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(a) By a person for his own use (including a direct air carrier or direct foreign air carrier when such aircraft is engaged solely for the transportation of company personnel or company property, or in cases of emergency, of commercial traffic: Provided, That emergency charters for commercial traffic shall be reported in accordance with § 208.5);
(6) By a person (no part of whose business is the formation of groups or the consolidation of shipments for transportation or the solicitation or sale of transportation services) for the transportation of a group of persons and/or their property, as agent or representative of such group;
(c) By two or more persons acting jointly for the transportation of themselves and/or their property or a group of persons and/or their property; (d) By
an airfreight forwarder or international air freight forwarder holding a currently effective letter of registration under Part 296 or Part 297 of this subchapter for the carriage of property in air transportation, or by a person authorized by the Board to transport by air used household goods of personnel of the Department of Defense;
(e) By a tour operator or a foreign tour operator as defined in Part 378 of this chapter; or
(ii) Less than the entire capacity of an aircraft has been engaged for the movement of persons and their personal baggage
(a) By a person for his own use (including a direct air carrier or direct foreign air carrier when such aircraft is engaged solely for the transportation of company personnel and their personal baggage, or in cases of emergency, of commercial passenger traffic: Provided, That emergency charters for commercial traffic shall be reported in accordance with § 208.5);
(b) By a person (no part of whose business is the formation of groups or the consolidation of shipments for transportation or the solicitation or sale of transportation services) for the transportation of a group of persons and their personal baggage, as agent or representative of such group;
(c) By two or more persons acting jointly for the transportation of themselves and their personal baggage or a group of persons and their personal baggage;
Provided, That, with respect to subdivision (ii), a maximum of three groups may be chartered on one aircraft and each group shall consist of 40 or more passengers; and Provided, further, That subdivision (ii) shall not be construed to apply to movements of property and shall not be construed to apply to the charter of less than the entire capacity of an aircraft by an indirect air carrier or å tour operator or a foreign tour operator.
(1) In the case of air carriers authorized pursuant to section 7 of Public Law 87–528, the term "charter flights” means charter trips as defined in such carriers' interim certificates or authorizations.
(2) A supplemental air carrier may utilize any unused space for the transportation of the carrier's own personnel and property, with the consent of the charterer or charterers.
(t) "Substitute service" means the performance by an air carrier of foreign or overseas air transportation, or air transportation between the 48 contiguous States, on the one hand, and the State of Alaska or Hawaii, on the other hand, in planeload lots pursuant to an agreement with another air carrier to fulfill such other air carrier's contractual obligation to perform such air transportation for the Department of Defense and when the performance of such air transportation is not to take place during a period longer than 3 weeks.
(u) "Indirect air carrier" means any citizen of the United States who engages indirectly in air transportation including air freight forwarders, persons authorized by the Board to transport by air used household goods of personnel of the Department of Defense, and tour operators.
(v) “Net worth” means the net stockholder equity as specified in Form 41 balance sheet account 2995 of the Uniform System of Accounts and Reports. (ER-566, 34 F.R. 6081, Apr. 4, 1969, es amended by ER-576, 34 F.R. 9550, June 18, 1969; ER-649, 35 F.R. 15984, Oct. 10, 1970) $ 208.3a Waiver
A waiver of any of the provisions of this part may be granted by the Board upon the submission by an air carrier of a written request therefor not less than 30 days prior to the flight to which it relates provided such a waiver is in the public interest and it appears to the Board that special or unusual circumstances warrant a departure from the provisions set forth herein. Notwith
standing the foregoing, waiver applications filed less than 30 days prior to a fight may be accepted by the Board in emergency situations in which the circumstances warranting a waiver did not exist 30 days before the flight. § 208.4 Passenger names and addresses.
Each supplemental air carrier shall maintain a record of the names and addresses of all passengers transported on each pro rata charter trip. Such record shall be retained in accordance with Part 249 of this chapter except that it may be maintained at either the principal office or the principal operations base of the carrier. (Secs. 403, 404, 72 Stat. 758, 760, 49 U.S.O. 1373, 1374) (ER-569, F.R. 6773, Apr. 23, 1969) & 208.5 Reports of emergency commer
cial charters for other direct carriers. It shall be an express condition upon authority conferred by $ 208.3(s) (2) (i) (a) and (ii) (a) that each supplemental air carrier which performs an emergency charter transporting commercial traffic for another direct carrier shall file a report with the Bureau of Operating Rights, within 30 days following each charter flight, containing the following information:
(1) Name of direct carrier performing the charter and name of direct carrier for which the charter was performed;
(2) Date of flight or flights;
(3) Points of origin and destination, and intermediate points, if any;
(4) Number of passengers and/or tons of cargo transported;
(5) Description of circumstances creating the emergency;
(6) Date of initial contact by the chartering carrier regarding the charter;
(7) Reasons why the trafic in question was not or could not be carried by other carriers certificated to serve the particular market. (ER-576, 34 F.R. 9551, June 18, 1969)
LIABILITY INSURANCE REQUIREMENTS § 208.10 Applicability of liability insur
ance requirements. (a) No supplemental air carrier shall engage in air transportation unless such carrier has and maintains in effect liability insurance coverage evidenced by a currently effective certificate of liability insurance filed with and accepted by the Board as complying with the require
ments of this part; and no supplemental carrier shall operate in air transportation any aircraft, or perform services within any geographical area, to which such insurance does not apply. "Insurance certificate," as used herein, means one or more than one certificate, evidencing one or more than one policy of aircraft liability insurance properly endorsed, issued by one or more than one insurer, which alone or in combination provides the minimum coverage prescribed in 208.11. When more than one insurer is involved in providing the minimum coverage prescribed herein, the limits and types of liability assumed by each insurer shall be clearly stated in the certificate of insurance.
(b) The insurance coverage and certificate required by this part shall be obtained from a reputable and financially responsible insurance company or association which is legally authorized to issue aircraft liability policies in one or more States of the United States or in the District of Columbia. § 208.11 Minimum limits of liability.
(a) The minimum limits of liability insurance coverage maintained by a supplemental air carrier shall be as follows:
(1) Liability for bodily injury to or death of aircraft passengers: A limit for any one passenger of at least seventyfive thousand dollars ($75,000), and a limit for each occurrence in any one aircraft of at least an amount equal to the sum produced by multiplying seventy-five thousand dollars ($75,000) by seventyfive percent (75%) of the total number of passenger seats installed in the aircraft.
(2) Liability for bodily injury to or death of persons (excluding passengers) : A limit of at least seventy-five thousand dollars ($75,000) for any one person in any one occurrence, and a limit of at least five hundred thousand dollars ($500,000) for each occurrence.
(3) Liability for loss of or damage to property: A limit of at least five hundred thousand dollars ($500,000) for each occurrence.
(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (a) of this section, a supplemental air carrier may be insured for a single limit of liability for each occurrence. In that event, coverage must be equal to or greater than the combined required minimums for bodily injury, property damage, and/or passenger
liability for the type of use to which such aircraft is put, as the case may be."
(c) In the case of a single limit of liability, aircraft may be insured by a combination of primary and excess policies. Such policies must have combined coverage equal to or greater than the required minimums for bodily injury to nonpassengers, property damage, and/or passenger liability for the type of use to which the aircraft is put, as the case may be. (ER-653, 35 F.R. 17177, Nov. 7, 1970) § 208.12 Terms and conditions of insur.
ance coverage. With respect to insurance required by this part:
(a) Insurance contracts shall provide for payment by the insurer on behalf of the insured supplemental air carrier, within the specified limits of liability, of all sums which the insured carrier shall become legally obligated to pay as damages for bodily injury to or death of any person, or for loss of or damage to property of others, resulting from the negligent operation, maintenance or use of aircraft in air transportation by the insured carrier.
(b) The liability of the insurer shall apply to all operations by the insured carrier in air transportation. The liability of the insurer shall not be subject to any exclusion by virtue of violations, by the insured carrier, of any applicable safety or economic provision of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958, as amended, or Public Law 87-528; or of any applicable safety or economic rule, regulation, order, or other legally imposed requirement prescribed thereunder by the Federal Aviation Agency or the Civil Aeronautics Board, respectively.
(c) The liability of the insurer shall not be contingent upon the financial condition, solvency, or freedom from bankruptcy of the insured. The limits of the insurer's liability for the amounts prescribed herein shall apply separately to
1 For example: The minimum single limit of liability acceptable for an aircraft in passenger service with 60 passenger seats would be computed on the basis of limits set forth in paragraph (a) as follows: 60 X 0.75 equals 45; 45 x $75,000 equals $3,375,000; $3,375,000 plus $500,000 (nonpassenger liability per occurrence), plus $500,000 (property damage per occurrence) equals $4,375,000. The latter would be the minimum amount in which a single limit liability policy may be written based upon the above assumptions.
each occurrence, and any payment made under the policy because of any one occurrence shall not reduce the liability of the insurer for payment of other damages resulting from any other Occurrence.
(d) Within the limits of liability herein prescribed, the insurer shall not be relieved from liability by any condition in the policy or any endorsement thereon, or violation thereof by the insured air carrier, other than the exclusions set forth in § 208.13, or such other exclusions as may be indivdiually approved by the Board. Cancellation of an approved policy shall be effected only upon written notice to the Board, in accordance with $ 208.14(d).
(e) Except for the geographical exclusions authorized in § 208.13 (g) and (h), the coverage shall be worldwide. For good cause shown, however, the Board may waive this requirement or amend the certificate or other operating authority to describe the geographical areas actually served by the supplemental air carrier. Authority for any general restriction (e.g., North American continent, Western Hemisphere, etc.) shall be recited in any endorsement containing a general restriction. § 208.13 Authorized exclusions of lia
bility. Unless other exclusions are individually approved by the Board, no policy or certificate of insurance required by this part shall contain any exclusion other than the following authorized exclusions:
The insurance afforded under this policy shall not apply to:
(a) Any loss against which the Named Insured has other valid and collectible insurance, except that the limits of liability provided under this policy shall be excess of the limits provided by such other valid and collectible insurance up to the limits certified in a Certificate of Insurance issued to the Civil Aeronautics Board in Washington, D.C., but in no event exceeding the limits of liability expressed elsewhere in this policy;
(b) Any loss arising from the ownership, maintenance, or use of any aircraft not declared to the Insurer in accordance with the terms and conditions of this policy;
(c) Liability assumed by the Named Insured under any contract or agreement, unless such liability would have attached to the Insured even in the ab
sence of such contract or agreement: Provided, however, That this exclusion shall not apply to the Named Insured's waiver of liability limitations under the Warsaw Convention by signing a counterpart to the agreement of carriers (Agreement CAB 18900), as approved by Board Order E-23680, May 13, 1966, agreeing to a minimum liability for injury or death of passengers of $75,000 per passenger, or any amendment or amendments to such agreement which may be approved by the Board and to which the Named Insured becomes a party.
(d) Bodily injury, sickness, disease, mental anguish, or death of any employee of the Named Insured while engaged in the duties of his employment, or any obligation for which the Named Insured or any company as his Insurer may be held liable under any workmen's compensation or occupational disease law;
(e) Loss of or damage to property owned, rented, occupied, or used by, or in the care, custody, or control of the Named Insured, or carried in or on any aircraft with respect to which the insurance afforded by this policy applies;
(f) Personal injuries or death, or damage to or destruction of property, caused directly or indirectly, by hostile or warlike action, including action in hindering, combating, or defending against an actual impending or expected attack by any government or sovereign power, de jure or de facto, or military, naval, or air forces, or by an agent of such government, power, authority, or forces; the discharge, explosion, or use of any weapon of war employing atomic fission or atomic fusion, or radio-active materials; insurrection, rebellion, revolution, civil war, or usurped power, including any action in hindering, combating, or defending against such an occurrence; or confiscation by any government or public authority.
(g) Any loss arising from operations by the Named Insured within any country of the Sino-Soviet bloc or Cuba: Provided, That a loss caused by mere misadventure in flying over or landing in such territory shall not be excluded. The “Sino-Soviet bloc" is defined to include Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Rumania, Hungary, Poland, Albania, East Germany (Soviet zone of Germany and Soviet sector of Berlin), Communist China, North Korea,
North Vietnam, Outer Mongolia, and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics;
(h) Any loss arising from operations by the Named Insured to or from installations of the Distant Early Warning System (DEW line) or the Ballistic Missile Early Warning System (BMEWS). (ER-566, 34 F.R. 6081, Apr. 4, 1969, amended by Amdt. 4, 35 F.R. 7694, May 19, 1970) § 208.14 Filing of certificates, endorse
ments, and notices. (a) Certificates of insurance, endorsements, and notices of cancellation shall be filed in duplicate on forms prescribed and furnished by the Board. All documents shall be signed in ink by an authorized officer or agent of the insurer; no facsimile signatures will be accepted.
NOTE: CAB Forms 606, 607, 608, and 609 are available, upon request, from the Publications Section, Civil Aeronautics Board, Washington, D.C. 20428.
(b) Endorsements that add previously unlisted aircraft to coverage or that delete listed aircraft from coverage shall be filed with the Board not more than five (5) days after the effective date of such endorsement: Provided, however, That aircraft shall not be listed in the carrier's operations specifications with the Federal Aviation Agency and shall not be operated unless liability insurance coverage has attached.
(c) A supplemental carrier which intends to operate a charter flight to or from a country of the Sino-Soviet bloc or Cuba or to or from a DEW line or BMEWS installation and whose approved insurance coverage excludes operations within such areas shall file an endorsement waiving the applicable exclusion, or a separate certificate of insurance expressly applicable to such flight, at least 30 days before the proposed flight date, unless the Board finds that waiver of this requirement is in the public interest.
(d) Certificates of insurance approved by the Board shall not be canceled by the insurer upon less than thirty (30) days' notice to the Board and the insured carrier by registered mail. An insured carrier shall not cancel an approved certificate during the effectiveness of any operating authorization from the Board unless the notice of cancellation is accompanied by a replacement certificate of insurance, complying in all respects with this part and effective upon the date
of cancellation of the approved certificate and policy, or by a notice that the carrier has ceased operations.
(e) If any certificate of insurance endorsement, notice of cancellation, or other document relating to liability insurance required to be filed with the Board does not comply with these regulations, the Board will notify the air carrier and the insurer by registered mail, or by telegram, stating the deficiencies. If the carrier is not notified of objections by the Board within 20 days after filing of any document, such document shall be deemed approved by the Board as complying with the requirements of this part, but such approval may be rescinded by the Board upon reasonable notice.
(f) All documents required to be filed with respect to liability insurance shall be filed with the Civil Aeronautics Board, Attention of Bureau of Accounts and Statistics, B-42b, Washington, D.C. 20428. § 208.15 Compliance.
In addition to all other applicable sanctions provided by law or the regulations of the Board, operation in air transportation of any aircraft, or performance of services within any geographical area, to which Board-approved liability insurance does not apply shall be cause for immediate suspension of all operating authority, pursuant to section 401(n) (5) of the Act and Subpart J of Part 302 of this chapter.
MINIMUM EXTENT OF SERVICE 8 208.25 Minimum service requirements.
Each supplemental air carrier shall perform services authorized by its certificate or authority to engage in supplemental air transportation for at least 500 hours of revenue flight in any two consecutive calendar quarters. Failure to perform such minimum services will be deemed to constitute a prima facie case for suspension of the carrier's operating authority pursuant to the provisions of section 401(n) (5) of the Act: Provided, That the carrier may, within 15 days after the end of the two consecutive calendar quarters in which such failure occurred, show unusual circumstances constituting good cause why its operating authority should not be sus. pended.
OPERATIONS AND TARIFFS § 208.30 Prohibited advertising.
(a) No supplemental air carrier shall advertise its services or hold itself out to the public as an air carrier authorized to engage in air transportation unless it includes the words "supplemental air carrier" in such advertising.
(b) No supplemental air carrier shall conduct business in any name other than that set forth in its certificate, except as expressly authorized by the Board. § 208.31 Prohibited control of a supple
mental air carrier. Control of a supplemental air carrier shall not, without prior application to and approval by the Board, be transferred, directly or indirectly, by assignment, transfer of voting stock, or otherwise, to any person who controlled, or participated in control of, as a partner, officer, or director, any air carrier there. tofore found by the Board to have committed knowing and willful violations of the Civil Aeronautics Act of 1938, as amended, the Federal Aviation Act of 1958, or any order, rule, or regulation issued pursuant to said Acts during the period such person controlled or participated in the control of said air carrier. Any such application may be approved by the Board with or without hearing. No such application shall be denied unless the Board finds, after notice to said supplemental air carrier and the parties to the proposed transfer, and after opportunity for hearing, that, in the event the proposed transfer is consummated, said supplemental air carrier will thereby be rendered unfit, unwilling, or unable to conform to the provisions of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958, and the rules, regulations, and requirements of the Board thereunder. For the purposes of this section, a transfer of 20 percent or more of the voting stock of the supplemental air carrier shall be deemed to constitute prima facie evidence of a transfer of control so as to require the filing of an appropriate application with the Board. § 208.3la Written agreements with ticket
agents. Each agreement between a supplemental air carrier and any ticket or cargo agent shall be reduced to writing and signed by all the parties thereto, 11