human food. This term applies to any carcass, or part or product of a carcass, of any livestock, unless it is denatured or otherwise identified as required by the applicable provisions of $8314.3, 314.10, 325.11, and 325.13 of this subchapter to deter its use as a human food, or it is naturally inedible by humans; e.g., hoofs or horns in their natural state.

(m) Captive bolt. A stunning instrument which when activated drives a bolt out of a barrel for a limited distance.

(n) Carbon dioxide. A gaseous form of the chemical formula CO2.

(0) Carbon dioxide concentration. Ratio of carbon dioxide gas and atmospheric air. (p) Carcass.

All parts, including viscera, of any slaughtered livestock.

(9) Chemical preservative. Any chemical that, when added to a meat or meat food product, tends to prevent or retard deterioration thereof, but does not include common salt, sugars, vinegars, spices, or oils extracted from spices or substances added to meat and meat food products by exposure to wood smoke.

Other definitions, if any, that are applicable only for purposes of a specific part of the regulations in this subchapter, are set forth in such part.

(r) Circuit. One or more official establishments included under the supervision of a circuit supervisor.

(s) Circuit supervisor. The supervisor of a circuit.

(t) Commerce. Commerce between any State, any Territory, or the District of Columbia, and any place outside thereof; or within any Territory not organized with a legislative body, or the District of Columbia.

(u) Consciousness. Responsiveness of the brain to the impressions made by the senses.

(v) Cutting up. Any division of any carcass or part thereof, except that the trimming of carcasses or parts thereof to remove surface contaminants is not considered as cutting up.

(w) Dead livestock. The body (cadaver) of livestock which has died otherwise than by slaughter.

(x) The Department. The United States Department of Agriculture.

(y) Dying, diseased, or disabled livestock. Livestock which has or displays symptoms of having any of the following:

(1) Central nervous system disorder;

(2) Abnormal temperature (high or low);

(3) Difficult breathing;
(4) Abnormal swellings;
(5) Lack of muscular coordination;

(6) Inability to walk normally or stand;

(7) Any of the conditions for which livestock is required to be condemned on ante-mortem inspection in accordance with the regulations in part 309 of this subchapter.

(z) Edible. Intended for use as human food.

(aa) Experimental animal. Any animal used in any research investigation involving the feeding or other administration of, or subjection to, an experimental biological product, drug, or chemical or any nonexperimental biological product, drug, or chemical used in a manner for which it was not intended.

(bb) Exposure time. The period of time an animal is exposed to an anesthesiaproducing carbon dioxide concentration.

(cc) Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. The Act so entitled, approved June 25, 1938 (52 Stat. 1040), and Acts amendatory thereof or supplementary thereto.

(dd) Firm. Any partnership, association, or other unincorporated business organization.

(ee) Food Safety and Inspection Service. The Food Safety and Inspection Service of the Department.

(ff) Further processing. Smoking, cooking, canning, curing, refining, or rendering in an official establishment of product previously prepared in official establishments.

(gg) Immediate container. The receptacle or other covering in which any product is directly contained or wholly or partially enclosed.

(hh) Import Field Office (IFO). The office of the supervisor of import inspection activities for a particular importing field area. The areas are as follows:

IFO #1. Boston, MA-Covering the States of Massachusetts, New York (excluding New

York City), Connecticut, Rhode Island, Vermont, New Hampshire and Maine.

IFO #2. New York, NY-Covering the areas of New York City and northern New Jersey.

IFO #3. Philadelphia, PA-Covering the State of Pennsylvania and the area of southern New Jersey.

IFO #4. Baltimore, MD-Covering the States of Maryland, Delaware, West Virginia, Virginia and Kentucky.

IFO #5. Charleston, SC-Covering the States of Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and Florida (excluding south Florida).

1IFO #6. Miami, FL-Covering the areas of southern Florida, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands.

11FO #7. New Orleans, LA-Covering the States of Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Arkansas, Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, New Mexico and Colorado.

1IFO #8. San Pedro, CA-Covering the States of Hawaii, Arizona, Utah, Nevada, the area of southern California, American Samoa, Guam, and the Northern Marianas.

IIFO #9. Tacoma, WA-Covering the States of Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, North Dakota, South Dakota, Alaska, and Nebraska, and the area of northern California.

1IFO #10. Detroit, MI-Covering the States of Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Illinois, Indiana and Ohio.

(11) Import Supervisor. The official in charge of import inspection activities within each of the import field offices.

(jj) Inedible. Adulterated, uninspected, or not intended for use as human food.

(kk) Inhumane slaughter or handling in connection with slaughter. Slaughter or handling in connection with slaughter not in accordance with the Act of August 27, 1958 (72 Stat. 862; 7 U.S.C. 1901 through 1906, as amended by the Humane Methods of Slaughter Act of 1978, 92 Stat. 1069) and part 313 of this subchapter.

(11) “Inspected and passedor “U.S. Inspected and Passedor U.S. Inspected and Passed by Department of Agriculture" (or any authorized abbreviation thereof). This term means that the product so identified has been inspected and passed under regulations in this subchapter, and at the time it was inspected, passed, and identified, it was found to be not adulterated.

(mm) Inspector. An inspector of the Program.

(nn) Inspector in charge. A designated program employee who is in charge of

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