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Fort Sherman, through the Fourth of Except the Wallace company, which had July Cañon and back, making a careful been tried and found wanting, all were search. No bodies were discovered, and far south and remote from the scene of the tales of burned human bones were trouble. proved to have been a hoax.

On the 12th the Governor ordered Early on the 13th, the non-union six companies' to proceed to the scene of miners, lately engaged in the Wardner trouble. mines, estimated to number three hun- On July 13th, -- acting upon the foldred, were sent out of the country on a lowing dispatch, Union Pacific train guarded by armed

WALLACE, July 13th. strikers. These unfortunates sought

Governor N. B. Willey:-Pursuant to section refuge in the town of Tekoa, Washing

four of the revised statutes, we urgently make ton.

application to your excellency for the enforceThus far the strikers had obtained a ment of the provisions of sections 7,400 to 7,408 series of uninterrupted victories. They

of the revised statutes. C. W. O'NEIL, Dishad only to demand and receive. They

trict Atty. of Shoshone County.

H. S. GREGORY, Probate Judge, had driven the non-union men out of the

the Governor issued his proclamation country; the most valuable mines and mills of the district were in their posses

declaring martial law in the county of sion and the inhabitants of the principal

Shoshone. towns terrorized.

General Ruger received orders by teleGovernor Willey, upon receipt of

gram from the Major General commandGeneral Curtis's telegram, wired Presi

ing the army, to send the available dent Harrison on July uth, that the infantry force from Fort Sherman to the State Legislature was not in session, and

scene of the disturbance, with directions could not be convened promptly ; that

to report to the Governor of the State. the civil authority was wholly inadequate

He was also authorized to increase the to maintain peace; that while he would

force if necessary. Pursuant to these immediately order the available military instructions, Colonel William P. Carlin, force of the State into the field, it was far

Fourth Infantry, left Fort Sherman with too few in numbers to cope successfully companies A, D, F, and H, Fourth Inwith the mob, -and he asked for Federal fantry, in the afternoon

of July

12th, and reached the Cataldo Bridge troops.

The In response the Governor was notified

the next day at 10 o'clock, A. M. by the acting Secretary of War, July

six companies of the First Regiment, 12th, that troops would be at once sent

Idaho N. G., 191 strong out of a total to his assistance and to communicate with

of 196, arrived at Cataldo at 12.15 P. M., Brigadier-General Ruger, commanding

the same day, and reported to General

James F. Cursis. the Department of the Columbia. The State troops consisted of twelve com

In the meantime, other troops were panies, none properly equipped for field

being rushed forward by rail. A batservice, scattered at great distances apart

talion of the fourteenth Infantry under in the different towns of the State,

Lieutenant-Colonel H. A. Theaker, comwhich, it should be borne in mind, com

panies B, C, D, E, and F, left Vanprises an area nearly equal to the States

couver Barracks, 507 miles west, on of New York and Pennsylvania, with a

iCo F, Capt. John Hailey; Co. A. Capt. C. C. Stevenson, Boise; Co. B, C pt. Degitz, Weiser; Co. M, Capt.

Moody, Vollmar; Co... Capt. Haymond, Genesee; Co. K, population of but one hundred thousand.

Capt. J. H. McCallie, Toscow.

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part, some cursing, some bewailing,-a class not calculated to excite much sympathy either by their appearance or actions.

At Harrison a battalion of the Twentyfifth Infantry, from Fort Missoula, under Captain W. 1. Sanborn, F, G, and H, was passed. These were colored troops, and were as soldierly a battalion as ever wore the blue. They had been ordered from Fort Missoula on the 12th, being the last battalion to join General Carlin's command, although the first on the scene of action, and the one suffering the greatest inconvenience in obeying their orders for the concentration.

The colored troops were extremely objectionable to the lawless element, but by their discipline and cheerful performance of duties won the encomiums of their superiors and comrades in arms, and quickly forced the unruly to appre

ciate the fact that they were not to be the 13th, and arrived at the scene of trifled with. trouble at noon on the 14th. A battalion

On July 14, General Carlin advanced of the Twenty-second Infantry under from Cataldo, leaving a guard to protect command of Lieutenant-Colonel John

the telegraph operator there, to Wardner H. Page, companies B, D, F, G and

Junction, where he established his headH, left Fort Keogh, 642 miles east, quarters.' the evening of the 13th, and ar

General Curtis, commanding the Idaho rived at Mullan on the 15th. A battalion troops, placed his headquarters at Walof the Fourth Infantry under Lieutenant

lace, telegraphed Governor Willey, “We Colonel H. C. Cook, companies B, control the situation,” and issued the folE, and G, left Fort Spokane, 189 miles lowing order, which was published and northwest, on the morning of the 13th, posted throughout the district:made a forced march of twenty-six

1 The following was the disposition of Carlin's commiles in eight hours to the nearest rail

mand:--Co. H, 4th Infantry, to guard the mines of the road point,—this being the only battalion Bunker Hill and Sullivan and Sierra Nevada up the

gulch at Wardner. Co. F, 4th Infantry, to guard the ordered to the scene of trouble not having

Bunker Hill and Sullivan Concentrator, half a mile below direct railway communication,-took the Wardner Junction. Co's A, B. G, and E, 4th Infantry,

F, G, and H, 25th Infantry, and four companies of the train at Davenport, and reached Cataldo

Idaho N. G., making a total of eleven companies, were at 5:55 P. M., on the evening of the camped at Wardner Junction. One company of the

Idaho N. G. was sent forward to Osborne. Four comfourteenth, passing at Tekoa the non

panies 14th Infantry, under Lt.-Col. Theaker, were placed union men that had been driven out of in Wallace. Co. B, of the 14th Infantry was sent to Burke.

Co. D, of the 4th Infantry and one company of the Idaho the Coeur d'Alénes the day before, and N. G. were stationed at Gem. The 22nd Infantry, leaving who were congregated about the station, one company at Mullan, moved westward with the re

maining four companies to Wallace, where under coma motley crowd,-foreigners for the most

mand of Lt.-Col. Page they went into camp.

Headquarters Idaho National Guard, Wal- the hands of the rioters, none were ever lace, July 15th, 1892. To the officers and mem

surrendered, nor were any ever found by bers of Coeur d'Aléne Miners' Union, whether

search parties. permanent or temporary:-You are hereby commanded to surrender yourselves and your arms

Early in the morning of the 15th Comto the commanding officers of troops at your pany B, Fourth Infantry, was sent back respective localities. Protection under the law to Tekoa, and returned the afternoon of will be guaranteed; all good citizens of this

the same day escorting the evicted county are requested and commanded to aid in

"scabs.” At Wardner Junction, the identifying and arresting those who do not surrender.

men disembarked from the train, and Acting for the Governor.

under a heavy escort, were marched JAMES F. CURTIS, back up the gulch to the Wardner mines, Colonel I. N. G., Commanding. where they resumed work. The entire

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To the troops in Shoshone County Gen- force of troops at Wardner Junction was eral Curtis published a terse and forcible held under a ms, ready to defend the order. “If any person is apprehended non-union mer, but the rioters made no in the act of blowing up railroad bridges demonstration, although congregated in or property, or mills or houses or other great numbers about the railroad station property, with dynamite, or placing it and very sulle in their demeanor. That in position, shoot him on the spot." evening, and thereafter, arrests were

It was a significant fact that no man made of all known members of the surrendered, and although over 800 Win. Miners' Union at Wardner, Wallace, chesters were positively known to be in Gem, Burke, Mullan, and wherever else From Fort Keogh, Montana-at Wallace, Idaho. they could be apprehended.

There being no adequate prison facili- The civil courts were not interfered ties at Wardner Junction, a one story with and were in session for the hearing frame building opposite the Union Pacific of criminal and civil cases.

Honorable station, which had been originally in- Junius Holleman, Judge of the First tended for a small general merchandise Judicial District of Idado, was called upon store, was utilized. It was soon over- to decide the legality of Governor Willey's crowded with prisoners. At Wallace, proclamation declaring martial law. It two empty cottages and a large wooden occurred in this way: in a criminal case store house were pressed into service as pending before the court, at Murray, prison pens.

Idaho, a motion was made by James H. All saloons in the district were closed Hawley, attorney for defense, to quash and the towns patrolled day and night. an indictment, inasmuch as the grand

The President of the United States jury had been impaneled by Sheriff issued a proclamation, which was re- Sims, who was claimed to have been ceived on July 16th. Copies were appointed to office without due authority printed, both of this proclamation and the of law. Governor's, together with an extract of After a masterly argument before the Section 7407, Revised Statutes of Idaho. court, which continued for two days, These were posted conspicuously through- made by Captain J. G. Ballance, 22d U. out the district. Very many were im- S. Infantry, in which all the powers of mediately torn down or defaced, and martial law were exhaustively presented, apparently were of little effect.

the court decided that the proclamation It became so evident that Sheriff Cun- was valid and that Sims was not only ningham was acting in the interest of his the de facto but also the de jure Sheriff. friends, the strikers, to whom he owed his It was known to a few only, that had the election, that General Curtis removed decision of the court been adverse, the him from office,- also Thomas Argyle, functions of all civil courts in the district City Marshal of Wallace, and John would have been immediately suspended. Steffes, Marshal at Wardner, on account The argument of Captain Ballance was of their inefficiency, incapability, and un- to the effect that during the existence of willingness to act.

martial law the courts were only perGeneral Curtis issued the following mitted to exercise their functions so long order :

as they were subordinate to the military

power. WALLACE, IDAHO, July 15th, 1892.

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July 16th the Mine Owners' AssociaSpecial Order No. 3.

tion agreed that the miners could board Dr. W. S. Sims of Wallace, Idaho, is hereby and trade where they pleased hereafter. appointed Acting Sheriff of the County of

The railroad authorities were directed Shoshone, State of Idaho, and is empowered

on the 15th and 16th of July not to sell with all the authority of that office under Martial Law, now in force in said county.

tickets or transport passengers through By Order. JAMES F. CURTIS, the county of Shoshone without passes

Col. Idaho National Guards, Commanding. from military headquarters. All trains Doctor Sims was a surgeon of high were searched by troops and all persons repute, a Southerner by birth, and a man attempting to evade the order were sumof great personal courage and force, marily ejected from the trains. This whose services were invaluable during precaution was taken to prevent the the insurrection.

escape of participants in the riots.

By the 16th, three hundred prisoners Upon the 25th, the Hailey and Boise had been apprehended, those arrested at companies returned by rail to their reBurke, Gem, and Mullan, being sent to spective homes, acting as escort to Wallace to be guarded. Their subsistence twenty-five of the prisoners prominent devolved for the time being upon the in the various unions, who were taken to State, and Quartermaster General A. J. Boise and lodged in jail, pending trial Pinkham, 1. N. G., was charged with upon information filed July 19, in the U. providing the necessary rations, blankets, S. Circuit Court by Hon. Fremont lights, and medical stores. Upon the Wood, charging about eighty-five of them 18th many dependent families of Union with contempt of court. men and others applied to the authorities The trial commenced August 2, and for subsistence.

terminated on the uith. Robinson,

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On the 19th, reports having been re Hugh McGee, O'Brien, Poynton, Doyle, ceived that a party of about a hundred Peterson, Eaton, Nicholson, Fitzgerald, armed rioters were lurking in the moun Dean, Heeney, and Boyce, were found tains near the Montana line, Generals guilty of contempt of court, and senCurtis and Carlin, escorted by two com tenced to be confined in the county jail panies of infantry, made an armed re of Ada County, for terms varying from connaisance to Saltese, where they found four to eight months each. The others nothing material, and a telegram to Gov were discharged. ernor Toole of Montana, for permission The Weiser and Genesee companies, to pursue the rioters across the State I. N. G. left for home the 26th of July. line being met with refusal, the troops On the 27th, the Vollmar company and returned to Wallace and Wardner. the battalions of the Twenty-fifth U. S.

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