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Creek Cañon, from Squaw Valley to “Glacier Camp,” has been made. This trail follows the route on which four members of my party were the pioneers, as explained in the article mentioned. Messrs. August Schick and George E. Bogue did the work, fired to the required enthusiasm by the OVERLAND'S presentation of the idea.

To reach “Glacier Camp" from Sisson, it has heretofore been necessary to travel about twenty-five miles on horseback, over the Stewart trail, crossing Mud Creek Cañon at a somewhat dangerous point. Now intending mountain climbers can go by stage or private conveyance, via Elk Lawn, to August Schick's place, and thence horseback, up the new and easy trail, gradually ascending to camp at ten thousand feet elevation, much of the grandest scenery of Shasta before them all the way. The whole trip from Sisson to the summit and return can be made in from two to three days.

I have already fully described the trail from “Glacier Camp” to the monument.

The only natural route up Shasta being now easily available, the trip should be placed within the reach of many who have heretofore been deterred from attempting the ascent on account of the great difficulties to be overcome. You may now ride to within a mile and a half of the top of Mt. Shasta, finding yourself thus comparatively fresh for the climbing to follow.

Yours truly,

Geo. S. Meredith.

eminent American statesman (deceased), born under the shadow of the Blue Ridge, in Fauquier County, Virginia, and who lived to honor many important positions,-among which were Governor of Mississippi and Senator in Congress,fought four duels,—the first with Edmund Winston, at Tuscaloosa, Alabama, in 1827, with pistols, both combatants being wounded at the first fire, Governor Foote in the shoulder and Mr. Winston in the hip. This affair grew out of a personal encounter between Mr. Foote and Stark and Pratt Washington on one side, and Edmund Winston and others of that celebrated family on the other, during which all the participants were more or less injured, the two Washingtons severely. Some few years later Governor Foote and the celebrated S. S. Prentiss had an encounter in the court-house at Vicksburg, Mississippi, arising out of a dispute over a law case, when Foote threw an inkstand at Prentiss.

A challenge to fight a duel followed, of course, and the parties met in Louisiana, on the opposite side of the Mississippi River, and Foote was wounded in the shoulder at the first fire. Shortly afterwards indiscreet friends of Mr. Prentiss said things which angered Governor Foote, and the latter challenged Prentiss to another encounter. The challenge was accepted, and the parties met, as before, with pistols, at ten paces, and Foote fell with a severe wound in the right leg, just above the knee, from which he narrowly escaped death. From this time on, until the death of Mr. Prentiss, these former foes, became intimate and affectionate friends, neither ceasing to regret that, as young and impulsive men, they had twice met in deadly conflict over a trivial quarrel, in obedience to the then pretty general public sentiment of that country (now happily obsolete) that an insulted man must vindicate his honor by endeavoring to take the life of the offender. The Governor's fourth affair, a few years later, was with Osman Claiborne (a retired naval officer), near Columbus, Miss. The parties fired at each other five times with pistols, Governor Foote wounding his antagonist slightly three times. This affair, like all the other of his combats of this character, occurred when Governor Foote was a man much below middle age. It is a curious fact, too, that he knew almost nothing of the use of dueling weapons and was really a miserable shot, and would have regretted in bitter agony to the day of his death had it ever been his misfortune to have slain a fellow man. He was often heard by his intimates to say that the bravest and most lovable as well as the most solidly and brilliantly intellectual man he had

Henry S. Foote's Duels.

To the Editor :

In the December, 1894, number of the OVERLAND MONTHLY Mr. J. J. Peatfield in his article on “Famous Californians of other Days” refers briefly to the several duels in which Henry S. Foote took part. In the August, 1895, number Mr. George Baber also touches lightly on this phase of Foote's character in his remarkably interesting “Personal Recollections of Senator H. S. Foote." In spite of the fact that the day of the duello is past, there is still a sentiment of romance connected with the famous encounters of history, and we cannot but admire the superb courage of the participants while we deprecate the spirit of their times. Major Ben C. Truman in his well known work, “The Field of Honor, » devotes a chapter to “Henry S. Foote's many duels.”

He says:

Henry S. Foote, an I The Field of Honor, By B. C. Truman. Fords, Howard and Hulbert: 1834.

New York:

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Ah 't is then the wild clematis, sweet as any

myrrh or thyme, Broods by the shaded pasture marsh, in black

berry time. In my dreams. I watch you coming down the

lane and through the door, Your dear familiar footstep sounds across the

rude pine floor; There is sunshine on your glossy braids and in

your eyes so true, On your basket heaped with berries and quaint

gown of faded blue. Oh! fern-kissed brooklets murmuring weave, in

ripple and in rhyme, A requiem low and tender for that blackberry time.

Nella H. Chapman.

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Balfour on "The Foundations of Belief”

SUCH a book as this, prepared in the midst of an exceedingly busy and exacting life, coming from one engaged ceaselessly in the strife of England's politics, is a remarkable evidence of what constitutes the real power, on the hustings, on the platform, and on the floor of the senate chamber, of so many of the great men of every age. Here is a philosopher, a profound student of Cause and Effect, a careful delineator of Mind, one who with ease and accuracy plays with terms which by the multitude are supposed to be within the range of the specialist alone; and yet all along he has been before his fellows simply as a strong leader in the everyday affairs of men. Little wonder it is that when they turn their attention to the nation's needs and the

crises of the days that call for prompt action, such thinkers show a mastery of situations and a capability as to handling affairs which fairly astound their adversaries.

The book itself is not, as might be surmised from its title, a theological work; but certain essays and lectures, some of them long time prepared, now thrown together to serve as an introduction to the study of theology. The writer lays no claim to being a theologian, but declares that theology has had of late years to enlarge its borders until it has included subjects both scientific and philosophical. Purely theological doctrine sought for in this book, will mean disappointment to the seeker. The object of the writer is, “to recommend a particular way of looking at the world-problems, which, whether we like it or not, we are compelled to face; to lead the reader up to a point of view whence the small fragments of the Infinite Whole of which

"The Foundations of Belief. By the Right Hon. A J. Balfour. Longmans, Green and Co.: London and New York: 1895.

we are able to obtain a glimpse, may appear to there is a great body of readers that do not obus in their true relative proportions. And ject to a mental stimulant from time to time. again Mr. Balfour says, “I have tried not to write a monograph, or a series of monographs

Ropes's Napoleon." upon theology; but to delineate, and if possible, to recommend, a certain attitude of mind." On the very threshold of theology, as men

AFTER reading two or more lives of the great

Napoleon, lives that treat his wonderful career understand the term, we are halted; but we rise

from the day of his birth to the hour of his death, from the perusal of a book, which taxes the

it will be found a decided benefit to the student brain power far more than the desultory readers

to take up Mr. Ropes's masterful study. The of this age will care to have call made upon their

author touches but lightly on Napoleon's acts, store thereof, with a very much clearer notion

he rather discusses their causes and effects. than before of how to build up into a shapely

While he is a great admirer of the Emperor, he temple our dogmatic faith; and recognizing

sees clearly his mistakes and points them out more forcibly than ever that it is the part of ex

without regard to his own feelings. Napoleon, tremest folly to profess agnosticism, simply be

he considers the greatest man of all times and cause of certain obscurities, incoherences, and de

believes that his work was of the greatest benefects of proof, in what we have learned to know

fit to France and Europe. He maintains that, by the name of Christian theology.

with the single exception of the war in Egypt, Heart of the World.'

Napoleon was forced into every war by the jeal

ousy of rulers and the supporters of the divine WHILE there is a sameness of plot and hand

right of kings. ling between Rider Haggard's last novel and one

Mr. Ropes sees, too, the great and glaring misof his best known African tales, Heart of the

takes that were made by the allies and shows World is fully as fascinating as “She” or any

that their hatred of Napoleon was really the of the stories that gave him fame. Read with

hatred of oligarchy for democracy. The policy out regard to any of his former works, it is a

of the English he especially shames and handles novel of the purest and most thrilling imagina

Nelson at Naples and Wellington at Paris withtion. Its scene is Mexico, and its plot the search

out gloves. The book is only interesting to for the hidden treasure of the Aztecs. The nar

those who are familiar with the life of Napoleon, rator of the wonderful trip to the lost city is one

but to those it is indispensable. Ignatio, the heir of the last Emperor of the Aztecs. The author has made a close study of the

Napoleon III. dress, religion, and habits, of the Mexicans of Montezuma's time and has painted a picture

Napoleon III. and Lady Stuart is, as Pierre De of a city on an island in a lake that might well

Lano facetiously styles it, an Episode of the make Cortez green with envy. Its treasures,

Tuileries,” but in plain English it is a scandal temples, palaces, and citizens, become far more

which, true or untrue, is hardly worth narrating real than those that adorn the Spanish Conquist

but for one phase, the author's estimate of Naador histories.

poleon III. Lady Stuart is the nom de guerre of The love passages between Maya, the beauti

a beautiful Irish adventuress who became one of ful Indian princess, and James Strickland, the

the many friends of the Emperor. Her love Englishman and companion of Ignatio, are as

affair had its tragic side, but a woman of her modern as the balance of the scenes are ancient.

class could hardly expect the sympathy of any. The tone of the book is healthy and clean.

one, even admitting that Eugenie was as bad as There is not a stupid chapter in it after the City

painted. To Eugenie the author charges the of the Heart is reached, and the scene in the

war that drove Napoleon from the throne. Na Sanctuary when the three are on trial for their

poleon he makes the victim of a dissolute court lives makes one hold his breath. Whatever

and a high-tempered wife. The picture of the may be said by lovers of realism against Haggard

Emperor's last days he draws is pathetic in the and his class it cannot but be admitted that

extreme and lends dignity to a scene that histhere is something that stirs the blood and

torians have made a farce. brightens the eye in such superb flights of im

2 The First Napoleon. By John Codman Ropes. Houghagination as are found in this book, and that ton, Mifflin and Company: Boston: 1895.

Heart of the World. By H. Rider Haggard New York: 3 Napoleon III. and Lady Stuart. By Pierre De Lano. Longmans, Green, and Co.: 1895. $1.25.

New York: J. Selwin Tait & Sons: 1891.

Mary and Other Poems.

Mary is a blank verse tale, dramatic in form, of the last days of Mary, the scriptural “ She that hath loved much,” in prison, condemned to die on the morrow for murder. She tells to the one faithful friend left to her the story of her life, of her father, one of the Wise Men of the East, of her loves, and of the strange One that spoke the strange words of forgiveness to her. The dramatic force is there and many fine lines, but the conception is perhaps too new and striking, to be entirely pleasing.

In the lyrics that follow, the mood is much the same, it is the poetry of doubt, of sorrow, of mournful strivings against the inevitable, with a “dumb, chained, immortal, hopeless, hoping God.” The somber meanings are clothed in musical words and the play of the imagination is often to be commended for a fine and original figure. Perhaps the best is the final quatrain:

God thought, and the thought was Man,

And Form gleamed out of strife,
And as æons of ages ran,

God dreamed, and the dream was Life.

Briefer Notice.


PROFESSOR PAINTER has presented to the students of literature a work which he styles an Introduction to English Literature that is a decided advance on the usual manual used in our schools. The author has done more than compile, he has embodied his own ripe ideas and expressed them in well chosen English. He leads up to each of the great authors with a sketch of the times, showing clearly the main springs of their work. Like Taine's great work, Painter's less pretentious one is as interesting as a novel and prepares one naturally for the classic selections illustrative of the masters. It does more, it ex

To the Golden Goal.'

reader that lies between the small covers of The 'Prisoner of Zenda. The story is short, full of action, and very much to the point. Its very impossibilities are made real, and the surprising adventures of the narrator seem quite natural enough. It seems, however, that his sense of honor toward a king and country for which he had sacrificed so much was a little strained. He certainly deserved the hand of the fair Flavia.

The wife of the late Dr. J. C. Tucker of Oakland has collected in book form ten of her husband's stories and sketches of life on this Coast in early times. The book opens with the old, though ever new, narrative of the trip around the Horn to the gold fields in '49. Dr. Tucker came in and was surgeon of the ship Tarolinta, aboard of which was a company of young men many of whom became famous in California history, - among others was Wm. S. O'Brien the partner of Flood. The tale of life in San Francisco and the State in the early '50's is graphically told, but probably the most interesting chapter in the book are those that deal with Gen. Walker in Nicaragua, - Dr. Tucker being his Surgeon-General for a time. As a whole the book is a valuable addition to California literature. It is handsomely printed and bound by Wm. Doxey.

The Story of Bessie Costrell.?

MRS. HUMPHRY WARD has shown her admirers that she can write a short story. Bessie Costrell is the story of Adam and Eve, the apple and the serpent, in a new setting. It is as crisp, tragic, and “boiled down,” as her long stories are wordy and prolix. The temptation and the woman's fall are pictured with an intensity that leaves no question as to the author's ability. One almost forgives Bessie for betraying the trust of the old miser and for a few short weeks enjoying the seventy-one pounds that represented the savings of a lifetime. John Bolderfield should not have exposed her to the temptation and her tragic death more than satisfies all the demands of the law. There is no love interest and the tale is somber and unlovable.

The Prisoner of Zenda.3

The Prisoner of Zenda belongs to a class of stories that is popular from the start. It is made up out of new cloth and is original in plot and treatment from beginning to end. Like Lew Wallace's “Ben Hur” and Rider Haggard's “She,” it has made its author famous and created a demand for anything he may write. But no matter how good his next novel may be it will never contain the surprise to the jaded novel

1 To the Golden Goal. By Dr. J. C. Tucker. San Francisco. William Doxey. 1895.

"The Story of Bessie Costrell. By Mrs. Huniphrey Ward. Macinillan & Co. New York and London: 1895. Price 75c. For sale by The Popular Book Store.

3 The Prisoner of Zenda. By Anthony Hope. New York: Heory Holt and Co.: 1844. 750.

4 Mary and Other Poems. By H. H. Cergriun. G. P. Putnam's Sons: New York: 1995.

5 Introduction to English Literature. By F. V N Painter. Boston, New York, and Chicago : Leach, Schewell, & Sanborn: 1895.


cites an ambition to know all their works and brilliant idea of going into the marble dust soda. widens one's course of reading and study in a water business or possibly these deep-veined way that would be gratifying to the author. In hollows” of the past were contiguous to a cembrief, it is by far the best work of its kind that etery and the marble fragments might be turned has appeared.

to profit as head-stones.

The unhappy reader becomes sad and tired THE Biochemic System of Medicine, as devel- when he reaches the extraordinary climax to the oped in Doctor Carey's book' of that name, twenty-sixth chapter: seems to be an outgrowth from homoeopathy. “The lines of fate become tangled in the hoofs Doctor Carey claims that the efficacy of homoe- of time, and St. Paul's ship of life was lost at opathic remedies, as administered in high dilutions This is really beautiful, and were it not and triturations,-- and of mineral springs as known that the writer is a lady, it might be inwell, — is caused by the fact that in making ferred that the author's early education was these high “potencies the organic nature of acquired in a livery stable on an ocean graythe remedies is entirely lost and they are resolved hound. The book is in its second edition. into their unchangeable mineral constituents. These constituents, the real curative agents, are few in number (twelve in this system) and may,

The Rending of the Solid South gives a suc

cinct and clear idea of why the South was uniit is claimed, be much better administered by themselves. His book gives a chapter to each,

fied politically, and ascribes to this condition its

rapid advancement commercially and indusand follows with an enumeration of diseases and

trially. It ascribes to the same conditions their remedies, a repertory of symptoms, and a

the existing upheaval in thought and the full index. Surely, if twelve remedies are

division of the Democratic party into two enough, it is wellīto have that fact known, for

clearly defined factions. medicine might then be reduced to a compara

Having been lulled

into a belief that the new South is about to throw tively simple and exact science.

off the rule of the brigadiers, the reader is startled

by a grand finale, a plan which the anonymous THE author of Paul Saint Paul'speaks of her

author claims is the only way in which the hero as an unusual,” and certainly builds him

Democracy may win the fight two years hence.

If Mr. Horr and Mr. Harvey have left anything “St. Paul led a double life, even when

of the silver question as a result of their jawplunged in the vortex of great London. A tur

smith work, the New South and the New North bulent, vast, black hole it was, and the blaze of

may be expected to assert themselves in no units lamps only made darkness more plainly vis

certain way as regards that and other burning ible.” The reader becomes painfully conscious

questions of the hour. that the author might be "more plainly” clear in explaining the foregoing and the following lines:

THREE of George Meredith's short stories “Oddly enough, a tender little melody made have been published in book form under the of starlight, inspired by the ever willing theme heading of A Tale of Chloe. The stories are of of love, rang its anxious chime through the English life, and while they may interest Eng. actor's brain.” A melody made of starlight glishmen and a few Anglo-maniacs, there is ringing an anxious chime, is something not often nothing about them that calls for their transheard, and the author must be credited with un- lation into United States and republication on usual inventive powers. “The marble frag- this side. The stories are as forced, involved, ments of other days had been for years stowed pointless, and dry, as a joke from “Punch.” away in the deep-veined hollows of the past. However, the book is handsomely printed and From this it is inferred that Paul, being a “self- illustrated with a portrait of its author and may made ?? man had, at some time in his career the find admirers.

The Biochemic System of Medicine. By George W. 3 The Rending of the Solid South. The Gossip Printing Carey, M. D. St. Ljuis: F. August Luyties: 1864.

Co.: Mobile, Alabama. 2 Paul Saint Paul. By Ruby Beryl Kyle. Charles H 4A Tale of Chloe. By George Meredith, Ward, Lock Kerr & Co.: Chicago.: 18.5.

& Bowden, Ltd.: New York: 1895.

up as such.


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