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1 Infantry, from Wardner Junction, and trial, it was recommended that they be ** the Twenty-second U. S. Infantry, from released on parole.

Wallace, left for their respective posts, In nearly every instance the prisoners via Mullan, where they had the satisfac- refused to sign the parole, the clause retion of seeing the American flag floating quiring them to report at all times when

proudly at the staff head instead of being ordered to do so being considered by itt at the half staff as it had been placed by them an undue restraint upon their F dastards.

liberty. Their lack of confidence in the Upon the 29th, the prisoners at Ward- integrity of purpose of the lawful authorner and Wallace were turned over to the ities made abortive this attempt macustody of the U. S. Deputy Marshal, terially to reduce the number of prisoners thus relieving the State of the expense under guard.

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and throwing the cost of their further On Aug. In the remaining prisoners maintenance upon the United States at Wardner Junction, forty-eight in numgovernment. Hearings were held in ber, were placed in box cars, and guarded July, by Judge Advocate General Geo. by Companies E and H, Fourth Infantry, M. Parsons, 1. N. G., at Wallace, and were brought to Wallace and confined in Captain S. C. John, 1. N. G., acting the prison there, the pen at Wardner assistant Judge Advocate General, at being abandoned for sanitary reasons. Wardner, as to the complicity of the The troops reported for duty to Lieuprisoners in the recent riots. When it did tenant-Colonel Theaker, Fourteenth Innot appear that there was sufficient evi- fantry, commanding at Wallace. dence against them to warrant their bea The owners of the mines were anxious ing held for further examination and to open their properties and to transact



their legitimate business and on that account were lenient in their treatment of many of the men. Although an agreement was made between the mine owners that none of the rioters should be reemployed, still it was found that the Tiger and Poorman management Burke, which was considered the most dangerous camp in the district, and where the Unions were strongest, were evading the agreement, and their mines were re

and all mining work therein will cease after 12
o'clock midnight, Saturday Aug. 20th, 1892,
until further orders.

11. The “Tiger Mine" will “shut down” and
all mining work therein will cease after 12 o'clock
midnight Saturday, Aug. 20th 1892, until further

By order Col. J. F. Curtis.
T. J. Cable, Lt. I. N. G., Asst. Adj. Genl.

Under this order these mines were kept
closed until September ist, when they
were allowed to reopen, new men having
been introduced to replace those objec-


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opened by the employment of many of tionable to the authorities and the Poor-
the most violent of the strikers. So man mine being placed under an entirely
unfair to the other mine owners and so new management.
destructive of discipline was it, that it On August 13 very early in the morn-
was deemed necessary to close these two ing a very desperate character, Webb
large properties, and the following order Leasure, who was charged with the
was issued: -

murder of Ivory Beau (the first man killed
Headquarters I. N. G.,

at Gem), together with some of his intiWallace, Idaho, Aug. 16, '92. Special Orders No. 53.

mates, who were also wanted, was cap1. The “Poorman Mine" will “shut down" tured in a saloon at Mullan by First LieuShowing Tiger and Poorman Mines.

tenant H. P. McCain, Fourteenth United

States Infantry, who with a detachment I.N.G. of Boise, was given direct superof troops accompanied by Sheriff Sims vision of policing the town, and prosehad left Wallace at one o'clock in the cuted his duties vigorously. His businessmorning, by special train, and accom- like methods quickly abolished the nuiplished single handed without bloodshed sances, and it may be safely stated that the arrest of this desperado, who had when he had finished the work, Wallace openly boasted that he would never be was the cleanest, neatest, and best taken alive. The mine owners were behaved town in Idaho. greatly pleased over this capture and Complaint having been made by some offered Lieutenant McCain a handsome of the prisoners to the Department of purse of money as a token of their ap- Justice at Washington as to their condi

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preciation, but he declined the proffered tion and treatment, Special Agent F. B. gift, stating that in making the arrest he Crossthwaite was sent out to make an had merely performed his duty. This immediate report by wire. He found that was probably the feat of most personal while everything was not as comfortable daring on the part of an officer during as might have been desired at first, when the insurrection.

several hundred men were rushed into a The sanitary condition of the town of temporary place of confinement necesWallace was very bad, and the extreme sarily arranged hastily, wrongs had been hot weather caused the most noxious righted as fast as possible, and the enodors to pervade the atmosphere. First tire prison was as good in average condiLieutenant C. H. Turner, Company A, tion as fifty per cent of the prisons of the country ; that the prisoners were pro- rule of confined prisoners, subject to vided with good water and wholesome prison restraint, no ill or mal-treatment food in abundance, and were in no manner had been exhibited; that all prisoners ill treated.

were treated fairly alike; and that prisWhereupon General Curtis requested oner Breen was not an exception, being General Carlin to convene a board of in one of the new cells. This finding officers to investigate and report upon the was approved by General Carlin, and a rumors and inquiries concerning the treat- true copy furnished the commanding ment of prisoners in the jail at Wallace. officer of the I. N. G. The board, consisting of Captain W. H. August 22nd, Company K, I. N. G., Bisbee, Fourth Infantry, Captain John the last company of State troops, was Murphy, Fourteenth Infantry, Captain J. relieved from duty. It and all the H. McCallie, I.N.G., Company K, Mos- other companies that had served in the cow, and Second Lieutenant Hermann district received a letter of thanks from Hall, Fourth Infantry, met August 20. Governor Willey for their services, perAfter taking testimony and making a sonal sacrifices, and the military spirit personal examination of the prison, it ren- shown in the discharge of trying duties dered an opinion that under the general to which they were all unaccustomed.

A plan of legal procedure was arranged for the prisoners remaining in custody. They were taken before U.S. Commissioner Hoffman, - at Wallace, — who issued warrants of arrest as the individual cases were brought to the bar. Those bound over were delivered to the custody of the U.S. Marshal, and no further paroles were given. Many who could furnish the requisite bonds were admitted to bail. The prisoners were allowed to exercise daily in the prison yard and could see from there the guard mount of the troops eagh morning. One of their number, John Tobin, who was extremely popular among them and had been in the English service, organized a drill and guard mount. The prisoners made themselves wooden gurs, and decorated their clothing with stripes, chevrons, and shoulder-straps, of lannel. Tobin himself



was resplendent, having ingeniously five companies of the Fourteenth Infanfashioned a holster from an old piece try returned to Vancouver Barracks Sepof leather, which was worn

on the

tember 14. right hip and a curved knob of wood Judge Beatty opened a session of shaped like the butt of a revolver pro- the U. S. District Court, September 2, truded therefrom, imitating excellently at Coeur d'Aléne City, where the court an army officer's appearance in the field. was ordered, to save expense and for Late every pleasant afternoon, he would convenience in securing witnesses. C. put his men through a drill ending with W. Bushnell, the Miners' Union Attorney, a guard mount, giving all the commands Geo. A. Pettibone, John Norton, W. H. prescribed for an adjutant in a distinct Frazer, Barney Reilley, Mike L. Devine, voice except those designating the non- C. Sinclair, John Murphey, Daniel Cadcommissioned officers when assigned to digan, F. M. Grey, Jack W. Wallace, their posts, since, as these commands familiarly know as Shell Game Wallace, were always given in a tone only audible Joseph Trainer, J. W. Glass, Frank a few feet away, he had not been able to Hyatt, and Joseph Gillis, were tried for hear and memorize them as he had the conspiracy in disobeying the order of the others, — this was the only flaw in his court in the injunction issued in the cases burlesque. As a rule, his men drilled against the Miners' Union of Wardner. exceedingly well, but sometimes when The trial was completed September 28. depressed and out of sorts, they would Four were found guilty and sentenced. not respond quickly to his commands. The remainder were found not guilty Then he would convulse the crowd that and discharged. Those convicted were habitually made an afternoon pilgrimage taken to Detroit, where they served sevto witness this performance by exclaim- eral months. All were subsequently reing, "I am disgusted with yees, ye don't leased on an appeal taken to the U. S. drill any better than the Idaho militia." Supreme Court on account of a defect in This sally of Irish wit never failed to the indictment. Peter Breen and Webb evoke applause and merriment.

Leasure were tried for murder the folSeptember 3, U.S. Commissioner Hoff- lowing winter, the cases being moved to man held thirty prisoners for trial before Kootenai County, before Judge Holleman the U. S. District Court at Coeur d'Alene of the District Court of Idaho. After a City, on bench warrants issued out of protracted trial they were both acquitted. court after indictment for conspiracy by On September 22, affairs continuing the Grand Jury, which held its sessions tranquil, three more companies of Federal in Coeur d'Alene City. A military escort troops were withdrawn from the district, guarded the prisoners to that place. The leaving but four companies, all of the remainder of the prisoners, numbering Fourth Infantry, in the field. about two hundred, were released on their Although in the gold camp about Murown recognizance. The duty of guard- ray there was no rioting, the citizens ing prisoners having ceased, and tran- of that town, during the insurrection, quillity having been restored in a great evinced their loyalty to good government measure throughout the district, the by the application of Commander Ingalls saloons were allowed to reopen under of Candy Post No. II, G. A. R., for greatly modified restrictions, and the thirty stands of arms and accouterments, necessity existing no longer for so large a and tendering their services to the State. force of Federal troops, the battalion of The reputable business men of Wal

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